|Canton :||Law (JU)|
|Municipal municipality :||Haute-Sorne|
|Postal code :||2854|
|former BFS no. :||6701|
|Area :||15.57 km²|
|Residents:||3492 (December 31, 2012)|
|Population density :||224 inhabitants per km²|
Bassecourt (old German name Altdorf ) is a village in the municipality of Haute-Sorne , Delémont district in the canton of Jura in Switzerland . Until the merger with the municipalities of Courfaivre , Glovelier , Soulce and Undervelier on January 1, 2013, Bassecourt was a separate municipality.
The area of the community area of 15.6 km 2 covers part of the agriculturally intensively used plain of the Delsberg basin. In the south it extends to the adjoining, densely wooded Jura range of Frénois, which is achieved. In the southwest part and the lower part of the Sorne Gorge to Lower Court, a typical Jura transverse valley , flanked by the cliffs of the Côte au Pucin in the west and the Côte de la Chaux in the east. To the north the area extends over wooded, hilly terrain in the area of the valley of the Rouge-Eau to the foot of the Les-Rangiers chain. In 1997, 10% of the municipal area was in settlements, 50% in forests and woodland, 39% in agriculture and just under 1% was unproductive land.
Bassecourt includes the hamlet of Berlincourt at the exit of the Sorne Gorge , the La Jacoterie farm estate ( ) on a promontory on the eastern slope of the Sorne Gorge, and several individual farms. Bassecourt's neighboring communities are Glovelier , Boécourt , Develier , Courfaivre and Undervelier .
With 3492 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2012), Bassecourt was the third largest municipality in the canton of Jura. 88.5% of the residents are French-speaking, 3.2% Italian-speaking and 2.9% German-speaking (as of 2000). The population of Bassecourt showed high growth rates, especially from 1950 to 1970. After a phase of stagnation during the 1970s, a slightly increasing trend has been recorded since 1980.
Bassecourt developed into a regional center for the watch industry after the Second World War , with mainly watch cases being manufactured. While Ervin Piquerez SA of the two large watch case manufacturers no longer exists, Georges Ruedin SA has survived the crisis well and is still an important employer. The crisis that started in this specialized industrial sector in 1975 hit the town hard and after the closure of Piquerez led to a temporary decrease in population. Today the watch industry has largely recovered and the production of electronic devices, tubes and medical instruments are multiplying the jobs.
A bronze foundry produces sculptures in Bassecourt.
The community has good transport links. It is located on the main road 6 between Delémont and La Chaux-de-Fonds and has its own connection to the section of the A16 motorway from Delémont to Porrentruy , which was opened in 1998 and which is to be connected to both the Swiss national road network and the French motorway network by 2015 . On October 15, 1876, the Delémont – Glovelier railway line was opened with a station in Bassecourt.
Finds indicate that the area around Bassecourt was already settled in the Bronze Age . Roman coins from the 4th century have been discovered near Berlincourt , and a grave field with rich burial objects is dated to the 6th to 7th centuries. The village is first mentioned as a baressicort in a document from 1160, when the Counts of Ferrette donated the place to the church of Moutier-Grandval . The name is probably derived from the homestead of a German called Basso.
Bassecourt belonged to the Principality of Basel since 1271. It suffered severe damage during the Thirty Years War . From 1793 to 1815 it belonged to France and was initially part of the Département du Mont-Terrible , from 1800 connected to the Département Haut-Rhin . By decision of the Congress of Vienna , the place came to the canton of Bern in 1815 and on January 1, 1979 to the newly founded canton of Jura. A fire caused by a heavy thunderstorm on July 21, 1871 caused major damage to the structure.
- The parish church of Saint-Pierre originally dates from 1568, but was renovated in 1828. The rural parsonage, which is typical of the area and was built at the end of the 16th century and modified in the 17th century, is worth seeing.
- The Saint-Hubert chapel was built on a Burgundian cemetery. The current building, into which the Bassecourt menhir was integrated, dates from 1697 and was renovated in 1954 and 1978.
- Most of the houses in the village center date from the 19th century.
- There has been a reformed church since 1945.
- Ambroise Monnin (1738-1807), Premonstratensian Abbot
- Georges Henri Ruedin (1895–1953), founder of the watch case factory Georges Ruedin SA in Bassecourt
- Steve Guerdat (* 1982 in Bassecourt), Olympic Champion London 2012 in show jumping
- Jean-Daniel Kleisl: Piquerez SA & Ruedin SA. The patronage of the boîte de montre in the vallée de Delémont. L'exemple de E. Piquerez SA et de G. Ruedin SA à Bassecourt (1926-1982) . Alphil, Neuchâtel 1999, ISBN 2-940235-01-5 .
- Official website of the municipality of Bassecourt
- François Kohler: Bassecourt. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .