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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Richard the Lionheart
Richard the Lionheart
dies of a
battle wound.
Johann Ohneland
His brother
Johann Ohneland
becomes King of England .
1199 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 647/648 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1191/92
Buddhist calendar 1742/43 (southern Buddhism); 1741/42 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 64th (65th) cycle

Year of the Earth- Sheep 己未 ( at the beginning of the year Earth-Horse 戊午)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 561/562 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 577/578
Islamic calendar 595/596 (turn of the year 22/23 October)
Jewish calendar 4959/60 (September 22-23)
Coptic calendar 915/916
Malayalam calendar 374/375
Seleucid era Babylon: 1509/10 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1510/11 (New Year October)

Spanish era 1237
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1255/56 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Holy Roman Empire

  • After the double election of 1198 , there were differences of opinion between Pope Innocent III. and Philip of Swabia , who rejects papal fiefdom over the Kingdom of Sicily . Innocent then approaches the Guelph party around Otto IV .
  • May 28 : After Pope Innocent announced his support for Otto IV, the Staufer-minded imperial princes publish the Speyer prince declaration . The declaration denies the Pope the right to participate in the German election and calls for Innocent III. on not further violating the rights of the empire in Italy. In addition, the princes threaten to come to Rome with all their might in order to enforce Philip's coronation as emperor. At this point in time the Staufer had four archbishops, 23 imperial bishops, four imperial abbots and 18 secular imperial princes behind them.
  • Philipp von Schwaben celebrates Christmas with tremendous splendor in Magdeburg and thus in the immediate vicinity of the Guelph center of Braunschweig . Some of the princes present expressed their first public support for the Staufer by participating. Walther von der Vogelweide wrote the saying for Christmas in Magdeburg .

England / France


Iberian Peninsula

Eastern Europe

The principalities of Halitsch and Vladimir 1124–1199



Church hierarchy

Albert statue at Riga Cathedral

Heretic persecution

Religious orders



  • around 1199: Rainald Count von Segni, also Rinaldo Conti, under the name Alexander IV Pope († 1261 )


Date of death secured

Richard the Lionheart is buried in the Fontevrault monastery

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1199  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files