Robert Habeck

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Robert Habeck, 2018

Robert Habeck (born September 2, 1969 in Lübeck ) is a German politician ( Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen ) and writer . Since January 27, 2018 he has been federal chairman of the Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen party together with Annalena Baerbock . Since June 2021 he and Baerbock have been the top duo of the Greens for the federal election in 2021 , with Baerbock as candidate for chancellor .

In 2009 Habeck moved into the Schleswig-Holstein state parliament for the first time via the state list of the Greens and became parliamentary group chairman . In the early elections in 2012 , he ran as the top candidate of his party. After this election, Habeck served as Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Energy Transition , Agriculture , Environment and Rural Areas in the Albig cabinet until 2017 . After the state elections in 2017 , he became Deputy Prime Minister again on June 28, 2017Minister for the energy transition, agriculture, environment, nature and digitization appointed in the Günther cabinet. After the election as federal chairman of his party in January 2018, he held this ministerial office only temporarily until August 2018. Habeck is assigned to the “ Realo ” wing of the party.

School education, studies and private matters

Habeck passed his Abitur in 1989 at the Heinrich Heine School in Heikendorf in the Plön district . After doing community service at what was then Hamburger Spastikerverein (today Leben mit Disbehavior Hamburg Elternverein ), he began a master’s degree in the 1991 summer semester with a combination of philosophy , German and philology at the Albert-Ludwigs-University in Freiburg im Breisgau and after the intermediate examination in the 1992 winter semester attended / 93 Roskilde University in Denmark.

In 1996 Robert Habeck received a master's degree from the University of Hamburg with a treatise on the poems of Casimir Ulrich Boehlendorff (1775-1825), about which he published a book a year later. From 1996 to 1998 Habeck completed a doctoral degree at the University of Hamburg and in 2000 received his doctorate in philosophy with a thesis on literary aesthetics .

Habeck married the writer Andrea Paluch in 1996 , whom he met while studying. With her he has four grown sons. In 1999 the family moved to Lüneburg and in 2001 to Flensburg . Habeck is fluent in Danish .

Robert Habeck grew up in a Christian family, but does not belong to any church and describes himself as a "secular Christian".


Robert Habeck and Andrea Paluch have been working as freelance writers and publishing together since 1999. In interviews they emphasize that their dual authorship is a conscious decision for a common life plan. In addition to children's books and translations of English poetry, Robert Habeck (with Andrea Paluch) published the novels Hauke ​​Haien's Death (2001), The Scream of the Hyenas (2004), The Day On Which I Met My Dead Man (2005), Two Ways To Summer (2006), Under the Gully lies the sea (2007) and SommerGIG (2009).

In Habeck's novels, which he wrote with Andrea Paluch, one can clearly see Scandinavian and English literary influence. A recurring motif in the novels is the question of the influences that shape a person and the tension between freedom and determination . In December 2008, the first play by the two, entitled Nineteen Eighteen, about the sailors' uprising, premiered in the Kiel Theater . In 2008 the novel The Day I Met My Dead Man was filmed.

Political activity

Robert Habeck, 2005

Beginnings in local and state politics

In 2002 Habeck became a member of Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen. From 2002 to 2004 he was district chairman in Schleswig-Flensburg , in 2004 he became chairman of the state association Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen Schleswig-Holstein and held this office until 2009. In 2006, Habeck ran as an assessor for the federal executive committee, but was defeated. In the local elections in Schleswig-Holstein in 2008 he was the top candidate for the Greens in the Schleswig-Flensburg district and in August became parliamentary group leader in the Schleswig-Flensburg district council.

Top candidate in the state elections in 2009 and 2012

In 2009 Habeck and Monika Heinold were elected top candidates in the Schleswig-Holstein state elections. After the election, Habeck became parliamentary group leader in the state parliament. The parliamentary groups of the Greens and the SSW sued the election result before the state constitutional court and were finally right in August 2010. In the early state elections in 2012, Habeck was again presented as the top candidate.

State Minister in Schleswig-Holstein (2012-2018)

Robert Habeck, 2012

After the 2012 election, Habeck was appointed Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Energy Transition , Agriculture , Environment and Rural Areas. Habeck paid particular attention to the energy transition. The renewable energies installed in Schleswig-Holstein increased during Habeck's first term of office from 5.3 gigawatts in 2012 to 10.1 gigawatts in 2016. In addition, the construction of the planned Brunsbüttel coal-fired power plant was stopped due to the rejection of the state government .

In May 2015, the European Commission adopted the country program for rural areas 2014 to 2020 , which was developed under Habeck. It provides funding for farmers who practice or want to convert to organic farming . The ecologically farmed area in Schleswig-Holstein grew by 50 percent from 2014 to 2017.

