From 1984 to 1989 he was Federal Minister for Special Tasks and Head of the Federal Chancellery ( Cabinet Kohl II and Cabinet Kohl III ), from 1989 to 1991 Federal Minister of the Interior (Cabinet Kohl III), from 1991 to 2000 chairman of the CDU / CSU parliamentary group and from 1998 to 2000 also chairman of the CDU in Germany , from 2005 to 2009 again Federal Minister of the Interior ( Cabinet Merkel I ) and from 2009 to 2017 Federal Minister of Finance ( Cabinet Merkel II and Cabinet Merkel III ).
In 1990 he played a key role in the negotiation of the German Unification Treaty. Wolfgang Schäuble has been paraplegic since an attack in 1990. Schäuble has been a member of the German Bundestag without interruption since 1972, making it the longest-serving member in German parliamentary history .
Origin, studies and professional activity (1942 to 1972)
Wolfgang Schäuble and his two brothers grew up in a conservative, Protestant family in Hornberg in what was then the Wolfach district . His father was the tax advisor and CDU politician Karl Schäuble , who was a member of the Baden state parliament from 1947 to 1952 , his mother was the housewife Gertrud Schäuble nee. Goehring. Schäuble passed his Abitur in 1961 at today's Robert-Gerwig-Gymnasium in Hausach .
From 1961 onwards, Schäuble studied law and economics in Freiburg and Hamburg , which he completed in 1970 with the second state examination in law. In 1971 he did his doctorate on the professional position of auditors in auditing companies to become Dr. jur. He joined the tax administration of the state of Baden-Württemberg in 1972 and was a member of the government at the Freiburg tax office until November 1972 . From 1972 to 2007 (reaching retirement age), Schäuble was on leave as a tax officer for the state of Baden-Württemberg. He was admitted to the bar at the Offenburg Regional Court from 1978 to 1984 .
CDU politician (since 1965)
Schäuble's political career began in 1961 when he joined the Junge Union . During his studies he also became chairman of the RCDS in Hamburg and Freiburg. In 1965 Schäuble finally joined the CDU. From 1969 to 1972 he was district chairman of the Junge Union Südbaden and from 1976 to 1984 chairman of the CDU Federal Sports Committee.
After the Bundestag election in 1998 , which the CDU lost , Schäuble became federal chairman of the party. In the course of the CDU donation affair , he had to resign from his positions as party and parliamentary group chairman in 2000. Friedrich Merz was then elected as the new parliamentary group leader and Angela Merkel as the new party leader. Schäuble has been an elected member of the CDU Presidium and the CDU Federal Executive Committee since then .
As a 30-year-old tax officer, Schäuble became a member of the German Bundestag for the first time after the federal election on November 19, 1972 ; he is currently in his 13th legislative period (2017 to 2021). From 1981 to 1984 Schäuble was the parliamentary manager of the CDU / CSU parliamentary group . In November 1991 he was elected group chairman after Alfred Dregger had withdrawn. After the CDU / CSU lost the election in 1998 , Schäuble was also the leader of the opposition in the German Bundestag. He resigned from both offices in February 2000 in the wake of the CDU donation affair. From October 2002 to November 2005 he was deputy group chairman.
Schäuble has been a CDU member of the Bundestag for over 47 years and is currently the longest-serving member of the Bundestag. On October 21, 2017, he overtook August Bebel , who sat in parliament from 1867 to 1881 and from 1883 to 1913. Schäuble always received the direct mandate as a member of the Bundestag in the constituency of Offenburg . Most recently, in the 2017 election , he received 48.1% of the first votes cast in his constituency. With this record, Schäuble is the longest-serving member of the German parliament's history since the constituent session of the very first all-German parliament on May 18, 1848 in the Paulskirche in Frankfurt.
The news portal The Pioneer reports that Schäuble also wants to run for the federal election in 2021 . When asked, a spokeswoman for the Bundestag said:
"On the question of whether he (Schäuble) will stand in the federal election in 2021, Mr. Schäuble will speak in due course and after consultation with the party committees of his constituency."
Public offices in the German Federal Government / Bundestag (1984 to today)
On November 15, 1984 he was appointed Federal Minister for Special Tasks and Head of the Federal Chancellery in the Federal Government ( Kohl II Cabinet ) led by Federal Chancellor Helmut Kohl . In this function he was also entrusted with the preparation of Erich Honecker's 1987 state visit . On the occasion of a cabinet reshuffle in the Kohl III cabinet , he was appointed Federal Minister of the Interior on April 21, 1989. In this function, he and Günther Krause (on the part of the German Democratic Republic) were negotiators for the Federal Republic of Germany in 1990 on the unification agreement concluded on July 2, 1990 to dissolve the GDR . In the spring of 1991 Schäuble announced that he would give up his post as Minister of the Interior and run for chairmanship of the CDU / CSU parliamentary group. In November he left the government.
In 1997, Helmut Kohl declared that Schäuble was his preferred candidate for a successor in the office of Federal Chancellor. However, a handover should not take place before 2002. This did not happen because Kohl lost the 1998 federal election . After Eberhard Diepgen was voted out of office as Governing Mayor of Berlin , Schäuble was discussed as the top candidate for the early elections on October 21, 2001, but the Berlin CDU preferred Frank Steffel as a candidate. The CSU and parts of the CDU wanted to propose Schäuble for the election of the Federal President at the beginning of March 2004 in view of his great political experience . In the election of the Federal President in June 2010 , which became necessary in 2010 after Horst Köhler's resignation , he was again one of the Union's most frequently mentioned possible candidates for the office of Federal President. On November 22, 2005, Schäuble was reappointed as Federal Minister of the Interior in the federal government led by Chancellor Angela Merkel ( Merkel I cabinet ). His appointment to this office was criticized because of his involvement in the CDU donation affair.
In the run-up to the appointment of the European Commission in autumn 2009, Schäuble was repeatedly seen as a promising candidate for the office of successor to the German EU Commissioner Günter Verheugen . Instead, Schäuble remained in the second cabinet of Chancellor Angela Merkel after the 2009 federal elections , where he took over the post of Federal Minister of Finance as the successor to Peer Steinbrück ( SPD ). Schäuble consistently achieved a similarly high level of satisfaction in surveys.
The Union parliamentary group nominated Schäuble as President of the Bundestag after the 2017 federal election. On October 24, 2017, he was elected as the new President of the Bundestag with 501 yes-votes.
CDU donation affair (1999 to 2000)
On December 2, 1999, during a session of the German Bundestag , Schäuble was approached by heckling from MP Hans-Christian Ströbele about his contacts with the arms dealer Karlheinz Schreiber . Wolfgang Schäuble said in a public session in front of the German Bundestag that he had met a man “sometime in late summer or early autumn 1994” during “an evening conversation in a hotel in Bonn [...] who introduced himself to me as a man who ran a company directs. I found out later that it was this Herr Schreiber. […] I met Mr. Schreiber at that event. That was it."
On January 10, 2000, Schäuble admitted that he had received a cash donation of 100,000 D-Marks for the CDU in 1994 from the arms dealer Karlheinz Schreiber, who had meanwhile been convicted of tax evasion. On January 31, 2000, he admitted to another meeting with Schreiber in 1995. The treasury of the CDU had booked the amount as "other income".
He claimed that he had received the money in an envelope from Schreiber in his Bonn office. He forwarded this envelope to Brigitte Baumeister "unopened and unchanged" . He later learned that the donation had not been “properly handled”. The CDU treasurer at the time, Brigitte Baumeister, contradicted Schäuble's version.
On February 16, 2000, Schäuble announced his resignation as party and parliamentary group chairman before the CDU / CSU parliamentary group.
At the beginning of September 2000, Schäuble asked the German public to apologize to the Bundestag for “the fact that laws were broken under the responsibility of the CDU”. He also apologized “to” the Bundestag for concealing part of the truth about his contact with the arms dealer Karlheinz Schreiber in December 1999.
In any case, the money did not appear in any CDU statement of accounts . On April 13, 2000, Schäuble declared before the Bundestag committee of inquiry into the CDU party donation affair that the CDU leadership and the federal government had not been bribed under Helmut Kohl. An investigation against Schäuble because of unofficial false testimony in connection with the donation in question has been discontinued, as have the investigations against Brigitte Baumeister. The Berlin public prosecutor's office was unable to find sufficient suspicion to be charged. According to the information provided by the public prosecutor at the time, it can be assumed that the 100,000 D-Marks were donated only once. Speculation was in fact about the question of whether Schreiber possibly gave 100,000 D-Marks twice: once as an “harmless” election campaign donation for the CDU, another time as a “secret” bribe for an armaments project. The speculations as to whether and, if so, to what extent Schäuble used his connections to the Chancellery, which Schäuble has always vehemently denied, are also unclear. It is still questionable where the 100,000 D-Mark went.
Assassination attempt and disability
On October 12, 1990, Schäuble was gunned down by a mentally ill man in an assassination attempt during an election campaign event in the "Brauerei Bruder" restaurant in Oppenau . The assassin fired two shots from a revolver ( Smith & Wesson , caliber .38) from behind at the then Federal Minister of the Interior. One bullet hit the jaw, the other hit the spinal cord. When trying to knock the gun out of the hand of the assassin, the bodyguard Klaus-Dieter Michalsky was injured by a third shot in the hand and the stomach. Since the attack, Schäuble has been paralyzed from the third thoracic vertebra downwards and has to rely on a wheelchair .
The attacker, Dieter Kaufmann, was diagnosed with paranoid-hallucinatory schizophrenia (paranoia). He was therefore found incapable of guilt in the following process and was admitted to forensic psychiatry . On October 12, 1995, the fifth anniversary of the attack, Kaufmann asked his victim for forgiveness in a letter and publicly on the radio. In 2004, Kaufmann was released on probation into a shared apartment.
- Member of the board of trustees of the German National Foundation in Hamburg
- Member of the board of trustees of the New University Foundation in Freiburg
- Member of the supervisory board of the Diakonisches Werk of the Evangelical Church in Baden e. V. based in Karlsruhe
- Member of the board of directors of the Robert Schuman Foundation in Paris (France)
- Chairman of the Friends of the Festspielhaus Baden-Baden e. V, Baden-Baden
- Member of the Board of Trustees of the Society of Friends of the Berliner Philharmonie e. V, Berlin
- as Federal Interior Minister initiator and member of the German Islam Conference
- Member of the Board of Trustees of the International Research Institute for Paraplegiology in Zurich
- Member of the board of trustees of the German Paraplegia Foundation
- Senator of the Max Planck Society e. V. in Munich
- Member of the Board of Trustees of the Berlin Monument Protection Foundation
- Member of the supervisory board of the organizing committee of the German Football Association for the 2006 World Cup, Frankfurt / Main
- Chairman of the Board of Trustees for Concerts in Gengenbacher Kirchen e. V.
The Bundestag Membership Handbook (online version) for the 16th electoral term with the information that is required to be published also lists these functions as well as participation in the Dr. Frieder Schäuble / Dr. Wolfgang Schäuble GbR, Leipzig in the section Participations in corporations or partnerships .
- Member of the European Union parliamentary group of the German Bundestag
- Speaker at the Aspen Institute
- Prominent ambassador of the Evangelical Church in Germany for the Reformation anniversary in 2017
Schäuble's place of residence is the large district town of Offenburg in Baden-Württemberg . He is of Protestant denomination and married to the economist Ingeborg Schäuble , with whom he has four children. He belongs to the school association Arminia Offenburg.
