|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Lower Franconia|
|Height :||205 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||47 km 2|
|Residents:||21,940 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||467 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||97318|
|Area code :||09321|
|License plate :||KT|
|Community key :||09 6 75 141|
|City structure:||10 districts|
City administration address :
|Lord Mayor :||Stefan Güntner ( CSU )|
|Location of the city of Kitzingen in the district of Kitzingen|
The historic wine trading city is located in the far west of the Nuremberg metropolitan region and in the south of the Main Franconia regiopole region . The Falterturm with its crooked spire, the Old Main Bridge and the German Carnival Museum, which opened in 1966, are located in Kitzingen .
Kitzingen is located in the northern Bavarian administrative district of Lower Franconia , on the banks of the Main in the Maindreieck and in the middle of the Franconian wine-growing region . The steep steps of the low mountain range of the Steigerwald begin within sight of the city in the east . The important university and government city of Würzburg is only 20 km to the northwest and the industrial city of Schweinfurt is 34 km to the north (as the crow flies).
Expansion of the urban area
The historic city center of Kitzingen lies west of the Main , the districts Etwashausen and Siedlung as well as most of the industrial areas lie to the east. In the north, the so-called monastery forest extends as one of the larger forests in the foreland of the Steigerwald and the Gültholz as a civil forest . Kitzingen is a bridge city and today has four road bridges and a railway bridge over the Main, which is extremely rare for a city of this size and reflects the importance of the city in terms of transport technology. The bridges from north to south: North Bridge, Old Main Bridge , Konrad-Adenauer Bridge, Railway Bridge, South Bridge. According to the Bavarian state development program, the city forms a middle center for the surrounding communities.
The urban area with all settlements measures about five kilometers from west to east and three kilometers from north to south.
Neighboring communities are (starting from the north clockwise): Schwarzach am Main , Großlangheim , Rödelsee , Mainbernheim , Marktsteft , Sulzfeld am Main , Ochsenfurt , Biebelried , Buchbrunn , Mainstockheim , Albertshofen and Dettelbach .
Kitzingen is divided into ten districts:
As a result of the great lack of housing after the end of the Second World War , there was heavy building activity in the settlement district in the 1950s: for the numerous refugees and displaced persons from the former German eastern areas, many new residential buildings were built there with the settlement school inaugurated in 1955, what a Defused the housing shortage.
The city of Kitzingen and its districts are located in a total of four different natural areas. The core city and the towns on the Main are located in the low-precipitation Kitzinger Main Valley , which is part of the Middle Main Valley . The large forest areas in the northeast grow on the extensive Albertshofener drifting sand area in the Kitzinger Mainebene of the Steigerwald foreland . The Mainbernheim plain connects to the east . All western areas above the Main Valley, on the other hand, lie on the plateaus in the southern Main Triangle .
Kitzingen is located in the Maingau climate zone, the driest area in Bavaria, which together with the shell limestone soils particularly favored viticulture and thus contributed to the prosperity of the city in the past.
The mean annual average temperature (1961–1990) is 9.2 ° C, the mean annual precipitation (1961–1990) is 590 mm. Most precipitation falls in June, least in February. In June there is almost twice as much precipitation as in February.
On July 5, 2015 and August 7, 2015, the DWD weather station in Kitzingen reached 40.3 ° C, the highest temperature recorded in Germany since the start of comprehensive weather recording in 1881. This record value was exceeded on July 24, 2019 in Geilenkirchen, North Rhine-Westphalia, with a temperature of 40.5 ° C.
Average monthly temperatures and precipitation for Kitzingen
View of the Etwashausen Main side with the Alter Mainbrücke and Kreuzkapelle
Founding history and beginnings
The history of the town of Kitzingen begins around 745 with the founding of a women's monastery by Hadeloga (or Adeloga or Hadla), according to legend, a daughter of the Frankish house merchant Karl Martell . When she was sitting on the terrace of her brother King Pippin III's palace one summer day . the younger (Pippin the Short) stood on the Schwanberg and looked into the Main Valley at her feet, she was so taken with the loveliness of the landscape that she decided to found a monastery. She surrendered her veil (according to other sources: her glove) to the wind that carried it west into the valley. She wanted to build the monastery where the veil fell. The shepherd fawn found the veil hanging from a vine on the western shore of the Main. There the monastery was built. It was named Kitzingen in honor of the shepherd . So much for the legend.
In the biography of the first Fulda abbot, Sturmius , in the vita sturmi under apud Kizinga monasterium, the year 748 is given as the earliest record of the Kitzingen monastery , with Hadeloga as his abbess. Presumably the monastery was consecrated by St. Boniface . It can be assumed that the monastery was built a few years earlier. The city of Kitzingen celebrates the year 745 as the founding year of the city and Hadeloga as the founder.
However, Hadeloga probably did not come from the Carolingian royal family . Her name cannot be found in any of the Carolingian ancestors' tables. And in 745 there was no palace or castle on the Schwanberg from which she could have thrown her veil. The (H) Adeloga or Adelheid, daughter of Pippin III., Given in Zedler's Great Universal Lexicon of 1732, can also be excluded as the founder of the monastery, since Adelheid was only born in 746. She was more likely the successor of the first abbess.
Development of the city in the high and late middle ages
In 1040 a settlement ("villa") around the monastery was mentioned for the first time. From the 11th to the 15th century, Kitzingen gradually developed into a town (the exact date of the granting of town charter is not known) and was gradually able to break away from its dependence on the monastery. The place changed hands several times (Counts of Hohenlohe , Hochstift Würzburg , Margraves of Brandenburg-Ansbach ).
On August 8, 1266, the feast day of St. Cyriakus , the so-called Cyriakus Battle took place in the south of Kitzingen between the city and Sulzfeld am Main. This was preceded by a conflict in the Würzburg cathedral chapter after the death of Bishop Iring von Reinstein-Homburg . A minority was close to the candidate Berthold von Henneberg , while the majority of the canons wanted to make Poppo von Trimberg the new bishop. Ultimately, the dispute was fought as a war.
The Counts of Henneberg and their allies, the Counts of Castell , planned to cross the Main near Kitzingen on the morning of August 8th in order to be able to advance to the plateau near Repperndorf. The town of Kitzingen itself was in the hands of the Lords of Hohenlohe , who were on the side of the Würzburg family. So they crossed further south near Sulzfeld. Here the Würzburg citizens' troops awaited the Hennebergers and pushed them back. However, the battle did not decide the conflict in the cathedral chapter.