Another political success in July 2015 was the so-called “Mussel Peace”, an agreement for a nature-friendly mussel culture economy.

After the formation of a Jamaica coalition of the CDU, FDP and the Greens after the state elections in Schleswig-Holstein in 2017 , Robert Habeck was appointed Minister for Energy Transition, Agriculture, Environment, Nature and Digitization in the Günther cabinet on June 28, 2017 . In his second term in office, too, he repeatedly advocated the expansion of renewable energies.

Primary election for the top candidate for the 2017 federal election

In May 2015, Habeck announced that he would run for the top candidate in the federal election in a primary election of the Greens. He gave an application speech for the candidacy for a seat in the dual leadership of the federal executive committee at the state party conference of the Greens in Neumünster in April 2016. At the time of the election he was initially considered an outsider in the media, but received 35.74% of the vote and was only defeated just under Cem Özdemir , who prevailed with 35.96% as the male part of the dual leadership; In third place was Anton Hofreiter with 26.19% - because there was no run-off vote, a simple majority was sufficient. He then did not stand as a candidate in the federal election.

After the 2017 federal election , he was one of the green negotiators during the exploratory talks for a Jamaica coalition , which ended after the FDP rejected it .

Federal Chairman of the Greens (since 2018)

On January 27, 2018, Habeck and Annalena Baerbock were elected federal chairmen of Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen. In May 2018, Habeck submitted his resignation from the ministerial office in Schleswig-Holstein, since according to the party statutes of Alliance 90 / The Greens, membership in the federal executive board is incompatible with a ministerial office. This point of the statutes was defused at a party congress of the Greens in January 2018 to allow Habeck a transition period of up to eight months. On August 31, 2018, Habeck left the cabinet in Schleswig-Holstein, and was succeeded by Jan Philipp Albrecht . He has also left the state parliament.

On November 16, 2019, Habeck and Baerbock were confirmed in office for another two years.

Bundestag election 2021

In July 2020, Habeck announced that he would run as a direct candidate for the constituency of Schleswig - Flensburg in the 2021 federal election. He was elected for this candidacy by the Greens in the constituency in April 2021.

At the suggestion of him and Annalena Baerbock, the federal board of the Greens decided in April 2021 that Baerbock should be the Greens' candidate for Chancellor in the 2021 federal election. Habeck thus waived a candidate for chancellor. However, together with Baerbock, he forms the top duo for the election campaign, which the party congress on June 12, 2021 confirmed.

Political positions

Robert Habeck (2018)

Energy and environmental policy

In 2013 Habeck declared that Schleswig-Holstein was ready to temporarily store castors from Sellafield in Brunsbüttel, an opinion not shared by all members of the state government. From 2014 to 2016, as a member of the state government, he was also a full member of the Commission for the Storage of Highly Radioactive Waste Materials (Repository Commission) in accordance with Section 3 of the Site Selection Act . Regarding a nuclear repository in Germany, Habeck took the view that a location in Gorleben could "not be excluded for political reasons" and declared: "The [repository] commission was set up under this condition." In doing so, he supported the controversial decision of the Greens Federal Delegates Conference (BDK) from 2012, at which the former Federal Environment Minister Jürgen Trittin prevailed.

Nature conservation and agricultural policy

Habeck has many years of experience in the debate about the conflict between grazing animal owners and the legally protected wolf populations in Germany . Hunt for the Wolf , a book for young people on the subject by him and his wife Andrea Paluch, was published back in 2001, and was revised in 2019 as the Call of the Wolves . As state minister in Schleswig-Holstein, he had to organize the balance of interests between nature conservation and agriculture. In December 2018, the press documented his position on the conflict. He found it conceivable that it would be easier to shoot down individual wolves that were demonstrably “inappropriate”. On the other hand, he did not think of the required upper limits or the systematic shooting of animals to protect livestock owners. In the sometimes bitter dispute about the wolf, "it's all about winning, not about a consensus, " he wanted a different style of politics.

Habeck repeatedly emphasized the need to regulate the stocks of roe deer , wild boar and other hoofed game through consistent hunting in order to keep game damage in agriculture and forestry at an acceptable level.

In April 2016, Habeck expressed the view that the nature of modern animal husbandry and the associated killing of farm animals for food purposes lacked an important justification due to the availability of plentiful food alternatives.

Domestic politics

Habeck repeatedly spoke out in favor of evacuating the refugees from the camps on the Greek islands.

In November 2020, Habeck presented an 11-point action plan against Islamist threats , which he had developed together with the two green domestic politicians Konstantin von Notz and Irene Mihalic . Among other things, the paper provides for more staff in the authorities in order to enable closer monitoring and to be able to execute any existing arrest warrants more consistently. A ban on relevant Salafist associations was also one of the demands.

In an interview in 2018, Habeck opposed an ethnic concept of the people, which he clearly differentiated from the concept of the state people under international law.

