Pegnese Order of Flowers

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The Pegnesische Blumenorden (P.Bl.O .; Latin Societas Florigera ad Pegnesum ) is a Nuremberg language society founded in 1644 , which has been in existence until today and is not confessional. The name refers to the Pegnitz river that runs through Nuremberg . The Pegnese Flower Order is the only literary group of baroque origin that still exists today .

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Sachsen-Gotha-Altenburg, Friedrich I. , 1½ times wide Schautaler undated (1683/88), probably caused by the admission of the Duke to the order of the Pegnitz shepherds in 1681, Gotha Mint

In 1644, the Nuremberg patrician Georg Philipp Harsdörffer and the theological candidate Johann Klaj , teacher at the Sebalder School , founded their society of the "Crowned Flower Order of." Modeled after the fruitful society of Prince Ludwig von Anhalt, which in turn goes back to the model of Italian academies der Pegnitz ", also called" Pegnesian Flower Order ". The members called themselves "Pegnitzschäfer". The purpose of the society was stated: "To promote the worship of God and German loyalty, care and improvement of the German language and poetry". Accordingly, the Order of Flowers not only became a forum for maintaining literature, but also linguists were and are part of it.

According to legend, two wedding poems (shepherd poems) were ordered in 1644 on the occasion of a double wedding in contemporary fashion , one from Georg Philipp Harsdörffer and another from Johann Klaj. The better one should have a laurel wreath plaited with flowers. But both muse combatants wanted to give the other preference, as it was impossible to decide to whom the wreath should be awarded. In the end, each only took out a flower for which he chose a motto. As a result, other poets were invited to join the covenant. The members then elected to a Ordens- or "shepherd name" and a flower as a symbol (Harsdörffer z. B. was Strephon and had the May-flower or until 1669, the pan flute as an emblem).

17th century

After a few years, Harsdörffer lost interest in poetry together, and Klaj became a pastor in Kitzingen . After the deaths of Klaj († 1656) and Harsdörffer († 1658) it was Sigmund von Birken , a member of the Fruit-Bringing Society, who revived the Flower Order. In 1662 he was elected head of the order and headed the order until his death in 1681. Because of his religious poetry, he was appointed by Emperor Ferdinand III in 1654 . raised to the nobility. Under his leadership, a total of almost 60 new members were accepted, including many foreigners and prominent authors of their time. Birken's particular merit is that he accepted women, fourteen in all, into the association. In this way, the women involved were able to articulate their views and values ​​in jointly written works. Maria Catharina Stockfleth , next to Gertrud Möller the most famous poet in flower North, written in collaboration with her husband, Heinrich Arnold Stockfleth , the art and virtue spruce Macarie (1673).

In the 1660s and 1670s a large number of shepherds' poems by the Pegnitz shepherds were created, all of which were written for social events. A typical feature of these occasional poems written together is a framework plot based on the example of Virgil and Martin Opitz , within which the individual shepherds recite their verses. At the end a song is sung together.

With the entry into force of the Waldherrn exit on February 1, 1681, the order was granted the right to perpetual use of the Irrhaines. The hereditary foresters of Kraftshof and Neunhof were paid 3 guilders per year in compensation. The use of the wood was not included. The erection of buildings also required the approval of the forest administration.

Birken promoted the poet's association as much as possible, but soon after his death the activities came to a standstill. His successors Martin Limburger and Magnus Daniel Omeis , professor of rhetoric , poetry and morality at the University of Altdorf , did not manage to bring the style , which was soon to be considered "pompous" - baroque , into the 18th century, the age of the Enlightenment and the "natural “Style, save over.

18th century

“In 1761, the Leipzig literary pope Johann Christoph Gottsched wrote to the Altdorf professor and flower comrade Georg Andreas Will that since the Pegnesian Shepherd Society seemed to be nearing its end, Will's German Society should appropriate the chaos! But Will and his students wanted to contribute to the fact that the order could be continued in reformed form. "

Among the better-known members were Christian Conrad Nopitsch (1759–1838), Protestant theologian, pastor of Altenthann (now part of Schwarzenbruck ), a local historian, the author of a “guide for strangers in Nuremberg , or a topographical description of the imperial city of Nuremberg . .. ”, 1801, continuation of the Nuremberg Scholarly Lexicon by Georg Andreas Will, and Christian Gottlieb Schwarz (1675–1751), professor at the University of Altdorf and President of the Order of Flowers.

21st century

In 2007, the Flower Order worked through its members Werner Kügel (President) and Thomas Paulwitz in the revival of the New Fruit Bringing Society .


Entrance Gate to the Irrhain (Nov. 2011)

The Irrhain near Kraftshof near Nuremberg has served as the meeting place for the Order of Flowers since 1676 . For a time Rockenbrunn was also a main venue for the shepherd's games of the Pegnese Order of Flowers, which had declared Moritzberg to be his Parnassus .


In addition to the board of directors, which directs the business of the association, the board of directors can appoint councilors to carry out special tasks. As of the end of July 2020, councilors have been appointed for the library, for the archive, for language maintenance and communication, for maintaining the labyrinth, for modern literature review and for external relations.

The statutory council of the Pegnesian Flower Order is the respective general director of the Germanic National Museum in Nuremberg.

Honor Cross Bearer

The Flower Order awards crosses of honor to recognize special merits in the German language and literature. This award has been presented 52 times so far. Honorary cross bearers are:

  1. Friedrich von Herford (President of the Flower Order)
  2. Georg Freiherr von Harsdorf (Vice President, family elder of the descendants of Georg Philipp Harsdörfer)
  3. Clara Freifrau von Scheurl (wife of President Eberhard von Scheurl )
  4. Christoph Freiherr von Tucher (1st Councilor)
  5. Emil Bauer (writer)
  6. Wilhelm Malter (writer; treasurer of the P.Bl.O.)
  7. Gustav-Adolf Gedat , February 10, 1963
  8. Elisabeth Schnittmann-Löffler (writer), April 4, 1968
  9. Edith Groß (teacher), April 4, 1968
  10. Hildegard Malter-Sturm (writer), April 4, 1968
  11. Elisabeth Fürst (teacher and writer), April 4, 1968
  12. Thea Metzler (teacher), April 4, 1968
  13. Lore Köstler (teacher and marshall nurse), December 5, 1971
  14. Siegfried Freiherr von Scheurl (Vice President), December 1, 1978
  15. Luise Fuchs (Secretary of the P.Bl.O.), December 1, 1979
  16. Käthe Kirschner, September 22, 1992
  17. Kurt Fuchs (Secretary of the P.Bl.O.), January 12, 1993
  18. Inge Meidinger-Geise (writer); March 16, 1993
  19. Hubert Weiler (General Director of Stadtsparkasse and IHK Chairman), July 14, 1994
  20. Heinrich Wilhelm Laufhütte (literary scholar), July 3, 1994
  21. Wolfgang Bühler (Chairman of the Schickedanz Holding), July 14, 1994
  22. Karl Platzer (Director of the Volksbank and Treasurer of the P.Bl.O.), August 18, 1994
  23. Marie Friederich (member of the anniversary celebration committee), August 18, 1994
  24. Wilhelm Wolf (Ministerial Commissioner for the grammar schools in Middle Franconia and member of the Jubilee Festival Committee), August 18, 1994
  25. Elisabeth Wolf (writer), August 18, 1994
  26. Ottmar Zagel (member of the anniversary celebration committee), August 18, 1994
  27. Annemarie Zagel (writer), August 18, 1994
  28. Werner Kügel (Lecturer in Technical English, Head of the Festival Committee), August 26, 1994
  29. John Roger Paas (literary scholar), August 26, 1994
  30. Günther Beckstein (former Bavarian Minister of the Interior), November 18, 1994
  31. Johannes Geiger, December 4, 1994
  32. Georg Prechtel (longest-standing member and sponsor of the P.Bl.O.), December 4, 1994
  33. Theo Reubel-Ciani (editor, member of the Jubilee Festival Committee), March 14, 1995
  34. Hans Zehetmair (former Bavarian State Minister for Art and Science), June 26, 1995
  35. Hans König (writer), September 30, 1995
  36. Walter Buckan (retired labor court president and sponsor of the P.Bl.O.), December 3, 1998
  37. Herbert Rosendorfer (judge and writer), May 8, 1999
  38. Heiko Kistner (bookseller), March 26, 2001
  39. Eugen Schöler (retired secondary school principal, local history researcher, coat of arms expert), February 12, 2003
  40. Godehard Schramm (writer), September 13, 2003
  41. Utz Ulrich, (City Councilor of the FDP, supporter of projects of the P.Bl.O.), November 28, 2004
  42. Ulrich Fülleborn (literary scholar), April 21, 2005
  43. Manfred H. Grieb (author of the Nuremberg Artist Lexicon), December 2, 2007
  44. Renate Jürgensen (literary scholar and councilor for the archive), July 14, 2008
  45. Günter Stössel (dialect bard, language tutor), June 4, 2009
  46. Helge Weingärtner (Irrhainpfleger), July 3, 2011
  47. Roland Blank (Head of Nuremberg Forestry Operations, Savior of the Irrhains), May 11, 2012
  48. Peter Pröbstle (Forest Director, Savior of the Irrhains), May 11, 2012
  49. Karl Ebner (for his lifetime achievement in the Order), December 2, 2012
  50. Gottfried Reiss (for his lifetime achievement in the Order), December 2, 2012
  51. Hartmut Frommer (sponsor of the labyrinthine event and project), May 14, 2014
  52. Günter Körner (Vice President, Irrhainmitgestalter, Author), July 6, 2014

The Order of Flowers in the judgment of contemporaries

The German poet Karl Bröger wrote in 1935: "Even if the cultivation of the sweet shepherd poetry, which was very popular in those baroque times, sometimes overshadows the striving to keep the German language clean, the merits of society are to be highly appreciated."


