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Heads of State · Nekrolog · Music Year

Leopold II.
Leopold II
becomes Emperor of the
Holy Roman Empire .
Alexander Wassiljewitsch Suvorov
Alexander Wassiljewitsch Suworow conquers the
Ottoman fortress Ismajil .
Così fan tutte - theater ticket for the premiere
Mozart's opera Così fan tutte has its world premiere in Vienna.
1790 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1238/39 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1782/83 (September 10-11)
Bengali solar calendar 1195/96 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2333/34 (southern Buddhism); 2332/33 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 74th (75th) cycle

Year of the Metal Dog庚戌 ( at the beginning of the year Earth Rooster 己酉)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1152/53 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4123/24 (October 2/3)
French revolutionary calendar Year II of freedom
Iranian calendar 1168/69
Islamic calendar 1204/05 (New Year 10/11 September)
Jewish calendar 5550/51 (September 8/9)
Coptic calendar 1506/07 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 965/966
Seleucid era Babylon: 2100/01 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2101/02 (New Year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1846/47 (April)


Politics and world events


The Federation Festival

Holy Roman Empire

Flag of the United Belgian States

Russo-Swedish War 1788–1790

Running the gauntlet of Vyborg
Second battle at Svensksund
  • July 10 : The second naval battle at Ruotsinsalmi ends with a victory for Sweden . The battle, also known as the Second Archipelago Battle on Svensksund in the Gulf of Finland off Kotka , became a catastrophe for Russia after it began the day before, losing between 9,000 and 14,000 men and a third of its fleet. It is, however, the greatest military success in the history of the Swedish Navy .
  • August 14th : The Peace of Värälä ends the war between Sweden and Russia that began in 1788 without any territorial change. All prisoners of war are to be released unconditionally. Sweden receives some small economic advantages in trading with Russian ports. Russia does not interfere in Swedish domestic politics.

Russo-Austrian Turkish War (1787–1792)

United States of America

United States 1790–91



science and technology

Galaxy NGC 3079
The stone of the sun


The original building around 1895



Historical maps and views


First quarter

John Tyler

Second quarter

Third quarter

Fourth Quarter

August Ferdinand Möbius
King Leopold I.
Jean-François Champollion

Exact date of birth unknown


First half of the year

Joseph II
Benjamin Franklin, around 1785

Second half of the year

Adam Smith, 1787

Web links

Commons : 1790  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files