Economic and social policy

In February 2019, Habeck and Sven Giegold presented the concept of a community fund to improve old-age provision in Germany. Part of the gross wage should automatically flow into a fund. It should also be possible to contradict this or voluntarily deposit more. Investments should only be made in ethically, socially and ecologically harmless projects. At retirement age, the saved money is then paid out in addition to the statutory pension. There is a similar model in Sweden, for example.

Habeck is a supporter of the Berlin rent cap , which he sees as a bridging instrument until a sufficient number of apartments are built. In the course of the debate on the expropriation of private housing associations triggered by a referendum , Habeck also said that if other measures did not have sufficient effect, "if necessary, expropriation would have to follow". This position was discussed intensively in the media and politically, but it was also criticized. In addition to various politicians from Habeck's own party and political opponents from the CDU / CSU, FDP and SPD, the German Association of Towns and Municipalities also vehemently opposed it and already described the debate on expropriations as harmful.

In the discussion about the debt brake at the end of 2019, Habeck called for a reform that should enable higher investments in infrastructure and climate protection. In April 2020, with a view to the economic consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic , he proposed a EUR 500 billion investment program for a period of ten years "to rebuild the economy and make it crisis-proof". The aim of the program must be to make the German economy and society climate neutral.

On the occasion of the Wirecard scandal , Habeck spoke out in favor of stricter rules for auditors and a reorganization of the financial supervision and called for the establishment of a central federal "financial police".

Corona crisis

In an interview with Tagesspiegel at the end of May 2020, on the occasion of the Corona crisis , Habeck considered that health care “perhaps for the first time” was more important than profit interests and economic growth. “The lesson from this is that we shape our economy in such a way that it serves the common interests and becomes crisis-proof.” Environmental and climate protection are part of health care. “The time for small compromises is over. All parties can think much bigger. ”The money mobilized to deal with the crisis would have to be used to fight both the economic and climate crises. The earlier objection that a speed limit on German autobahns would restrict freedom seems downright ridiculous after the decisions in the Corona crisis. “If you act courageously, you can broadly anchor the willingness to change. Ambitious politics got a second breath. "

On May 6, 2021, he demanded that the federal government suspend the patent for corona vaccines.

Delivery of defensive weapons to Ukraine

During an official visit to Ukraine at the invitation of President Volodymyr Selenskyj in May 2021, Habeck advocated German exports of defensive weapons for self-defense (Medivacs, night vision devices, ordnance disposal) to Ukraine in an interview with Deutschlandfunk with reference to the conflict in Eastern Ukraine and thus resolved even with a part of the own party irritations.


In January 2019, Habeck came under fire after he published a video on Twitter in which he announced that the Greens would ensure that Thuringia becomes an "open, free, liberal, democratic country " in the state elections in Thuringia in 2019 . This statement was interpreted by some observers as if, in Habeck's opinion, Thuringia was not such a country. He had already made a similar statement before the state elections in Bavaria in 2018 , where he called on the Bavarians to "end the sole rule of the CSU so that democracy would finally reign in the Free State". Habeck then admitted his mistake and wrote in a statement that he had “said it differently” than meant - “'will' instead of 'remains', a small word, a real mistake”. He took this incident together with the previously known theft of personal data by a hacker as an opportunity to delete his Twitter and Facebook accounts . He also justified his decision with the fact that Twitter has "developed from an instrument of democratization rather to an instrument of division" and is "not a medium of real dialogue". In the future, he would prefer to talk to others in face-to-face or “slow digital communication”.


