Calendar overview 1752
Benjamin Franklin experiments with kites
in thunderstorms and can prove that lightning strikes are electrical discharges.
celebrated a great success with the French royal family with his opera
Le devin du village .
Schönbrunn Zoo in Vienna opens.
It is the world's oldest zoo that still exists today .
|1752 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||1200/01 (turn of the year July)|
|Ethiopian calendar||1744/45 (September 10-11)|
|Bengali solar calendar||1157/58 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)|
|Buddhist calendar||2295/96 (southern Buddhism); 2294/95 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||74th (75th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||1114/15 (turn of the year April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||4085/86 (October 2/3)|
|Iranian calendar||1130/31 (around March 21)|
|Islamic calendar||1165/1166 (turn of the year November 7th / 8th)|
|Jewish calendar||5512/13 (September 8/9)|
|Coptic calendar||1468/69 (September 10-11)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 2062/63 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 2063/64 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1808/09 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- March 18 : Francesco Loredan is elected Doge of Venice eleven days after the death of his predecessor Pietro Grimani . At the time of his election, the wealth of the Loredan family in Venice is legendary, they own several palaces, such as the Palazzo di San Stefano, the Palazzo Loredan-Cini, the Palazzo Loredan / Farsetti and the Cà Loredan on the Grand Canal , the Francesco the Austrian Ambassador against payment in advance of the total rent for 29 years and the obligation to restore and maintain the palace. The new Doge leads a luxurious life with his brother and sister-in-law in the Doge's Palace , but also leads the republic to economic prosperity.
North American colonies
- July: Ange de Menneville, Marquis de Duquesne , succeeds Jacques-Pierre de Taffanel de La Jonquière , who died on March 17th, as Governor General of New France . He resides in the city of Québec in the Château Saint-Louis .
- The Liberty Bell is cast by the Whitechapel Bell Foundry in London to mark the 50th anniversary of the Pennsylvania Charter on Religious Freedom .
- June 12th : The city of Petropawl is founded as a military Cossack fortress to defend the Central Asian border of the Russian Empire against the nomads from the Kazakh steppe .
South East Asia
- The Mon people from Pegu conquered the Burmese capital Ava . The last ruler of the Taungu dynasty is captured and later executed. The Burmese aristocratic Alaungpaya seized the moment and rose to rulers of Burma. He succeeds in defeating an army detachment of the Mon and founds the Konbaung dynasty .
- February 11 : Count Simon August von der Lippe founds the Lippische Landes-Brandversicherungsanstalt . The establishment of this fire fund , which insures against the risks of fire, is primarily intended to counteract the impoverishment of the population in such emergencies and to secure economic assets.
- April 6th : Philipp Jakob Oberkampf founds an indienne factory in Lörrach , from which the KBC textile company developed.
- April 10 : The British Royal African Company , founded in 1672 , is dissolved.
- October 12th / 19th : The Göggingen faience factory is closed.
- The Zumgrün Laub brewery is founded in Schwetzingen in the Electoral Palatinate .
- The Dutch weekly Leeuwarder Courant appears for the first time.
science and technology
- June 15 : Benjamin Franklin tests his theory that lightning is like sparks on a huge scale. He lets a kite fly when thunderclouds are approaching , which causes a lightning strike. The experiment causes other scientists to work on the development of lightning rods .
- The Koninklijke Hollandsche Maatschappij der Wetenschappen , a scientific society, is founded.
- The French astronomer Nicolas-Louis de Lacaille discovered the globular cluster Messier 55 , the spiral galaxy Messier 83 and the open star cluster NGC 3532 at the Cape of Good Hope . He also leads the constellations Oktant and painters and names the constellation Rhombus in rhombic network to.
Fine arts and architecture
- January 20 : On the birthday of King Charles IV , the foundation stone for the construction of the royal palace , the future residence of the Bourbons in the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies , is laid in Caserta , north of Naples . The architect of the building is Luigi Vanvitelli .
- April 12th : King Ferdinand VI. of Spain founds the Real Academia de las Tres Nobles Artes de San Fernando in Madrid. Here the “three noble arts” painting , sculpture and architecture are taught.
