|JU is the abbreviation for the canton of Jura in Switzerland and is used to avoid confusion with other entries of the name Châtillon .|
|Canton :||Law (JU)|
|BFS no. :||6704|
|Postal code :||2843|
|Height range :||471–1118 m above sea level M.|
|Area :||5.31 km²|
|Residents:||481 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||91 inhabitants per km²|
|Location of the municipality|
The area of the 5.36 km² municipal area has only a small proportion of the intensively used agricultural area of the Delsberg basin. It extends from Montchaibeux in the north, a Jura range of Le Mont , which is adjacent to the south and belongs to the system of the Mont-Raimeux range . The canton border between Jura and Bern runs over the ridge of this chain . The highest point in the municipality is on the rocky crest of the Côte des Porcs . On the northern slope of this Jura chain there is a typical evacuation basin ( semicircle ) in the municipality , flanked by two remaining mountain bodies made of hard rock layers. The Dorfbach Bie drains the area to the Sorne . In 1997, 5% of the municipal area was in settlements, 52% in forests and woodlands, 42% in agriculture and just under 1% was unproductive land.high forest hill isolated in the basin, with the exception of the
Several individual farms belong to Châtillon. The neighboring municipalities of Châtillon are Soulce , Courtételle , Rossemaison and Courrendlin in the canton of Jura and Roches and Moutier in the canton of Bern.
With 481 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2018), Châtillon is one of the smaller municipalities in the canton of Jura. 96.3% of the residents are French-speaking, 2.7% German-speaking and 0.5% Italian-speaking (as of 2000). The population of Châtillon was 193 in 1850 and 221 in 1900. In the course of the 20th century, there was an overall clearly increasing trend.
The community is still strongly characterized by agriculture , but has also developed into a residential village in the second half of the 20th century. There are few jobs outside of the agricultural sector in the village. Many employees (around 70%) are therefore commuters and work mainly in the Delémont region.
Châtillon is away from main roads, but still has good transport links. A bus service runs from Delémont Train Station, 4 km away, to Châtillon. The connection to the section of the A16 motorway from Delémont to Porrentruy , which was opened in 1998 and which is to be connected to both the Swiss national road network and the French motorway network by 2015, is also only a 4 km drive away.
The village is named Chastellun in 1148 in a document from Pope Eugene III. first mention. Châtillon belonged to the Moutier-Grandval provost and retained the Catholic faith even after the Reformation . From 1797 to 1815 it belonged to France and was initially part of the Mont-Terrible department , but from 1800 it was linked to the Haut-Rhin department . By decision of the Congress of Vienna , the place came to the canton of Bern to the district of Moutier in 1815 . The residents of Châtillon voted in Juraplebisziten always for the creation of the Canton of Jura. As a border municipality in the district of Moutier, Châtillon decided in the referendum on September 7, 1975 for the canton of Jura, transferred to the Delémont district in 1976 and with this came on January 1, 1979 to the newly founded canton of Jura.
Châtillon has belonged to the parish of Courrendlin since the Middle Ages . The Chapel of the Assumption of Mary was built in the village in 1817; it is richly furnished and renovated in 1985. Outside the village there is a more than 1000 year old oak , the Chêne des Bosses .
One of the special customs of Châtillon is the Easter tradition of Les Caquiats , a children's parade with a creak .
- Official website of the municipality of Châtillon
- François Kohler: Châtillon (JU). In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- Permanent and non-permanent resident population by year, canton, district, municipality, population type and gender (permanent resident population). In: bfs. admin.ch . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 31, 2019, accessed on December 22, 2019 .