Simon de Montfort begins the siege of Toulouse during the Albigensian Crusade .
|War of the Barons , Prince Ludwig of France has to give up his claim to the English throne.|
|1217 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||665/666 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1760/61 (southern Buddhism); 1759/60 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||65th (66th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||579/580 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||613/614 (turn of the year 9/10 April)|
|Jewish calendar||4977/78 (September 3-4)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1527/28 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1528/29 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1273/74 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
The war of the barons continues, but since the majority of the barons rebelled against King Johann Ohneland, who died the previous year , the young King Heinrich III wins . increasing their sympathies in place of the French Prince Ludwig . Although the French still conquer Portchester Castle in the spring , Prince Ludwig has to return to France to recruit reinforcements. With his reinforcements, he again besieged Dover Castle , which is still defended by Hubert de Burgh . Another part of the French troops march into Lincolnshire to take Lincoln Castle .
- May 20 : In the Battle of Lincoln , English barons loyal to the king under William Marshal and William Longespée defeat a knightly band of rebel barons and French allies under Prince Ludwig of France . Several rebellious barons are captured by Marshal, including the leader of the 1215 rebellion, Robert FitzWalter .
- August 24th : Under the command of Hubert de Burgh , the loyal side of the English defeated a fleet that came to the aid of the French Crown Prince Ludwig in the Battle of Sandwich . The French are thus cut off from supplies from their home country.
- September 12 : Prince Ludwig closes with the papal legate Guala Bicchieri , the regent William Marshal , King Henry III. and his mother Isabella von Angoulême signed a peace treaty on an island in the Thames near Kingston upon Thames.
- September 20 : The Lambeth Peace Treaty is ratified once more by a major assembly of both parties at Lambeth Palace , the seat of the Archbishop of Canterbury in London. The French Crown Prince Ludwig renounces his claim to the throne in England and is in return released from the church ban. The rebelling barons submit to King Henry III.
- Prince Ludwig begins his retreat on September 23rd and leaves Dover from England on September 28th .
- November 6 : Regent William Marshal issues an amnesty for the supporters of Prince Ludwig and again recognizes a revised version of the Magna Carta .
France / Occitania
- Earlier this year, Count Raimund VI. of Toulouse, together with his son Raymond VII, brought the entire margraviate of Provence back under his control with the participation of the population . However, the county of Toulouse is still owned by Simon de Montfort , the leader of the Albigensian Crusade , even if the resistance in the cities increases and uprisings in the population increase.
- February 6 : Simon de Montfort begins the siege of Montgrenier Castle, which is defended by Roger Bernhard , son of Count Raimund Roger von Foix . After a six-week siege and the rejection of a request from Pope Honorius III. to end the siege, Montfort takes the castle, but has to withdraw the defenders.
- May: Simon de Montfort moves out of Toulouse to regain control of the Marquis of Provence.
- September 12th : With an army from Aragón , Raymond VI. from Toulouse the Pyrenees to retake the county of Toulouse. On September 13, he entered Toulouse without a fight.
- October: Returning from Provence, Simon de Montfort begins the siege of Toulouse .
- June 6th : King Henry I of Castile is killed by a falling roof tile at the age of 13 after three years of reign. His 18-year-old nephew Ferdinand III. follow him to the throne.
- April 9th : Peter von Courtenay is in Saint Laurence outside the Walls in Rome by Pope Honorius III. anointed Emperor of the Latin Empire .
- End of April: Accompanied by the cardinal legate Giovanni Colonna , the new emperor travels to Constantinople on ships of the Republic of Venice . In return for the transport he tries to conquer the port city of Durazzo , which is owned by the despotate of Epirus . When the attack fails, the Venetian fleet returns to their homeland, and Peter has to continue the journey by land. He is discovered and arrested by men of the despot of Epirus Theodoros I. Komnenos Dukas . Giovanni Colonna is soon released under papal pressure, while Peter dies in captivity. His wife Jolante von Flanders , who arrived in Constantinople on a separate route unscathed, takes over the reign of the Latin Empire.
- June 1st : The Damiette crusade begins. In contrast to the other Orient Crusades, relatively few knights from France take part because many of them are already on the Albigensian Crusade . The crusaders under the leadership of King Andrew II of Hungary and Duke Leopold VI. of Austria set sail from Split . After a short stay in Cyprus , they reach Acre , the capital of the remaining Kingdom of Jerusalem . There the crusader army unites with the armies of the crusader states under John of Brienne , regent of Jerusalem, Bohemond IV of Antioch and Tripoli and Hugo I of Cyprus. Johann von Brienne places himself at the head of the crusaders.
- The Ayyubid troops under Sultan al-Adil I , Saladin's brother, are razing the walls of Jerusalem and avoiding an open field battle until the end of the year.
- A crusade contingent under Count Wilhelm I of Holland winters in Portugal at the invitation of King Alfonso II and conquers Al-Qasr , Setúbal and Rabeta Ruta from the Moors of al-Andalus for him .
Other events in Europe
- April 23rd : King Inge II of Norway from the Birkebeiner party dies. At the Øyrating on July 8th, 14-year-old Håkon Håkonsson will be elected as his successor. Skule Bårdsson , Inge's half-brother, who has also laid claim to the throne, becomes regent and imperial jarl . Philipp Simonsson , the opponent of the Bagler Party, demands rule over half of Norway, but when he dies in the summer, the remaining Baglers join Håkon. The civil war in Norway ends for good.
- April 25th : After the death of Hermann I of the Ludowinger family , his son Ludwig IV becomes Landgrave of Thuringia and Palatine of Saxony . He quickly came into conflict with the Archbishop of Mainz Siegfried II von Eppstein .
- The previous Großžupan Stefan Nemanjić is supported by Pope Honorius III. raised to king of Raszien , the coastal lands and all Serbs . His brother Sava wrote the Nomocanon , the first civil code of Serbia.
First documentary mentions
- The places Boniswil , Hergiswil near Willisau , Offheim , Illmitz and Horhausen (Westerwald) are first mentioned in a document.
- The Bruch house near Hattingen is first mentioned in a document.
- August 15 : Domingo de Guzmán Garcés , after receiving papal approval from the Dominican Order, gathers his confreres in the Prouille Monastery to send them out into the world with the mission to preach and to found new convents. He then went back to Rome.
- The Scottish monastery of Culross is founded.
- Pope Honorius III. Bishop Christian of Prussia approves a crusade against the pagan Prussians and gives him the power to found dioceses and have cathedrals built.
- Georgios Akropolites , Byzantine diplomat, high government official, philosopher and historian († 1282 )
- Baldwin II , last Latin Emperor of Constantinople, Count of Namur († 1274 )
- Johann I , Count of Penthièvre and Duke of Brittany († 1286 )
First half of the year
- about January 7th : Herbert Poor , Bishop of Salisbury
- January 17th : Leopold II of Schönfeld , Archbishop of Mainz, Bishop of Worms
- February 22nd : Jehuda ben Samuel he-Chasid , German-Jewish scribe, philosopher and ethicist, forerunner of Hasidism (* around 1145 )
- April 23 : Inge II , King of Norway (* 1185 )
- April 25 : Hermann I , Count Palatine of Saxony and Landgrave of Thuringia (* around 1155 )
- May 20 : Thomas , Count of Le Perche (* around 1193 )
Second half of the year
- July 14 : Hroznata von Ovenec , Bohemian nobleman, Catholic martyr (* around 1160 )
- July 22nd : Hadmar II. Von Kuenring , Austrian ministerial nobleman (* around 1140 )
- August 24 : Eustache le Moine , French pirate and mercenary (* around 1170 )
- September 7th : Heinrich von Pettau , Bishop of Gurk (* around 1160 )
- September 10 : William de Redvers , Earl of Devon
- September 21 : Lembitu , Estonian leader
- September 21 : Kaupo , Prince of the Livs
- October 14 : Isabel of Gloucester , Queen of England (* around 1160 )
- October / November: Richard de Clare , Earl of Hertford (* around 1153 )
- November 2 : Philipp von Dreux , Bishop and Count of Beauvais (* 1158 )
- December 9th : Rainald von Bar , Bishop of Chartres
Exact date of death unknown
- Summer: Philipp Simonsson , Norwegian King of the Bagler Party
- Friedrich II. Ellinger , provost of the Berchtesgaden monastery
- Ibn Jubair , Arab geographer and travel writer (* 1145 )
- Jigen Gönpo , person of Tibetan Buddhism (* 1143 )
- Künden , person of Tibetan Buddhism (* 1148 )
- Alexander Neckam , English scientist and teacher (* 1157 )
- Niketas Choniates , Byzantine statesman and historian (* around 1155 )
- Wang Chuyi , Chinese Daoist (* 1142 )
Died around 1217
- Nijō-in no Sanuki , Japanese poet and nun (* around 1141 )
- 1217/ 1219 : Peter of Courtenay , Latin Emperor of Constantinople Opel (* around 1155 )