In 1280 Kitzingen was officially referred to as "oppidum", which means something like market town. In 1390 there was the first mention of a medieval leprosarium ("Sondersiechenhaus"), which was dedicated to St. Nicholas and which still existed in the 19th century. This was at the gates of Etwashausen, roughly where the eastern driveway of the Konrad-Adenauer-Brücke is today. Underground remains have been preserved as a ground monument.
In the 13th and 14th centuries, the city was first surrounded by a rectangular, tower-reinforced wall ring, the most striking relic of which is the market tower. This fortification also included the construction of a stone bridge over the Main, which was first mentioned in 1300 in a Hohenlohe document. In the 15th century, when the city had grown beyond this first fortification, it was surrounded with a second city wall with a total of 30 defense towers, this time in the shape of an equilateral triangle, with the main front forming the east side. The suburb of Etwashausen was also fortified in the course of this. A total of five gates allowed access to the city, of which the Faltertor (erected 1469–1496) with the Falterturm was the most complex. The city was to remain within this wall into the 19th century.
In 1482 the emissaries of the Franconian princes , the bishops of Würzburg and Bamberg , the elector Albrecht Achilles of Brandenburg and the Free Imperial City of Nuremberg met in Kitzingen . The aim was to put a stop to the widespread wine adulteration . The law passed on September 29 of the same year stipulated what could and could not be contained in wine . Violators were punished. If, for example, adulterated wine was discovered, the barrels were destroyed and a fine was imposed. The law, known as the Kitzingen Wine Law of 1482 or the 1st Franconian Wine Law, was valid from Lake Constance to Saxony and made Kitzingen widely known.
In 1487 the Catholic parish church of St. Johannes d. Anabaptist consecrated (date on the gallery and side entrance), although it was subordinate to the monastery, it was the town's civic church, which is also underlined by its location near the market square.
From the 16th to the early 20th century
Since 1443 the city was under the rule of the Franconian Hohenzollern , which was exercised from 1515 by Kasimir , Margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach . The Kitzingen monastery also had rights in the city, including levying the bridge toll and providing the building and market police. Many citizens had to pay taxes to the monastery for houses, fields or vineyards. It also refused to allow citizens to build their own town hall . The aversion to the authorities increased over time and finally turned into hatred.
Hoping to improve their situation, the citizens joined the rebellious peasants in 1525. They supported the farmers with several flags and guns. In the city itself, the monastery was devastated. After the defeat of the Franconian peasants, Margrave Casimir, whose cruelty had earned him the sobriquet of bloodhound, brought a terrible judgment against the city. In today's Leidenhof he had 58 men who were considered ringleaders blinded and chased out of the city. Contemporaries already felt this act to be monstrous and is considered the most gruesome and bloody act of the entire peasant war. For this, the city had to pay 13,000 guilders as a fine, at that time a stifling amount of money.
As early as 1530, Kitzingen, which had been pledged in 1443 by the Prince Bishopric of Würzburg to the Margraviate of Brandenburg-Ansbach for 39,100 guilders, became Protestant when the Lutheran denomination was introduced throughout the margravate. This marked the beginning of a heyday for Kitzingen, especially in the field of education and schooling. The city's most famous son, Paul Eber , who was born in Faltergasse (today's Falterstrasse) in 1511 and later became the reformer , would eventually become one of the most influential figures of the Reformation. In 1544 the Benedictine convent, which had been hit by a devastating fire as early as 1487 and only poorly repaired, was dissolved by Margrave Georg Friedrich I and converted into a noble women's monastery. With the abolition of monastic privileges and the newly gained freedom of the urban settlement, the people of Kitzingen were now able to build their own town hall. 1561–1563 it was built in the Renaissance style .
In 1629 the pledge was redeemed by the Würzburg bishopric and thus re-catholicized ; Kitzingen's “Evangelical Century” ended abruptly. 1000 citizens and 20 city councilors who did not want to renounce Protestantism had to leave the city. During the Thirty Years' War , Kitzingen came under Swedish occupation between 1631 and 1634 briefly again under Protestant rule. There is evidence that King Gustav-Adolf of Sweden even spent one night in an existing house in the suburb of Etwashausen. In 1650, the denominational dispute was finally ended by the Würzburg prince-bishop Johann Philipp I von Schönborn by granting the returned Protestants from Kitzingen freedom of belief in a pardon. As a result, a Protestant community was soon able to re-establish itself. As a sign of the revival of monastic life in Kitzingen and as a symbol for the now dominant Catholic denomination, the Ursuline monastery in Kitzingen was built from 1695 to 1699 on the site of the now decayed Benedictine monastery with the associated monastery church. It was not until 1754 that the first Protestant parish church in Kitzingen could be consecrated with the Michaelskirche in Etwashausen. Around the same time, the Catholic Kreuzkapelle , like its Protestant counterpart, was built by Balthasar Neumann in 1741–1745 . With the construction of both churches in the immediate vicinity, a sign of balance between the denominations was set. During the French Revolutionary Wars from 1792 and the subsequent Napoleonic Wars, the city experienced numerous troop movements and was badly affected. Among other things, the Ursuline convent church served as a hospital for French soldiers.
In 1802, Kitzingen came to Bavaria for the first time and, after briefly belonging to the Grand Duchy of Würzburg, became Bavarian in 1814. In 1817, the Protestant community in Kitzingen exchanged the Michaelskirche in Etwashausen for the now secularized Ursuline convent church, which was owned by the Bavarian state. On October 19 of the same year it was consecrated as the new Protestant town church. From 1865 the city was connected to the railway network . The station was laid out southwest of the city center. In the course of the railway connection and the increased population growth at the end of the 19th century, the city walls in particular in the south and west were razed and a new district was created in the direction of Mühlberg. This Wilhelminian style district is still characterized in parts by typical houses of that time, even if there was some destruction here during the Second World War. In 1894 the Progymnasium, the predecessor of today's Armin-Knab-Gymnasium, was opened. A trade school had already been set up in 1871, which was converted into a secondary school in 1877. After the city had a rapidly growing Jewish community (including many wine dealers who promoted the importance of Kitzingen as a wine trading town), a new, representative synagogue (today's cultural center Old Synagogue) was built for Jewish places of worship of that time from 1882 to 1883 built in a typical neo- moorish style.
In 1902 the first city hospital went into operation. When a brine source was discovered at the beginning of the 20th century , plans grew to turn Kitzingen into a spa town. In the course of these considerations, the Prinzregent-Luitpold-Bad was created in Art Nouveau style, which today houses the city library. The beginning of the First World War finally ruined these plans.
