|region||Pays de la Loire|
|Department||Maine-et-Loire ( Prefecture )|
Angers-1 (main town)
Angers-2 (main town)
Angers-3 (main town)
Angers-4 (main town)
Angers-5 (main town)
Angers-6 (main town)
Angers-7 (main town)
|Community association||Angers Loire metropolis|
|surface||42.70 km 2|
|Residents||152,960 (January 1, 2017)|
|Population density||3,582 inhabitants / km 2|
|Post Code||49000, 49100|
View of Angers
The Angers area has been populated since the Stone Age. A stone monument ( cairn ) from the Neolithic era was discovered in the area of the later castle .
Celtic and Roman times
Since about the 5th century BC The Celtic Andes (also Andecavers), after whom the Anjou is named, settled here . They established an oppidum (early urban settlement), which was established after the Roman conquest of Gaul after 50 BC. Chr. Iuliomagus (market place of Julius Caesar ) and was designated as the administrative center of the Andecaver. During excavations, the city's thermal baths and several other buildings from Roman times were uncovered.
After the first barbarian invasions in 275, the city was given a wall for protection, which enclosed an area of around 9 hectares. 372 Angers was first called the diocese of Angers .
In the 6th century a monastery was built in the city on the initiative of Saint Germanus of Paris: Saint-Aubin, which was followed by another, Saint-Serge, in the 7th century. In 851 the town received a castle, which, however , could not prevent the attacks of the Loire Normans in the following time.
Around 929 Fulko takes on the title of Count of Anjou, Angers becomes the seat of the county of his ruling house, which played an important role in French history. Around 1175 the Saint-Jean Hospital was founded by King Henry II of England , Count of Anjou. From 1232 to 1242 the castle was built by Blanka of Castile and Louis IX . The University of Angers was founded in 1356, from 1373-1380 the "Tapestry of the Apocalypse " was created. One of the most important representatives of the Anjou dynasty was René I , Duke of Anjou , Count of Provence and King of Naples and Sicily (1409–1480).
In 1793 Angers got caught up in the clashes of the Vendée uprising and was besieged in vain by the rebels on December 3rd and 4th (→ Siege of Angers ). In the age of industrialization in the 19th century a. a. the Bessonneau weaving mills. In 1850 soldiers marched in a storm - without stepping - over the Angers suspension bridge , the vibrations of which were nevertheless amplified to such an extent that it collapsed ( resonance catastrophe ).
After the German Wehrmacht attacked Poland on September 1, 1939 , the city granted asylum to the Polish government-in-exile in Pignerolle Castle and various hotels in the city the following day. Until June 1940 Angers was the center of the Polish resistance. After the German invasion of France in 1940, the Wehrmacht headquarters for Western France was set up in Angers . As early as 1941, on the initiative of Victor Chatenay, the resistance group "Honneur et Patrie" was formed. From 1942 Angers was a center of the Gestapo . The raids began. 60 people were killed on a firing range, 879 were deported to Auschwitz. In 1944 there were still 22 Jews living in the department.
In May 1944, Allied bombardments signaled the beginning of the liberation, which was costly: 418 dead, more than 360 wounded, 7,000 missing, 1,300 destroyed or non-habitable houses. On August 10, 1944, the city was liberated by the troops of General Patton . Michel Debré was acting head of the department until April 1945 .
Between 1957 and 1966, Jean Lurçat created the tapestry “The Song of the World”, which is now on display in the old Saint-Jean hospital.
Christophe Béchu has been the city's mayor since 2014.
Child abuse process
The city hit the headlines in 2005 when the Palace of Justice hosted the largest child abuse trial in judicial history. Sixty-six adults were accused of having assaulted 45 of their own children and those of other people's children and of running the prostitution business.
coat of arms
The place was once the center of the Gallic Andegawen, later the Roman city of Juliomagus, residence of the Counts of Anjou since the 9th century. In the city coat of arms a key can be seen as a symbol for the key military position of the city in the province of Anjou. The lilies in the head of the shield are the emblem of a good city in France.
- Population: 152,960 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2017)
- Agglomeration area: 31 municipalities, a total of 270,000 inhabitants
- Population density: 3,311 inhabitants / km²
- Employment structure:
- Workers: 11.7%
- White-collar workers: 13.4%
- Craftsmen, traders, operations managers: 2.4%
- Employees in agriculture: 0.2%
- Pensioners: 15%
- Others without employment: 42.5%
- 90,000 professionally active people in the agglomeration area, corresponds to an employment rate of 53.9%
The main employers:
- University Clinic: 4,500 employees,
- Angers city and agglomeration: 3,353 employees,
- Thomson Multimédia: 1,350 employees,
- Nec Computer International: 1000 employees,
- Valéo : 1000 employees,
- Bosch France: 900 employees,
- Scania : 700 employees
Every year Angers produces:
- 800,000 televisions (Thomson)
- 1.2 million personal computers,
- 3.5 million headlights (Valéo)
- 6 million vehicle brakes (Bosch)
- 9,500 trucks (Scania)
- 12 million bottles of Cointreau
- 30,000 tons of slate
See also: List of Monuments historiques in Angers
- UNESCO world cultural heritage
The old town is a UNESCO World Heritage Site .
Important medieval church buildings are the cathedral , the Abbey of Saint-Aubin and the church of Saint-Serge with a characteristic ribbed vault from the early 13th century, as is typical of the so-called “Angevin Gothic” of the “Plantagenet Style”. The Hôpital Saint-Jean, a three-aisled vaulted hospital ward with slender columns (see museums below), belongs to the time of King Henry II.
- Château du Roi René
The Angers Castle has its origins in the 11th century when the Count of Anjou her built palace here. It was completed in the 13th century and was part of the city wall. From the outside, it looks more like a fortress with its 17 towers, all of which have been trimmed except for the mill tower. The building materials are an architectural specialty: tuff stone (white) and slate (black). This shows that Angers lies on the border of the Paris basin and the Armorican massif.
A special work of art that is exhibited at Angers Castle is the tapestry of the " Apocalypse of Angers " (103 m long, 4.5 m high). It is a tapestry cycle that depicts the end of the world according to the Revelation of John. The tapestry is the oldest surviving tapestry of this size, was woven in the 14th century, and is a unique example of the tapestry art of the Middle Ages.
- Jean Lurçat Museum
- Jean Lurçat's contemporary tapestries (1957–1966) are on display in the 12th century building of the Saint-Jean hospital . He called this work "Chant du monde" ("Song of the World"). They are supposed to represent the apocalypse of modern times, the atomic bomb. There are also special exhibitions by young tapestry artists.
- Musée des Beaux-arts
- The art museum reopened in 2004 after five years of construction. After extensive renovation and enlargement, the building now contains two permanent exhibitions on 3,000 m². The Beaux-arts exhibition shows pictures and sculptures from the 14th to the 21st century. In Histoire d'Angers , archaeological finds are presented and the history of the city is described. Each room represents an era or an artistic movement. Approx. 20% of the art objects are shown (350 works). There are also temporary exhibitions that are more dedicated to modern and contemporary art (e.g. Niki de Saint-Phalle - 1930–2002, New Realism ).
- The building is the former Logis or town house of the Barrault family, built in the 15th century. It has housed the Museum of the Arts for 200 years. The museum's collection is diverse and arose from donations, bequests and purchases.
- David d'Angers Gallery
- The Toussaint Abbey Church from the 13th century contains numerous works by the sculptor David d'Angers (1788-1856) from his creative period from 1806 until his death, which he bequeathed to his hometown.
- This building has been neglected since the French Revolution . In the 80s the church was restored and given a glass roof. The museum was inaugurated in 1984 by the then President of the Republic , François Mitterrand .
- The church and its cloister are integrated into the ensemble of the Museum of Fine Arts and its park. Concerts are often held in the Toussaint monastery in summer.
- Musée Pincé
- In the Renaissance building (1530–1535) objects from Greek and Roman antiquity as well as Egyptian, Japanese and Chinese art objects are presented.
- Musée-Château de Villevêque
- In the castle of Villevêque, 900 art objects from the Middle Ages and the Renaissance are exhibited.
- Musée du Génie Militaire
- In the pioneer museum operated by the French army and affiliated with a training facility , the history of the French pioneer troop is presented from its beginnings to the present day. Models and historical plans offer an interesting impression of the development of this technical support force, and of course the work of its most famous representative, the fortress builder Vauban , is not missing .
Nature and leisure
The island of Saint-Aubin is three kilometers from the city center, between the Mayenne and Sarthe rivers . It consists of river sediments and offers a rich flora and fauna . In addition to grazing, it is primarily used for local recreation. The island can be reached from the mainland via a small ferry and explored on foot or by bike. 10 km of paths are available for this.
The Lac de Maine recreational area covers 220 hectares, 100 hectares of which is water. A variety of recreational activities are available, including windsurfing , sailing , canoeing , pedal boating , swimming , tennis and orienteering . A youth hostel (150 beds) and a campsite (four stars, open from March to October) are located directly on the lake.
River tourism: Angers has 300 km of navigable waters, the Loire , Maine , Sarthe and Mayenne rivers . The section of the Loire from Sully-sur-Loire to Chalonnes-sur-Loire has been declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO . The inland port of Angers is a good starting point, you can rent house and excursion boats there.
The city is connected to the cities of Nantes , Le Mans and Tours by rail links (St. Laud station on the Tours – Saint-Nazaire railway line with TGV stop) and highways . 20 km northeast, in Marcé there is an airport with international air traffic.
Local transport is carried by several bus routes. A major improvement in the city's public transport system, which had a tram service from 1896 to 1949, is expected to be brought about by a tram line that opened on June 25, 2011.
Angers maintains city partnerships with
sons and daughters of the town
- Albinus of Angers (≈496–554), canon, abbot, bishop of Angers
- René I (1409–1480), titular king of Naples and Jerusalem, Duke of Lorraine and Count of Provence
- Jean Bodin (around 1529–1596), state philosopher and witch theorist
- Jean Thérèse de Beaumont d'Autichamp (1738–1831), General
- Antoine-Joseph-Eulalie de Beaumont d'Autichamp (1744-1822), General
- Natalis Pinot (1747–1794), Roman Catholic priest and martyr
- Joseph Louis Proust (1754-1826), chemist
- Charles Marie Auguste de Beaumont d'Autichamp (1770-1852), General
- Louis Evain (1775-1852), Belgian Defense Minister
- Pierre-Augustin Béclard (1785–1825), doctor and anatomist
- Eugène Chevreul (1786–1889), chemist and founder of the modern theory of pigments
- Pierre Jean David d'Angers (1788-1856), sculptor
- Prosper Menière (1799–1862), physician, Menière's disease is named after him
- André Leroy (1801-1875), pomologist
- Napoleon Joseph Perché (1805-1883), Roman Catholic Archbishop of New Orleans
- René Bazin (1853–1932), writer and professor of law
- Maurice Lecoq (1854-1925), marksman
- Ludovic Alleaume (1859–1941), painter, wood cutter, lithographer and glass painter
- Fernand Charron (1866–1928), cyclist and automobile racer
- Louis Cottereau (1869–1917), cyclist and entrepreneur
- Yves de la Casinière (1897–1971), composer and music teacher
- Hervé Bazin (1911–1996), writer
- Louis Rétif (1911–1985), Roman Catholic clergyman and author
- Henri Dutilleux (1916–2013), composer
- Joseph Wresinski (1917–1988), founder of the human rights movement ATD Fourth World
- Daniel Gélin (1921–2002), actor
- Michel Lelong MAfr (1925–2020), Roman Catholic religious priest of the White Fathers
- Jean Guillou (1930–2019), organist, pianist, composer and music teacher
- Jacques Loussier (1934–2019), pianist and composer
- Philippe Muray (1945-2006), writer
- Valérie Trierweiler (* 1965), political journalist
- Arnaud Boiteau (* 1973), eventing rider and Olympian
- Christophe Béchu (* 1974), politician (UMP)
- Alexandre Tassel (* 1975), jazz trumpeter
- Denis Robin (* 1979), cyclist
- Nicolas Mahut (* 1982), tennis player
- Charles Morillon (born 1985), actor
- Camille Lepage (1988–2014), photo reporter
- Le Patrimoine des Communes de Maine-et-Loire . Flohic Editions, Volume 1, Paris 2001, ISBN 2-84234-117-1 , pp. 79-173.
- City of Angers website (French)
- Angers Tourist Office
- Ferdinand Haug : Iuliomagus 1 . In: Paulys Realencyclopadie der classischen Antiquity Science (RE). Volume X, 1, Stuttgart 1918, Col. 101 f.