Bamako


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Bamako
Bamako (Mali)
Red pog.svg
Coordinates 12 ° 39 ′  N , 8 ° 0 ′  W Coordinates: 12 ° 39 ′  N , 8 ° 0 ′  W
Basic data
Country Mali

Capital District

Bamako
height 330 m
Residents 1,809,106 (2009 census)
politics
mayor governor
View of Bamako
View of Bamako
The new mosque

Bamako [ ˈba [ː] mako , also baˈma [ː] ko ] is the capital of Mali . Mali's government district is in the suburb of Koulouba . The city lies on the Niger River .

Administrative division

The Bamako district is divided into the six parishes Commune I , Commune II , Commune III , Commune IV , Commune V and Commune VI .

population

Bamako has 1,809,106 inhabitants according to the results of the 2009 census.

The city is one of the fastest growing in the world. A population of over 7.6 million people is expected in the agglomeration by 2050.

Population development of the agglomeration according to the UN

year population
1950 89,000
1960 130,000
1970 222,000
1980 489,000
1990 746,000
2000 1,142,000
2010 1,886,000
2017 2,368,000

history

The area around Bamako has been populated since the Paleolithic . The fertile land in the valley of the Niger River enabled the production of food. Bamako was on important trade routes and became a trading center for commodities such as gold, ivory, Kola -Nuts, salt. In addition, with two universities in the Middle Ages, the city also developed into a center for Islamic scholars.

Before the French conquest in 1883, Bamako had around 600 residents. In 1908 it became the capital of the French governorate of Upper Senegal and Niger . In 1945 the city already had 37,000 inhabitants, including fewer than 1,000 French, and grew to 160,000 by 1960, when Mali became independent from France. But that was only when the stormy population growth began, because in 2018 the population was estimated at 4.3 million, and by 2050 it is expected to rise to 13 million.

After a socialist phase under Soviet influence , General Moussa Traoré came to power in 1968 . In 1987 Bamako was the venue for a WHO conference which, under the name Bamako Initiative, made lasting changes to health policy in Africa. More than 20 people died in a hostage-taking in November 2015 .

Economy and Transport

As a trade and industrial center (textile industry), Bamako is the most important business location in Mali. The Dakar – Niger railway runs from Bamako via Kita , Mahina and Kayes to the port city of Dakar in Senegal . The city can also be reached via Bamako Airport. Bamako has three bridges over the Niger: Pont des Martyrs , Pont du roi Fahd and Pont de l'amitié sino-malienne .

The Center Hospitalier Universitaire du Point-G is the largest hospital in the country.

In a ranking of cities according to their quality of life, Bamako was ranked 220 out of 231 cities worldwide in 2018.

Culture

In the Musée National du Mali archaeological and ethnological collections are displayed. The collection of the Bibliothèque nationale du Mali comprises around 60,000 works.

The photography exhibition Rencontres africaines de la photographie takes place every two years . Since 2003 the music festival Trophées de la musique au Mali has been held annually in Bamako . In the course of this, the best musicians in Mali are awarded the Tamanis .

Sports

The soccer clubs Djoliba AC , Stade Malien and AS Real Bamako are among the most successful teams in the country with numerous national titles . The venues include the Stade du 26 mars , which opened in 2001 and holds 50,000 spectators, and the Stade Modibo Keïta with 35,000 seats. The 2002 African Cup of Nations was played in both stadiums .

Bamako was a stage stop several times at the Paris-Dakar Rally .

sons and daughters of the town

Town twinning

Bamako has the following city ​​partnerships :

Cooperation agreements ( Coopération décentralisée ) exist with

Climate table

Bamako
Climate diagram
J F. M. A. M. J J A. S. O N D.
 
 
0
 
33
17th
 
 
0
 
36
20th
 
 
2
 
38
23
 
 
25th
 
39
25th
 
 
46
 
38
25th
 
 
121
 
35
23
 
 
218
 
32
22nd
 
 
234
 
31
22nd
 
 
165
 
32
22nd
 
 
65
 
34
22nd
 
 
2
 
35
19th
 
 
0
 
33
17th
Temperature in ° Cprecipitation in mm
Source: wetterkontor.de
Average monthly temperatures and rainfall for Bamako
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max. Temperature ( ° C ) 32.7 35.9 37.9 38.7 37.8 34.8 31.6 30.8 31.9 34.4 34.7 32.5 O 34.5
Min. Temperature (° C) 17.3 20.0 23.1 25.2 25.3 23.4 22.0 21.6 21.6 21.5 19.2 17.4 O 21.5
Precipitation ( mm ) 0 0 2 25th 46 121 218 234 165 65 2 0 Σ 878
Hours of sunshine ( h / d ) 8.9 9.0 8.6 7.7 7.8 7.8 7.0 7.0 7.4 8.2 9.0 8.7 O 8.1
Rainy days ( d ) 0 0 0 3 5 9 15th 16 12 5 0 0 Σ 65
Humidity ( % ) 24 20th 22nd 33 50 67 77 81 78 65 38 27 O 48.7
T
e
m
p
e
r
a
t
u
r
32.7
17.3
35.9
20.0
37.9
23.1
38.7
25.2
37.8
25.3
34.8
23.4
31.6
22.0
30.8
21.6
31.9
21.6
34.4
21.5
34.7
19.2
32.5
17.4
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
N
i
e
d
e
r
s
c
h
l
a
g
0
0
2
25th
46
121
218
234
165
65
2
0
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Source: wetterkontor.de

literature

  • Sébastien Philippe: Une histoire de Bamako. Grandvaux, Brinon-sur-Sauldre 2009 (includes not only archival records but also local oral records, the author is an architect).
  • Drissa Diakite: Origines et histoire de Bamako. Ecole normal supérieure (Mali), Département d'études et de recherches d'histoire et de geographie (ed.): Bamako. Presses Univ. de Bordeaux, Bordeaux 1993, pp. 9-22.
  • Balla Diarra, Moïse Ballo, Jacques Champaud: Structure urbaine et dynamique spatiale a Bamako, Mali. Donniya, Bamako 2003.

Web links

Wiktionary: Bamako  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations
Commons : Bamako (Category)  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b INSTAT: Results of the 2009 census (PDF)
  2. World 101 largest Cities. Retrieved July 23, 2018 .
  3. World Urbanization Prospects - Population Division - United Nations. Retrieved July 23, 2018 .
  4. http://www.africatravelling.net/mali/bamako/bamako_history.htm
  5. Josette Rivallain: Philippe Sébastien, Une histoire de Bamako , in: Outre-mers 97 (2010) 366 f. (Review).
  6. ^ Mali , PopulationData.net.
  7. http://www.dw.com/de/was-steckt-hinter-der-geiselnahme-in-bamako/a-18864910
  8. Mercer's 2018 Quality of Living Rankings. Retrieved July 30, 2018 .
  9. Bamako - Villes jumelèes ( Memento from March 25, 2016 in the Internet Archive ), accessed on November 23, 2016
  10. Fourteen partners ... Always number two for Leipzig - How the city partnerships have developed. In: Kippe - The Leipzig street newspaper. Retrieved September 4, 2015 .
  11. Bamako, Mali - A Rochester Sister City. In: Rochester website . Retrieved March 16, 2014 .
  12. Bamako - Coopération décentralisée ( Memento of March 6, 2016 in the Internet Archive ), accessed on November 23, 2016