  • The land in me. Poems. With photographs by Jens Gedamke. R. Habeck, Heikendorf 1990, without ISBN.
  • Dream blind. A feeling like freedom . SOLDI-Verlag, Hamburg 1990, ISBN 3-928028-04-9 .
  • Casimir Ulrich Boehlendorff's poems: a style-critical investigation , Königshausen and Neumann, Würzburg 1997, ISBN 9783826012808 .
  • with Andrea Paluch: Hauke ​​Haiens death . S. Fischer, Frankfurt am Main 2001, ISBN 3-10-059010-4 . Paperback edition: Fischer-Taschenbuch-Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 2003, ISBN 3-596-15976-8 , new edition paperback: Piper, Munich 2006, ISBN 3-492-24699-0 .
  • The nature of literature. On the theoretical justification of literary aesthetics , Verlag Königshausen & Neumann, Würzburg 2001, ISBN 3-8260-2066-9 . (= Univ. Hamburg, Diss. 2000)
  • with Andrea Paluch: Hunt for the wolf . Piper, Munich 2001, revised new edition: Ruf der Wölfe , Edel Kids Books, Hamburg 2019, 158 pages, ISBN 978-3-96129-092-5 .
  • with Andrea Paluch: The cry of the hyenas . Piper, Munich 2004, ISBN 3-492-04611-8 . Paperback edition: Piper, Munich 2005, ISBN 3-492-24381-9 .
  • with Andrea Paluch: The day I met my dead husband . Piper, Munich 2005, ISBN 3-492-04706-8 .
  • with Andrea Paluch: Two ways into summer . Patmos, Düsseldorf 2006, ISBN 3-7941-8046-1 .
  • with Andrea Paluch: The sea lies under the gully . Patmos, Düsseldorf 2007, ISBN 3-7941-8071-2 .
  • Confused fathers - or: When is the man man . Gütersloher Verlagshaus, Gütersloh 2008, ISBN 978-3-579-06989-0 .
  • with Andrea Paluch: 1918 - Revolution in Kiel: With the play “Nineteen Eighteen” . Boyens, Heide 2008, ISBN 978-3-8042-1264-0 .
  • with Andrea Paluch: SommerGIG . Patmos, Düsseldorf 2009, ISBN 978-3-7941-7075-3 .
  • Patriotism: a leftist plea . Gütersloher Verlagshaus, Gütersloh, 1st edition, 2010, ISBN 978-3-579-06874-9 .
  • Who dares begins. Politics and me . Kiepenheuer & Witsch, Cologne 2016, ISBN 978-3-462-04949-7 .
  • Who we could be. Why our democracy needs an open and diverse language. Kiepenheuer & Witsch, Cologne 2018, ISBN 978-3-462-05307-4 .
  • Different from here on. A political sketch. 2nd Edition. Kiepenheuer & Witsch, Cologne 2021, ISBN 978-3-462-05219-0 .



Radio feature


  • Claudia Reshöft: Robert Habeck. An exclusive biography. FinanzBook Verlag, Munich 2020, ISBN 978-3-95972-291-9 .


Web links

Commons : Robert Habeck  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

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  5. Robert Habeck: The nature of literature: for the genre-theoretical justification of literary aesthetics . Dissertation University of Hamburg 2000, Königshausen and Neumann, Würzburg 2001, ISBN 3-8260-2066-9 , p. 7.
  6. ^ Robert Habeck: Casimir Ulrich Boehlendorffs Gedichte: a style-critical investigation. Königshausen and Neumann, Würzburg 1997, ISBN 978-3-8260-1280-8 .
  7. Robert Habeck: The nature of literature: for the genre-theoretical justification of literary aesthetics . Dissertation University of Hamburg 2000, Königshausen and Neumann, Würzburg 2001, ISBN 3-8260-2066-9 .
  8. Antje Lang-Lendorff: Book author Andrea Paluch in conversation: “It was suddenly lonely with us”. In: The daily newspaper , March 26, 2021, accessed on March 28, 2021 .
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  12. Robert Habeck: He who dares begins. Against a desperate democracy - we have to fight for our republic! New edition 2018 with a 50-page epilogue about the political year 2017, about personal experiences in the Jamaica explorations - and about Robert Habeck's ideas of a different policy., 2018, accessed on April 29, 2018 : “He has been working as a writer with his wife Andrea Paluch since 1999. Together they published numerous novels and children's books (including »Hauke ​​Haien's Death« and »The Scream of the Hyenas«). "
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  26. Katrin Göring-Eckardt and Cem Özdemir win the primary election . Alliance 90 / The Greens. January 18, 2017. Archived from the original on December 13, 2018. Retrieved June 6, 2019.
  27. Jesse Klaver and Robert Habeck in an interview with Peter Unfried: Green, greener, greenest. Does the future belong to Grünlinks? And how can a society really be changed? The green party leaders of the Netherlands and Germany met for the first time: Jesse Klaver and Robert Habeck in conversation. Die Tageszeitung (taz), April 28, 2018, accessed on April 29, 2018 .
  28. Greens on coalition negotiations: "We should finally stop talking about new elections". The Greens are pondering the success of a Jamaica coalition. The green Jamaica negotiator Robert Habeck hopes that the CDU, CSU, FDP and Greens will still move towards each other., November 5, 2017, accessed April 29, 2018 .
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  45. Fear of swine fever: Denmark wants to build a border fence with Germany. In: Spiegel Online. March 22, 2018, accessed December 9, 2019 .
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  47. ↑ White- tailed eagles and cranes are spreading. In: Kiel News. December 2, 2013, accessed December 9, 2019 .
  48. Habeck: The killing of farm animals can no longer be justified . August 6, 2018.
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  50. Green Chef Habeck urges evacuation of Greek camps. In: March 29, 2020, accessed February 4, 2021 .
  51. Zero tolerance strategy against Islamist threats - 11-point plan against Islamist terrorism. In: , accessed March 23, 2021.
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