- May 11th : English and Irish artists found the Academy of English Professors of the Liberal Arts in Rome . The head of the art school is the portrait painter John Parker . Members include the architect William Chambers , the painters Gavin Hamilton , Thomas Patch and Richard Wilson, as well as the artist, collector, antique dealer and banker Thomas Jenkins . The academy also functions as a facility for copying ancient Roman paintings for the English art market.
- The École supérieure des beaux-arts de Marseille is founded in a Cistercian monastery.
- Giovanni Battista Tiepolo receives the order for the ceiling fresco in the stairwell of the Würzburg residence .
- January 4th : The English satirist Henry Fielding triggers the newspaper war of 1752/53 .
- November 7th : The London literary magazine The Adventurer appears for the first time.
- On the recommendation of Pietro Metastasio , his pupil Giovanni Ambrogio Migliavacca becomes court poet at the court of Electoral Saxony.
- Charlotte Lennox publishes the novel The Female Quixote in Dublin .
- February 26 : The dramatic oratorio Jephta by George Frideric Handel has its world premiere at the Theater Royal in Covent Garden . The libretto wrote - as in the preceding oratorios - Thomas Morell for a Bible text.
- August 1st : A performance of the Opera buffa La serva padrona by Giovanni Battista Pergolesi in Paris sparked the Buffonist dispute between supporters of the conservative French opera and the progressive Italian opera .
- October 18 : The world premiere of the intermezzo Le devin du village by Jean-Jacques Rousseau at Fontainebleau Castle in Fontainebleau is a great success and gives the French Opéra-comique social prestige.
- November 11th : The world premiere of the opera I portentosi effetti della madre Natura by Domenico Scarlatti takes place at the Teatro San Samuele in Venice.
- November 18 : The opera Le Jaloux Corrigé by Michel Blavet is premiered at the Château de Berny .
- Johann Joachim Quantz wrote the textbook Attempting an Instruction to Traverse the Flute for Frederick the Great .
- July 31 : The Schönbrunn Zoo in Vienna is mentioned in writing for the first time. This makes it the world's oldest zoo still in existence .
- September 14th : The Kingdom of Great Britain introduces the Gregorian calendar with the colonies in its entire domain . The previous day was September 2nd July. .
- The prince abbey of Fulda is elevated to a bishopric and prince diocese. The previous prince abbot Amand von Buseck becomes the first prince-bishop of Fulda.
- The baroque church in the Bohemian Dittersbach is built.
Historical maps and views
- January 1 : Betsy Ross , American Quaker, allegedly sewed the first flag of the USA († 1836 )
- January 2 : Philip Freneau , American poet († 1832 )
- January 2 : Charlotte Christine Wilhelmine von Gilsa , abbess of the Wallenstein Monastery in Homberg († 1822 )
- January 4 : David Hall , American politician († 1817 )
- January 5 : Wilhelm Amsinck , German businessman, councilor and mayor († 1831 )
- January 13 : Eleonora Fonseca Pimentel , Portuguese Italian-speaking poet († 1799 )
- January 23 : Muzio Clementi , Italian composer († 1832 )
- January 25 : Friedrich Valentin , German sculptor († 1819 )
- January 28 : Bernhard Joseph Anders , Austrian civil servant († 1827 )
- January 31 : Governor Morris , American politician, co-author of the United States' Declaration of Independence († 1816 )
- February 5 : Anton Walter , Viennese piano maker († 1826 )
- February 6th Carl Christian Horvath , German bookseller and founder of the German stock exchange association of booksellers († 1837 )
- February 12 : Dorothea Ackermann , German actress († 1821 )
- February 12 : John Smith , American politician († 1816 )
- February 13 : Luise von Göchhausen , lady-in-waiting to Duchess Anna Amalia of Saxony-Weimar-Eisenach († 1807 )
- February 17 : Friedrich Maximilian Klinger , German poet and Russian general († 1831 )
