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Species Plantarum
Species Plantarum by Carl von Linné becomes the basis of the botanical nomenclature .
Henry Pelham
Under Henry Pelham , Prime Minister of the United Kingdom , the controversial is Jewish Naturalization Act enacted.
Detail of the ceiling fresco
Giovanni Battista Tiepolo completes the
ceiling fresco in the stairwell of the Würzburg residence .
1753 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1201/02 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1745/46 (turn of the year 10/11 September)
Bengali solar calendar 1158/59 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2296/97 (southern Buddhism); 2295/96 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 74th (75th) cycle

Year of the water tap癸酉 ( at the beginning of the year water monkey 壬申)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1115/16 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4086/87 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1131/32 (around March 21)
Islamic calendar 1166/67 (turn of the year 28/29 October)
Jewish calendar 5513/14 (September 28-29)
Coptic calendar 1469/70 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 928/929
Seleucid era Babylon: 2063/64 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2064/65 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1809/10 (turn of the year April)

In 1753 , the equilibrium of the great powers of Europe achieved in the Peace of Aachen in 1748 continued, but there are first signs of the soon following reversal of the alliances , a merger of France and Austria on the one hand and Great Britain and Prussia on the other. In India there are already armed conflicts between France and Great Britain in the ongoing Second Carnatic War , and the colonies in America are on the verge of the outbreak of the French and Indian War .


Politics and world events


science and technology



Visual arts

Absurd Perspectives

Music and theater

Title page of the libretto



Sigismund Christoph von Schrattenbach

Sigismund III. Christoph von Schrattenbach is elected Prince Archbishop of Salzburg to succeed Andreas Jakob von Dietrichstein , who died on January 5th . The decision will only be made on the 13th election day in the 50th ballot against Joseph Maria von Thun and Hohenstein , the Bishop of Gurk. On May 7th, the new archbishop moved into the city ​​of Salzburg , where he was ordained bishop on December 16th .


  • May 1st : The city of Suhl in the county of Henneberg in Saxony burns down almost completely . Only the building ensemble around the lower Malzhaus, the Kreuzkirche, two mills and a few houses, including some pipe smiths and hammer mills on the outskirts, are spared. In addition to the public buildings, a total of 542 private houses with 220 auxiliary buildings, 490 stables and 161 barns burn down. So that the rifle and barch manufacturers do not migrate after the fire, they receive a state construction advance. Several well-known master builders are involved in the reconstruction of the city, including Gottfried Heinrich Krohne from Weimar.


January to May

Franz Carl Achard

June to September

October to December

Exact date of birth unknown


First half of the year

Archbishop Dietrichstein's grave

Second half of the year

Richmann dies in the presence of his assistant (who survived the incident) when his apparatus is struck by lightning during one of their electrical thunderstorm experiments in Saint Petersburg. The incident caused a sensation in Europe and reinforced the opponents of the lightning rod in their conviction of the dangerousness of the new technology. The picture shows a dramatized representation of this 19th century incident.
Johann Balthasar Neumann, 1727

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1753  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files