Annalena Baerbock

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Annalena Baerbock (2016)
Signature of Annalena Baerbock, 2021

Annalena Charlotte Alma Baerbock (born December 15, 1980 in Hanover ) is a German politician ( Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen ). Since January 2018 she has been federal chairman of her party together with Robert Habeck . Since June 2021, she has been the Greens' candidate for Chancellor for the 2021 federal election ; she and Habeck form the party's top duo for the election campaign.

Baerbock has been a member of the German Bundestag since 2013 . Before that, she was chairwoman of the Brandenburg regional association from 2009 to 2013 . From 2012 to 2015 she was a member of the party council of Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen. Baerbock is assigned to the Realo wing of her party.


Annalena Baerbock was born in Hanover as the daughter of a social worker and mechanical engineer . In her early childhood she lived in Nuremberg for a while . In 1985 her family moved with her to Pattensen near Hanover, where she grew up with two sisters and two cousins ​​in a former farmhouse in the Schulenburg district that her parents had renovated . As a child in the 1980s, Baerbock and her parents took part in human chains against the arms race and in anti-nuclear power demonstrations . At the age of 16, she completed an exchange year in the US state of Florida . She completed her school education in 2000 with the Abitur at the Humboldt School in Hanover . In her last school year she wrote for the school project ZiSH (newspaper in school) for the Hannoversche Allgemeine Zeitung .

Baerbock practiced trampoline gymnastics as a competitive sport throughout her childhood and adolescence . She took part in the junior division for TSV Pattensen in German championships and won bronze three times in the double mini-tramp . She also played football for the juniors of TuSpo Jeinsen between the ages of 15 and 18 .

Baerbock studied political science at the University of Hamburg from 2000 to 2004 , where he obtained the intermediate diploma with a grade of 1.3. As a minor, she studied public law / European law . She then moved to the London School of Economics and graduated there in 2005 with a Master in " Public International Law " (LL.M.) with the highest grade step Distinction from.

During her studies, she worked as a freelancer for the Hannoversche Allgemeine Zeitung from 2000 to 2003 , and did an internship with MEP Elisabeth Schroedter . After completing her studies, she was responsible for their website from 2005 to 2006, headed their offices in Berlin and Potsdam for several months in 2007 and was then the contact person in the parliamentary offices in Brussels and Strasbourg . In 2005 she also worked as a trainee at the British Institute of International and Comparative Law (BIICL). From 2008 to 2009 she was then a foreign and security policy advisor for the parliamentary group of Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen .

In 2009 Baerbock started a dissertation on natural disasters and humanitarian aid in international law at the Free University of Berlin . After her election as a member of the Greens and her entry into the 18th German Bundestag in 2013, she stated that her doctoral project was "on the last legs", but was resting due to her political activities. She later broke off her doctorate according to her own statements in order to be able to concentrate fully on her mandate.

Baerbock has been married to the political advisor and PR manager Daniel Holefleisch (* 1973) since 2007 . The couple lives with their two daughters (* 2011, * 2015) in Potsdam. Baerbock is a member of the Evangelical Lutheran Church . She said of her faith as follows: "I am not a believer, but still in the church because the idea of ​​togetherness is extremely important to me."

In the course of her candidacy for chancellor and the related journalistic research, Baerbock felt compelled to correct the online presentation of her résumé several times. In connection with later reported additional income as a member of the Bundestag, she came under criticism in numerous media.

Political functions

Annalena Baerbock as state chairwoman in Brandenburg (2012)

Spokeswoman for the Federal Working Group on Europe

Baerbock has been a member of Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen since 2005. From 2008 to 2013 she was the spokesperson for the Federal Working Group on Europe . As such, she contributed to the party's European policy in terms of content, concept and strategy .

Board member of the European Green Party

In October 2009, Baerbock was elected by the Council of the European Green Party , the union of green parties in Europe, as a member of the party executive committee ( committee ), of which she was a member until 2012.

Member of the party council

From 2012 to 2015 Baerbock was a member of the 16-member party council of Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen . The committee advises inter alia. the federal board of the Greens and serves as an interface between the federal association, the state associations and members of the party.

Chairwoman of the Brandenburg Regional Association

From October 2008 she was a member of the Brandenburg state executive committee of the party. On November 14, 2009, Baerbock was elected alongside Benjamin Raschke as one of two equal chairmen of the Brandenburg State Association. After moving into the Bundestag, she did not run for office again in November 2013.

Member of the Bundestag

Annalena Baerbock in the German Bundestag (2019)

In the 2009 Bundestag election , Baerbock ran in vain as a direct candidate in the Bundestag constituency of Frankfurt (Oder) - Oder-Spree and in third place on the state list of the Brandenburg Greens .

On January 26, 2013 Baerbock became a direct candidate for the constituency of the Bundestag Potsdam - Potsdam-Mittelmark II - Teltow-Fläming II and on March 2, 2013 at a conference of delegates in Potsdam with 87.9% of the votes in first place on the state list of Bündnis 90 / Elected the Greens Brandenburg. It received 7.2% of the first votes in the 2013 Bundestag election and entered the 18th German Bundestag via the state list.

In her first legislative period in the Bundestag (2013-2017) , Baerbock was climate policy spokeswoman for the Bundestag parliamentary group of Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen and a member of the Committee on Economic and Energy and the Committee on European Union Affairs as well as a deputy member of the Environment Committee and the Committee on Family , Seniors, women and youth . In addition, Baerbock was a member of the German-Polish parliamentary group and deputy chairwoman of the Berlin-Taipei Circle of Friends and deputy member of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe . In the following legislative period, she was a deputy member of the Committee on Economic Affairs and Energy.

On November 26, 2016, Baerbock was elected with 99.0% at the conference of delegates of the Alliance of Greens in Potsdam as the Brandenburg top candidate of her party for the 2017 federal election and on January 23, 2017 again as a direct candidate in her constituency. Baerbock achieved 8.0% of the first votes and again entered the Bundestag via the state list.

At the “ Jamaica ” coalition negotiations between the CDU , CSU , FDP and the Greens, Baerbock sat at the negotiating table in 2017.

In the Bundestag, Baerbock is currently a full member of the committees for European Union affairs and for economy and energy as well as a deputy member in the committee for the environment, nature conservation, building and reactor safety .

In March 2021, Baerbock reported additional income of more than 25,000 euros to the Bundestag administration from her function as co-party chairwoman. When this became known in May 2021 and was also criticized in connection with the demand by the Greens to disclose the additional income of MPs “in euros and cents”, they described the delayed process as a “mistake” and a “stupid omission”.

Party leader of Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen

Baerbock was elected party chairman - together with Robert Habeck - at an extraordinary federal delegates' conference in Hanover on January 27, 2018 . She prevailed against Anja Piel from the left wing of the party with 64.5% of the vote. The “Realo” dual leadership represents a novelty after decades of party leadership divided between the two camps. However, both are striving for a pragmatic positioning independent of this wing logic. At the party congress on November 16, 2019, the duo was confirmed in office for two more years, Baerbock with 97.1%.

Chancellor candidate for the 2021 federal election

On April 19, 2021, Annalena Baerbock and Robert Habeck announced that Baerbock had been proposed by the Greens' federal executive board as a candidate for chancellor for the 2021 federal election . This is the first time the Greens have nominated someone for this post. The party congress approved the proposal on June 12, 2021 with 98.55% of the delegates' votes. At the same time, Annalena Baerbock and Robert Habeck together form the top duo for the federal election. Historically, Baerbock is only the second woman after Angela Merkel to apply for the highest government office. On election day, she will be only a few days older than Guido Westerwelle in 2002, the youngest candidate to date.

Baerbock is running for the direct mandate in Bundestag constituency 61 against the SPD candidate Olaf Scholz and the ex-FDP general secretary Linda Teuteberg .

Political positions

Energy, climate and environmental policy

Baerbock called for coal to be phased out by 2030; a speed limit of 130 kilometers per hour and “by 2030 at the latest” only the registration of new emission-free cars. The “agricultural subsidies should be based on the common good, not on the area. Farmers should be able to earn money with climate protection ”, and animal populations and meat production should be“ reduced very significantly ”. For them, “climate policy is not in contradiction to the economy”, and the aim is to “lead Germany as an industrial location into the 21st century - in the light of the Paris climate agreement ”. She advocates the production of climate-neutral (i.e. produced without the emission of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide) European steel. In addition, she considers climate tariffs to be conceivable. Domestic German flights are to be "superfluous by 2035" by improving the rail network. The “principle of technology openness” continues to apply to the Greens. In an interview with Deutschlandfunk, she called for the restructuring of German companies and production facilities: “The third area is the restructuring of industry and that's why I'm pushing the gas at this point because our industry is in absolute competition. The question now is who will be the first to produce carbon-neutral steel, for example. That is essential for the protection of jobs in Germany and in Europe. If we are not at the forefront, then others will. We have already seen that when China floods the European market with steel, large plants have to close, and I want to prevent that. "

On the occasion of the ruling of the Federal Constitutional Court on the Climate Protection Act on April 29, 2021 , Baerbock held out the prospect of setting concrete greenhouse gas savings targets in the event that her party would participate in the future federal government. The annual expansion of renewable energy sources should also be doubled compared to the previous quota by the mid-2020s . She wants to complete the coal phase-out in Germany earlier than previously planned. The CO 2 price must reward investments in climate-neutral production methods; Climate damage, on the other hand, is becoming more expensive. The income should flow back to everyone as energy money.

European refugee policy

On the occasion of the World Refugee Day taking place at the same time as the EU summit, Baerbock demanded on June 20, 2019 that the heads of state and government “finally decide on a generous quota for legal escape to Europe ” as well as a joint distribution of refugees and an emergency program to build a European one Sea rescue mission should decide.

After a major fire in the Greek refugee camp Moria in 2020, Baerbock demanded that Germany should take in 5,000 people in need of protection, evacuate the Greek camps and bring people to safety, and said: “Germany must act - not just since today, but since Years ". She also suggested setting up initial reception centers at the EU's external borders, where refugees can be “quickly registered, subjected to a security check and data comparison” so that they can be distributed within the EU as quickly as possible and then asylum procedures can be initiated.

Foreign policy

Baerbock calls for "a stronger common European commitment in defense policy". “Europe has been revolving around itself for years, the Trump administration has turned its back on the world. The void that has arisen is filled by authoritarian states, ”she said. If the West does not want to leave the field to states like China, Russia or Turkey, Europe must take its "peace role" in the world more seriously again. Baerbock also demands the withdrawal of all US nuclear weapons from Europe.

In January 2021, Baerbock criticized the state-owned environmental foundation of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania , which is also supposed to shield the further construction of the Nord Stream 2 Baltic Sea pipeline against interventions by the USA. In the FAZ she said:

“The fact that a foundation under the guise of climate protection is being financed with Russian money, which is solely used to complete the pipeline, is simply outrageous. Not only in terms of climate policy, but above all geostrategic. "

Economic policy

The "industrial location Germany" should be maintained, but growth must take place "in the sense of a socio-ecological market economy, within the planetary boundaries", and prosperity should be defined in a "broader" sense, including the ecological one. Climate protection goals should be “dovetailed” with economic policy and Start-up funding, digitization, faster expansion of infrastructure and networks are promoted.

Baerbock considers a debt brake regulated in the Basic Law to be justified in principle. She told Deutschlandfunk in 2020: "Of course, we also need an anchoring in the constitution so that we cannot run into debt indefinitely." She accused conservative parties and the SPD at the local level of "having thrown money out of the window" , for example for residential construction. However, the currently existing debt brake, as also called for in the Greens' party program, must be "expanded"; this is necessary to enable investments in "services of general interest, hospital financing, school financing, and also all of the infrastructure projects in the climate sector". A quick return to the debt brake, which was suspended during the corona pandemic, was rejected by Baerbock in May 2021.

Crisis management in the corona pandemic

Annalena Baerbock in the German Bundestag (2020)

To improve the learning of children in school during the corona pandemic , Baerbock presented an “8-point plan” in November 2020, in which she proposed the following, among other things: mobile air filters for classrooms, interchangeable models for school buses, corona quick tests, distance learning congresses for teachers, a "Child-friendly" adaptation of the quarantine rules, an opening also for foreign broadband network providers, the establishment of a "Federal Center for Digital and Media Education", the hiring of "digital contact persons (DAPs)" at schools, the use of libraries and museums as learning spaces for socially disadvantaged children and the use of student teachers. Furthermore, in order to cope with the corona crisis, she demanded a right to childcare for single parents, emergency care at all schools and daycare centers and "Corona child benefit".


In 2016, Baerbock was a founding member and then chairwoman of the Hand in Hand Potsdam e. V. , in which people are involved in helping refugees. She is currently an assessor there. She is also a member of the non-partisan European Union Germany . Baerbock has been a member of the Young Global Leaders community of the World Economic Forum since 2020 .


Web links

Commons : Annalena Baerbock  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

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  56. Green leader: Baerbock wants to abolish short-haul flights. In: Retrieved May 16, 2021 .
  57. Green leader Baerbock calls for a change in EU refugee policy. In: Retrieved January 20, 2021 .
  58. Baerbock wants to get 5,000 people in need of protection from Greek camps. In: Retrieved January 20, 2021 .
  59. Green leader calls on the EU to accept refugees. In: Retrieved January 20, 2021 .
  60. “Germany must act”, demands Baerbock - Laschet wants to take in 1000 refugees. In: Retrieved January 20, 2021 .
  61. Green leader for European defense policy. In: Retrieved January 20, 2021 .
  62. Green chairwoman calls for the withdrawal of US nuclear weapons from Europe. In: The time . October 24, 2018, accessed April 26, 2021 .
  63. Baerbock calls for the foundation for Nord Stream 2 to stop. In: Retrieved January 20, 2021 .
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  66. n-tv NEWS: Baerbock wants to loosen the debt brake. Retrieved June 13, 2021 .
  67. 8-point plan: Secure education in times of crisis. In: Retrieved January 20, 2021 .
  68. Baerbock criticizes "blind spots" in the Corona policy, students protest. In: Retrieved January 20, 2021 .
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  72. Curriculum Vitae - Annalena Baerbock. (PDF) Retrieved June 6, 2021 .