Claudia Benedikta Roth (born May 15, 1955 in Ulm ) is a German politician . From 2001 to 2002 and from 2004 to 2013 she was one of two federal chairmen of the Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen party . She has been Vice President of the German Bundestag since October 2013 .
Youth and first employment (1955–1985)
Claudia Roth grew up in Babenhausen near Memmingen with two younger sisters. Her mother was a teacher, her father a dentist. In 1974 she graduated from the Simpert-Kraemer -Gymnasium in Krumbach and in the same year interned as a dramaturgy and assistant director at the State Theater Schwaben in Memmingen, where she had already completed an internship during her school days and where Fritz Kuhn was working at the same time .
She then began studying theater studies , history and German at the Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich , which she dropped out after two semesters. Then she worked in the 1975/76 season as a dramaturgy assistant and dramaturge at the Städtische Bühnen Dortmund . From Dortmund she moved to Hoffmanns Comic Teater (HCT) in Unna as a dramaturge . Also in Unna around 1980 she worked as an employee in the agency for independent groups and amateur theater .
Roth resigned from the Catholic Church in 1980 because she rejected its position on the role of women.
From 1982 Roth was the manager of the political rock band Ton Steine Scherben around Rio Reiser and during this time lived with her friend, keyboard player Martin Paul, and the band in a farmhouse in Fresenhagen (North Friesland). Roth got to know Rio Reiser through his brother Peter Möbius , who ran a theater for children and young people at the Dortmund theater. In addition, Rio Reiser himself was active for Hoffmann's Comic Theater and played in a Struwwelpeter performance in 1976 , in which Claudia Roth participated. Roth remained the manager of Ton Steine Scherben until the band split up in 1985 due to financial problems, among other things.
Early party involvement and member of the European Parliament (1985–1998)
From 1971 to 1990 Claudia Roth was a member of the Young Democrats . Since 1987 she has been a member of the Green Party - since 1993 Alliance 90 / The Greens . From 1985 to 1989 Roth acted as press spokeswoman for the parliamentary group of the Greens.
From 1989 to 1998 Claudia Roth was a member of the European Parliament , where she was chairman of the Greens group from 1994 onwards. She worked here in the Committee on Civil Liberties and Internal Affairs , in the Foreign Affairs Committee and in two committees of inquiry. She was also Vice President of the EU - Turkey Parliamentary Committee . In 1994 parliament passed the so-called Rapport Roth on equal rights for homosexuals . Another of her central concerns was the fight for more rights for the Kurdish minority in Turkey . After the European elections in 1994, Roth set up a regional office in Istanbul. When she wanted to find out more about the human rights situation from Minister of State Ayvaz Gökdemir , he insulted her as a prostitute. Roth sued this attack and received compensation . She donated the money to the Turkish women's association Mor Çatı , which has been campaigning against discrimination and violence against women for years. Roth is strongly committed to accepting Turkey into the EU.
Bundestag and first party chairmanship (1998-2002)
On March 9, 2001, she was elected federal chairman of Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen for the first time. In addition, she was also the women's political spokeswoman for the Greens. Because of her election as federal chairman of Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen, she left the Bundestag on March 31, 2001. Since Roth did not renounce her mandate obtained in the 2002 Bundestag election and the Federal Delegates' Conference (party congress of the Greens) did not want to abandon the principle of separating office and mandate , she did not run again for the office of federal chairman in December 2002.
Again in the Bundestag and work for the second Schröder cabinet (2002-2004)
Since 2002 Roth has been a member of the German Bundestag again and a deputy member in the Foreign Affairs Committee. She was also a member of the United Nations subcommittee . Claudia Roth has always entered the Bundestag via the Bavarian State List . Your constituency is Augsburg-Stadt .
From March 2003 to October 2004 she was the Federal Government Commissioner for Human Rights Policy and Humanitarian Aid in the Schröder II cabinet .
Renewed party chairmanship (2004-2013)
On May 23, 2003, it was decided to relax the separation of office and mandate , so that Claudia Roth ran again as federal chairman at the Green Party conference on October 2, 2004. Together with Reinhard Bütikofer, she was re-elected federal chairman of Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen with 77.8% of the vote . On December 2, 2006 she was re-elected with 66% and confirmed in office on November 15, 2008 with 82.7% - alongside the newly elected Cem Özdemir . On November 20, 2010 she was re-confirmed in office with 79.3% of the votes.
With a term of office of more than nine years, she is the longest uninterrupted chairperson of Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen. On November 10, 2012, Roth lost to Jürgen Trittin and Katrin Göring-Eckardt in the primary election of the Green Party members for the top duo in the 2013 federal election with 26% of the votes . The election, in which Roth, as incumbent party chairman, came fourth behind Renate Künast , was viewed by observers as an internal party defeat and a possible reorganization of the party for the upcoming parliamentary election. Nevertheless, Roth announced that he would run for the federal presidency again. She was confirmed in office with 88.5% at the party congress on November 17, 2012. After the Greens' poor performance in the 2013 federal election, the party's entire federal executive board resigned. Roth did not stand for re-election at the federal delegates' conference in October 2013.
Claudia Roth was deputy chairwoman of the German-Turkish parliamentary group of the Bundestag in the 17th electoral period (2009-2013).
Vice President of the German Bundestag (since 2013)
On October 22, 2013 she was elected Vice President of the German Bundestag. In addition, she is a member of the parliamentary committee for economic cooperation and development and chair of the subcommittee on “Foreign cultural and educational policy”.
The Green parliamentary group in the Bundestag also nominated her for the 19th electoral term of the German Bundestag as Vice President.
Political positions and social engagement
Claudia Roth is an honorary member of the Board of Trustees of the German Society for International Cooperation (GIZ) GmbH, in Bonn. Claudia Roth's political work focuses on multicultural coexistence, the protection of minorities and European integration .
Claudia Roth was an honorary member of the board of directors of the former European Monitoring Center for Racism and Xenophobia in Vienna. She is an honorary member of the board of trustees of the University of Augsburg . In addition, she is a volunteer member of the Advisory Board of the Humanist Union .
Claudia Roth is also known for her personal involvement in demonstrations for tolerance towards homosexuals such as the Parada Równości in Warsaw or the Christopher Street Day in Dresden 2010, for which she took over the patronage . She is a member of the Lesbian and Gay Association in Germany (LSVD).
From 2005 to 2010 Claudia Roth was a member of the Atlantik-Brücke .
In connection with a criminal complaint against a mail order company who sold pins and stickers with anti-Nazi symbols (e.g. crossed out swastika ), she filed a voluntary complaint about her use of such badges. The Stuttgart District Court passed a judgment on September 28, 2006 imposing a fine on the dealer, which was however overturned by the Federal Court of Justice on March 15, 2007 (see legal dispute over anti-Nazi symbols ).
Until November 22, 2010 she was a member of the board of trustees for the city of Munich 's application for the 2018 Winter Olympics . Since a federal party congress of the Greens spoke out against the application, Claudia Roth withdrew from the board of trustees.
Roth is a member of the Sustainability Commission of the German Football Association and on the board of trustees of the 2011 Women's World Cup . She is also a member of the German Academy for Football Culture . Roth has a friendship with the former President of the German Football Association , Theo Zwanziger .
During the protests in Turkey in 2013 , in which she took part as a demonstrator and observer, Roth demanded clear words from NATO - in view of the threats by Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan to use the Turkish army against the demonstrators : "The military alliance must exert political influence and make it clear that it is not acceptable if the Turkish government threatens the army and acts brutally with the security authorities ”. Turkey is a member of the defense alliance. She called for more civil society solidarity with the demonstrators in Turkey. There are over 80 city partnerships between German and Turkish cities that could send signals to the Turkish democracy movement.
In May 2016, Roth stated that she found it wrong to make freedom of entry for Turkish citizens dependent on the refugee deal with Turkey.
Roth has been the patron of the Treatment Center for Victims of Torture since 2014 and has been the patron of the Lotte Prize since 2017 , which is to go to players, teams or initiatives from girls' and women's football for the first time on November 10, 2017.
Public perception and criticism
Claudia Roth is considered one of the most polarizing politicians in Germany. Either you like them or you find them "really annoying". Taking in the public image self-ironically, Claudia Roth advertised in a campaign by the Greens to attract more female party members with the motto “Who is more annoying than Claudia?” She is described as very emotional as well as a party soldier with iron discipline and a tireless campaigner. Roth is certified that she always defends her principles. Their moral rigor , however, could seem antiquated and remind one of the “green policy of concern of the 80s”. The political scientist Franz Walter characterized Claudia Roth as an experienced professional politician who worked as an unadulterated, vital representative of the new social movements of the 1980s. With her emotional political style, she presented herself as a representative of a rebellious past of the Greens and thus served the nostalgic longings of party members.
