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“The Assassination of the Ministers during the Khalil Patrona's Uprising” by Jean-Baptiste van Mour
The Patrona Halil uprising in the Ottoman Empire leads to the overthrow of Sultan Ahmed III. , The nephew Mahmud I. follows.
Empress Anna in coronation regalia
Anna Ivanovna becomes
Empress of Russia .
Pope Clement XII.
Lorenzo Corsini is
called Clemens XII. Pope.
1730 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1178/79 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1722/23 (turn of the year 10/11 September)
Bengali solar calendar 1135/36 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2273/74 (southern Buddhism); 2272/73 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 73rd (74th) cycle

Year of the Metal Dog庚戌 ( at the beginning of the year Earth Rooster 己酉)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1092/93 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4063/64 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1108/09
Islamic calendar 1142/43 (turn of the year 16/17 July)
Jewish calendar 5490/91 (September 11-12)
Coptic calendar 1446/47 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 905/906
Seleucid era Babylon: 2040/41 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2041/42 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1786/87 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

The Zeithainer Lustlager and its consequences

Camp near Zeithain , painting by Johann Alexander Thiele

The Saxon Elector August the Strong , who was also King of Poland , held the so-called Zeithain Lustlager from May 31 to June 28 , a grandiose troop show combined with the display of royal splendor not far from the cities of Riesa and Grossenhain between the towns of Zeithain and Glaubitz and Streumen near the Saxon-Brandenburg border. In front of 48 invited European princes and their military, August presented his army in a maneuver , organized by Field Marshal Graf Wackerbarth , followed by great festivities, concluded with fireworks near Riesa. The Zeithainer Lustlager shows not only the military capabilities, but also the high level of Saxon art and culture.

The Zeithain giant stollen with the stollen knife, copper engraving by Elias Back

One of the many highlights of the festival is the presentation of a Christmas stollen weighing 1.8 tons, 18 cubits long and 8 cubits wide according to historical records , which was created by the Dresden master baker Andreas Zacharias with the help of 60 baker journeyman. For this spectacle, Oberlandbaumeister Matthäus Daniel Pöppelmann built a stove, from which the tunnel is brought to August's warehouse with the help of a cart pulled by eight horses. The large stollen knife created for this festival , a 1.6 meter long kitchen utensil made of sterling silver, is used to cut the baked goods .

At the camp there was a heated argument between the Prussian King Friedrich Wilhelm I and his son Friedrich , whereupon the latter entrusted his friend Hans Hermann von Katte to flee to France and thus to evade his father's educational powers. Katte tries to dissuade Friedrich from his plan, but then supports him in implementing it.

Katte's execution

On August 5th, Crown Prince Friedrich was caught fleeing from his father and was imprisoned in the Küstrin fortress . His friend Hans Hermann von Katte is sentenced by a military court to life imprisonment for desertion and high treason. The Prussian King Friedrich Wilhelm I converts the sentence into the death penalty and forces his son to watch the execution of his friend on November 6th . Friedrich's page and confidante Peter Karl Christoph von Keith managed to escape to England in time with the support of the British envoy Philip Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield . He is hanged in effigy because of his involvement in Friedrich's escape plans .

Further events in Prussia

Kingdom of Sardinia / Duchy of Savoy


Christian VI., Painting by Johann Salomon Wahl


  • January 29th : A few days before his planned wedding, Emperor Peter II dies of smallpox. Anna Ivanovna , daughter of Ivan V , becomes Empress of Russia after his death with the support of Chancellor Heinrich Johann Friedrich Ostermann , although Anna and Elisabeth , the two daughters of Peter the Great , would have had priority claims to the Thorn. Ostermann negotiates for his favored succession to the throne with the boyars and under the written admission that the nobility and the Senate would have co-determination rights in politics, Anna is enthroned. However, it successfully opposes the attempt by the Supreme Secret Council to restrict the rights of the autocracy through an election surrender and to have oligarchical co-determination established. After her coronation , she revokes the electoral terms she signed in Mitau . On March 8, Anna announced the restoration of the autocracy in Russia. The Supreme Secret Council is dissolved on March 14th . However, this coup-like seizure of power remains an isolated phenomenon. As a result, Anna cared little about government affairs and preferred to pursue her amusements. The distinctive luxury with which the Empress surrounds herself is unique even by the standards of the Russian court.
  • September 30 : The renewal of the Prussian-Russian alliance is based on the provisions of the defensive alliance concluded four years earlier and the renewal three years later . The renewed treaty is intended to ensure good relations between the two states after the death of the Russian Emperor Peter II .

Ottoman Empire / Persia

Mahmud I.
Patrona Halil, painting by Jean-Baptiste van Mour
  • Many stately mansions in the Kağıthane district and other buildings, which in the eyes of the insurgents represent the decadence of the tulip era, are destroyed. Four weeks after the uprising, the empire is in the hands of the insurgents. Their leader Patrona Halil has Mahmud I elevated to sultan with the sword of Osman in the Eyup Sultan Mosque . Numerous members of the government are dismissed and new ones installed by the rebels.
  • The new Grand Vizier succeeds, however, in ousting the increasingly arrogant rebels from the government with the help of the Crimean Khan, the Mufti and the Agha of the Janissaries and arresting Patrona Halil. He was sentenced to death and executed together with over 7,000 insurgents.


First edition dated February 23, 1730



The Palácio Nacional before 1755


The first known writing of the legend

Music and theater

Title page of the libretto
contemporary caricature of Anna Maria Strada
Title page of the libretto from 1730


Clement XII.
  • July 12th : After an opinion-forming process that lasted 129 days, Lorenzo Corsini was appointed by the conclave to succeed Benedict XIII, who died on February 21st in Rome . elected pope . The almost blind 78-year-old climbs as Clemens XII. the chair of Peter . The appointment of his nephew Neri Maria Corsini as cardinal on August 14th is one of the few nepotist traits of his tenure. His first official acts as Pope are aimed at consolidating the papal finances. Clement XII. demands cash repayments from those members of the Curia who have betrayed the trust of his predecessor. The main defendant, Cardinal Coscia, is severely punished and sentenced to ten years in prison. With the renewed introduction of the public lottery, which was previously due to grave moral concerns of Benedict XIII. has been prevented, an important source of income for the Holy See will be developed. This enables him to implement the construction plans for the Palazzo Corsini in Trastevere that he has acquired .



January to April

May to August

Charles Messier, around 1770
Johann Georg Hamann

September to December

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1730


First half of the year

Maria Amalia in 1727

Second half of the year

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1730  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files