His older brother Frieder Schäuble (1937–2011) had a doctorate in law and attorney in Leipzig , his younger brother Thomas Schäuble (1948–2013) was Minister of the Interior of Baden-Württemberg and Chairman of the Baden State Brewery Rothaus . His daughter Christine (* 1971) is married to the CDU state chairman and interior minister of Baden-Württemberg Thomas Strobl . His daughter Juliane (* 1976) is a journalist.
Political positions, controversies and criticism
Acting as Federal Minister of the Interior
Schäuble was accused by legal associations and media journalists, among others, of converting the rule of law into a surveillance or preventive state and of subordinating all basic rights to a fictitious basic right to security . He was accused of a "frontal attack on the Basic Law". The President of the German Bar Association criticized: "The security policy threatens to lose all measure." The Vice-President of the Federal Bar Association declared: "Fears in the population are stoked and instrumentalized in order to create social acceptance for the far-reaching competencies of the security authorities." Schäuble sacrifices Basic rights on the altar of supposed security interests. In this context, critics also accused him of wrongly attributing search successes to data retention, although at the time in question there was no legal basis for data retention at all. For Schäuble's security policy, the name Stasi 2.0 spread among data protectionists (based on the GDR Ministry for State Security and Web 2.0 ).
According to Schäuble , the strict earmarking of truck toll data exclusively for billing purposes, as stipulated in the Autobahn Toll Act, should be lifted in 2006 by means of a change in the law to enable security authorities to use it for investigative purposes. Earmarking was a requirement of the CDU during the drafting of the Autobahn Toll Act, which wanted to reject the bill without this passage. The demand for the removal of the earmarking was controversially discussed across parties. For example, the then Schleswig-Holstein Interior Minister Ralf Stegner spoke out in favor of this option.
After the decision of the Federal Court of Justice in 2007 that there was no legal basis for an online search of computers in the laws of the time, Schäuble demanded the code of criminal procedure, the BKA law , the police laws of the federal states and Article 13 of the Basic Law , which stipulates the inviolability of the Apartment guaranteed to be changed in order to enable the legally compliant use of the so-called federal Trojan.
In November 2008, Schäuble suggested that decisions by the Bundesrat should also come about with a relative majority of the countries voting, i.e. that abstentions should no longer be taken into account. The proposal met with strong rejection from the opposition. On the one hand, the smaller parties would be disadvantaged by such a regulation, since as a member of a government coalition they can often only get an abstention in the Federal Council in the event of differences within the same. On the other hand, Schäuble was accused of carelessly putting important federal constitutional principles up for grabs in order to enforce his ideas of an amendment to the BKA Act , which the Federal Council was at that time likely to reject . Green politicians called for Schäuble's resignation.
In October 2009 Schäuble received the negative Big Brother Award for his life's work. The jury particularly criticized Schäuble's obsessive efforts to convert the democratic constitutional state into a preventive, authoritarian security state.
Bundeswehr and secret services
In 2007, Schäuble spoke out in favor of a corresponding amendment to the Basic Law in order to enable the Bundeswehr to be deployed for security tasks within the state's borders (including for the purpose of shooting down civil aircraft) . This position is influenced by Otto Depenheuer , whose reading Schäuble recommends. Politicians of the Union parties supported this demand; many politicians from the other parties rejected it. Sabine Leutheusser-Schnarrenberger accused Schäuble of blurring the difference between peace and martial law . The then President of the Federal Constitutional Court , Hans-Jürgen Papier , called the shooting down of civil aircraft unthinkable. Schäuble replied that constitutional judges were not democratically legitimized to give advice. Delimiting areas protected by fundamental rights is a matter for the legislature.
In 2008, Schäuble doubted whether the control of the secret services practiced in the Federal Republic of Germany at the time made sense. They are doing “a disservice to freedom” when secret services in other countries restrict cooperation with the German secret services because of parliamentary control. Furthermore, he has "difficulties" with the fact that a terrorist enjoys the same protection under the Basic Law as any other citizen. According to Schäuble, the preventive measures to protect a free society were not aimed at restricting the freedom of citizens; the freedom of the one ends where the freedom of the other begins. Prevention remains the only means of protection against criminals for whom any criminal deterrent would be ineffective. Schäuble protested against comparing such measures with Stasi methods ; whoever does this is interpreting freedom completely wrong. He saw his statements confirmed by figures, only ten optical observations were carried out in the past year in all of Germany for preventive reasons.
In December 2005, Schäuble suggested using statements from tortured persons in the investigative work of the security authorities. The opposition parties FDP , Linkspartei.PDS and GRÜNE as well as the coalition partner SPD rejected this and received criticism from their own ranks; so the then CSU General Secretary Markus Söder spoke out against it.
In a Spiegel interview on July 7, 2007, he spoke out in favor of internment camps for so-called " threats ". He also suggested creating a legal basis for a regulation in the use against terrorists corresponding to the final rescue shot in order not to have to invoke the supra- legal emergency . The widespread criticism that followed, especially with regard to the possible targeted killing of terrorist suspects, countered Schäuble that he had not made any demands, but only defined questions. He also resisted the allegation that his proposals for the fight against terror were motivated by the fact that he himself was the victim of an attack and that his “political judgment was damaged” as a result. The Interior Minister of Schleswig-Holstein at the time, Ralf Stegner, criticized killing terrorist suspects as “simply contract killing”. Konrad Freiberg , the head of the police union GdP , contradicted Schäuble's demand in September 2007 that changes in the law were needed to protect against terrorism. To counter terrorism, so Freiberg, stricter laws are not necessary, but more personnel. Compared to 2001 there are 10,000 fewer police officers in Germany.
In the case of the German citizen Khaled al-Masri kidnapped by the CIA, an extradition request for thirteen CIA agents involved in the kidnapping was not passed on to the US government under pressure from Schäuble.
Schäuble repeatedly accused the then Federal Chancellor Schröder of being faceless because he accepted the human rights violations that the Russian government was making use of without criticism.
In the 2013 surveillance and espionage affair , Schäuble defended the actions of the US government; the NSA helped repel terrorist attacks.
In addition to day-to-day politics, Schäuble has always dealt with fundamental questions of the state and society in Germany and Europe . Drawing on the history of the Holy Roman Empire , Schäuble calls for patriotism and a "healthy national feeling" for Germany's role in Europe. "As a country in the middle of the continent, as the history of the Holy Roman Empire shows, Germany has a European calling."
Despite global governance and borders in Europe that have practically disappeared as a result of the Schengen Agreement, Schäuble believes that it is important to preserve national identity and roots. In this way, human relationships could remain deeper in today's globalized , internet-connected and accelerated world, he says; this affiliation also gives stability to the free society .
On the occasion of the G8 summit in Heiligendamm in 2007 , Schäuble decided, in his role as Minister of the Interior, that border controls could be temporarily resumed at the Schengen internal borders of the Federal Republic of Germany , as had been the case during the 2006 World Cup . He justified this with increased security requirements for the events of the G8 summit by "violent" opponents of globalization . During the 2006 World Cup and the 2008 European Football Championship in Basel and Vienna , he advocated the same, full powers for the guest officers in police cooperation between Germany, Austria , France and Switzerland under the direction of the local authorities.
Schäuble supports the democratization of the European Union. In contrast to Angela Merkel , Schäuble supports the direct election of the EU Commission President; that is "a real breakthrough for a real European public". He also calls for the President of the European Council to be better legitimized through direct election of Union citizens .
During the euro crisis , Schäuble reiterated that the euro is a strong currency. At Merkel's side, he played an important role in coping with it, but repeatedly expressed differing views on the euro rescue . Schäuble was accused of a strict austerity policy; The French Minister of Economic Affairs, Arnaud Montebourg, described Schäuble in 2014 as the “ hawk of inflation”. Montebourg resigned from the French government after his attacks on Schäuble. In the wake of Greece's sovereign debt crisis in 2015, Schäuble was the target of Greek newspapers and politicians. This led to a dispute with the Greek finance minister Yanis Varoufakis .
In November 2009, Schäuble compared the extent of the consequences of the financial crisis from 2007 with the fall of the Berlin Wall . In the context of the euro crisis and in the course of the establishment of the European rescue package and its mechanism, Schäuble, as finance minister, has been reluctant since 2010 against the demands of many members of the Bundestag that every single financial aid to EU states at risk of insolvency must be confirmed by parliament ( budget law ). The critics see this as a violation of the principle of democracy.
Crimean crisis 2014
In the course of the Crimean crisis , Schäuble drew parallels in front of a school class on March 31, 2014 between the annexation of Crimea by Russia and the actions of the Nazi regime in 1938/39 (see Munich Agreement and the destruction of the rest of the Czech Republic ): “We know all about that history. With such methods, Hitler took over the Sudetenland - and a lot more. ”The Hessian Prime Minister Volker Bouffier supported Schäuble's theses. Schäuble also received approval from the teachers' association, which saw Schäuble's statement as an important impetus to come to terms with the events of 1938 and 1939. In contrast, Angela Merkel and Frank-Walter Steinmeier distanced themselves from this comparison; it led to sharp criticism from the ruling party and the opposition alike. The Ministry of Finance relativized the statement: Schäuble had expressly said that he did not want to compare Russia with Nazi Germany, and had merely warned of the consequences of a collapse of the state order in Ukraine. The Ukraine's insolvency must therefore be prevented, since otherwise "armed gangs could take power" if the state collapses. This would possibly trigger Russia's invasion to protect the Russian minority.
Schäuble supports the impunity of tax evaders who report themselves.
In order to strengthen the municipalities, Schäuble calls for the abolition of the trade tax.
In 2014, the first balanced federal budget since 1969 was passed. Due to the low interest rate policy of the ECB , the German interest burden in 2014 was reduced by around 15 billion euros compared to 2008, although the debt level increased by 30% in the same period. This corresponds to a total relief of the budget of 26.4 billion euros. Meanwhile, Schäuble's federal budget only had a surplus of EUR 0.5 billion. In addition, federal income has increased significantly due to the good economic situation. Schäuble did not limit the federal government's growth in spending on a sustainable basis: despite the good framework conditions, federal spending grew by around 2.5% from 2010 to 2015.
The finance minister's policy has been called Schäubleism at times .
Fight against tax evasion
Since taking office in 2010, Schäuble has called for an intensified fight against tax evaders. He repeatedly criticized the former NRW finance minister Norbert Walter-Borjans , who also took action against tax evasion with the controversial purchase of so-called “tax CDs”. Schäuble himself initially strove for a German-Swiss tax agreement, which should lead to comprehensive taxation, but would have preserved the anonymity of the taxpayers and thus would have been equivalent to an amnesty. In July 2012, Schäuble was still angry about the purchase of data carriers with data from German taxpayers who were customers of Swiss banks by the NRW tax authorities. He called on the SPD-governed federal states to stop buying tax CDs and to give up their resistance to the tax agreement with Switzerland. Ultimately, however, the agreement failed in the Federal Council and the automatic exchange of information between tax authorities in tax matters was decided on both at international (OECD) and European level and implemented from 2017/2018.
The tax department of the Federal Ministry of Finance was informed of a newspaper article by a North Rhine-Westphalian tax officer in March 2011, in which "oddities" in DekaBank's share transactions were reported. The article was forwarded to the responsible department for financial market policy in the Ministry of Finance on the same day. DekaBank, as the securities house of the German savings banks and as an institution under public law, is directly supervised by the Federal Minister of Finance. Schäuble was personally advised three months later by the then Mayor of Munich, Christian Ude , that German banks were helping foreign investors to evade the German capital gains tax. It was not until 2012 that a law finally banning cum-ex transactions came into effect , and a ban on similar cum-cum transactions did not come into force until 2016. Through them alone, the German tax authorities lost up to six billion euros annually. The slow reaction of politicians is also attributed to the considerable influence of banking lobbyists on the Federal Ministry of Finance.
According to a study on doping in West Germany, Schäuble advocated doping for West German athletes in the 1970s.
Migration and integration
In 1999, under Schäuble's chairmanship, the CDU / CSU initiated a signature campaign against the reform of citizenship law , which was ascribed a decisive role in the 1999 Hessian state election campaign. The motto of the campaign was "Integration yes - dual citizenship no".
Schäuble described the refugee crisis in Europe from 2015 as a "rendezvous with globalization". In June 2016, he said that foreclosure would destroy Europe; they let the continent " degenerate into inbreeding ". Muslims are an enrichment, especially the third generation of immigrants show an "enormous innovative potential".
After the statement by Federal Interior Minister Horst Seehofer that Islam does not belong to Germany, Schäuble declared in March 2018: “We cannot stop the course of history. Everyone has to deal with the fact that Islam has become a part of our country ”.
“Only participation enables participation: Every democratically constituted community needs citizens who identify with it and feel that they belong to it. Only in this way will they entrust themselves to the majority decision in freedom and within the rule of law. This cannot be achieved simply by referring to political institutions. "
In early November 2010, Schäuble reprimanded his spokesman Michael Offer at a press conference for not having a written summary of the declaration distributed in good time. Schäuble's behavior was viewed by some press commentators as condescending and degrading. The spokesman resigned from his post a few days later.
Introduction of compulsory real names on the Internet
Schäuble thinks that users of social networks should comment with real names. He advocates state coercion.
Political offices, posts and mandates
- Since November 19, 1972: Member of the German Bundestag
- 1975–1984: Member of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe
- 1976–1984: Chairman of the Federal Sports Committee of the CDU in Germany
- 1979–1982: Chairman of the European Border Regions Working Group
- 1981–1984: Parliamentary managing director of the CDU / CSU parliamentary group
- 1984–1989: Federal Minister for Special Tasks and Head of the Federal Chancellery ( Kohl II / Kohl III cabinet )
- 1989–1991: Federal Minister of the Interior ( Kohl III cabinet )
- Since 1989: Member of the federal board of the CDU in Germany
- 1991–2000: Chairman of the CDU / CSU parliamentary group
- 1998–2000: Chairman of the CDU in Germany
- Since 2000: Member of the Presidium of the CDU in Germany
- 2002–2005: Deputy Chairman of the CDU / CSU parliamentary group
- 2005–2009: Federal Minister of the Interior ( Merkel I cabinet )
- 2009–2017: Federal Minister of Finance ( Cabinet Merkel II / Merkel III )
- Since 2017: President of the German Bundestag
- 1984: Large Federal Cross of Merit
- 1986: Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic
- 1989: Large Federal Cross of Merit with a star
- 1991: Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany
- 1992: Honorary doctorate from the law faculty of the Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg
- 1992: Decoration of honor of the Federal Agency for Technical Relief in gold
- 1995: European Craft Prize
- 1998: Konrad Adenauer Prize from the Germany Foundation
- 2005: Honorary doctorate from the law faculty of the University of Friborg (Switzerland)
- 2005: Robert Schuman Medal of the EPP
- 2007: Prize of the German Society. V . for services to German and European unification
- 2008: Merit Medal of the State of Baden-Württemberg
- 2008: Honorary Prize of the Upper Rhine University Prize Prix Bartholdi
- 2009: Honorary doctorate from the Faculty of Social and Behavioral Sciences at the Eberhard Karls University of Tübingen for his services to sport
- 2009: Honorary Award of the German Sustainability Award for his services to unification and integration in Germany
- 2010: Tolerance Prize of the Evangelical Academy Tutzing for his initiative for an Islam conference
- 2011: Luxembourg Order of the Oak Crown with the rank of Grand Officer
- 2012: Charlemagne Prize for his services to the “reunification and reorganization of Europe”, especially for his contribution to European integration and the stabilization of the monetary union. The handover took place on May 17, 2012 in the city hall of Aachen , the laudation was given by the Luxembourg Prime Minister and chairman of the Eurogroup Jean-Claude Juncker .