First World War and the interwar period
In 1917, one of the oldest airfields in Bavaria, Kitzingen, went into operation. In the economically difficult years of the post-war period and the early Weimar Republic , the city issued its own emergency money, the coins of which were made of porcelain due to the lack of material . From 1924, the new settlement district was built on the Etwashausen side of the Main along Reichsstrasse 8 in forms borrowed from the garden city and homeland security movement. In 1936 Kitzingen became a garrison town. Two years later, the New Main Bridge (Konrad-Adenauer Bridge since 1968) opened a third Main Bridge and the second road bridge. The city already had 14,460 inhabitants at this time.
National Socialism and World War II
After they had to struggle with growing reprisals since the NSDAP came to power in 1933, which culminated in the destruction of the synagogue during the November pogroms in 1938 , a total of 76 Kitzingen Jews were abducted in 1942 . Most of them came to Izbica in what is now Poland, a transit camp for onward transport to the Belzec and Sobibor extermination camps . The entire Jewish community in Kitzingen was ultimately wiped out by the Holocaust.
Until the spring of 1945 the city had not suffered any destruction. On February 23, 1945, a sunny winter's day, around noon, a group of four-engined USAAF bombers approached the city from the east and began to bomb Kitzingen from an altitude of around 2,500 to 3,000 meters. The first formation was followed by a second, a total of around 180 aircraft, after about half an hour. An estimated 2,500 heavy explosive bombs were dropped. The attack took place as part of Operation Clarion , a series of air strikes on southern German highways and rail connections with the stated aim of disrupting or preventing the transfer of troops within southern Germany. In Kitzingen, Reichsstrasse 8 (now Bundesstrasse 8 ) and the Fürth – Würzburg railway crossed the Main .
The stated aim was to destroy the bridges and the station area. But none of the four Main bridges was hit and the damage on the station area was not so severe that after a few days the long-distance traffic could not roll again. In contrast, the city center and buildings near the train station were badly hit. 809 residential buildings with a total of 2020 apartments were destroyed, of which 206 buildings with 520 apartments in total, plus 30 public buildings, three industrial plants and 60 ancillary buildings. There was serious damage in the following streets in particular: Alte Poststrasse , Falterstrasse , Friedenstrasse , Friedrich-Ebert-Strasse , Güterhallstrasse , Herrnstrasse , Innere Sulzfelder Strasse , Krainberg , Neuer Weg , Ritterstrasse (Schwalbenhof) , Untere Bachgasse and Würzburger Strasse . Among other things, the high school for boys in today's rose garden was razed to the ground; it served as a hospital at that time . Friedenstein Castle, which was built in the historicizing style and belonged to the von Deuster family, was almost completely destroyed. Only the observation tower, also called Deusterturm, in the former castle park has been preserved. In addition, the Protestant town church and the neighboring church of the beneficiary hospital were badly damaged. Otherwise, the loss of some historic town houses such as the half-timbered row in Falterstraße, which was previously popular as a postcard motif, was particularly to be lamented. More than 700 people were killed in the attack, including all children and carers in a kindergarten. In the fourth grade of high school, two thirds of the 48 or so boys who attended classes that day were killed. The Luftwaffe barracks on the western edge of the city and the Kitzingen airfield east of the city were not bombed.
About four weeks later, on March 22nd, the airfield was attacked. Eight bomber formations with a total of 168 machines flew from the south. Due to the eastern location of the airfield, there was no damage in Kitzingen. The bombs destroyed the runway and only a few buildings were damaged. Only a few of the Bf 110 night fighters stationed at the airfield and the new Me 262 jet fighters were hit. Shortly before the American troops marched in, the four Main bridges, which had remained undamaged until then, were partially blown up by Wehrmacht soldiers. At the end of the war the degree of destruction of the city was 35%.
American soldiers finally occupied the city on April 6, without significant resistance. Immediately afterwards they moved into both barracks of the German Wehrmacht , which meant that Kitzingen would begin a period of more than six decades as a US garrison town. The Americans also took over the airfield.
Post-war period to the turn of the millennium
The post-war period in Kitzingen was characterized by the reconstruction of the city, mostly in the style of the time. Only the architecturally significant buildings such as the Evangelical City Church were rebuilt according to the old plans. The image of the historic old town is therefore today a mixture of historical building fabric alternating with post-war architecture, with the latter appearing flat in the west of the old town, otherwise being island-like. Due to the influx of numerous expellees from the former German eastern areas, which further exacerbated the housing shortage in the city, brisk construction activity began in the settlement district southeast of the historic center. The street names of this district also indicate the origin of most of its residents.
In 1955 the swimming pool was built on the Mondsee island in the Main. As part of the regulation of the Main and the construction of the Kitzinger barrage, which has since dammed the Main in the entire city area, a port area was laid out between 1957 and 1958. Three arches of the historic Old Main Bridge were sacrificed to shipping because they would have been too narrow for passages. A simple steel girder with a considerably larger span was inserted in its place.
In 1962 the new school center on Mühlberg with the Armin-Knab-Gymnasium was inaugurated. In 1972 Kitzingen lost its district freedom in the course of the Bavarian regional reform , but at the same time received the status of large district town in the considerably enlarged district of Kitzingen.
In 1983 a new pedestrian zone was set up in the area of Marktstrasse and the market square. In the following year city partnerships were concluded with the Italian city of Montevarchi and the southern French city of Prades , and in the same year the new district hospital (now Kitzinger Land Clinic) was opened. On New Year's Eve 1984/85, the roof of the town hall caught fire from a firework rocket, but the fire brigades from Kitzingen and the surrounding area were able to prevent major damage. In 1986 a ring of tangents began to surround the city in order to reduce traffic through the city center. It was the largest major infrastructure project in the city in the 20th century. The west bypass was completed in 1988, the south bypass with the new south bridge (the fourth Main Bridge at that time) in 1989. The bypass of Etwashausen, completed in 1993, functions as the east bypass, the north bypass, for which a fifth Main bridge had to be built, was not completed until much later.
In 1995 the city celebrated its 1250th anniversary, a year later the 500th anniversary of the completion of the butterfly tower was celebrated. In 2000, with the completion of the north bridge, which stands on the site of the Gerolzhöfer railway bridge that was destroyed in the Second World War, one last, still missing section of the tangent ring was closed.
