|Heinrich the Lion dies in Braunschweig .|
|1195 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||643/644 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1738/39 (southern Buddhism); 1737/38 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||64th (65th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||557/558 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||591/592 (turn of the year 5th / 6th December)|
|Jewish calendar||4955/56 (September 6-7)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1505/06 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1506/07 (New Year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1251/52 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- July 19 : In the Battle of Alarcos near Ciudad Real , the Almohads under Abū Yūsuf Yaʿqūb al-Mansūr defeat an army of Castile sent by King Alfonso VIII . In all subsequent battles the Christian forces prevail against the Moors .
- Beginning of the year: Raimund VI. follows his father Raimund V as Count of Toulouse . Already in March he was defeated by Pope Celestine III for repeated attacks on the properties of the Abbey of Saint-Gilles . banned.
- Dieppe is completely destroyed by the troops of the French King Philip II August .
Holy Roman Empire
First documentary mentions
- Ahrensfelde (Ahrensburg) , Bargfeld , Boudevilliers , Linter and Spiesen are first mentioned in a document .
The Buddhist Zen temple Shōfuku-ji in Fukuoka is being built under the guidance of the Rinzai monk Eisai and with financial support from Minamoto no Yoritomo . This makes it the oldest existing Zen temple in Japan .
- The main church Sankt Petri , one of the five main churches in Hamburg , is mentioned for the first time as ecclesia forensis ( market church ).
- Archbishop Henri de Sully bequeathed a considerable sum to the parish of Bourges . This is considered to be the founding date of Bourges Cathedral .
- Dominikus is a canon at the cathedral monastery of Osma .
Exact date of birth unknown
- Amalrich VII , Count of Montfort-l'Amaury († 1241 )
- Gottfried II of Villehardouin , Prince of Achaia († 1246 )
- Hugo I , King of Cyprus († 1218 )
- Philip II , Margrave of Namur († 1226 )
Born around 1195
- Anthony of Padua , Franciscan preacher, saint († 1231 )
- Roger Bernard II , Count of Foix († 1241 )
- Walter de Cantilupe , Bishop of Worcester († 1266 )
- Gwladus Ddu , Welsh princess († 1251 )
- Warin de Munchensi , English nobleman, rebel and soldier († 1255 )
- Roger de Quincy, 2nd Earl of Winchester , Anglo-Scottish magnate († 1264 )
Date of death secured
- March 3 : Hugh de Puiset , Bishop of Durham
- March 25th : Agnes von Rochlitz , Duchess of Meranien (* 1152 )
- May 18th : Aszelina von Boulancourt , nun of the Cistercian order (* around 1140 )
- June 24th : Albrecht the Proud , Margrave of Meissen (* 1158 )
- July 25 : Herrad von Landsberg , abbess and writer (* around 1128 )
- July 26 : Konrad der Staufer , first Count Palatine near the Rhine (* 1136 )
- August 6th : Henry the Lion , Welf, Duke of Saxony and Bavaria (* around 1129 )
- August 7th : Richard Palmer , Archbishop of Messina
- October 13 : Gualdim Pais , Portuguese crusader (* 1118 )
- December 17th : Baldwin V , Count of Flanders and Count of Hainaut (* 1150 )
- December 21 : Wernher , Bishop of Gurk
- December 23 : Heinrich I of Maastricht , Bishop of Worms
Exact date of death unknown
- October 24th or 25th : Henry de Sully , Anglo-Norman clergyman
- Amadeus II , Lord of Montfaucon and Count of Mömpelgard (* 1130 )
- Bernhard I , Count of Ratzeburg
- Guillaume de Forz , Lord of Fors
- Gyeltsha Rinchen Gön , person of Tibetan Buddhism (* 1118 )
- Heinrich I , provost of the Berchtesgaden monastery (* 1118 )
- Rahel la Fermosa , mistress of King Alfonso VIII of Castile (* around 1165)
- Rhodri ab Owain , Welsh prince
- Sophie of Bohemia , Bohemian princess