- February 19 : Simone Assemani , Italian orientalist († 1821 )
- February 25 : John Graves Simcoe , English lieutenant governor of Upper Canada († 1806 )
- February 27 : Christian Gottfried Friedrich Assmann , German economist and camera scientist († 1822 )
- February 28 : Johanna Luise von Werthern , German noblewoman († 1811 )
- February 29 : George Handley , American politician († 1793 )
- March 7th : Carl Friedrich Cramer , German classical philologist and linguist († 1807 )
- March 13 : Joseph Reicha , German cellist and composer († 1795 )
- March 14 : Josef Malinský , Czech sculptor and carver († 1827 )
- March 16 : Antoine Joseph Santerre , French National Guard († 1809 )
- March 21 : Mary Dixon Kies , American inventor († 1837 )
- March 21 : Jean Étienne Benoît Duprat , French general and revolutionary († 1809 )
- Johann Jakob Faesch , Swiss Protestant clergyman († 1832 ) March:
- April 1 : Pascual Ruiz Huidobro , Spanish military and politician († 1813 )
- April 4 : Niccolò Antonio Zingarelli , Italian composer († 1837 )
- April 10 : Alexander Graydon , American lawyer, writer and military man († 1818 )
- April 12 : Johann Alois Schneider , German bishop († 1818 )
- April 19 : Friederike Brion , Alsatian pastor's daughter and lover of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe († 1813 )
- April 22 : Georg Joachim Göschen , German publisher († 1828 )
- April 24 : Henry Latimer , American politician († 1819 )
- April 28 : Matsumura Goshun , Japanese painter of the Edo period and founder of the Shijō school († 1811 )
- April 29 : Theodore Foster , American politician († 1828 )
- May 2 : Ludwig August Lebrun , German oboist and composer († 1790 )
- May 4 : John Brooks , American politician († 1825 )
- May 10 : Amalie von Pfalz-Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld-Bischweiler , Electress and Queen of Saxony and Duchess of Warsaw († 1828 )
- May 10 : Pierre Riel de Beurnonville , French general and statesman, peer and marshal of France († 1821 )
- May 11 : Johannes Albrecht , German doctor and writer († 1814 )
- May 11 : Johann Friedrich Blumenbach , German anatomist and anthropologist († 1840 )
- May 14 : Juliane Benda , German singer and composer († 1783 )
- May 14 : Albrecht Daniel Thaer , founder of agricultural science († 1828 )
- May 19 : Philipp Ludwig Wittwer , German medic († 1792 )
- May 22 : Louis Legendre , French politician († 1797 )
- May 27 : Adolf Friedrich von Scheve , German lawyer († 1837 )
- June 4 : John Eager Howard , American politician († 1827 )
- June 13 : Fanny Burney , English writer († 1840 )
- June 16 : Salawat Yulayev , Bashkir freedom fighter and poet, national hero of Bashkortostan († 1800 )
- July 6 : Elisabeth Hudtwalcker , German painter († 1804 )
- July 7th : Joseph-Marie Jacquard , French inventor of the jacquard loom († 1834 )
- July 23 : Emanuel von Schimonsky , Prince-Bishop of Breslau († 1832 )
- July 27 : Ambroise Marie François Joseph Palisot de Beauvois , French natural scientist († 1820 )
- July 27 : Samuel Smith , American politician († 1839 )
- July 31 : Heinrich Corrodi , Swiss Protestant theologian and educator († 1793 )
- August 5 : Johann Philipp Bach , German musician and painter († 1846 )
- August 6th : Luise von Sachsen-Meiningen , Landgrave of Hessen-Philippsthal-Barchfeld († 1805 )
- August 13 : Maria Karolina of Austria , Austrian Archduchess and Queen of Naples-Sicily († 1814 )
- August 20 : Friederike Caroline Luise of Hessen-Darmstadt , Duchess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz († 1782 )
- August 20 : Peter Ochs , Swiss politician († 1821 )
- August 22nd : Johann Gottfried am Ende , German Protestant theologian († 1821 )
- August 25 : Louise Diede zum Fürstenstein , German nobleman and pianist († 1803 )
- September 4th (baptized): Friedrich Ludwig Benda , German violinist and composer († 1792 )
- September 8 : Johann Caspar Ludwig Mencke , also: Mencken, German legal scholar († 1795 )