Since the beginning of the 21st century
The new millennium brought a serious turning point for Kitzingen with the withdrawal of the US armed forces in 2006. In the following years, the difficult task of converting the freed-up areas - at least one third of the urban area - had to be mastered. An important step towards the realignment of the city took place with the staging of the 2011 Bavarian Regional Garden Show Nature in Kitzingen - Garden City on the River from May 27 to August 21, 2011. Due to the beautification and greening measures initiated by the garden show, Kitzingen convinced the judges of the German Federal Entente Florale Germany competition and won the gold medal. In the following year, Kitzingen was allowed to represent Germany together with the village of Sommerach at the European level in the Entente Florale Europe competition - both Franconian wine towns received a gold medal. In July 2015, the city's part-time weather station exceeded the previous German heat record at 40.3 ° C. The same daily maximum temperature was reached again in August. This record officially existed until July 24, 2019, when the new high of 40.5 ° C was set in Geilenkirchen, North Rhine-Westphalia. Just one day later, this record was exceeded by more than two degrees in Lingen, Lower Saxony.
In 2017, the 12th Franconian Day took place in Kitzingen , combined with the Lower Franconian Culture Days under the common motto Culture Bridges.
Desolations and incorporations
The village of Schmalfeld was in what is now Kitzingen and was abandoned in the 16th century. On October 1, 1973, the previously independent municipality of Hoheim was incorporated. On January 1, 1975, Sickershausen was added. Repperndorf followed on January 1, 1978, Hohenfeld on May 1, 1978.
City of Kitzingen with today's districts
City of Kitzingen without the districts
- 1938: 14,460 inhabitants
- 1961: 17,784 inhabitants
- 1970: 17,880 inhabitants
In the Middle Ages, Kitzingen was initially under the Benedictine monastery and, in terms of ecclesiastical law, belonged alternately to the Diocese of Bamberg and the Diocese of Würzburg , and later the Prince Diocese of Würzburg, which pledged the entire city to Brandenburg-Ansbach in 1443 . The Lutheran denomination was adopted as early as 1530 through the work of influential personalities such as Friedrich Bernbeck and Paul Eber and Kitzingen developed into a center of the Reformation at an early stage . The city experienced a boom in the field of education. When the pledge was redeemed in Kitzingen in 1629 by the Würzburg monastery, the “Protestant” century of Kitzingen ended and the Counter-Reformation came about, which was expressed above all in the establishment of new monasteries such as the Ursuline monastery or the Capuchin monastery. With the pardon contract of the Würzburg prince-bishop Johann Philipp von Schönborn , the Protestant denomination was again allowed to exercise its religion freely and a significant Protestant community soon developed again. The denominational division of Kitzingen resulting from this is still largely in place today. In 2011, 41.1% of the city's population declared themselves to be Evangelical Lutheran and 35.4% to be Roman Catholic.
Roman Catholic Church
Today, on the Catholic side, Kitzingen belongs to the Kitzingen Dean's Office of the Würzburg diocese . The following parishes exist in the urban area, which since the structural reform of the diocese have merged with other parishes in the surrounding area to form the parish community “St. Hedwig im Kitzinger Land ":
- Parish of St. John the Baptist (core town and Etwashausen) with St. Laurentius branch (Repperndorf)
- Parish of St. Vincent de Paul (settlement)
- Parish of St. Georg (Hoheim)
Evangelical Lutheran Church
The Protestant Christians in Kitzingen are organized in the Evangelical Lutheran Dean's Office in Kitzingen of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Bavaria . There are the following parishes and parishes in the city:
- Kitzingen, town church (core town) with St. Margarete mountain church (Hohenfeld)
- Kitzingen, Friedenskirche (settlement)
- Hohenfeld, Protestant parish church
- Repperndorf, St. Laurentius
- Sickershausen, St. Johannes
Other Christian communities
In addition, there are the following Christian communities in Kitzingen: the regional church community of Kitzingen, the Free Evangelical Community of Kitzingen, a New Apostolic Church and a Kingdom Hall of Jehovah's Witnesses .
Up until the Nazi era there was an important Jewish community in Kitzingen. The synagogue , which is unusually representative for a city of this size , still bears witness to the city's Jewish history. During the Holocaust , the Jewish religious community in Kitzingen was almost wiped out, today there is still a small Jewish prayer room in the restored synagogue, but no longer a separate community.
A mosque is available to the Muslim citizens in Kitzingen-Etwashausen:
- Association New Mosque for Kitzingen eV
Distribution of seats:
|SPD||CSU||GREEN||Etc 1||FBW||KIK 2||ÖDP||ProKT||BP||AfD||total|
1 Independent Social Voting Group e. V. 2 Kitzingen municipal initiative
- Konrad Döppert (CSU, 1946–1948)
- Richard Wildhagen (1948–1952)
- Siegfried Wilke (1952–1958)
- Oskar Klemmert (1958–1967)
- Rudolf Schardt (SPD, 1967–1991)
- Erwin Rumpel (CSU, 1991–1997)
- Bernd Moser (SPD, 1997-2008)
- Siegfried Müller (UsW, 2008–2020)
- Stefan Güntner (CSU, since May 1, 2020)
coat of arms
|Blazon : "In blue a continuous, top-tinned silver bridge with three pillars."|
|Founding of the coat of arms: Kitzingen is located at an important crossing over the Main, opposite a former royal court that was converted into an imperial abbey in the 8th century. Kitzingen is first mentioned as a city around 1300. The date of the city charter is not known. The oldest seal dates from the year 1349 and already shows the important bridge over the Main in the form of that time. All later seals and representations show the bridge in the respective view with modified structural forms, according to the architecture of the corresponding time. The colors silver and blue have been handed down since the 16th century. At times the colors were also swapped. They were officially established in 1839. In heraldic pictures of the 19th century, the bridge is also shown floating in the shield. Coats of arms since the 14th century, evidenced by the use of seals since 1349.|
Kitzingen maintains partnerships with the following cities:
In 1968, the Sudeten Germans expelled from the city were sponsored
Culture and sights
Old town and market square
The historical center of the medieval old town with its distinctive, multi-towered silhouette, which is still well-preserved in large parts despite the destruction and changes, is the market square , a closed ensemble of monuments of business and town houses. The market square represents a spatial extension of the medieval main thoroughfare of Kitzingen, which is aimed at the Alte Mainbrücke . The so-called Poganietzhaus, a richly decorated Renaissance half-timbered house from the 16th century (Marktstrasse 26), has been preserved from the original gabled house development now houses the confectionery museum .
The marketplace by Dominating Renaissance - Hall of foreman Eckhart von Schaffhausen, which was completed in 1563, and the 39-meter-high market tower ., A former defense tower of the inner city wall from the 13th and 14th centuries, with a floor of 1546 that is later than municipal watchtower and now houses the central archive of the German Carnival. For several years now, the exposed quarry stone masonry of the market tower has been illuminated in red light every year during Advent and, due to its round shape and its tip illuminated with yellow light, is reminiscent of a large Advent candle. The former pillory can still be seen on the market tower above the shops around it from the early 19th century . The Kitzinger Elle in the form of a metal measure of length, which is attached to the corner of the town hall facing the square, is a reminder of the square's earlier function as the city's main market. At the southeast corner of the square is the market fountain from the 18th century, which bears a sandstone figure of the Franconian Apostle Kilian restored by Richard Rother and is therefore also known as the Kilians fountain .
Otherwise, the market square is determined by three to four-storey eaves side houses from the 18th century and historicist buildings adapted to them, whereby the house at Marktstrasse 21 with its baroque facade stands out. Overall, the market square still conveys the image of the “parlor” of a small town in Main Franconia.
One of the most important buildings in the city of Kitzingen is the Old Main Bridge , which connects the right-hand Main Town of Kitzingen with the left Main suburb of Etwashausen. The first construction of the bridge dates from the end of the 14th century. In the 18th century it had to be largely renewed after floods and ice. It was then rebuilt around 1955 to give shipping on the Main more space, while most of its historical substance was preserved. The Main Bridge has a stone sculpture by Richard Rother from 1925 with the inscription: "Don't forget our prisoners of war, displaced persons and missing persons".
The Falterturm , known for its crooked helmet , was built between 1469 and 1496 as part of the outer city fortifications of Kitzingen . A few remains of this weir system, originally comprising more than 30 towers, have survived, including a few wall sections, a total of nine towers, some of which are integrated into houses in the area of the main front. In Etwashausen, the last remaining of the five former city gates is the so-called Großlangheimer Tor. There are also remains of the older inner city fortifications, such as B. the market tower, but also a wall with three towers in the Kapuzinerstrasse.
The Old Synagogue , built in 1883, was destroyed by flames during the so-called Reichspogromnacht by SA men , which has been commemorated by a memorial plaque since 1967 . Stumbling blocks are reminiscent of the numerous Jewish citizens who were kidnapped and murdered during the Nazi era . After many years of misuse, the synagogue was extensively restored in the 1990s and today serves the population as a cultural space and concert hall. Since there is no longer a separate Jewish community in Kitzingen today, the small "synagogue in the synagogue", a Jewish prayer room set up on the ground floor of the building, is only used occasionally by the Jewish community in Würzburg.
Despite its importance as a center of the Franconian wine trade, Kitzingen was also an important brewing town in the 19th century. The historical cellars (the Deusterkeller ), which are related to the activities of the Kitzingen beer brewer Thomas Mann (1792–1872), are considered to be an early industrial cultural monument of this time : the huge cellar area served the large ones until Carl von Linde's refrigeration machine (1871) was invented Former Kitzinger beer breweries Bürgerbräu , Kleinschroth and Scheuertstuhl as storage and ice cellars for their export beers , which were sold all over the world. A large refrigeration compressor from the Kitzinger Maschinenfabrik Heinrich Huppmann , which ensured favorable storage temperatures for beer production in the Kitzinger brewery Bürgerbräu until the beginning of the 1950s , is now on display in front of the former Kitzinger City Museum.
Other buildings worth seeing in Kitzingen are:
- District office (16th century) with old monastery cellar (one of the oldest wine cellars in Germany, laid out by the abbesses of the former Benedictine monastery)
- Deusterturm (the garden tower of the former Friedenstein Castle of the Deuster family) (19th century)
- Red sandstone column on Königsplatz (erected in 1883 in honor of King Ludwig II )
- Remains of the former Leidenhofs (16th c.), In the country Count Casimir as a deterrent penalty 58 Kitzinger citizens of Brandenburg-Kulmbach to the peasant uprising in 1525 dazzle let
- Luitpold-Bad from 1914
- Old cemetery with portal construction (16th century) and grave monuments (18th / 19th century)
- Houses at Landwehrstrasse 18, 20, 22 built by Balthasar Neumann as barracks for the Würzburg Army
Churches and monasteries
- The Catholic parish church of St. John the Baptist in the old town was built in the 15th century as a late Gothic hall church in place of older predecessor buildings and is today one of the most important representatives of this building era in Northern Bavaria. Of particular art historical interest are the rich furnishings with works of art different centuries (including late Gothic sacraments , classical pulpit, modern high altar), especially the decoration of the portals in the north (representation of the Last Judgment ) and west ( Coronation of Mary ), a group of olives attributed to the Riemenschneiderschule on the south side of the former churchyard, as well as an unusual one Abundance of mask-like console heads .
→ Main article: St. Johannes (Kitzingen)
- The Evangelical City Church is the largest Protestant church in Lower Franconia and stands in the old town on the site of the former Benedictine monastery, the nucleus of the city. The building by the well-known Italian Baroque architect Antonio Petrini was built as a monastery church in the 17th century and served as a hospital during the Napoleonic Wars . In 1817 the church was taken over by the Protestant community after being exchanged for the Michaelskirche in Etwashausen. Its 64-meter-high tower is the highest in the city and forms a defining dominant feature in the Kitzingen townscape.
→ Main article: Evangelical town church Kitzingen
- The Catholic Kreuzkapelle, built by Balthasar Neumann between 1741 and 1745, is a late Baroque building on a cross-shaped floor plan with a central rotunda and stands at the eastern bridgehead of the Old Main Bridge in the Etwashausen district. Along with other Neumann designs, its floor plan adorned the back of the earlier 50 DM note from the last series.
→ Main article: Kreuzkapelle (Kitzingen)
- The Catholic Capuchin Church of St. Mary of the Assumption and St. Francis Seraphikus in the southern old town has almost completely preserved Baroque furnishings from the 17th century. The altars and the large-format Stations of the Cross are particularly worth seeing. The former monastery church is now used by the Catholic parish of St. Johannes as a branch church.
→ Main article: Capuchin monastery Kitzingen
- The Church of St. Vinzenz von Paul was created as a new Catholic parish church for the relatively young district of Siedlung. It was inaugurated in 1950 after only one year of construction and was designed by the then Würzburg cathedral master builder Hans Skull . It is a building that combines forms of homeland security architecture with expressionist and modern elements.
→ Main article: St. Vinzenz (Kitzingen)
- As the second church in the settlement, the Evangelical Peace Church was completed in 1957 in the immediate vicinity of St. Vincent. Both churches had become necessary due to the large influx of refugees after the Second World War. This simply conceived sacred building in the style of post-war modernism with its brick masonry, which is very unusual for the region, and the choir glass window by the Munich artist Gerd Jähnke was consecrated in May 1957 and handed over to the community. Gerhard Saalfrank from Würzburg could be won as an architect.
→ Main article: Friedenskirche (Kitzingen)
Former or profane church buildings and their state of preservation:
- Benedictine monastery with double-towered, Romanesque collegiate basilica, destroyed in the 16th century, today nothing superficially preserved, in its place is the Evangelical town church or the square of the twin cities
- Former Kapuzinerkloster Kitzingen , 1630–1828, monastery building demolished in 1983 and replaced by a senior citizens' home
- Former Catholic hospital church St. Elisabeth (16th to 19th centuries), today the main entrance of the district office, structurally still recognizable as a church
- Former Church of the Holy Sepulcher (grave church, 16th century) and benefit building of the associated Beguine monastery, only the tower and remains integrated into the residential building have been preserved of the church, the monastery building now houses a paper theater
- Former Church of Our Lady, first church in Etwashausen, demolished at the beginning of the 18th century due to dilapidation, in its place the Protestant Michael Church was later built by Balthasar Neumann, today a residential building without a tower
Village churches in the formerly independent districts:
- Catholic Georgskirche (Hoheim)
- Evangelical Church (Hohenfeld)
- St. Margarete mountain church (Hohenfeld)
- Evangelical Johanneskirche (Sickershausen)
- Evangelical Laurentius Church (Repperndorf)
- Catholic Laurentius Church (Repperndorf)
The German Carnival Museum, opened in 1966, is a non-profit foundation and official museum of the Association of German Carnival . It houses the largest specialist collections of its kind and makes Kitzingen a center of Carnival research in Germany. A fire protection report led to the closure of the Carnival collections in the Falterturm in 2011, and the German Carnival Museum was reopened at the end of 2013 in a converted baroque building on Luitpoldstrasse. From 2018 to 2019, the building complex was expanded to include another listed building and a new building and now includes, in addition to the Carnival Museum, the German Carnival Academy, a training center where prospective and professional carnivalists have a variety of offers for further training such as B. Seminars or consultations are available. Among other things, the newly created event hall offers the opportunity to rehearse performances.
The municipal museum with city archive in the Alten Kastenhof presented numerous exhibits on the city, economic and cultural history of Kitzingen until 2018. One department dealt with archeology and the history of settlements in the district. A historical pharmacy and documentation on Johann Rudolph Glauber were located on the upper floor . The museum has been closed since 2018 and is due to be wound up in accordance with a city council resolution from June 2020.
Other museums in the city include:
- the confectionery museum
- the ornithological exhibition in the Deusterturm
- the Frankenstudio in Sickershausen
- the Officina Historica - historical printing workshop in Sickershausen
The active carnivalists are organized in the Kitzinger Carnival Society (KIKAG). The annual award of the Schlappmaulordens to people or institutions with a “very relaxed tongue” is of greater regional importance . Well-known winners of the KIKAG order include Gregor Gysi , Helmut Kohl , Jürgen Möllemann , Gabriele Pauli , Günther Beckstein and Claudia Roth .
Kitzingen is a regional church music center with numerous events that are spread over the whole year: The Paul-Eber-Kantorei of the Protestant town church is dedicated to the large-format oratorical works of music literature, the church music offer at the Catholic parish church of St. Johannes with its Vleugels - Organ , the chamber choir and the St. Johannes Kantorei, on the other hand, focus on organ music and a cappella choral music at the center of their programs.
Music, music education and painting
Since 2014 there has been a new musical and cultural center, the Villa Paganini in Kitzinger Moltkestrasse, operated by the internationally known violinist Florian Meierott . In addition to a violin school and a picture gallery with pictures of the musician, various concert series, readings and an international violin competition take place here.
- Miniature art stage “Papiertheater Kitzingen” in the former Beguine monastery of the grave church
- Häckerbühne Stadt Kitzingen e. V. (Kitzinger Theater)
- Artistic cinema Roxy am Rosenberg (reopened in February 2019 after 12 years)
- Former site of the Small Bavarian State Garden Show (2011) on the banks of the Main in the Etwashausen district
- Rose garden south of the butterfly tower
- Football Association Bayern Kitzingen 1911 eV
- Siedler-Sport-Verein 1949 eV
- Football club Rot-Weiß Kitzingen eV
- Football club Ülkemspor Kitzingen
- TSV Hohenfeld 1911 eV
- TSV Jahn Repperndorf eV
- Sports club Sickershausen 1913 eV
Other sports associations
- Royally privileged shooting society from 1408 Kitzingen
- Turngemeinde Kitzingen 1848 eV (with departments for: Aikido, handball, running, athletics, cycling, swimming, tennis, gymnastics and volleyball)
- Luftsportclub Kitzingen eV (oldest air sports club in Bavaria)
- Kitzinger rowing club from 1897 eV
- Kraftsportverein Kitzingen 1894/96 eV
- Golf Club Kitzingen eV
- Chess Club Kitzingen 05
- Sail and Sport Boat Club Kitzingen eV
- Kitzinger Tanzclub eV
- Etwashäuser Kirchweih ( Ebshäuser Kerm ), annually in October to commemorate the consecration of the Kreuzkapelle
- Kitzinger city festival
- District carnival parade (every three years alternating with Dettelbach and Volkach)
- Neighborhood festival
- Promenade Wine Festival
- World Press Photo in the town hall (every year from February to March)
Economy and Infrastructure
Kitzingen is located at the Biebelried motorway junction (about six kilometers away) with a connection to the federal motorway 3 ( Frankfurt am Main - Nuremberg , exit Rottendorf or Kitzingen / Schwarzach ) and the A 7 ( Kempten - Ulm - Kassel - Hamburg , exit Kitzingen) the federal highway 8 leads through the urban area. State road 2271 is an important local transport connection in the Kitzingen district .
The Fürth – Würzburg railway also runs through Kitzingen. The Kitzingen – Schweinfurt railway line was detached from the main line when the Main Bridge was blown up in 1945. It existed since 1945 as a branch line from Schweinfurt and was shut down in sections. Today (2020) there is a controversial argument about reactivating the railway line, with different concepts circulating.
The Franconian Marienweg runs through Kitzingen .
Until the second half of the 20th century there was a ferry connection between Hohenfeld and Kitzingen across the Main. Initially the rulers of the village held the ferry rights before the ferry came into the hands of a private individual in 1714. At the beginning of the 20th century it was decided to equip the ferry with a yaw rope. The expansion of the Main to a large shipping route in the 1950s led to the end of the ferry.
Since autumn 2006, the entire district of Kitzingen has been completely in the area of the Verkehrsverbund Mainfranken and, since 2016, also in the VGN ( Verkehrsverbund Greater Nuremberg , Line R1). There are regional connections to Nuremberg and Würzburg every 60 minutes. During the peak hours there are trips to Würzburg every 30 minutes.
Main article: Local transport in the Kitzingen district
The business location Kitzingen is characterized by its convenient location in the center of Germany - Kitzingen is at the crossroads of important north-south and east-west connections: the BAB 7 crosses the BAB 3 . In Würzburg, 20 kilometers away, the express line to Hanover meets the Nuremberg - Frankfurt am Main railway line . In addition, the city has a transshipment port on the Rhine-Main-Danube shipping route. Kitzingen is known on the one hand as a significant, historically grown Franconian wine trading town - the regional winegrowers' cooperative Franconia (GWF) located just outside Kitzingen , today trading as the Winzergemeinschaft Franken , today with its 2600 members produces around 12 million liters of wine every year - on the other hand, the district is Etwashausen is an important north Bavarian producer center for horticulture. The city is the seat of VR Bank Kitzingen .
Today Kitzingen is a wine-growing area in the Franconian wine-growing region . A total of three vineyards exist around the city, the wine has been marketed under the names Eherieder Berg, Eselsberg and Wilhelmsberg since the 1970s, with many of the vineyards having existed since the Middle Ages. At the same time, the city is the leading community of the large Kitzinger Hofrat. Kitzingen is part of the region Main south until 2017, the wineries in area were Maindreieck summarized. The shell limestone soils with admixtures of clay around Kitzingen are just as suitable for growing wine as the location in the Maingau climate zone, which is one of the warmest in Germany.
The people around Kitzingen have been viticulture since the early Middle Ages . The Franconian settlers probably brought the vine to the Main in the 7th century. In a land register of the Kitzingen monastery from the middle of the 11th century, seven local winegrowers were mentioned. In the Middle Ages, the region was part of the largest contiguous wine-growing region in the Holy Roman Empire. The people mostly operated part-time viticulture for self-sufficiency , at the same time export centers were already emerging, especially along the Main.
Kitzingen was quickly upgraded to the central market for wine due to its location and fortification by the people of the area. On market days , the Benedictine nuns of the monastery collected the so-called wine tithes from the traders, so that the wine trade quickly became an economic factor in Kitzingen. The viticulture around the city was far less important and was mostly operated for personal use. In 1482, the Franconian Purity Law for wine, which was only valid for a short time, was drawn up in the city.
Viticulture experienced a major decline after secularization at the beginning of the 19th century. Above all, locations with less favorable climatic conditions were completely abandoned. In addition, the emergence of pests such as phylloxera made cultivation difficult . The wine trade was preserved and in the second half of the 19th century, mostly Jewish families in Kitzingen rose through the trade. The Franconian wine-growing region was not able to consolidate again until the second half of the 20th century. The use of fertilizers and improved cultivation methods had contributed to this, as had the organization in cooperatives and the land consolidation of the 1970s.
With its 70.9 hectares of vineyards in 2017, Kitzingen is now 27th in the ranking of Franconian wine towns. Viticulture is also practiced in the districts of Hoheim, Repperndorf and Sickershausen. For more than 60 years, the city-based wineries have been hosting the so-called Promenade Wine Festival along the Main at the end of June .
|Vineyard||Size 1993||Compass direction||Slope||Main grape varieties||Great location|
|Rather low mountain||25 ha||South, west||10-30%||Müller-Thurgau , Silvaner||Kitzinger Hofrat , free of large areas|
|Eselsberg||4.5 ha||southwest||45%||Silvaner , Kerner||Kitzinger Councilor|
|Wilhelmsberg||4.5 ha||southwest||15-25%||Silvaner , Müller-Thurgau||Kitzinger Councilor|
Industry and large companies
Among the industrial companies in Kitzingen, three companies deserve special mention: GEA Brewery Systems (part of the GEA Group since 2006 ) plans and builds complete breweries for all major brewery groups worldwide. The two automotive suppliers , FS Fehrer Automotive and Franken Guss , together employ around 1700 people. Until the mid-1990s, the Nuremberg wire and cable manufacturer Leoni had a production facility with over 1000 employees in Kitzingen, which was completely outsourced to Eastern Europe; the development department still exists.
Due to the convenient location, Deutsche Post AG built one of its 33 parcel centers nationwide in Kitzingen. The food brand discounter Netto in Kitzingen maintains a large distribution warehouse to supply its numerous branches . The Seiler grand pianos and pianos have been manufactured in Kitzingen since 1961. The products of this once Silesian traditional company enjoy an excellent reputation with many musicians and pianists from all over the world. In 2008 the company was taken over by the globally operating Korean corporation Samick .
US armed forces
With the invasion and occupation of the Kitzingen Wehrmacht barracks and the air base by the US Army in April 1945, Kitzingen began 61 years as a large American garrison town. The presence of up to 10,000 US citizens during this significant period of time had an extremely far-reaching economic, social and cultural impact on the city and the surrounding area.
The complete withdrawal of the US Army from Kitzingen in 2006 and the associated burdens posed a daunting challenge for the city. The resolution of the areas used for military purposes, the large barracks Harvey and Larson Barracks , the military airfield and American settlement area Marshall Heights with a total of around 3,500 soldiers and as many partners and children, deprived the city of numerous jobs as well as enormous purchasing power in many areas of the economy such as taxi trade, gastronomy and real estate.
The space available in the barracks and the housing estates is also seen as an opportunity for the further development of the city. The conversion was based on the example of the nearby, former garrison town of Fürth . A first step towards a successful conversion of the three conversion areas was the sale of the 52 hectare area of the Larson barracks to the investor Innopark-Kitzingen GmbH in October 2010, in whose hands the administration and management of the entire facility will be in the future. A modern start-up center for innovative manufacturing companies from future industries is to be created, thereby creating numerous new jobs.
With its sights, its extensive cultural and gastronomic offer and the numerous events spread over the year, Kitzingen is a popular destination for day visitors and tourists. In order to further strengthen tourism in the entire region, the hospitable five were founded, to which, in addition to Kitzingen, the neighboring cities of Dettelbach , Gerolzhofen , Iphofen and Volkach belong. In the city there is an offer of approx. 300 guest beds in accommodation establishments with nine or more guest beds (as of 2015). In 2015, the city recorded 22,600 guest arrivals and 40,213 overnight stays.
The jetty on the Mainkai, where river cruise ships regularly moor, plays an important role for tourism in Kitzingen.
