|Residents||1,809,106 (2009 census)|
View of Bamako
Bamako has 1,809,106 inhabitants according to the results of the 2009 census.
The city is one of the fastest growing in the world. A population of over 7.6 million people is expected in the agglomeration by 2050.
Population development of the agglomeration according to the UN
The area around Bamako has been populated since the Paleolithic . The fertile land in the valley of the Niger River enabled the production of food. Bamako was on important trade routes and became a trading center for commodities such as gold, ivory, Kola -Nuts, salt. In addition, with two universities in the Middle Ages, the city also developed into a center for Islamic scholars.
Before the French conquest in 1883, Bamako had around 600 residents. In 1908 it became the capital of the French governorate of Upper Senegal and Niger . In 1945 the city already had 37,000 inhabitants, including fewer than 1,000 French, and grew to 160,000 by 1960, when Mali became independent from France. But that was only when the stormy population growth began, because in 2018 the population was estimated at 4.3 million, and by 2050 it is expected to rise to 13 million.
After a socialist phase under Soviet influence , General Moussa Traoré came to power in 1968 . In 1987 Bamako was the venue for a WHO conference which, under the name Bamako Initiative, made lasting changes to health policy in Africa. More than 20 people died in a hostage-taking in November 2015 .
Economy and Transport
As a trade and industrial center (textile industry), Bamako is the most important business location in Mali. The Dakar – Niger railway runs from Bamako via Kita , Mahina and Kayes to the port city of Dakar in Senegal . The city can also be reached via Bamako Airport. Bamako has three bridges over the Niger: Pont des Martyrs , Pont du roi Fahd and Pont de l'amitié sino-malienne .
The Center Hospitalier Universitaire du Point-G is the largest hospital in the country.
In a ranking of cities according to their quality of life, Bamako was ranked 220 out of 231 cities worldwide in 2018.
The photography exhibition Rencontres africaines de la photographie takes place every two years . Since 2003 the music festival Trophées de la musique au Mali has been held annually in Bamako . In the course of this, the best musicians in Mali are awarded the Tamanis .
The soccer clubs Djoliba AC , Stade Malien and AS Real Bamako are among the most successful teams in the country with numerous national titles . The venues include the Stade du 26 mars , which opened in 2001 and holds 50,000 spectators, and the Stade Modibo Keïta with 35,000 seats. The 2002 African Cup of Nations was played in both stadiums .
Bamako was a stage stop several times at the Paris-Dakar Rally .
sons and daughters of the town
- 1912, Aoua Kéita , † May 7, 1980, writer
- 1915, June 4, Modibo Keïta , † May 16, 1977, President of Mali (1960–1968)
- 1923, Seydou Keita , † November 21, 2001, photographer
- 1928, Seydou Badian Kouyaté , † December 28, 2018, writer and politician
- 1940, April 21, Souleymane Cissé , filmmaker
- 1946, December 6th, Salif Keïta , football player
- 1952, November 7th, Modibo Sidibé , politician
- 1954, October 24th, Amadou Bagayoko, singer and guitarist with Amadou & Mariam
- 1955, June 23, Jean Tigana , French football player and coach
- 1958, April 15, Mariam Doumbia, singer with Amadou & Mariam
- 1968, February 25, Oumou Sangaré , singer, feminist and human rights activist
- 1978, April 15, Soumaila Coulibaly , football player
- 1979, July 15th, Boubacar Diarra , football player
- 1979, December 18, Mamady Sidibe , football player
- 1980, January 16, Seydou Keita , football player
- 1980, September 10, Adama Coulibaly , football player
- 1981, May 18, Mahamadou Diarra , football player
- 1983, February 5th, Djénéba Bamba , soccer player
- 1984, August 21, Boubacar Koné , football player
- 1984, August 25, Soumbeyla Diakité , football player
- 1985, May 13th, Aïssata Coulibaly , football player
- 1986, February 19, Amadou Sidibé , football player
- 1986, May 16, Kadidia Diawara , soccer player
- 1987, September 9, Kalilou Traoré , football player
- 1987, December 19, Idrissa Coulibaly , football player
- 1988, January 17th, Abdou Traoré , football player
- 1988, April 25, Cheick Diabaté , football player
- 1992, January 27, Hamari Traoré , football player
- 1992, February 11, Cheick Fantamady Diarra , football player
- 1992, June 6, Sidy Koné , football player
- 1995, May 10, Aya Nakamura , singer
- 1995, July 5th, Youssouf Koné , football player
- 1996, January 11th, Diadie Samassékou , football player
- 1998, January 21, Mamadou Fofana , football player
- 1998, January 31, Amadou Haidara , football player
Bamako has the following city partnerships :
- Ashgabat , Turkmenistan (1974)
- Angers , France (1974)
- Bobo-Dioulasso , Burkina Faso (1994)
- Dakar , Senegal (1973)
- Leipzig , Germany (friendship between cities since 1966)
- Rochester (New York) , United States (1975)
Cooperation agreements ( Coopération décentralisée ) exist with
Average monthly temperatures and rainfall for Bamako
- Sébastien Philippe: Une histoire de Bamako. Grandvaux, Brinon-sur-Sauldre 2009 (includes not only archival records but also local oral records, the author is an architect).
- Drissa Diakite: Origines et histoire de Bamako. Ecole normal supérieure (Mali), Département d'études et de recherches d'histoire et de geographie (ed.): Bamako. Presses Univ. de Bordeaux, Bordeaux 1993, pp. 9-22.
- Balla Diarra, Moïse Ballo, Jacques Champaud: Structure urbaine et dynamique spatiale a Bamako, Mali. Donniya, Bamako 2003.
- INSTAT: Results of the 2009 census (PDF)
- World 101 largest Cities. Retrieved July 23, 2018 .
- World Urbanization Prospects - Population Division - United Nations. Retrieved July 23, 2018 .
- Josette Rivallain: Philippe Sébastien, Une histoire de Bamako , in: Outre-mers 97 (2010) 366 f. (Review).
- Mali , PopulationData.net.
- Mercer's 2018 Quality of Living Rankings. Retrieved July 30, 2018 .
- Bamako - Villes jumelèes ( Memento from March 25, 2016 in the Internet Archive ), accessed on November 23, 2016
- Fourteen partners ... Always number two for Leipzig - How the city partnerships have developed. In: Kippe - The Leipzig street newspaper. Retrieved September 4, 2015 .
- Bamako, Mali - A Rochester Sister City. In: Rochester website . Retrieved March 16, 2014 .
- Bamako - Coopération décentralisée ( Memento of March 6, 2016 in the Internet Archive ), accessed on November 23, 2016