In France , the prefecture ( French préfecture ) is the administrative district of a prefect , i.e. a department . In addition, the word designates the main town (French chef-lieu ) of a department, its administrative authority and the administrative building that serves as the official seat.
In the French unitary state , the prefecture is subordinate to the Ministry of the Interior in Paris. The chief administrative officer of a department is the prefect (French préfet ). The sub -division below is the arrondissement , which is presided over by a sub-prefecture , if the prefecture itself is not already in the municipality (French commune ). The prefecture of the capital of a region is also the prefecture of that region.
Today there are 100 prefectures in France. An exception is the greater Paris area , where the police prefecture for the departments of Paris (serial number 75), Hauts-de-Seine (92), Seine-Saint-Denis (93) and Val-de-Marne (94) is combined. The last three departments mentioned have their capital, which is also called the prefecture: