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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Emperor Shunzhi
Shunzhi becomes the first Qing Dynasty emperor in China .
Kristina of Sweden, painting by Sébastian Bourdon
Queen Christina takes over governance in Sweden when she is of legal age .
Battle of Marston Moor
At the Battle of Marston Moor, the Roundheads win
a decisive victory in the English Civil War .
1644 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1092/93 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1636/37 (September 10-11)
Bengali solar calendar 1049/50 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2187/88 (southern Buddhism); 2186/87 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 72nd (73rd) cycle

Year of the wood monkey甲申 ( at the beginning of the year water sheep 癸未)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1006/07 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 3977/78 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1022/23 (around March 21)
Islamic calendar 1053/54 (March 9-10)
Jewish calendar 5404/05 (September 30th / October 1st)
Coptic calendar 1360/61 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 819/820
Seleucid era Babylon: 1954/55 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1955/56 (New Year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1700/01 (April)


Politics and world events

English Civil War

The Catechism of the Soldiers of the New Model Army
  • Oliver Cromwell begins setting up his New Model Army at the end of the year .
  • According to a parliamentary resolution, Christmas is not allowed to be celebrated in England .

Thirty Years' War


Sweden / Denmark

Sea battle near Fehmarn

Portugal / Spain

American colonies

  • August: The Wappinger War ends with a peace treaty in Fort Orange.
Map of the colonies of Connecticut, New Haven, and Saybrook



science and technology


Visual arts

Christ and the adulteress
Odysseus gives Chryseis to her father


Historical maps and views


First half of the year

Second half of the year

Ole Romer

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1644


First half of the year

Second half of the year

Exact date of death unknown

  • Ling Mengchu , Chinese poet of the Ming Dynasty, best known for his short stories (* 1580 )

Web links

Commons : 1644  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files