Calendar overview 1153
, his grandson Malcolm IV becomes
King of Scotland .
|Gampopa , founder of the Kagyu schools of Tibetan Buddhism , dies.|
|1153 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||601/602 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1696/97 (southern Buddhism); 1695/96 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||64th (65th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||515/516 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||547/548 (March 28-29)|
|Jewish calendar||4913/14 (September 20/21)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1463/64 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1464/65 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1209/10 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- January 25th : An army of the Kingdom of Jerusalem led by King Baldwin III. , reinforced by Knights of the Hospitallers and Templars , begins with the siege of Ascalon .
- August 19 : The crusaders under Baldwin III. win after almost seven months of siege by giving up the Fatimid defenders and advance into Askalon , where they steal considerable amounts of money, provisions and war material. The rulership of Ascalon was entrusted to Baldwin's brother Amalrich , Count of Jaffa. The conquest is the last great triumph of the Kingdom of Jerusalem, but the political benefit is extremely small. On the contrary, because the conquest of Askalon made expansion into Egypt possible, it deprived the north of forces and challenged the Syrian ruler Nur ad-Din to march on Damascus .
Holy Roman Empire
- March 23rd : In the contract of Constance sworn by King Friedrich Barbarossa, the coronation with Pope Eugene III. negotiated conditions. In return, Frederick promised the Pope support against the rebellious Roman Senate and against the Byzantine Emperor Manuel I. Komnenos .
- After the death of his grandfather David I , Malcolm IV becomes King of Scotland .
- English Civil War from 1135 to 1154
First documentary mentions
- First documented mention of Aristau , Berikon , Bardonnex , Beinwil , Besigheim , Choulex , Confignon , Heringen , Herrliberg , Meinier , Meyrin , Neuhausen auf den Fildern and Opfikon
- July 19 : Shipping on the upper Weser and lower Werra is mentioned in a document for the first time.
- The Tibetan Barom Monastery is founded.
- July 8th : Already on the day of the death of his predecessor Eugene III. Conrad of Suburra is elected Pope and takes the name Anastasius IV . The coronation will take place on July 12th .
Date of birth saved
Exact date of birth unknown
- Agnès de Châtillon , Hungarian queen († 1184 )
- Nerses of Lambron , Archbishop of Tarsus in the Kingdom of Lesser Armenia († 1198 )
Born around 1153
- Richard de Clare, 3rd Earl of Hertford , English magnate († 1217 )
- Wilhelm II , King of Sicily, King of Naples and Prince of Taranto († 1189 )
Date of death secured
- January 6th : Makarius , Benedictine and first abbot of the Schottenkloster St. Jakob in Würzburg
- March 7th : Dietwin , cardinal and crusader
- August 10 : Eustach IV , Count of Boulogne (* around 1130 )
- August 16 : Bernard de Tromelai , Grand Master of the Templar Order (* around 1100 )
- August 20 : Bernhard von Clairvaux , medieval abbot, crusade preacher and mystic (* around 1090 )
- September 1st or 3rd : Heinrich I , Archbishop of Mainz (* around 1080 )
- December 16 : Ranulph de Gernon , English nobleman (* around 1099 )
Exact date of death unknown
- asch-Schahrastani , Islamic religious historian (* 1076 )
- Gampopa , founder of the Kagyu school of Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana) (* 1079 )
- Piotr Włostowic , Polish magnate (* around 1080 )