Hermann Lüdemann (politician)

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Hermann Lüdemann during the Rittersturz Conference (1948)
Hermann Lüdemann (center) at a meeting of the Bi-Zone Council (1947)

Hermann Lüdemann (born August 5, 1880 in Lübeck , † May 27, 1959 in Kiel ) was a German politician ( SPD ). He was Prime Minister of Schleswig-Holstein from 1947 to 1949 .


education and profession

Lüdemann attended secondary and trade schools. Then he attended engineering school and a technical college. Then he completed a three-year mechanical engineering apprenticeship . He then went to sea as a machinist and then worked as an engineer for six years.

From 1905 to 1912 Lüdemann was managing director of the Federation of Technical Employees and Civil Servants . This was followed by an activity as a freelance writer . In 1915 he was then deputy head of department at the Central Purchasing Society of German Cooperatives (ZEG). From 1919 to 1920 he worked as a consultant in the Reich Ministry of Labor . From 1922 to 1927 he worked as a district manager in the association of social construction companies .

After Hitler came to power , Lüdemann was dismissed from civil service at the end of 1933. Until 1935 he was in " protective custody " and was held in the concentration camps Dürrgoy , Esterwegen and Lichtenburg . From 1936 to 1944 Lüdemann was the manager of a film theater. At this time he maintained contacts with Julius Leber , Carlo Mierendorff and Wilhelm Leuschner . In the spring of 1944 he met Carl Goerdeler for talks and was scheduled in the Beck / Goerdeler shadow cabinet as political representative in military district IX (Hanover) in the event of a successful coup d'état. After the assassination attempt on July 20, 1944 , he was imprisoned again as part of the Grid Action , but acquitted on January 28, 1945 before the People's Court for ill-treatment. Despite his acquittal, he remained imprisoned in Sachsenhausen concentration camp until the end of the war , where he was liberated by Red Army soldiers .

After the end of the Second World War , he became an employee in the state fuel economy in December 1945.

Political stations

Lüdemann joined the Democratic Association in 1908 , but switched to the SPD after its poor performance in the 1912 Reichstag election . From 1915 to 1922 he was a city councilor in Berlin . In 1918/19 he was chairman of the SPD parliamentary group in the workers 'and soldiers' council in the capital. In 1919 he was a member of the constituent Prussian state assembly and from 1921 to 1929 a member of the Prussian state parliament . From March 29, 1920 to April 21, 1921 he was Prussian Minister of State for Finance in the state government led by Otto Braun .

In 1927 he was appointed regional president of Lüneburg and in 1928, finally, he was appointed chief president of the province of Lower Silesia . He held this office until July 1932, when Chancellor Franz von Papen initiated the “ Preussenschlag ”.

From July to December 1945 he was regional manager of the SPD in Mecklenburg and from April to October 1946 party secretary of the SPD in Berlin.

From 1946 to 1958 Lüdemann was a member of the Landtag of Schleswig-Holstein . On November 23, 1946, he was appointed Minister of the Interior and Deputy Prime Minister in the state government of Schleswig-Holstein led by Prime Minister Theodor Steltzer (→ Steltzer II cabinet ).

After the first state election in 1947, he was elected Prime Minister of Schleswig-Holstein on April 29, 1947 (→ Lüdemann cabinet ); until November 6, 1947 he also headed the Ministry of the Interior. His successor as Prime Minister was Bruno Diekmann on August 29, 1949 .

Since 1951 he was a member of the state executive committee of the SPD in Schleswig-Holstein .

Hermann Lüdemann was married twice and had three daughters.



Web links

Commons : Hermann Lüdemann  - Collection of images, videos and audio files