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Mervelier coat of arms
State : SwitzerlandSwitzerland Switzerland
Canton : Canton of JuraCanton of Jura Law (JU)
District : Delémontw
BFS no. : 6715i1 f3 f4
Postal code : 2827
Coordinates : 604 639  /  243734 coordinates: 47 ° 20 '40 "  N , 7 ° 30' 0"  O ; CH1903:  604 639  /  243734
Height : 556  m above sea level M.
Height range : 533–1149 m above sea level M.
Area : 9.74  km²
Residents: 500 (December 31, 2018)
Population density : 51 inhabitants per km²
View of Mervelier

View of Mervelier

Location of the municipality
Frankreich Kanton Bern Kanton Bern Kanton Solothurn Kanton Solothurn Kanton Solothurn Kanton Basel-Landschaft Bezirk Freiberge Pruntrut (Bezirk) Boécourt Bourrignon Châtillon JU Courchapoix Courrendlin Courroux Courtételle Delémont Develier Ederswiler Haute-Sorne Mervelier Mettembert Movelier Pleigne Rossemaison Saulcy Soyhières Val Terbi JUMap of Mervelier
About this picture

Mervelier is a municipality in the Delémont district in the canton of Jura in Switzerland . The former German name Morschwiler is no longer used today.


Mervelier lies at 556  m above sea level. M. , 13 km east of the canton capital Delémont (linear distance). The former street and stream line village extends along the Scheltenbach (French La Scheulte ) in Val Terbi , the easternmost section of the Delsberg basin , a wide depression in the Jura .

The area of ​​the 9.7 km² municipal area includes a section of the agriculturally intensively used plain of the Delsberg basin on both sides of the Scheltenbach. The brook drains the area west to the Birs . South of the village reaches the community area on the Jura ridge Les Faivelies that an edge fold of the Mont-Raimeux chain forms. The entire eastern part of the municipality is taken up by the deeply cut valley of the upper Scheltenbach, which in the north of Grand Mont ( 1073  m above sea level ) and Dürrenberg ( 1031  m above sea level ), in the south of Schönenberg (on the ground of Mervelier up to 1140  m above sea level and thus the highest point in the municipality). In 1997, 3% of the municipal area was accounted for by settlements, 53% for forests and woodlands and 44% for agriculture.

Several individual farms belong to Mervelier. Neighboring communities of Mervelier are Val Terbi in the canton of Jura, Schelten in the canton of Bern and Beinwil in the canton of Solothurn .


With 500 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2018), Mervelier is one of the smaller communities in the canton of Jura. 92.8% of the residents are French-speaking and 5.3% German-speaking (as of 2000). The population of Mervelier was 490 in 1850 and 433 in 1990. Various fluctuations have been recorded over the course of the 20th century. Especially since 1980 (453 inhabitants) the population has increased significantly.


The community is still characterized by agriculture, but towards the end of the 20th century it also developed into a residential village. There are few jobs outside of the agricultural sector in the village. Many employees (around 60%) are therefore commuters and work mainly in the Delémont region.


Mervelier is located on the cantonal road from Delémont over the Schelten Pass to Mümliswil . It is connected to the train station in Delémont by a bus line that runs from Montsevelier to the canton capital .


Aerial photo (1955)

Mervelier is first mentioned in 1184 as Morswilre ; In 1489 the name Maertwiler appeared . The village of Mervelier belonged to the Moutier-Grandval provost and retained the Catholic faith even after the Reformation . From 1797 to 1815 it belonged to France and was initially part of the Mont-Terrible department , but from 1800 it was linked to the Haut-Rhin department . By decision of the Congress of Vienna , the place came to the canton of Bern to the district of Moutier in 1815 . The residents of Mervelier voted in Juraplebisziten always for the creation of the Canton of Jura . As a border municipality in the district of Moutier, Mervelier decided in the referendum on September 7, 1975 for the canton of Jura, transferred to the Delémont district in 1976 and joined the newly founded canton of Jura on January 1, 1979.


The parish church, built between 1770 and 1772, stands a little outside the village. It shows an architectural style in transition from late baroque to neoclassicism , was rebuilt in 1841–1842 and renovated in the 1970s. Mervelier belonged to the parish of the neighboring parish of Montsevelier until this church was built in 1771 . In the municipality there are also two chapels, the Chapelle de la Neuve-Vie (built 1927–1928) and the Chapelle de la Paix (from 1945).


Web links

Commons : Mervelier  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Permanent and non-permanent resident population by year, canton, district, municipality, population type and gender (permanent resident population). In: bfs. . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 31, 2019, accessed on December 22, 2019 .