Rio Reiser

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Rio Reiser (born January 9, 1950 as Ralph Christian Möbius in Berlin ; † August 20, 1996 in Fresenhagen , North Frisia ) was a German singer , musician , composer , songwriter and actor .

From 1970 to 1985 Reiser was the singer and main lyricist of the band Ton Steine ​​Scherben . After the band broke up , he continued his musical career as a solo artist. His most famous songs include Macht kaputt what makes you broken , No Power for Nobody and the squatters' anthem Rauch-Haus-Song with Ton Steine ​​Scherben as well as König von Deutschland and Junimond from his solo time.

Life

Berlin memorial plaque on Tempelhofer Ufer 32 in Berlin-Kreuzberg

origin

His father was an engineer for cardboard packaging at Siemens AG , the family had to move several times as a result of his transfers. The family lived in West Berlin , Traunreut / Upper Bavaria, Nuremberg , Brühl near Mannheim, Fellbach- Schmiden and Rodgau / Nieder-Roden. Reiser reportedly failed to "feel at home in any of these places." In an interview that was only broadcast on Arte TV in 1998 (after his death) , some of his friends suggested that "Reiser began making music to compensate for this loss".

Peter Möbius and Gert Möbius are brothers from Rio Reiser.

youth

Reiser dropped out of school at the Melanchthon-Gymnasium in Nuremberg to do an apprenticeship in a photography studio in Offenbach-Bieber instead . He taught himself to play the cello , guitar and piano, as well as other instruments.

He changed his real name in reference to the main character of the psychological novel Anton Reiser by Karl Philipp Moritz in Rio Reiser . In his youth he was a huge fan of the Beatles and later the Rolling Stones .

In 1970 he came out and from then on was open to his homosexuality . However, this fact only became a public issue with the beginning of his solo career; From 1986 at the latest, Reiser began to comment on this in interviews and talk shows .

Music career

Beginnings

In January 1966, RPS Lanrue , the later guitarist, composer and co-founder of Ton Steine ​​Scherben , asked Rio Reiser if he would like to sing in his group. The band was called Beat Kings and mainly covered beat music . In the same year Reiser and Lanrue founded the rock band De Galaxis together , in which they occasionally played their own pieces. Reiser later broke off his training in the photo studio in Offenbach-Bieber to move to West Berlin. There, on behalf of his brothers, he composed the songs for the "first beat opera in the world" - Robinson 2000 , which, however, was not a commercial success.

Clay stones shards

In 1970 Reiser founded the band Ton Steine ​​Scherben together with his friend RPS Lanrue as well as Kai Sichtermann and Wolfgang Seidel . In the same year the group had their first live appearance at the Love and Peace Festival sponsored by Beate Uhse . With the two self-distributed albums Why is it so dirty (1971) and, above all, No Power for Nobody (1972), the fragments brought to the point the conditions, thoughts and currents of the radicalized left in West Germany after 1968. They called it "Agitrock", a play on words from " Agitprop " and " Acidrock " with German lyrics. The band quickly achieved cult status , for example with the Rauch-Haus song , the soundtrack to the left-wing squatter scene , in Berlin-Kreuzberg and other West German cities where they performed. After the clay-stone-broken-glass concerts, there was usually a squatting on site.

When the broken pieces saw themselves increasingly being misused as the “ jukebox of the left” in Berlin, they moved to the country - to Fresenhagen . It was there in 1975 the double album Wenn die Nacht am tiefsten… - a departure from the political slogans of the early days and a turn to private, melancholy topics - before the band took a long break, but continued to live together as a commune . During this time radio plays, children's records and musical contributions to plays by the gay theater group Brühwarm (including with Corny Littmann ), such as Mannstoll and Entartet, were created .

In 1981 there was a comeback with the dark double LP IV , with which the band finally broke away from their status as a "political combo" (each of the 22 songs refers to one of the 22 major arcana of the Tarot ). In order to promote the album, after years of abstinence from live, the decision was made to go on tour again extensively. The response was positive and the tour was largely sold out. Due to the miscalculation by an external tour manager, the costs for the lighting and sound system as well as the sometimes luxurious accommodations could not be brought in with admission prices below DM 10 ; the band ended up with a loss of about 300,000 DM. The new management of Claudia Roth and Misha Schoeneberg should help to pay off the mountain of debt. After the rather catchy LP Schherd was released in 1983, a tour followed a tour (including in the election campaign for the Greens ).

In 1985 the band broke up after the release of their only "live" album, Live in Berlin 84 , due to financial misery among other things.

Solo career

Clay stones shards and Rio Reiser owed around 200,000  marks , but as “icons of the left” they could not and did not want to sell themselves to “industry”. Annette Humpe (Ex- Ideal ), who wrote Rio's first single Dr. Sommer / B-side produced the contact to George Glueck (Reiser's later manager).

Udo Arndt produced Reiser's first solo album Rio I for the CBS together with Annette Humpe in 1985/1986 . The album built on the numerous demos that had recorded the pieces for a possible further LP . Reiser's solo career began with his two biggest hits König von Deutschland and Junimond and was so successful that he was debt-free after a short time.

However, many fans of clay stones shards could not (and did not want to) approve of the fact that Reiser, as an idol of the left-wing alternative scene, should be a commercially successful musician in the wake of the NDW . In doing so, they failed to recognize that most of the songs that Reiser recorded and played in the course of his solo career were old broken songs ( Junimond , Menschenfresser , Jetzt geht's Dreizehn , Insane Asylum and King of Germany were played live as early as 1976). Only here they were smoother, more pleasing or better produced. However, the records were recorded by a number of professional studio musicians (instead of as a collective as before). During the live performances Reiser was accompanied by numerous musicians from the shards environment, so until 1988 RPS Lanrue played in Rio's live band.

In 1986, Rio Reiser ended the anti-WAAhnsinns festival with an all-star band (including Herbert Grönemeyer , the Rodgau Monotones , the Toten Hosen and Herwig Mitteregger ) in front of over 100,000 spectators . The last song he played was a version of Somewhere over the Rainbow alone at the piano .

The successor LP Blinder Passenger (1987) or their sale could not meet the high expectations that the debut had aroused. Instead of stubbornly producing a follow-up hit for König von Deutschland , Reiser preferred to write seafaring songs, longing songs and lullabies in addition to rock songs. The tour for the album was nevertheless a complete success and took him to East Berlin for two concerts at the invitation of the FDJ in October 1988 .

The concert, for which Reiser added a few more broken pieces into the program than usual (and which began with Alles Läge ), was recorded and broadcast on the GDR youth radio station DT 64 . However, the broadcasting of the broken song The dream is over was missing : The line “Is there a country on earth where the dream is a reality? [...] I really don't know - I only know one thing, and I'm sure: It's not this country! ”- originally dedicated to the Federal Republic - was“ shouted more than sung along ”by thousands of East Berliners and showed a year ago the political change , how little the audience wanted to identify with their state. The opening act was Lutz Kerschowski , who later played as a guitarist in Rio's band and is now his musical estate administrator.

After a guest appearance with the band (and three songs for the soundtrack) in Schimanski - Tatort Der Pott , Reiser broke new ground in 1989 with his third LP *** ( Sternchen ; 1990). Produced by Udo Arndt and Reinhold Heil - as "Die Kuhjaus" (based on the forger Konrad Kujau ) - it largely dispensed with rocking tones in favor of electronic sounds and sampled strings. The LP contains a song called Zauberland , which was understood as a swan song for the sinking GDR. However, it had been written years earlier and played at concerts in 1988.

Reiser received the Fred Jay Prize in 1990 for his texts for Marianne Rosenberg .

In 1991, the album was released , with which he returned to unpolished rock tones. The reviews were extremely positive, but the public's interest was limited. In addition, the planned tour had to be canceled due to the deteriorating health of the singer (for reasons that were not disclosed).

In November 1991 Reiser was supposed to appear on Holger Weinert's talk show Holger's Waschsalon , instead he ran away with his new friend on the day of the recording.

At the Today Die - Morgen Du concert in Frankfurt am Main in 1992, Reiser appeared together with some of the most famous German groups and accompanied Marianne Rosenberg on the piano to The Dream is Out . For this occasion he wrote the song Zeitreise together with Ulla Meinecke and then also played it - published later than December 13th .

Annette Humpe produced the album Über Alles in 1993 . It surprised with a " folk music made up of beat, polka, ventures guitars, west coast, shanties and Bob Dylan " as well as with "rave and house sound elements". The record contains an insane asylum, a title written for the theater group “Brühwarm”, which had already appeared in 1977 and was also part of the live repertoire of the Shards.

In 1994 he published the autobiography König von Deutschland, created in collaboration with Hannes Eyber , which - apart from a few brief highlights - left out his solo career. At around the same time he re-recorded his biggest hit, König von Deutschland, with partly new lyrics for the best-of album of the same name.

Memorial plaque at the Malzhaus in Plauen; this is where Rio Reiser's last concert took place

Reiser's sixth and last solo record is called Heaven and Hell and was also the last album that he released on Sony Music . In 1995 only the song Träume was originally supposed to be recorded as the theme song for the Munich crime scene Im Herzen Eiszeit , in which Rio played a leading role. But it was decided without further ado to record an entire album. The record was recorded by the same studio line-up that had already played on Reiser's debut album in 1986. "One of the most beautiful and at the same time darkest records from Germany," said Hollow Skai. In the song Hope , Rio Reiser sings ten years after King of Germany and only a few months before his death: “Take the crown from me that is crushing me, take the crown from me, take it back. I know there is a light somewhere, but I cannot guide you because I don't know the way. "

In the early summer of 1996, despite his poor health, Reiser went on tour in Germany, which also included several open-air concerts in Berlin. But shortly before the first scheduled appearance, the tour had to be canceled.

Rio Reiser gave his last official concert on May 24th, 1996 in the sold out "Malzhaus" in Plauen / Vogtland . Since his death, Reiser's last appearance has been honored with a plaque at this location.

Five days before his death, he announced to R.P.S. Lanrue that he wanted to bring his next record out again with the in-house David Volksmund Production in order to be independent again.

death

Rio Reiser's grave, Alter St.-Matthäus-Kirchhof, Berlin 2015

Rio Reiser died on August 20, 1996 at the age of 46. The cause of death was internal bleeding from esophageal varices ( esophageal varices ); the cause of this is mostly alcoholism .

The efforts of Lanrue and the family to obtain a special permit to bury Reiser on his private property were unbureaucratically supported not only by the district of North Friesland , but also by the then Minister- President of Schleswig-Holstein , Heide Simonis . After she had given her permission, Reiser could be buried on the property at Fresenhagen 11. The grave became a place of pilgrimage. His house became known as the Rio Reiser House and served as a conference venue and studio for cultural workers . After the sale of the farm in Fresenhagen, Reiser's body was reburied on February 11, 2011 in the Old St. Matthew Cemetery in Berlin. Reiser's gravestone as well as the grave decorations moved to Berlin and point to his final resting place there. The old grave in North Friesland was leveled.

Commemoration

Reiser's brothers Peter - until his death in 2020 - and Gert Möbius (with the Rio Reiser Archive / Möbius Rekords) preserve the artist's memory.

At a memorial concert in Berlin's Tempodrom on September 1, 1996, his old band Ton Steine ​​Scherben, the Einstürzende Neubauten , Engerling , Nationalgalerie , Pe Werner , Ulla Meinecke , Marianne Rosenberg , Lutz Kerschowski , Herbert Grönemeyer , Keimzeit , Haindling , Tim Fischer attended , Freygang and John Banse say goodbye to Rio Reiser. The evening was moderated by Corny Littmann .

From January to March 2010 an exhibition about his life and work took place in the Schwules Museum in Berlin on the occasion of Reiser's 60th birthday.

Rio-Reiser-Weg in Unna

In 2012, a political dispute broke out in the Westphalian town of Unna when the citizenship requested that a street be named after Rio Reiser. On August 17, 2012, the street at the Lindenbrauerei cultural center was named after Rio Reiser. In 2013, based on the festivals in Fresenhagen, the 2nd Rio Reiser Festival Unna took place on the neighboring Platz der Kulturen as an open-air event, which was to be continued annually over two days, combined with a song contest.

