Calendar overview 1189
|Richard the Lionheart overthrew his father Henry II of England with the help of Philip II of France .||
Third Crusade begins
and shortly afterwards leads to
the siege of Acre .
|1189 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||637/638 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1732/33 (southern Buddhism); 1731/32 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||64th (65th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||551/552 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||584/585 (turn of the year 18/19 February)|
|Jewish calendar||4949/50 (September 13-14)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1499/1500 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1500/01 (New Year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1245/46 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- May 11th : The Third Crusade begins with the departure of Friedrich Barbarossa's army in Regensburg .
- At Constantinople , the Byzantine emperor Isaac II refuses to transport Friedrich Barbarossa's army across the Bosporus . This finally enforces the transport by taking the Byzantine cities of Adrianople and Pelopolis. The crossing takes place from Gallipoli over the Hellespont .
- August 28th : King Guido I of Jerusalem begins the reconquest of his kingdom with the siege of Acre .
- October 4th : The Battle of Acre ends in a losing draw between Saladin and the crusaders besieging Acre .
- The news of Friedrich Barbarossa's approach raises the morale of the crusade army, but also causes Saladin to strengthen his troops, so that he is now in a position to include the Christians besieging Acre himself in a second ring of siege.
- October 31 : Muslim galleys break through the Christian sea blockade and supply the besieged city with food.
- December 26th : An Ayyubid fleet gains access to the port.
Kingdom of England
- July 6 : The death of his father . Henry II is Richard Plantagenet , previously Duke of Aquitaine , the English king.
- September 3 : Richard I is crowned King of England . In addition to the royal dignity, he also holds the titles of Count of Maine , Duke of Normandy and Count of Anjou .
- Reconquista : Sancho I of Portugal conquers the city of Silves from the Almohads and then calls himself King of the Algarve for the first time .
Kingdom of Sicily
- Constanze of Sicily , wife of Emperor Heinrich VI. , inherits the Norman Empire in Sicily and southern Italy.
First documentary mentions
- Benzenschwil , Bottenwil , Bözberg , Merenschwand , Hochdorf (near Plochingen) , Ifenthal , Neumarkt and Tägerig are first mentioned in a document.
- March 21 : The German King Heinrich VI. gives Bishop Thietmar von Minden the right to exploit the silver deposits discovered near Dehem (today: Dehme district of the city of Bad Oeynhausen ) and near Cruckeberge (today: Krückeberg district of the city of Hessisch Oldendorf ) .
- May 7th : Hamburg allegedly receives a free letter from Friedrich Barbarossa . This later turns out to be a fake. Nevertheless, this is considered the official founding date of the Port of Hamburg and is celebrated every year with a port birthday .
Historical maps and views
- Archambault VIII. , Lord of Bourbon-l'Archambault († 1242 )
- Götshangpa Gönpo Dorje , person of Tibetan Buddhism († 1258 )
- Humbert V , Lord of Beaujeu († 1250 )
- Ugedai Khan , second Great Khan of the Mongols († 1241 )
- al-Mansur , Sultan of Egypt († after 1216)
- Skule Bårdsson , Jarl of Norway and last anti-king († 1240 )
Date of death secured
- January 1st : Heinrich von Marcy , Cardinal Bishop of Albano
- February 4th : Gilbert von Sempringham , founder of the order (* around 1086 )
- March 25 : Friedrich , Duke of Bohemia (* around 1142 )
- June 28 : Mathilde of England , Duchess of Saxony and Bavaria, eldest daughter of King Henry II (* 1156 )
- July 6th : Henry II , Duke of Anjou, King of England (* 1133 )
- July: Engelbert I. von Berg , Regent of the County of Mark
- August 18 : Otto VII , Count Palatine of Bavaria (* 1129 )
- August 21 : Geoffrey Ridel , Lord Chancellor of England
- October 4th : Andreas von Brienne , Lord of Ramerupt (* 1135 )
- October 4th : Gérard de Ridefort , Grand Master of the Templar Order
- November 14th : William de Mandeville , Earl of Essex
- November 18 : Wilhelm II , King of Sicily (* around 1153 )
- November 20 : Hermann von Friedingen , Bishop of Constance
Exact date of death unknown
- Bouchard IV. De Montmorency , Lord of Montmorency
- Egelolf , Prince-Bishop of Eichstätt
- Folmar von Karden , Archbishop of Trier (* around 1135 )
- Gautier d'Arras , old French poet (* 1135 )
- Hugo IV of Le Puiset , Count of Bar-sur-Seine
- Musashibō Benkei , Japanese warrior monk (* 1155 )
- Se Chilbupa Chökyi Gyeltshen , person of Tibetan Buddhism (* 1121 )
- William de Tracy , English squire
- Wittekind III. , Count of Waldeck and Schwalenberg