- September 13 : Benedigte Naubert , Saxon writer († 1819 )
- September 18 : Georg Anton Bredelin , teacher, school visitator, poet, musician and composer († 1814 )
- September 18 : Adrien-Marie Legendre , French mathematician († 1833 )
- September 21 : Luise zu Stolberg-Gedern , German noblewoman, wife of the Jacobite pretender Charles Edward Stuart and lover of the Italian poet and playwright Count Vittorio Alfieri († 1824 )
- September 24th : Karl Maximilian of Saxony , Electoral Saxon officer and head of the regiment († 1781 )
- September 25 : Carl Stenborg , Swedish composer († 1813 )
- September 30 : Justin Heinrich Knecht , German composer, organist, conductor, music teacher and music theorist († 1817 )
- October 2 : Jeanne Louise Henriette Campan , maid of the French Queen Marie Antoinette († 1822 )
- October 2 : Joseph Ritson , English antiquarian and lawyer († 1803 )
- October 4 : Elisabeth Augusta Wendling , German opera singer († 1794 )
- October 16 : Adolph Freiherr Knigge , German writer († 1796 )
- October 17 : Sebastian Seemiller , German Catholic theologian († 1798 )
- October 28 : Jeongjo , 22nd King of the Joseon Dynasty in Korea († 1800 )
- November 4 : Ildephons Schwarz , German Catholic theologian († 1794 )
- November 15 : Nathaniel Chipman , American politician († 1843 )
- November 17 : Caspar Voght , Hamburg merchant and social reformer († 1839 )
- November 19 : George Rogers Clark , American pioneer († 1818 )
- November 20 : Thomas Chatterton , English poet († 1770 )
- November 20 : Leopold Layer , Slovenian painter († 1828 )
- November 20 : Robert Wright , American politician († 1826 )
- November 21 : Philippe-Louis-Marc-Antoine de Noailles , French politician († 1819 )
- November 25 : Johann Friedrich Reichardt , German composer, music writer and critic († 1814 )
- December 3 : George Cabot , American politician († 1823 )
- December 4 : Fernando José de Portugal e Castro , Portuguese nobleman and viceroy of Brazil († 1817 )
- December 14 : Christoph August Tiedge , German poet († 1841 )
- December 15 : André da Silva Gomes , Brazilian composer of Portuguese origin († 1844 )
- December 17th : Peter Josef Cramer von Clausagh , Prussian official in Cologne († 1820 )
- December 24 : Joan Petit i Aguilar , Spanish Catalan scholar and grammarian († 1829 )
- December 29 : Wilhelmine von Lichtenau , German nobleman and lover of Friedrich Wilhelm II of Prussia († 1820 )
- December 29 : Konrad Tanner , Abbot of Einsiedeln Monastery († 1825 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Dildar Ali Nasirabadi , Shiite scholar in India († 1820 )
- Edward Smith Stanley, 12th Earl of Derby , British inventor of the Oaks Stakes Derby († 1834 )
- Jacob Read , American politician († 1816 )
- Manoel Arruda da Cámara , Portuguese-Brazilian botanist († 1810 )
- Michikinikwa , chief of the Miami Indians († 1812 )
- Nguyễn Huệ , Vietnamese general and emperor († 1792 )
- Nyi Ageng Serang , Indonesian national heroine († 1838 )
- Torii Kiyonaga , Japanese color woodcut artist († 1815 )
Born around 1752
First half of the year
- January 4 : Gabriel Cramer , Geneva mathematician (* 1704 )
- January 4th : Heinrich Plütschau , German Protestant missionary (* around 1676 )
- January 10 : Paul Egell , German sculptor and plasterer (* 1691 )
- January 14th : Devasahayam Pillai , Indian convert to Catholicism and martyr, blessed of the Catholic Church (* 1712 )
- January 18 : Johann Friedrich Ludwig , German goldsmith and builder (* 1673 )
- February 3 : Sophie Sabina Apitzsch , Saxon impostor (* 1692 )
- February 4th : Louis I. de Bourbon , Duke of Orléans and Duke of Nemours, Grand Master of the Order of Lazarus (* 1703 )
- February 10 : Anne Henriette de Bourbon , Princess of France and viola player (* 1727 )
- February 17th : Beinta Broberg , Danish-Faroese woman (* around 1667 )
- March 7th : Pietro Grimani , Doge of Venice (* 1677 )