Unveiling of the memorial plaque at his former place of residence in Berlin-Kreuzberg

On the occasion of the 17th anniversary of Rio Reiser's death, August 20, 2013, at Tempelhofer Ufer 32 in Berlin, by resolution of the Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg District Assembly, in the presence of the head of the Berlin Senate Chancellery , Björn Böhning , two founding members of Ton Steine ​​Scherben, the Berlin history workshop and Reiser's brother Gert Möbius unveiled a Berlin memorial plaque . The project is supported by the Berlin Historical Commission , the Berlin History Workshop , and GASAG .

In September 2020, Heinrichplatz in Berlin is to be renamed Rio-Reiser-Platz .

Theater / film

Like his older brothers Peter Möbius and Gert Möbius, Rio Reiser worked as an actor - for example at Hoffmanns Comic Teater and the Rote Steinen (a Berlin apprentice theater collective ). In 1977 Rio Reiser received the Federal Film Award in gold for his first film role in the film Johnny West . Originally Herbert Grönemeyer provided for the role; Due to feared amorous involvement of Grönemeyer with the leading actress, the director's friend, the role was filled with Rio Reiser.

Together with Lanrue he wrote music and texts for numerous plays, a. a. for the gay youth theater Brühwarm . In addition, Reiser wrote music for countless plays, mostly for his brother Peter Möbius. Some of the resulting compositions were published in 2007 on the CD Rio Reiser singt Lieder von small and large suburban tigers.

Together with Armin Petras , who had already staged him as an actor in Berlin, and Philipp Stölzl , the musical Knock Out Germany was to be premiered in 1994 in the opening act of a World Cup match by Henry Maske in Frankfurt (Oder) . This did not happen, however, Mask's trainer Manfred Wolke obtained an injunction because he felt vilified. The musical premiered on October 15, 1994 at the Chemnitz City Theaters .

In 1995 Reiser played in the Tatort of the Bavarian radio station Im Herzen Eiszeit (together with Rudolph Moshammer ) a former squatter who, after being released after eleven years in prison, has to find his way in a world that has become alien to him. Reiser also composed the title song Träume for the film .

Artistic legacy

Parallel to Ton Steine ​​Schorben and his solo career, Rio Reiser also worked as a producer and co-producer for Brühwarm , Wolfgang Michels , Die Stricher and his long-time friend Misha Schoeneberg, among others . Rio Reiser worked as a copywriter for Marianne Rosenberg , Wolfgang Michels (with whom he collaborated on three LPs and various songs, including soon home from the family album, Ich bin müde - covered by Fettes Brot , Herzverloren ), Klaus Lage , Kralle Krawinkel (Ex- Trio ) and Uwe Ochsenknecht .

Rio Reiser's compositions influenced a number of musicians. Echt , Fettes Brot and Jan Delay , who landed hits with their cover versions of Junimond, Ich bin müde (from the Wolfgang Michels album No problems) and Für Immer und Dich and bands like Freundeskreis with Halt Dich aner Liebe are to be mentioned here .

Today, numerous German-speaking bands cite Reiser as a role model, such as Wir sind Helden . They also covered hold on to your love at their concerts and were with the song along with many others (e.g. Klee , Fettes Brot , Söhne Mannheims , Wolfgang Michels , Annett Louisan , Christina Stürmer , Freundeskreis ) on the two tribute samplers Family album represented.

A very special version of Übers Meer, sung by Herbert Grönemeyer , can be found on the album Abschied von Rio, which was recorded a few days after Reiser's death in the Berlin Tempodrom .

“I have never heard or seen someone sing in Germany who, like Rio, was able to establish an intimate relationship, almost a love affair, with every single one of his listeners within seconds.

Singing in front of an audience is a strange occupation: you can swallow the blood that you have withdrawn from people like a vampire, or you can transform it and give it back.

Rio Reiser exuded strength and power that he got from the audience, and he gave it back. Charisma is a skill that cannot be learned and has nothing to do with image and mere stage presence. Even with a banal song he could sing any particular word in such a way that it ran down your spine. "

- Obituary by Blixa Bargeld in the mirror

In June 2019 it became known that Rio Reiser's brothers Peter and Gert Möbius had donated the artist's estate to the German Literature Archive in Marbach .

Political commitment

Album art of No Power for Nobody

The first appearance of the broken glass should set standards. At the Love and Peace Festival in 1970 on Fehmarn , Rio Reiser asked the remaining audience to "knock the organizer into the ground unsharpened", whereupon they should obey him to the sounds of power that breaks you .

Although they were unsuccessful by conventional “major company” commercial standards, songs like The Last Battle We Win, The Dream is Over , No Power for Nobody and Power Broke, What Makes You Broke, had political influence on the German left after 1968 Slogans from the time and text fragments can still be found in today's linguistic usage.

According to Reiser's own statements, the anthem No Power for Nobody was commissioned by the members of the later June 2nd movement around Fritz Teufel and not, as often claimed, by the RAF . However, the commissioned work met with little enthusiasm and was not accepted.

House in Fresenhagen

Reiser und die Schherd, already in exile in Frisia, were asked to musically support the SPD election campaign in 1976 . Rio wrote a few songs on the occasion, but refused to perform under the name Ton Steine ​​Scherben because he feared criticism from the ranks of the radical left. In the federal election campaign in 1983 , the broken pieces played for the Greens. In 1987 Reiser got involved, this time solo, again in the election campaign for the Greens.

In 1990 Rio Reiser became a member of the PDS . In interviews, he cited as a motive that he “always stood up for outsiders”. The PDS used its King of Germany, sung by a children's choir, as an election campaign song, which among other things meant that the original was hardly played on the radio and the video clip was boycotted by VIVA .

Discography and chart placements

Chart positions
Explanation of the data
Albums
Rio I.
  DE 26th 06/16/1986 (17 weeks)
Stowaway
  DE 42 10/12/1987 (3 weeks)
Above all
  DE 81 09/06/1993 (4 weeks)
King of Germany - The best of Rio Reiser
  DE 77 05/16/1994 (6 weeks)
Junimond - The Ballads
  DE 57 07/24/2000 (9 weeks)
Rio Reiser - Family Album: A Homage (Rio Reiser & Friends)
  DE 45 11/10/2003 (3 weeks)
Everything and much more - the best
  DE 13 08/26/2016 (4 weeks)

Studio albums

  • 1986: Rio I. (November 1986)
  • 1987: Stowaway (September 15, 1987)
  • 1990: *** (April 2, 1990)
  • 1991: Through the Wall (July 1991)
  • 1993: About Everything (August 20, 1993)
  • 1995: Heaven and Hell (March 1995; republished January 28, 2002)

Compilations

  • 1994: King of Germany - The Best of Rio Reiser (April 15, 1994; King of Germany '94)
  • 1996: Ballads (July 8, 1996)
  • 1997: Unter Vultures (January 1997; double CD, best of with B-sides, remixes)
  • 2000: Junimond - The Ballads (June 26, 2000)
  • 2000: All lies - Best
  • 2003: Between Zero and Zero (September 1, 2003; double CD, B-sides and remixes)
  • 2016: Everything and Much More - The Best (August 19, 2016)
  • 2016: Blackbox Rio Reiser (November 11, 2016; CD box with 16 CDs, almost only previously unreleased songs)

Live albums

  • 1999: Live in the Seelenbinder-Halle, Berlin / GDR 1988 (November 8, 1999)

Other albums

  • 1998: Am Piano 1 (October 30, 1998)
  • 1999: Am Piano 2 (March 30, 1999)
  • 2000: Am Piano 1-3 (December 7, 2000; 3 LPs)
  • 2007: Rio Reiser sings songs from small and large suburban tigers (November 16, 2007; previously unpublished songs from plays, radio plays, etc.)

Tribute albums

Singles

  • 1984: Dr. Summer (March 1984)
  • 1986: Everything is a Lie (May 1986)
  • 1986: June Moon (August 1986)
  • 1986: King of Germany (October 1986)
  • 1986: Forever and You (November 1986)
  • 1987: Stowaway (August 1987)
  • 1988: Manager (January 1988)
  • 1988: I Think of You (May 1988)
  • 1989: Overnight (1989 - Tatort theme song Der Pott)
  • 1990: Money (March 1990)
  • 1990: Magic Land (June 1990)
  • 1991: It Strikes 13 (June 1991)
  • 1991: Just You (November 1991)
  • 1993: Will You Take Me With You (August 1993)
  • 1993: Inazitti (December 1993)
  • 1994: King of Germany # 94 (March 1994)
  • 1995: Road (April 1995)

Video albums

  • 2003: Clay stones shards - land in sight (January 27, 2003, live recording from May 30, 1983 from the Offenbach city hall)
  • 2005: Concert, videos, interviews (March 14, 2005; live recording from the Seelenbinderhalle & all videos)

Filmography

Film music

As a performer

  • 1977: Johnny West - Director: Roald Koller
  • 1979: The Night with Chandler - Director: Hans Noever
  • 1980: Totally iced - Director: Hans Noever
  • 1986: Va Banque - Director: Diethard Küster
  • 1988: Tatort: ​​Der Pott - Director: Karin Hercher
  • 1989: The Most Beautiful - Director: Burghard Schlicht
  • 1995: Tatort: ​​In the Heart of the Ice Age - Director: Hans Noever
  • 1996: The Gang, episode: Love song for a corpse (TV series)

About Rio Reiser

  • 1997: I'll bend you the rainbow - biographical documentary, director: Peter Möbius
  • 2000: Shards in Friesland - film diary, director: Egon Heinrich Bunne
  • 2005: Rio Reiser - King of Germany - music revue / theater adaptation, director: Stefan Paul
  • 2006: Jan Plewka sings Rio Reiser. A reminiscence of the King of Germany - Director: Stefan Paul
  • 2007: Alles Lie - In Search of Rio Reiser - feature film with documentary excerpts, director: Barbara Teufel
  • 2008: Let's be a miracle - in search of Rio Reiser - documentary, director: Stefan Paul
  • 2013: Rio Reiser - King of Germany - Musical biography by Heiner Kondschak , director: Dominik Günther

literature

  • Rio Reiser, Hannes Eyber: King of Germany . Kiepenheuer & Witsch, Cologne 1997, new edition Möbius Rekords, Berlin 2001, ISBN 3-00-007733-2 .
  • Dirk Nishen (Ed.): Clay stones shards: stories, notes, texts and photos from 15 years . New edition David Volksmund Produktion, Fresenhagen 1997, ISBN 3-00-021702-9 .
  • Dirk Ducar:  Reiser, Rio. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 21, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 2003, ISBN 3-428-11202-4 , p. 389 f. ( Digitized version ).
  • Hartmut El Kurdi: Black and Red Pop Pearls . Wehrhahn Verlag , Hannover 2001, ISBN 3-932324-82-X .
  • Hartmut El Kurdi: Among vultures. In: My life as a part-time flaneur. Edition Tiamat, Berlin 2001, ISBN 3-89320-047-9 .
  • Kai Sichtermann, Jens Johler & Christian Stahl: No power for nobody . Schwarzkopf & Schwarzkopf, Berlin 2003, ISBN 3-89602-468-X .
  • Wolfgang Seidel: Shards. Music, politics and the effect of clay stones shards . Ventil Verlag, Mainz 2005, ISBN 3-931555-94-1 .
  • Hollow Skai: All that and much more. Rio Reiser: the unofficial biography of the King of Germany . Heyne, Munich 2006, ISBN 3-453-12038-8 .
  • Wolfgang Haberl: Rio Reiser . Südwestbuch-Verlag, Stuttgart 2015, ISBN 978-3-944264-67-7 .
  • Rio Reiser. In: Personalities in Berlin 1825-2006. Memories of lesbians, gays, bisexuals, transgender and intersex people. Senate Department for Labor, Integration and Women, Berlin 2015, pp. 56–57. urn: nbn: de: kobv: 109-1-7841313 (archive)
  • Gert Möbius: Hold on to your love. Rio Reiser , biography. Structure, Berlin 2016, ISBN 978-3-351-03627-0
  • Rio Reiser, Hannes Eyber: King of Germany. Memories of clay stones shards and more. With a foreword by Rocko Schamoni . Kiepenheuer & Witsch, Cologne 2016, ISBN 978-3-462-04860-5 .

Individual evidence

  1. a b Bernd-Ulrich Hergemöller: Man for Man - A biographical lexicon. Suhrkamp Taschenbuch, Hamburg 2001, ISBN 3-518-39766-4 .
  2. June 29 - July 9, 1967 Robinson 2000 - Rockinberlin. In: rockinberlin.de. Retrieved July 22, 2016 .
  3. As created in LDS frenzy. In: Hamburger Abendblatt. Retrieved July 22, 2016 .
  4. Rio Reiser: King of Germany. Memories of clay stones shards and more , Cologne 1994/2016, p. 239, ISBN 978-3-462-04860-5 .
  5. cf. Klaus Irler: Rio Reiser's residence - nothing but broken pieces. In: taz.de. February 1, 2010, accessed October 6, 2014 .
  6. a b Hollow Skai in the booklet for Unter Vultures
  7. quoted from Christ and Moralist - Rio Reiser plays on “Über alles” with folk music
  8. Esophageal varicose veins: causes, symptoms, therapy. Retrieved September 21, 2019 .
  9. Critical but believing: Rio Reiser and the religion Hannes Eyber in conversation with Philipp Gessler on Deutschlandradio Kultur on August 21, 2016.
  10. Annika Einsle: Grave reburied: Rio Reiser is now resting in the neighborhood. In: news.de. February 11, 2011, archived from the original on March 10, 2011 ; Retrieved October 6, 2014 .
  11. Sandra Dassler: Relocation: Roses for Rio Reiser. In: tagesspiegel.de. February 13, 2011, accessed October 6, 2014 .
  12. Jan Oberländer: Long hair makes you gay. In: Tagesspiegel. January 10, 2010, accessed October 6, 2014 .
  13. Vera Zischke: Name dispute: What Rio Reiser has to do with Unna. In: wz-online. June 12, 2012, accessed October 6, 2014 .
  14. Volker Stephan: CDU in Unna defends itself against Rio-Reiser-Weg. In: DerWesten.de. June 11, 2012, accessed October 6, 2014 .
  15. Street named after singer Rio Reiser. In: Welt Online. August 17, 2012, accessed October 6, 2014 .
  16. ^ Böhning: Berlin commemorates Rio Reisers In: berlin.de, press release of the Berlin Senate of August 19, 2013, accessed on August 20, 2013.
  17. ^ Memorial plaque for Rio Reiser unveiled in Berlin. In: Berliner Zeitung. Retrieved August 20, 2013 .
  18. Berlin names the square after Rio Reiser
  19. ^ Dietmar Lange: Premieres from 1990 to 2011. In: in-chemnitz.de. Retrieved October 6, 2014 .
  20. The only rocker - Blixa Cash on the death of Rio Reiser . In: Der Spiegel . No. 35 , 1996, pp. 194 ( Online - Aug. 26, 1996 ).
  21. Rio Reiser's estate goes to the German Literature Archive in Marbach . In: Der Tagesspiegel . June 20, 2019, p. 22.
  22. Rio Reiser in the 1995 NDR talk show on YouTube , viewed April 12, 2013.
  23. Hollow Skai: Rio versus the rest of the world. In: Rolling Stone , 5/1995. Archived from the original on April 23, 2012 ; accessed on October 6, 2014 ( rollingstone.de ).
  24. Charts DE
  25. Blackbox Rio Reiser. Retrieved January 5, 2017 .
  26. ^ "Blackbox Rio Reiser" at discogs.com. Retrieved January 5, 2017 .

Web links

Commons : Rio Reiser  - collection of images, videos and audio files