|JU is the abbreviation for the canton of Jura in Switzerland and is used to avoid confusion with other entries of the name Vicques .|
|Canton :||Law (JU)|
|Municipal municipality :||Val Terbi|
|Postal code :||2824|
|former BFS no. :||6727|
|Area :||12.75 km²|
|Residents:||1795 (December 31, 2012)|
|Population density :||141 inhabitants per km²|
Vicques was a municipality in the Delémont district in the canton of Jura in Switzerland . The former German name Wix is no longer used today. On January 1, 2013, it merged with the municipalities of Montsevelier and Vermes to form the new municipality of Val Terbi .
The area of the 12.9 km² large municipal area includes in its central part a section of the intensely agriculturally used plain of the Delsberg basin on both sides of the Scheltenbach ( La Scheulte in French ). In the north the area extends to the densely forested Jura ridge of the Fringelikette. Here is at the highest point in the municipality. To the south, the municipal area extends to the Rosé ( ) and the Moton ( ), both of which belong to a northern fold of the Mont Raimeux chain . The Gabiare dug the Tiergarten Gorge, a typical Jurassic ridge , into this fold in the extreme southeast of the area . The community area is drained from the Scheltenbach west to the Birs . In 1997, 7% of the municipal area was accounted for by settlements, 47% for forests and trees and 46% for agriculture.
Vicques include the place Recolaine (German Riklingen ), at the mouth of a side stream in the Scheltenbach, as well as numerous individual farms. Vicques' neighboring municipalities are Courchapoix , Vermes , Courrendlin and Courroux in the canton of Jura and Bärschwil in the canton of Solothurn .
With 1795 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2012) Vicques was one of the larger municipalities in the canton of Jura. 93.8% of the residents are French-speaking, 3.3% German-speaking and 1.0 Italian-speaking (as of 2000). Especially since 1980, the population of Vicques has grown strongly in the wake of the nearby Delémont.
For a long time the community was mainly characterized by agriculture . In addition, the construction industry, mechanical companies and a sawmill have settled in Vicques. In the last few decades the village has developed into a residential community. Many workers (around 50%) are commuters and work in nearby Delémont.
The community is very well developed in terms of transport. It is located on the road from Delémont over the Schelten Pass to Balsthal . The Delémont - Montsevelier bus line guarantees the connection of Vicques and Recolaine to public transport.
The municipality of Vicques can look back on a long tradition of settlement. During the Roman period there was a large estate here . The village was first mentioned in 866 as Vicum , which was derived from the Latin word vicus ( spots ). Later the names Vich (1141), Vix (1308), Vic (1317), Vicq (1435) and Vick (1443) followed. The Vicques mill belonged to the Moutier-Grandval monastery . As one of the 13 free villages of the Delsberg rule, Vicques came to the duchy of Basel in 1271. From 1793 to 1815 it belonged to France and was initially part of the Département du Mont-Terrible , from 1800 connected to the Département Haut-Rhin . By decision of the Congress of Vienna , the place came to the canton of Bern in 1815 and on January 1, 1979 to the newly founded canton of Jura.
The municipalities of Val Terbi (these are Corban , Courchapoix , Courroux , Mervelier , Montsevelier , Vermes and Vicques) are currently planning a merger, which should take place at the end of 2012.
In the village is the modern Church of Notre-Dame du Rosaire, which was built in 1959-61 on the site of an 18th century church, with the residents of Vicques having to do partial labor. The building consists of a triangular hall constructed from prestressed concrete; the stained glass windows are by Bernard Schorderet. In the village center there are some characteristic farmhouses from the 18th and 19th centuries. There is an observatory on the edge of the village.
- Official website of the Municipality of Vicques
- François Kohler: Vicques. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .