Katrin Göring-Eckardt

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Katrin Göring-Eckardt (2019)

Katrin Dagmar Göring-Eckardt , b. Eckardt (born May 3, 1966 in Friedrichroda ) is a German politician from Alliance 90 / The Greens . From October 2005 to October 2013 she was Vice President of the German Bundestag for the parliamentary group of Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen . In the primary election in November 2012, the Green party base elected her - together with Jürgen Trittin  - as the Green's top candidate for the 2013 federal election . Since October 2013 she has been chairman of the parliamentary group of her party alongside Anton Hofreiter , an office that she held alongside Krista Sager from 2002 to 2005 . Göring-Eckardt was President of the Synod of the Evangelical Church in Germany (EKD) from 2009 to September 2013 and thus a member of the EKD Council. In the 2017 federal election , the Alliance Greens achieved the second best result in their history with the top duo Göring-Eckardt / Cem Özdemir .


Katrin Eckardt was born on May 3, 1966 in the small town of Friedrichroda in the Gotha district as the daughter of a dance teacher couple. After graduating from the Extended Oberschule Gotha in 1984 , she began studying Protestant theology at the University of Leipzig , which she broke off in 1988.

Party career

Katrin Göring-Eckardt as the top candidate of her party for the 2017 federal election

Until the fall of the Wall in the GDR , Göring-Eckardt worked without party membership in the Solidarity Church (AKSK). In 1989 she became a founding member of the political grouping Democratic Awakening that had emerged in the GDR and in 1990 of the citizens' movement Democracy Now . From 1990 to 1993 she was a member of the Thuringian state board of Bündnis 90 . As an employee of the Thuringian state boards of Democracy Now and Alliance 90 , she took part in the negotiations to merge Alliance 90 and the Greens, which had been an all-German party since the merger with the Green Party in the GDR in 1990.

After the merger of Bündnis 90 with the Greens in 1993, Göring-Eckardt worked for the Thuringian parliamentary group of Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen as a consultant for women's policy, family and youth until 1994 . From 1998 to 2006 she was also a member of the party council of Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen. From 1995 to 1998 Göring-Eckardt was an employee of the Greens politician Matthias Berninger , and from 1996 to 1998 also a member of the board of the Greens. Until 1998 she was a member of the Thuringian Green State Executive. In addition, from 1995 she was, with interruptions, state spokeswoman. In 2006 Göring-Eckardt was again an assessor in the Thuringian Green State Board.

In the run-up to the ballot to determine the two green top candidates in November 2012, Göring-Eckardt initially spoke out against a top duo; instead, she favored a broader top team. The mayor of Tübingen , Boris Palmer , who is also known within the party as “ Realo ”, spoke strongly in favor of her candidacy . In the course of her candidacy, she expressed her intention to work primarily against the further breakdown of society. In doing so, she wants to take people with her and, in particular, to address those sections of the population for whom values ​​other than purely economic ones are decisive . The election success of Winfried Kretschmann in Baden-Württemberg is particularly exemplary for them . Compared to the competitors Claudia Roth and Renate Künast , the conservative Göring-Eckardt was more of an outsider. In the primary election of the green top candidates for the 2013 federal election on November 11, 2012, Göring-Eckardt was ahead of their competitors with 47.3% and, together with Jürgen Trittin, who won the most votes, took on the role of green top duo. The media described their performance as a correction to the primary election winner Jürgen Trittin , who was considered to be more on the left - made by the now strongly bourgeois party base. Despite her alleged affinity to black-green alliances, Göring-Eckardt spoke out in favor of a red-green coalition after the primary election. Left party members viewed the good performance rather critically.

Member of Parliament

Göring-Eckardt in 2007 in the Bundestag

Göring-Eckardt has been a member of the German Bundestag since 1998 . It has always entered the Bundestag via the Thuringian state list . From 1998 to 2002 she was Parliamentary Managing Director or First Parliamentary Managing Director (February to October 2002) as well as health and pension policy spokeswoman for the parliamentary group of her party. From October 2002 to September 2005 Göring-Eckardt was together with Krista Sager chairman of the parliamentary group of Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen. In the 2005 federal election , Göring-Eckardt was a direct candidate for Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen in the Erfurt - Weimar - Weimarer Land II constituency ; there she remained without a mandate.

On October 18, 2005, Goering-Eckardt was elected Vice President of the German Bundestag with 479 votes, 69 against and 39 abstentions . Since autumn 2005 she has also been the cultural policy spokesperson for her group. In 2009 Göring-Eckardt applied for the direct mandate in the constituency of Gotha - Ilm-Kreis , which she did not win. On October 27, 2009, on the first day of the assembly of the new parliament, she was re-elected as Bundestag Vice-President with 473 votes in favor, 9 against, 5 invalid votes and 61 abstentions.

After the federal election in 2013 , Göring-Eckardt applied for chairmanship of the green parliamentary group. In a vote on October 8, 2013, she prevailed with 41 votes against the Freiburg MP Kerstin Andreae (20 votes), who is also part of the Realo camp, and leads the parliamentary group together with Anton Hofreiter .

In January 2019, Göring-Eckardt declared that he would not apply for the top candidate for the next federal election.

In the new election to the parliamentary committee in autumn 2019, Göring-Eckardt and her co-parliamentary leader Hofreiter again prevailed in a vote against the two challengers Cem Özdemir and Kirsten Kappert-Gonther . She received 61.2 percent of the vote in the parliamentary election.

Protestant church

Göring-Eckardt is involved in the Evangelical Church in Germany . Over the years she has taken on a number of offices and functions in the church environment. In 2007 she was elected member of the Presidium Board of the German Evangelical Church Congress (DEKT) for a term of six years . In 2011 she headed the 33rd German Evangelical Church Congress in Dresden as President. Göring-Eckardt has been a member of the DEKT Presidium since 2013.

Göring-Eckardt is a member of the 11th Synod of the Evangelical Church in Germany (EKD). She was elected President (Chairman) on May 2, 2009, and prevailed over the former Bavarian Prime Minister Günther Beckstein . In this office she is the successor to the mayor of Nordhausen , Barbara Rinke .

After winning the primary election as the top candidate of the Greens in November 2012, she announced that she would be leaving her offices in the EKD until the end of the 2013 federal election campaign. On September 26, 2013, Göring-Eckardt resigned from her position as President of the EKD Synod with immediate effect. She justified this by saying that she now wanted to devote herself “with all her might” to the future development of the Greens. In the synod, which among other things is responsible for the legislation of the evangelical church, she wants to continue to participate.

According to a report in Die Welt , she thinks nothing of evangelicals , but describes herself as " pious ".

Since the end of October 2016, Göring-Eckardt has appeared alongside other celebrities as an ambassador for the 2017 Reformation anniversary .

Other engagement

Göring-Eckardt is a member of the board of trustees of Aktion Sühnezeichen Friedensdienste e. V.

Further memberships and patrons (current and former):


She was married to the Evangelical Lutheran Pastor Michael Göring in Ingersleben since 1988 , with whom she has two sons. In 2017, the separation from her husband became known. Her new partner was Thies Gundlach , one of the vice presidents of the EKD Church Office .

Political positions

Within the party as well as by the media and the public, Göring-Eckardt is assigned to the so-called Realo wing of the Greens. In addition, she is considered to be the protagonist of a green lifestyle based on conservative values. In the past, Göring-Eckardt repeatedly based her decisions on religiously based decisions of conscience. Because of her strong position in the bourgeois milieu and her good contacts in the CDU camp, she is also repeatedly listed as a suitable personality for forging black-green coalitions . This reputation is based on Göring-Eckardt's participation in the so-called Pizza Connection in the 1990s - an informal discussion group between green and Christian Democratic young politicians, the name of which alludes to the meeting place at the time, an Italian restaurant in Bonn .

Göring-Eckardt opposed alliances with the party Die Linke or the potential expansion of a red-green coalition to form a red-red-green coalition. The main reason she cited was the left's lack of predictability and its stance on fundamental questions of foreign policy. Nevertheless, after the federal elections in 2013 , she declared her willingness to hold exploratory talks on a red-red-green coalition, whose chances of success, however, she assessed as extremely low.

Economic and social policy

Agenda 2010 and Hartz IV

In terms of economic and social policy, Göring-Eckardt made a name for herself as a staunch supporter of the Hartz reforms and Agenda 2010 during the reign of Red-Green under Federal Chancellor Gerhard Schröder . As leader of the Greens parliamentary group, she played a key role in enforcing the controversial legislative packages against internal party resistance. In the course of these disputes, Agenda 2010 described them not only as “courageous” and “necessary for the common good”, but also as “spring of renewal”. She characterized the sanction options introduced with Hartz IV, such as reductions in benefits by the job center , as "exercise offers" for those affected.

According to an article in Spiegel Online from November 2012, Göring-Eckardt is said to have changed their positions on the Hartz IV issue in the meantime. On the other hand, like other politicians from the SPD and the Greens , she did not blame her own omissions or mistakes for the failure of the agenda in the upcoming federal election campaign in 2013, but rather the Union majority in the Bundesrat at the time . This is ultimately to blame for the fact that the Hartz laws resulted in unsocial hardship. In addition, there were further deteriorations during the reign of black and yellow. As an additional corrective measure , it announced in March 2013 a reduction in the maximum mini- job amount introduced by Red-Green from the current EUR 450 to EUR 100. The mini jobs would not have fulfilled the hopes placed in them. For this reason, this labor market area should be significantly reduced, and earnings above 100 euros should be subject to duties and taxes. While the proposal received support from the SPD, Greens and trade unions, representatives of the Union and FDP criticized it as the intention to dismantle an area that, due to its flexibility, had proven itself especially for people with low incomes and additional wage earners. The left-wing daily newspaper “Junge Welt” criticized the initiative as “implausible messing around”.

Pension policy

As spokeswoman for pension policy in her parliamentary group, Göring-Eckardt campaigned for further reductions in non-wage costs and an increase in pension contributions . To this day, she describes the increase in the retirement age to 67 as a necessary measure. Göring-Eckardt demands that the pension insurance "become a citizen insurance for all people". Civil servants, members of parliament and the self-employed should also pay into it.

Unconditional basic income

In the discussion about the unconditional basic income , Göring-Eckardt confessed to being an opponent of this concept in a dispute with the left-wing politician Katja Kipping . A state granting a basic income refuses to allow those affected to communicate; the release of the state from its responsibility for those affected is politically a wrong path. Regardless of her critical stance on a general basic income, she was a co-signatory of an application for unconditional basic child security in the amount of 300 euros per month prior to the primary election . Together with Markus Kurth , member of the green parliamentary group and education manager at the Heinrich Böll Foundation , which is close to the green , she published a theses paper on social justice with the title Encourage - Empower - Enable.

Cultural and family policy

As the cultural-political spokeswoman for her party, Göring-Eckardt warns in particular of the “danger of a cultural division” in society and calls for “fair access to arts education”. Other key issues are family and youth, democratic participation and “modern feminism”. One of their political priorities is disability policy.

In an answer to a question from the federal working groups for lesbian policy and gay policy in the run-up to their primary election candidacy, Göring-Eckardt spoke out in favor of societal outlawing of homophobia and similar attempts at discrimination.

Churches and religious communities

Göring-Eckardt takes an explicit position in the area of ​​church-related, religious issues. On the occasion of a symposium of the Christian Youth Village Association in Germany , in which the SPD party leader Sigmar Gabriel also took part, she spoke out in favor of anchoring religious education as a constitutionally guaranteed right in all countries. As for the Christian mission , she said in an interview that she would be happy if more people found faith. She also expressed her approval in this connection with regard to the Christian concept of mission ; “To go out and tell everyone” is the task of every single Christian and “core business” of the church.

Göring-Eckardt spoke out in favor of recognizing Islamic religious communities. This includes training more imams in Germany . With regard to the Turkish Islamic Association Ditib , however, she restricted that there should be no recognition for associations "that do not accept the fundamental constitutional principles of our society."

Foreign policy

As a special conscience decision during the red-green phase, she listed two road markers in later statements: the pro decision on the Kosovo war in 1999. In a personal portrait of the presenter Hanno Gerwin for a TV program of the Evangelical Broadcasting Service Baden in 2012, she justified her pro Vote on the Kosovo war, among other things with religious motives. Quotation: “At that time I read a great deal in the Bible and spoke to many people about what was very important to me. I said to myself that when it comes to war and peace or life and death, one cannot act against faith. I voted for the military, however, because when I weighed that up, I thought it was probably right. In retrospect, I am very happy that it turned out to be correct. "

In October 2014, in view of the fierce fighting over Kobanê in the Syrian conflict, she called for more initiative from the German government with regard to a UN mandate that should also have taken into account the possible use of ground troops.

In relation to the Ukraine crisis in December 2014, Göring-Eckardt criticized the authors and signatories of the appeal “ Not in our name ”. There can only be détente with Russia if democracy and freedom grow there.

Science policy

A further conflict of conscience arose for Göring-Eckardt, according to his own statements, on the occasion of the vote in the Bundestag on the Stem Cell Act 2002, in which the usual parliamentary group discipline was abolished. Unlike the faction majority of your party, Göring-Eckardt voted for the more restrictive proposal.

Migration and Refugees

In September 2013, Göring-Eckardt demanded that Germany take in 5,000 refugees from the civil war in Syria .

In September 2015, Göring-Eckardt explained to Anne Will on ARD :

“This country will change […] quite drastically. It's going to be a tough road, but then I think we can really be a better country. And to work on doing it with enthusiasm, to take people with you, even those who are afraid [...], that is actually the historic opportunity. That is probably even more than German unity that we can achieve there. [...] What the Chancellor did is a great idea of ​​what it means to rethink this country. […] Employers have long been scratching their feet and saying: We need these people. [...] "

In August 2016, Göring-Eckardt gave the Rheinische Post news site , RP Online, an interview and warned: "We have to stand up and fight a lot more for our values ​​and our culture, for many things that we actually take for granted."

public perception

In addition to her political activities, the middle-class, conservative lifestyle of Göring-Eckardt and her Christian commitment are the focus of attention. The time characterized their good performance in the 2011 primary election with the headline “The conservative beat of the Greens”. The politician locates herself as a conservative Christian in social and often more on the left in socio-political issues. Der Spiegel wrote that with Göring-Eckardt the Greens had finally arrived in the middle class. The Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung raised during the presentation of the green top candidate in December 2012 in the preface attention to the fact that they have a daily Bible verse reads. In an interview that appeared around the same time, the Frankfurter Rundschau also focused on conservative issues: home , family and religion .

The perception as conservative Greens is also shared by more left-wing observers. The lawyer and former SPD politician Wolfgang Lieb attested Göring-Eckardt in the political weblog NachDenkSeiten good chances of becoming vice-chancellor - in terms of probability, however, more under Angela Merkel than under Peer Steinbrück . Lisa Caspari certified her in the weekly newspaper Die Zeit in 2013 : "The art of the unspecific is something that the candidate does well."



  • (with others): God gives the fish fingers. Experiences with religious education. Wichern-Verlag, Berlin 2004, ISBN 3-88981-163-9 .
  • Easier said than done. Families in Germany. Herder, Freiburg im Breisgau / Basel / Vienna 2006, ISBN 3-451-05768-9 .
  • (as ed.): Living dignified to the end. Euthanasia, help in dying, dying care. A polemic. Gütersloher Verlagshaus, Gütersloh 2007, ISBN 978-3-579-06816-9 .
  • Music and politics. In: crescendo , 2007.
  • Our roots. What binds us In: Peter Frey (Ed.): 77 valuables. What is true today? Herder, Freiburg im Breisgau / Basel / Vienna 2007, ISBN 978-3-451-29564-5 .
  • In concentric circles. Family is more than mother, father, child. In: Petra Schulze (ed.): People from next door. How they live, what they believe. Book accompanying the series on Deutschlandfunk. Evang. Verl.-Anst., Leipzig 2008, ISBN 978-3-374-02501-5 .
  • (with others): So that you have hope. The book for the Ecumenical Church Congress 2010. Gütersloher Verlagshaus, Gütersloh 2009, ISBN 978-3-579-08203-5 .
  • (with Eckhard Nagel): But love. Kreuz, Freiburg im Breisgau 2010, ISBN 978-3-7831-3443-8 .
  • (with Ellen Ueberschär as ed.): Live the faith - love the earth. Kreuz, Freiburg im Breisgau 2011, ISBN 978-3-451-61022-6 .
  • Katrin Göring-Eckardt (ed.), Gerald Hagmann (ed.): Sermons and pulpit speeches with hearts, mouths and hands. Evang. Verl.-Anst., Leipzig 2011, ISBN 978-3-374-02907-5 .
  • Hans Möhler (Ed.): How everyone can improve the world. With small steps for the future. Introduction: Katrin Göring-Eckardt. Luther-Verlag Bielefeld 2012, ISBN 978-3-7858-0620-3 .


Web links

Commons : Katrin Göring-Eckardt  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Green base makes Trittin and Göring-Eckardt a top duo. In: Spiegel Online . November 10, 2012, accessed on November 17, 2012 : “The Greens are heading into the federal election campaign with Bundestag Vice-President Katrin Göring-Eckardt and parliamentary group leader Jürgen Trittin. Trittin received 71.9 percent of the valid votes cast, Göring-Eckardt 47.3 percent. "
  2. a b Christina Hebel, Christoph Sydow: Head of the parliamentary group: Göring-Eckardt wins vote against the Greens. In: Spiegel Online , October 8, 2013.
  3. Bundestag Vice President Katrin Göring-Eckardt: President of the 11th Synod of the EKD and member of the Council of the EKD. (No longer available online.) In: EKD: Evangelical Church in Germany. Archived from the original on January 5, 2013 ; Retrieved November 17, 2012 .
  4. Andreae against Göring-Eckardt: candidate for a fight with the Greens for parliamentary group chairmanship. In: spiegel.de , September 25, 2013, accessed on September 26, 2013.
  5. The mighty of tomorrow ( Memento from February 6, 2013 in the web archive archive.today )
  6. Markus Wehner : Top German politicians disguise their dropouts. In: Frankfurter Allgemeine Sonntagszeitung. May 26, 2013. Retrieved May 26, 2013 .
  7. a b Katrin-Görin Eckardt. MPs. (No longer available online.) Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen parliamentary group, archived from the original on July 22, 2012 ; Retrieved December 11, 2012 .
  8. a b c Katrin Göring-Eckardt: East woman, Protestant, green. In: Spiegel Online , November 10, 2012.
  9. a b Katrin Göring-Eckardt, Alliance 90 / The Greens. ( Memento of October 3, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) In: bundestag.de , accessed on March 31, 2013.
  10. Ulrich Schulte: Top candidate debate of the Greens: The woman for good values In: taz.de , July 13, 2012.
  11. ^ Sebastian Heiser: Green primary election: Good news for Künast. In: the daily newspaper , November 11, 2012.
  12. The Greens: Katrin Göring-Eckardt waives another top candidacy. In: ZEIT online. Retrieved January 6, 2019 .
  13. Tagesschau.de: Group chairmanship in the Greens - Özdemir fails, previous team remains , accessed on September 24, 2019
  14. cf. EKD Synod elects Göring-Eckardt to lead ( Memento from May 5, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) at tagesschau.de, May 2, 2009.
  15. ^ Katrin Göring-Eckardt elected President of the EKD Synod. In: ekd.de , May 2, 2009.
  16. Top candidate Göring-Eckardt leaves EKD positions dormant. In: Die Welt (online edition). November 10, 2012, accessed November 17, 2012 .
  17. Katrin Göring-Eckardt resigns from EKD leadership. EKD press release, accessed on September 26, 2013.
  18. Mariam Lau : Evangelicals as a power in German politics. In: Welt Online . August 11, 2009, accessed January 20, 2016 .
  19. Prominent ambassadors of the Reformation. In: chrismon.evangelisch.de. Retrieved October 25, 2016 .
  20. ^ Board of Trustees of the Action Reconciliation Peace Services e. V. Retrieved November 11, 2012.
  21. Archived copy ( Memento from December 26, 2012 in the Internet Archive )
  22. Cordula Eubel, Hans Monath: "With the pirates there is a rather elitist participation". Interview with Katrin Göring-Eckardt. In: Der Tagesspiegel. June 10, 2012, accessed December 11, 2012 .
  23. Göring-Eckardt has separated from her husband - and talks about her new love In: Focus , April 16, 2017.
  24. Veit Medick , Severin Weiland: After the primary election: How black are the Greens? In: Spiegel Online , November 12, 2012.
  25. Julia Halbig: Top candidate Katrin Göring-Eckardt: The green Christian. In: Sueddeutsche.de , November 10, 2012.
  26. ^ A b Steven Geyer, Thorsten Knuf: Interview with Göring-Eckardt: "The voters are smart" December 23, 2012.
  27. Göring-Eckardt basically ready to talk about red-red-green. ( Memento from October 15, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) In: Zeit Online , October 12, 2013.
  28. ^ Günther Lachmann: Spitzenkandidaten: A strange couple for the green election campaign. In: Die Welt , November 11, 2012.
  29. Greens want to limit mini jobs to 100 euros. In: Westfälische Nachrichten , March 28, 2013.
  30. ^ Rumpelstiltskin of the day: Katrin Göring-Eckardt. In: Junge Welt , March 30, 2013.
  31. Göring-Eckardt believes in the majority: pension issue first crucial test for red-green? , RP Online, November 10, 2002.
  32. ↑ Primary election questions: Union Green. ( Memento of November 16, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) In: Katrin Göring-Eckardt's website, Service , October 16, 2012.
  33. faz.net
  34. “Work in the realm of freedom?” Discussion with Katrin Göring-Eckardt and Katja Kipping. In: polar # 4: About Work , April 14, 2008.
  35. ^ A b Lisa Caspari: Party Congress: The conservative beat of the Greens. In: Zeit Online , November 17, 2012.
  36. Encourage - Empower - Enable. ( Memento of November 16, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) Theses paper on green social policy at the social policy congress of Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen in Bielefeld by Katrin Göring-Eckardt and Markus Kurth, July 6, 2012 (posted online on the website of Katrin Göring- Eckardt)
  37. ↑ Primary election questions: BAG lesbian and gay policy. ( Memento of October 6, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) In: Katrin Göring-Eckardt's website , accessed on April 1, 2013.
  38. ^ CJD educational symposium with Sigmar Gabriel and Katrin Göring-Eckardt. Press release on openpr.de, accessed on January 26, 2017.
  39. a b c Katrin Göring-Eckardt. Green politician and theologian. Interview Katrin Göring-Eckardt with Hanno Gerwin for the series “Gerwin meets. What people believe ", Evangelischer Rundfunkdienst Baden, 2012 (reading version)
  40. ^ Göring-Eckardt before Islam Conference: Greens demand recognition of Islamic religious communities . In: Spiegel Online . November 28, 2018 ( spiegel.de [accessed January 6, 2019]).
  41. Lisa Caspari: IS-Terror: Green Military Offensive . In: The time . October 13, 2014, ISSN  0044-2070 ( zeit.de [accessed October 22, 2016]).
  42. ^ Guest contribution by Göring-Eckardt: No German special route to Putin. In: zeit.de , December 9, 2014
  43. merkur-online.de
  44. entry. Facebook account Das Erste , September 17, 2015
  45. Interview published August 1, 2016
  46. Katrin Göring-Eckardt in conversation: “I do not pray for primary election results”. In: Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung , December 11, 2012.
  47. Wolfgang Lieb: Katrin Göring Eckardt - the new Vice Chancellor. In: NachDenkSeiten. The Critical Website , November 12, 2012.
  48. Lisa Caspari: Katrin Göring-Eckardt: The friendly kind deceives , Die Zeit , April 26, 2013
  49. Michael Bußer. In: Newsletter of the Hessian state government, November 5, 2010.