  • Johann Klaj : Speeches and <eulogy of the German poetry> . Nürnberg: Endter 1644. (Reprint. Edited by Conrad Wiedemann . Niemeyer, Tübingen 1965.)
  • Afflicted Pegnesis . With an afterword by Dietrich Jöns. Reprint of the Nuremberg Froberg edition, 1684. Olms, Hildesheim et al. 1993, ISBN 3-487-09708-7 ( Emblematic Cabinet ).
    • Werner Wilhelm Schnabel: Book review The sad Pegnesis . In: "Communications from the Association for the History of the City of Nuremberg" 81, 1994, ISSN  0083-5579 , pp. 295-296, online .
  • [Johannes Herdegen]: Historical news of the praiseworthy order of shepherds and flowers on the Pegnitz, beginning and progression / bit on that by Göttl. Quality reached the hundredth year ... , Nuremberg: Christoph Riegel 1744.
  • Leo Beyer: Willibald Pirckheimer , the Pegnitzschäfer and Neunhof at Lauf . In: »Die Fundgrube« 12, 1936, 1, pp. 1–3.
  • Karl F. Otto: The women of the language societies . In: August Buck, Georg Kauffmann u. a. (Ed.), European court culture in the 16th and 17th centuries , Vol. 3, Hamburg 1981 (Wolfenbütteler Arbeit zur Barockforschung; 10), pp. 497–503.
  • Irmtraud Andrian-Werburg , Eberhard Slenczka: 350 years of the Pegnese Flower Order. 1644-1994 . Booklet accompanying the exhibition. Verlag des Germanisches Nationalmuseums, Nuremberg 1994, ISBN 3-926982-36-5 ( exhibition catalog of the Germanisches Nationalmuseum for the exhibition in the Germanisches Nationalmuseum, August 19 - November 20, 1994).
  • Renate Jürgensen: Utile cum dulci = Enjoyable with benefit. The heyday of the Pegnese Flower Order in Nuremberg from 1644 to 1744 . Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden 1994, ISBN 3-447-03578-1 .
  • Pegnesischer Blumenorden (Hrg.): Pegnesischer Blumenorden in Nürnberg. Festschrift for the 350th anniversary . With a greeting from Hans Zehetmair . Tümmel, Nuremberg 1994, ISBN 3-921590-23-X .
  • Heiko Michael Hartmann : The Pegnesian Order of Flowers . Berliner Handpresse, Berlin 1998 (Berliner Handpresse, print 99).
  • Wilhelm Kühlmann: Balde, Klaj and the Nuremberg Pegnitz shepherds. On the interference and rivalry between Jesuit and German patriotic conceptions of literature . In: Thorsten Burkard et al. (Ed.): Jacob Balde in the cultural context of his epoch. For the 400th anniversary of his birthday . Schnell & Steiner, Regensburg 2006, ISBN 3-7954-1812-7 , ( Jesuitica 9), pp. 93–113, (Also in: Wilhelm Kühlmann: From Humanism to the Late Enlightenment. Aesthetic and cultural-historical dimensions of early modern poetry and journalism in Germany Edited by Joachim Telle , Friedrich Vollhardt and Hermann Wiegand. Niemeyer, Tübingen 2006, ISBN 3-484-10869-X , pp. 554-574).
  • Renate Jürgensen: Melos conspirant singoli in unum. Repertorium bio-bibliographicum on the history of the Pegnese Order of Flowers in Nurnberg (1644–1744) . Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden 2006, ISBN 3-447-05358-5 , ( Contributions to books and libraries 50).

See also

Web links

Commons : Pegnese Flower Order  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Institute for German Aristocracy Research: Nobles in the Pegnesian Flower Order
  2. a b c Helmut Wiegel: The Pegnesian Order of Flowers - a Baroque language society and its garden. In: Nuremberg Hesperides and orangery culture in Franconia . Ed .: Working Group Orangeries in Germany V. Imhof Verlag, Petersberg 2011, ISBN 978-3-86568-670-1 , p. 106 ff .
  3. Five women were crowned by birch trees: Maria Catharina Stockfleth (July 2nd, 1668), Barbara Juliana Penzel (July 7th, 1668), Regina Magdalena Limburger (between July 22nd and August 27th, 1668), Catharina Margaretha Dobenecker ( April 25th , 1668) November 1668) and Gertrud Möller (end of September 1671). Cf. Sabine Koloch: Ambitions for a mayor's and entrepreneur's daughter: the origin of the imperially crowned poet and Pegnitz shepherdess Anna Maria von Weißenfeld (1642–1700) from Steyr in Upper Austria . In: Oxford German Studies 44, 2015, 4, pp. 352–364, here p. 356, note 9.
  4. History - Pegnese Order of Flowers. Retrieved November 28, 2018 .
  5. Matthias Bartl: Köthen as a bridge and roof : The New Fruitful Society wants to pool good forces for the German language , in: Mitteldeutsche Zeitung (Köthener edition), January 20, 2007, page 10
  6. ^ Statutes - Pegnesischer Blumenorden eV §22. Accessed July 30, 2020 (German).
  7. Board of Directors and Order Councils - Pegnesischer Blumenorden eV Accessed on July 30, 2020 (German).
  8. ^ Karl Bröger: Nuremberg, the novel of a city, Berlin, 1935, p. 274