Within the green party, Roth is seen as a representative of the left wing, as the party's “left conscience”. Accordingly, criticism within the party comes mostly from the so-called Realo wing. For example, Tübingen's mayor Boris Palmer attacked Claudia Roth in May 2012 because of her commitment to a red-green coalition , as she would wall in the Greens in an alliance with the SPD. When Claudia Roth was elected federal chairman in 2001, the political scientist Joachim Raschke judged that this was a mistake, since the old struggles between “ Fundis ” and “Realos” would break out again with the party left . Meanwhile, Roth also certify representatives of the Realo wing that they hold the party wing together.
The public relations officer of the Diocese of Augsburg , Dirk Hermann Voss, attributed Claudia Roth to "disturbing fascist traits", her choice of words being reminiscent of the Nazis' propaganda campaign against the Catholic Church. Roth had called Walter Mixa , who was the bishop there from 2005 to 2010, as a “crazy, divisive Oberfundi ” because he called women as birthing machines and childcare facilities as re-education institutions.
Claudia Roth successfully defended herself against a campaign by Bild , which tried to blame her for an “ amigo affair ”. The accusation was that she had given her partner "lucrative government contracts". Roth sued for a reply , in equally huge letters, in the same room as the original report, because she only got to know the man in question after the contract she had supposedly procured from the Federal Office for Radiation Protection had been awarded for a year . The Springer-Verlag drove the process in vain through all judicial instances. When the reply finally appeared, the editors added the comment "Ms. Roth is right".
In parts of the media, Roth's lively contact with politicians of the Iranian regime was sharply criticized. The publicist Henryk M. Broder polemicized that Roth, who had veiled her head during a visit to Iran and then campaigned for a cultural exchange, could have been enthusiastic about the camp theater of the Theresienstadt concentration camp if the opportunity had given it. In 2013, she clapped the hand of the Iranian ambassador Ali Reza Sheikh Attar at the Munich Security Conference . On the other hand, when she visited the mullahs in Iran in 2010, Roth wore a headscarf and a dress with the color green, which in Iran symbolized the color of the political resistance of 2009.
In the terrorist investigations against Bundeswehr soldiers from 2017 onwards, the first lieutenants Franco A. and Maximilian T., who were friends with each other, found lists of the names of well-known Nazi opponents, including Claudia Roth. Because of the accompanying comments, the lists were interpreted as an indication of possible attack targets.
In 2011 she took on a short role in the Turkish film Entelköy Efeköy'e Karşı (German: "Entelköy against Efeköy") after the director Yüksel Aksu had offered her . In the film she can be seen for about six minutes and plays herself in the scene.
- Claudia Roth: The political is private, memories for the future. Structure, Berlin 2006, ISBN 3-351-02635-8 .
In 2002 Claudia Roth was awarded the compass needle by the NRW gay network. Claudia Roth was made a Knight of the French Legion of Honor on June 30, 2004 for her work as Commissioner for Human Rights Policy and Humanitarian Aid . She was honored with the Bavarian Order of Merit on December 17, 2014.
- Own web presence
- Literature by and about Claudia Roth in the catalog of the German National Library
- Biography at the German Bundestag
- Entry on Claudia Roth in the Members' database of the European Parliament
- Gerwin MEETS Claudia Roth in 2008
- Claudia Roth on parliamentwatch.de
- Deutschlandfunk cultural issues. Debates and documents from November 4, 2018: Political Culture in a Changing Society , Claudia Roth in conversation with Barbara Schmidt-Mattern
- Claudia Roth (Alliance 90 / The Greens) - Young & Naive : Episode 444
- Claudia Roth: The political is private . Berlin 2006, p. 58 f.
- Claudia Roth: The political is private . Berlin 2006, p. 63
- German top politicians disguise their dropouts . Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung. May 26, 2013. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
- Jürgen Krause: Hope for the big breakthrough . In: Die Zeit , No. 38/1980
- Claudia Roth: The political is private . Berlin 2006, p. 87.
