Joseph Reicha (also Josef Rejcha ) (born March 13, 1752 in Chudenice , Bohemia ; † March 5, 1795 in Bonn ) was a Bohemian cellist and composer . He was Anton Reicha's uncle and his teacher.
Reicha sang as a boy in the choir of the Prague Kreuzherrenkirche . In Prague he also received training on the cello, piano and organ. In 1774 he joined the court orchestra of Prince Krafft Ernst von Oettingen-Wallerstein as the first cellist , where he was Kapellmeister from around 1780 . With the violin virtuoso Anton Janitsch, Reicha went on a concert tour through the German states between 1776 and 1779. In January 1778, on a visit to Salzburg , Reicha played the divertimento for the piano trio in B flat major, KV 254 by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart with Maria Anna Mozart in the presence of the composer and his father , whereupon he received an invitation to Mozart's 22nd birthday.
In 1781 he took in his nephew Anton Reicha and taught him himself. In 1785 he became director and concertmaster of the electoral court orchestra of the Cologne elector Maximilian Franz of Austria . That is why he and his nephew Anton moved from Wallerstein to Bonn. His nephew Anton Reicha and Ludwig van Beethoven played in the electoral court orchestra under his direction . In 1789 he also took over the direction of the orchestra of the new Bonn court opera. At the beginning of the 1790s he became seriously ill with gout and died in Bonn in 1795.
He was married to Lucie Certelet from Metz († 1801) from 1779 .
- several harmony music, called Parthia, for 6-10 wind instruments
- Cello Concertos in E major, E flat major, G major, F minor
- Duos for violin and cello
- Concerto for two horns in E major, Op. 5
- Violin concerto
- Concerts for flute in F major, B flat major (also as oboe concerto)
- 2 symphonies
- Constantin von Wurzbach : Reicha, Joseph . In: Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich . 25th part. Imperial and Royal Court and State Printing Office, Vienna 1873, p. 159 f. ( Digitized version ).
- Hans Michel Schletterer : Reicha, Joseph . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 27, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1888, p. 617 f.
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Rejcha, Josef|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Bohemian cellist and composer|
|DATE OF BIRTH||March 13, 1752|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Chudenice near Klattau , Bohemia|
|DATE OF DEATH||March 5, 1795|
|Place of death||Bonn|