- 2014: Prize for Understanding and Tolerance from the Jewish Museum Berlin
- 2015: Johann Heinrich Voß Prize for Literature and Politics to honor "personalities in public life who have made a name for themselves in humanism, enlightenment, humanity and freedom."
- 2015: Point Alpha Prize for "Services to the unity of Germany and Europe in peace and freedom."
- 2015: Bambi in the Millennium category
- 2016: Honorary Citizen of the City of Berlin
- 2016: European St. Ulrichs Prize for services to the unity of Europe in the Christian spirit
- 2016: Grand Leopold Kunschak Prize
- 2017: Admission for life to the Académie des sciences morales et politiques ( Academy of Moral and Political Sciences )
- 2018: Heinz Galinski Prize
- 2019: World Economic Prize
- 2000 Schäuble's case - Inside view of an affair (documentary by Stephan Lamby , first broadcast in 2000)
- 2011 duels - Helmut Kohl versus Wolfgang Schäuble (documentary by Stephan Lamby, first broadcast in 2011)
- 2015 Schäuble - Power and Powerlessness (documentary on behalf of SWR by Stephan Lamby, ARD first broadcast on August 24, 2015)
- The professional status of auditors in auditing firms . 1971, , (Dissertation University of Freiburg im Breisgau, Law, 1971, XII, 278 pages, 8).
- The contract. How I negotiated about German unity. DVA, Stuttgart 1991, ISBN 3-421-06605-1 .
- And facing the future. Perspectives of German Politics. Siedler, Berlin 1994, ISBN 3-88680-555-7 .
- And yet she is moving. Siedler, Berlin 1998, ISBN 3-88680-650-2 .
- In the middle of life. Bertelsmann, Munich 2000, ISBN 3-570-00497-X .
- Is the West failing? Germany and the new world order. Bertelsmann, Munich 2003, ISBN 3-570-00788-X .
- Does our society need religion? On the value of belief. University Press, Berlin 2009, ISBN 978-3-940432-54-4 .
- 60 Years of the Basic Law: Constitutional Claims and Reality. In: Caroline Y. Robertson-von Trotha (ed.): 60 years of the Basic Law. Interdisciplinary perspectives (= interdisciplinary cultural studies. Vol. 4). Baden-Baden 2009.
- Werner Filmer , Heribert Schwan : Wolfgang Schäuble. Politics as a life's work . Goldmann, Munich 1994, ISBN 3-442-12559-6 , pp. 415 .
- Ulrich Reitz : Wolfgang Schäuble. The biography. Lübbe, Bergisch Gladbach 1996, ISBN 3-7857-0832-7 (later as a paperback: Bastei-Verlag, Bergisch Gladbach 1998, ISBN 3-404-61421-6 ).
- Hans Peter Schütz: Wolfgang Schäuble: two lives; a portrait. Droemer, Munich 2012, ISBN 978-3-426-27582-5 .
- Biography at the German Bundestag
- Literature by and about Wolfgang Schäuble in the catalog of the German National Library
- Homepage of Wolfgang Schäuble
- Wolfgang Schäuble on parliament watch.de
- Irmgard Zündorf: Wolfgang Schäuble. Tabular curriculum vitae in the LeMO ( DHM and HdG )
- Entry in Munzinger Online / People - International Biographical Archive
- Markus Lingen: Wolfgang Schäuble. In: Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung , History of the CDU, 2017
- Hansjörg Müller: The right political life in the wrong. In: Basler Zeitung , July 24, 2015.
- Irmgard Zündorf, Stefanie Eimermacher: Wolfgang Schäuble. In: Lebendiges Museum Online , House of the History of the Federal Republic , September 7, 2016; Markus Lingen: Wolfgang Schäuble. In: History of the CDU , Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung , 2018.
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|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German politician (CDU), Member of the Bundestag, Federal Minister|
|DATE OF BIRTH||September 18, 1942|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Freiburg in Breisgau|