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Kleinlützel coat of arms
State : SwitzerlandSwitzerland Switzerland
Canton : Canton of SolothurnCanton of Solothurn Solothurn (SO)
District : Thierstein
BFS no. : 2619i1 f3 f4
Postal code : 4245
Coordinates : 598 344  /  252998 coordinates: 47 ° 25 '40 "  N , 7 ° 25' 0"  O ; CH1903:  five hundred and ninety-eight thousand three hundred and forty-four  /  252998
Height : 420  m above sea level M.
Height range : 393–832 m above sea level M.
Area : 16.32  km²
Residents: 1261 (December 31, 2018)
Population density : 77 inhabitants per km²
Website: www.kleinluetzel.ch


Location of the municipality
Frankreich Kanton Basel-Landschaft Kanton Bern Kanton Bern Kanton Jura Bezirk Dorneck Bezirk Dorneck Bezirk Gäu Bezirk Thal Bärschwil Beinwil SO Breitenbach SO Büsserach Erschwil Fehren Grindel SO Himmelried Kleinlützel Meltingen Nunningen ZullwilMap of Kleinlützel
About this picture

Kleinlützel (French: Petit-Lucelle ) is a municipality in the Thierstein district of the canton of Solothurn in Switzerland . The hamlets Huggerwald and Ring also belong to the municipality .


Aerial photo from 300 m by Walter Mittelholzer (1922)

The area of ​​the municipality of Kleinlützel forms an exclave on the banks of the Lützel river on the border with France, separated from the rest of the Solothurn canton by the Laufental valley .

In 2014, 5% of the municipal area was in settlements, 59% in forests and woodlands, 35% in agriculture and a little less than 1% in unproductive land.


The oldest dwelling in the municipal ban of Kleinlützel belongs to the Neolithic age (3000–1800 BC). It is the Blauenstein rock cave, which is north of the village at the southern foot of the Blauenstein. In this Stone Age dwelling, archaeologists found a cut stone ax and a piece of jewelry.

Traces of Roman rule (125 BC to 400 AD) have been found on Kahl, between the Rämelweide and the Kahlmatten, where there is a high probability that a Roman settlement or at least a workshop was located. This is confirmed by the existence of Roman connecting routes between Kleinlützel and Blauenstein and Burg as well as from Roggenburg via Kleinlützel on the Kahl to Röschenz.

Objects found and remains of graves from the Germanic times indicate that an Alemannic settlement must have existed in the ban of the municipality. In AD 416, the Alemanni came under the sovereignty of the Franks, who were also a German tribe and already had the village name of Kleinlützel.

The ruin Blauenstein, located north of Kleinlützel on a narrow rocky ridge, dates from the Middle Ages. Nothing is known about the building of the castle. As it stood at the transition of an important Roman pass over the Blauenberg range, one could fall back on Roman origins. The castle was destroyed in 1411 and no longer rebuilt.

In 1136 a small women's monastery with the name Minor Lucella was founded in the area of ​​today's “Klösterli” . It was subordinate to the Abbot of (Gross-) Lützel . The monastery was handed over to the Augustinian choirs in the 12th century . It was not until 1486 that it became a sister monastery again with Augustinian choir women . They came from the Fischbach monastery in the Palatinate in the Worms diocese . During the Swabian War (1499) and the peasant unrest, the monastery suffered badly. Today the chapel and the farm building are still preserved.

In 1527 Solothurn bought Kleinlützel with the surrounding area and integrated it into his Thierstein bailiwick, which existed until 1798 and formed a unified judicial district. The parish priests of Kleinlützel were apparently held by the Thiersteiners, then Lützel, until they were also acquired by Solothurn in 1646.

From 2003 to 2008 the community received national media interest due to a conflict between Pastor Franz Sabo and Bishop Kurt Koch . The local community assistant Sister Maria Romer and the Mariastein monastery in the neighboring community of Metzerlen were also involved in the conflict, which also affected the neighboring community of Röschenz .

coat of arms


In yellow, blue wave beams, raised by a red five-pointed star




  • Gottlieb Loertscher: The art monuments of the canton of Solothurn, Volume III: The districts of Thal, Thierstein, Dorneck. (= Art Monuments of Switzerland. Volume 38). Edited by the Society for Swiss Art History GSK. Bern 1957, DNB 750089342 .
  • Brunner Johann: Kleinlützel . Breitenbach 1972

Web links

Commons : Kleinlützel  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Permanent and non-permanent resident population by year, canton, district, municipality, population type and gender (permanent resident population). In: bfs. admin.ch . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 31, 2019, accessed on December 22, 2019 .
  2. ^ Franz Neumer: Fischbach - Kloster, Hofgut und Dorf , Fischbach community, 1981, p. 33