The city's tourist information office is currently located in a historic house on the bridgehead of the Old Main Bridge on the old town side.
As a school town, Kitzingen has numerous schools of all school types. These are in detail:
- St. Hedwig primary school in Kitzingen, named after Saint Hedwig von Andechs
- Kitzingen-Siedlung elementary school
- D.-Paul-Eber-Mittelschule-Volksschule Kitzingen, named after the reformer Paul Eber
- Kitzingen-Siedlung elementary school
- Special schools
- High schools
- State Realschule Kitzingen, formerly Richard Rother Realschule. The former name of the school was dropped in July 2015 due to the adoption of National Socialist ideologies in some of the artist's works.
- Vocational schools within the framework of the State Vocational School Center Kitzingen-Ochsenfurt
- Adult education center in Luitpold-Bad
Persons connected with Kitzingen
- Hadeloga von Kitzingen († 750), first, legendary abbess of the Benedictine monastery in Kitzingen
- Thekla von Kitzingen (unknown – around 790), abbess in the 8th century, saint
- Hedwig von Andechs (1174–1243), saint , Duchess of Silesia, was raised as a child in the Benedictine monastery in Kitzingen
- Elisabeth of Thuringia (1207–1231), saint , patroness of Thuringia and Hesse, was raised as a child in the Benedictine convent in Kitzingen
- Ladislaus Sunthaym (around 1440–1512 / 1513), humanist, historian and geographer, author of the first description of the town of Kitzingen around 1500
- Johann Rudolph Glauber (1604–1670), pharmacist and chemist, one of the pioneers of modern chemistry, founder of the Löwenapotheke in Kitzingen
- Johann Adam Brandenstein (1657–1726), organ builder, lived in Kitzingen for several years and died in the city
- Reiner Wirl († 1763), sculptor, lived in Kitzingen since 1738, died in the city
- Christian Gottfried Daniel Nees von Esenbeck (1776–1858), botanist and natural philosopher, lived and researched in Sickershausen for many years
- Carl Otto Deuster (1800–1877), landowner and politician, Deuster was one of the richest wine merchants in the city
- Ernst Friedrich Berger (1814–1853), botanist, founded and ran a plant exchange and sales establishment in Sickershausen from 1847 onwards
- Carl Oskar von Deuster (1835–1904), landowner and politician, Deuster appeared as a founder for the city and was considered one of the richest residents of the city
- Armin Knab (1881–1951), German composer , musician and lawyer
- Bella Fromm (1890–1972), journalist and writer
- Ernst Unbehauen (1899–1980), painter, lived after 1945 temporarily in Wiesentheid and Kitzingen
The order corresponds to the date of appointment:
- 1837: Karl Anton Axt, mayor from 1845 to 1850
- 1837: Karl Friedrich Ulrich, Mayor from January 1839 to January 1845, town clerk
- 1837: Albert Welz, Mayor from July 1818 to June 1827
- 1840: Friedrich Anton Reuss, doctor of medicine and medicine, associate professor for Old German in Würzburg
- 1841: Joseph Feller, district judge in Kitzingen
- 1841: Joachim Albert Lotz, royal rent officer
- 1862: Anton Ruland, chaplain in Kitzingen, librarian at the Univ. Würzburg, from 1837 city pastor in Arnstein until 1850, since 1850 senior librarian at the royal university in Würzburg. Member of the Landtag in Munich from 1858 until his death in 1874.
- 1883: Michael Henke, district doctor in Kitzingen from 1862
- 1895: Prince Otto von Bismarck , Chancellor of the German Empire
- 1906: Ferdinand Sertorius, mayor from 1882 to 1907
- 1906: Friedrich von Deuster, district administrator and for many years (until 1908) chairman of the community college
- 1924: Wilhelm Schuster, head of the city hospital from 1881 to 1927, royal. Councilor
- 1927: Paul von Hindenburg , President of the Weimar Republic
- 1961: Siegfried Wilke, mayor from 1930 to 1945
- 1991: Rudolf Schardt, Mayor from 1967 to 1991
- 1994: Massimo Gregorini, acting mayor of Kitzingen's twin town Montevarchi until 1993
- 2002: Hans-Joachim Schumacher, from 1952 to 1985 President of the Kitzinger Carnival Society, which he co-founded, member of the board of the Bund Deutscher Karneval, for a long time head of the German Carnival Museum
sons and daughters of the town
- Konrad Stürtzel (≈1435–1509), under Maximilian I. Court Chancellor of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation
- Friedrich Bernbeck (1511–1570), mayor and designer of the Reformation in Kitzingen
- Paul Eber (1511–1569), theologian , from 1560 regional bishop of the Electorate of Saxony, hymn poet and reformer
- Mathias Tinctorius (before 1600–1632), notary and judge, was executed in a witch trial in Hüfingen .
- Georg Besserer (1544–1604), Protestant theologian
- Johann Michael Fehr (1610–1688), doctor and founding member of the Leopoldina (Academy of Natural Scientists)
- Johann Konrad Brandenstein (1695–1757), organ builder
- Johann Kaspar Barthel (1697–1771), important Catholic canon lawyer and university professor
- Friedrich von Greis (1779–1847), Bavarian major general
- Johann Georg Bausback (1780–1851), lawyer
- Franz von Soden (1790–1869), lieutenant colonel and historian
- Michael Friedrich Reinhard (1793–1867), businessman and member of the state parliament
- Friedrich Spiegel (1820–1905), orientalist
- Paul von Braun (1820-1892), royal bay. Minister of State, Councilor and President of the Palatinate Government
- Friedrich Christian von Deuster (1861–1945), landowner and politician
- Olga Pöhlmann (1880–1969), editor and author
- Albert Klein (1881–1962), entrepreneur, councilor of commerce
- Erwin Poeschel (1884–1965), art historian
- Margarethe Steinhäuser (1874–1955), politician (SPD), member of the Landtag of the People's State of Hesse
- Wolf Meyer-Erlach (1891–1982), Protestant theologian , university professor and university rector of the German Christians
- Otto Basler (1892–1975), Germanist, folklorist, linguist
- Hanns Rupp (1898–1971), writer and teacher
- Hans Hörner (1900–1960), gardener and politician
- Rosmarie Waldrop b. Sebald (* 1935), German-American poet, translator and publisher
- Michael A. Roth (* 1935), entrepreneur and former football functionary
- Ulf Hoelscher (* 1942), violinist and violin teacher
- Wolfgang Oschmann (* 1954), paleontologist
- Hans Roland Dürr (* 1964), doctor and university professor
- Ute Baum (* 1970), opera singer (soprano)
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