- March 9 : Claude-Joseph Geoffroy (the younger), French botanist, mycologist, chemist and pharmacist (* 1685 )
- March 10 : Johann Christoph Knöffel , German architect and builder of the Rococo (* 1686 )
- March 15 : Balthasar von Ahlefeldt , lord of the noble estates of Lindau and Neudorf as well as lieutenant general and commander of Glückstadt (* 1684 )
- March 17th : Jacques-Pierre de Taffanel de La Jonquière , French admiral and Governor General of New France (* 1685 )
- March 19 : Joseph Schmuzer , South German builder and plasterer (* 1683 )
- March 25th : Temple Stanyan , English politician, historian and author (* 1675 )
- April 6 : Friedrich Christian Glume , German sculptor (* 1714 )
- April 9 : Lukas von Breda , Swedish painter (* 1676 )
- April 27 : Henri de Favanne , Anglo-French painter (* 1668 )
- May 4th : Augustin Leyser , Prussian lawyer (* 1683 )
- May 6 : Sophia von Sachsen-Weißenfels , Margravine of Brandenburg-Bayreuth and Imperial Countess von Hoditz and Wolframitz (* 1684 )
- May 22 : Johann Alexander Thiele , Saxon painter and etcher (* 1685 )
- May 28 : Renatus von Zinzendorf , German hymn poet (* 1727 )
- June 3 : Albrecht Meno Verpoorten , German educator and Lutheran theologian (* 1672 )
- June 4th : Kaspar von Fels , Swiss Mayor and Envoy to the Diet (* 1668 )
- June 4 : Karl zu Mecklenburg , Prince of the House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (* 1708 )
- June 8 : Johann Christian von Hennicke , administrative clerk from Electoral Saxony and Poland (* 1681 )
- June 14 : Charles-Antoine Coypel , French history painter and playwright (* 1694 )
- June 15 : Michael Gottlieb Agnethler , Transylvanian natural scientist and numismatist (* 1719 )
- June 16 : Giulio Alberoni , Italian Cardinal and Minister of State of Spain (* 1664 )
- June 16 : Joseph Butler , English Bishop of Durham and Bristol (* 1692 )
Second half of the year
- July 4th : Cajetan Anton Notthracht von Weißenstein , Prince Provost of Berchtesgaden (* 1670 )
- July 17 : Daniel Juslenius , Finnish historian, philosopher and theologian and Bishop of Porvoo and Skara (* 1676 )
- July 23 : Friedrich Gottlieb Struve , German lawyer and university professor (* 1676 )
- July 24th : Michael Christian Festing , English violinist and composer (* 1705 )
- July 30th : Johann Christoph Pepusch , German violist, composer, theater director, music theorist and organist (* 1667 )
- August 4th : Georg Ludwig Charbonnier , German horticultural artist (* 1678 )
- August 6th : Pedro Cebrián y Agustín , Spanish officer, diplomat and colonial administrator, viceroy of New Spain (* 1687 )
- August 12th : Antonio Corradini , Venetian sculptor (* 1688 )
- August 14 : Georg Jakob Schwindel , German Protestant theologian and historian (* 1684 )
- August 14th : Hedwig Friederike von Württemberg-Weiltingen , Princess of Anhalt-Zerbst (* 1691 )
- August 26 : Philipp Otto von Grumbkow , Prussian statesman (* 1684 )
- September 14 : Rudolf August Nolte , Braunschweig lawyer and local historian (* 1703 )
- September 17th : Caspar Nicolaus Overbeck , North German Protestant theologian (* 1670 )
- November 2 : Johann Albrecht Bengel , Swabian Lutheran theologian and Pietist (* 1687 )
- November 6th : Ralph Erskine , Scottish preacher (* 1685 )
- November 28 : Wolf Friedrich Marschall , Hereditary Marshal in Thuringia, Chamberlain of the King of Poland and Elector of Saxony (* 1687 )
- December 11th : Adolf Friedrich III. , Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (* 1686 )
- December 24th : Franz Anton von Dücker , priest and canon in Cologne (* 1700 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Shah Abdul Latif , Sufi scholar and classical poet of Sindh (* 1689 )
- Jacopo Amigoni , Italian painter (* 1682 )
- Johann Georg Benda , Bohemian composer (* 1713 )
- John Shore , British trumpeter and lutenist, inventor of the tuning fork (* around 1662 )
- Lawrence Washington , soldier and landowner in Virginia, half-brother of George Washington (* 1718 )