- Claudia Roth: The political is private . Berlin 2006, p. 86
- Claudia Roth (Augsburg), Alliance 90 / The Greens . German Bundestag. Archived from the original on April 25, 2017. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
- "Blackmail on the back of the Kurds" . Germany radio. October 8, 2014. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
- Claudia Roth . In: Der Spiegel . No. 51 , 1995 ( online ).
- Claudia Roth - Your Vita ( Memento from September 2, 2007 in the Internet Archive )
- Özdemir and Roth new dual leadership of the Greens . World N24. November 15, 2008. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
- election of the Greens Triumph of an Unloved One . Mirror online. November 10, 2012. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
- Serious setback for Renate Künast and Claudia Roth . World N24. November 10, 2012. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
- Roth and Künast ditched - the Greens make themselves eligible . Focus Online. November 10, 2012. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
- Roth wants to remain the head of the Greens . Mirror online. November 12, 2012. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
- Delegates confirm Roth and Özdemir as party leaders . Mirror online. November 17, 2012. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
- Boards of the parliamentary groups in the 17th electoral period ( Memento from November 2, 2013 in the Internet Archive )
- Green parliamentary group is constituted. Green parliamentary group, press release, October 10, 2017, accessed on October 10, 2017 .
- Saskia Richter : Leadership without power? The speakers and chairmen of the Greens , in: The party chairmen in the Federal Republic of Germany 1949–2005 ; edited by Daniela Forkmann and Michael Schlieben, VS Verlag, Wiesbaden 2005, p. 201.
- Gray shadows over the green and ideal world . Time online. November 21, 2010. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
- Members of the Sustainability Commission. ( Memento from July 2, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) DFB.de
- FIFA Women's World Cup 2011 becomes climate fair thanks to “Green Goal” . FIFA. June 21, 2011. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
- Claudia Roth . German Academy for Football Culture. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
- Theo, tired of office, and his friends . The daily mirror. November 14, 2012. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
- Green leader Roth calls for clear words from NATO . Saarbrücker Zeitung. June 18, 2013. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
- Claudia Roth demands unconditional visa exemption . Time online. May 14, 2016. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
- Claudia Roth: "Europe has sold its values" . Editorial network Germany. March 29, 2016. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
- Working together for the future of traumatized refugees . Center survival. June 3, 2014. Archived from the original on April 14, 2017. Retrieved on May 9, 2017.
- "Lotte" is coming: Prize for girls' and women's football: Patronage of Bundestag Vice President Claudia Roth , accessed on April 26, 2017
- Claudia Roth - the indefatigable . ( Memento from November 17, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) tagesschau.de, October 17, 2012; Good thing, Ms. Roth! Zeit Online , November 12, 2012; Portrait: Claudia Roth - formative, polarizing, vulnerable . Welt Online , November 12, 2012
- Claudia Roth - the indefatigable . ( Memento from November 17, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) tagesschau.de, October 17, 2012
- Who is more annoying than Claudia Roth? . Spiegel Online . March 8, 2012. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
- Good, Frau Roth! . Time online . November 12, 2012. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
- The protest officers . Spiegel Online . January 12, 2010. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
- Green politician Palmer attacks party leader Roth . Mirror online. May 14, 2012. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
- "Greens can only govern to a limited extent" . Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung. February 25, 2001. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
- The arms of the party . taz.de. November 12, 2012. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
- Roth should apologize to Bishop Mixa . Mirror online. October 22, 2007. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
- Augsburg Discord . Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung. October 24, 2007. Archived from the original on March 5, 2016. Retrieved on May 9, 2017.
- In the name of the people . In: Der Spiegel . No. 9 , 2011 ( online ).
- Claudia R.'s lost moral compass . TheEuropean. February 15, 2013. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
- "When madness becomes epidemic, it is called reason" . World N24. January 22, 2011. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
- Claudia Roth and the hand of the Iranian ambassador . Mirror online. February 7, 2013. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
- The last red cloth . In: Der Spiegel . No. 25 , 2012 ( online ).
- Frank Jansen : In the case of Franco A. it comes to the terror process after all. Der Tagesspiegel , accessed on November 19, 2019 .
- Compass needle . Gay network NRW. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Roth, Claudia Benedikta (full name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German politician (Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen), Member of the Bundestag, MEP|
|DATE OF BIRTH||May 15, 1955|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Ulm|