Friedrich Merz

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Candidate for the CDU chairmanship, Friedrich Merz (2020)

Friedrich Merz (born November 11, 1955 in Brilon as Joachim Friedrich Martin Josef Merz ) is a German business lawyer and politician ( CDU ). From 1989 to 1994 Merz was a member of the European Parliament and from 1994 to 2009 the German Bundestag . There he was chairman of the CDU / CSU parliamentary group from 2000 to 2002 and thus leader of the opposition . He is currently Vice President of the CDU Economic Council .

In 2018, Merz ran unsuccessfully for chairmanship of the CDU. After Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer announced his resignation in February 2020, Merz announced that he would run again for the chairmanship of the CDU in December.

Origin, studies and profession

Friedrich Merz was, in 1955, the eldest of four children of the couple Merz, in a conservative embossed Briloner family of lawyers born. His father, Joachim Merz (* 1924), was a judge at the Arnsberg Regional Court and a member of the CDU until 2007. In the 1970s, he led two major Nazi trials at the Arnsberg Regional Court. His mother Paula Merz (* 1928 as Paula Sauvigny) comes from the long-established and influential Sauvigny family , which had belonged to the high society of Brilons since the end of the 19th century . Merz's grandfather Josef Paul Sauvigny was an administrative lawyer and mayor of Brilons from 1917 to 1937 .

School time (1966 to 1975)

Friedrich Merz was a student at the Briloner Gymnasium Petrinum from 1966 to 1971 , where his father Joachim Merz was teaching law at the time . At the Petrinum , Merz was considered an undisciplined student with learning difficulties . After he had repeated the 8th grade, Merz had to leave the Petrinum grammar school in 1971 because of serious disciplinary disorders . Other sources claim he was expelled from the school. Merz himself stated about his school problems in Brilon:

“I had problems with my parents relatively early on, I had shoulder-length hair, I raced through town on my motorcycle, my regular place with two friends was the chip shop on the market square around the corner from us, I started smoking, closed beer drink and my standing with girls in our class was not particularly good anyway, (...) because I exaggerated it a bit in their eyes with my penetrating disturbance. In Brilon, when I was five - if I remember correctly in English and maths - I was left sitting there, because of some fundamental differences of opinion on disciplinary issues I had been advised to change schools. "

- Friedrich Merz

According to Joachim Merz (father of Friedrich Merz), his son would have become a bricklayer . In 2000, Joachim Merz gave an interview to the television station Sat.1 , where he commented on Friedrich Merz's academic achievements at the Brilon grammar school:

“Back then I was teaching law at high school and then I always ran across the hall because teachers were always after me to tell me something about my son's failures. He (Friedrich Merz) slept with Summerhill's book under his pillow and didn't do any schoolwork. When he had to do schoolwork, he played the guitar. "

- Joachim Merz, about his son Friedrich

For the 1971/72 school year Merz moved to the Friedrich-Spee-Gymnasium in Rüthen . In Rüthen, Merz's school performance developed significantly more positively. Former teachers of the Friedrich-Spee-Gymnasium praised the talent of the young Friedrich Merz. When he was tested by Siegfried Lenz in the Abitur examination for the subject German on the short story The Art of Catching a Rooster , Merz is said to have shone so brilliantly that he made an enormous impression on the examining teachers. He passed the Abitur exams and obtained the general university entrance qualification in 1975 .

Bundeswehr, law degree and professional activity (1975 to 1989)

After 15 months of basic military service in the tank artillery , Merz left the Bundeswehr as a corporal in 1976 . As a scholarship holder of the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung , Merz studied law at the University of Bonn and at the University of Marburg from 1976 to 1982 . He completed his studies in 1982 with the first state examination in law. From 1982 to 1985 he completed his legal clerkship, including at the Saarbrücken Regional Court . After the second state examination in law, Merz worked as a probationary judge at the Saarbrücken district court from 1985 to 1986 . From 1986 to 1989 he was an in-house counsel at the Association of the Chemical Industry (VCI) in Bonn and Frankfurt am Main .

Private

Friedrich Merz has been married to the current director of the Arnsberg District Court, Charlotte Merz (* 1961 as Charlotte Gass) since 1981 and has three adult children with her. He is Roman Catholic , has lived in Arnsberg since 1994 and has a holiday home in Gmund am Tegernsee ( Bavaria ) . As a hobby pilot, Merz has a private pilot license and can play the clarinet . He is also a radio amateur with the callsign DK7DQ. In 2000, Friedrich Merz commented on his youth in Brilon in the Berlin Tagesspiegel , where he described himself as a youth with behavioral problems . The statements attracted media attention because a childhood friend, according to Merz a former young socialist , strongly doubted his portrayal.

Political activity (1972 to 2009)

Merz as a candidate in the European election campaign (1989)

Friedrich Merz joined the CDU as a high school student in 1972 and was intensively involved in the Junge Union in Brilon in his free time , of which he was chairman in 1980. In his political activities, Friedrich Merz was mainly active in parliament. In the European elections in 1989 , Merz was elected to the European Parliament , to which he was a member until 1994. From 1994 to 2009 Merz was a member of the German Bundestag and from 1996 to 1998 chairman of the CDU / CSU parliamentary group in the finance committee. After the Bundestag election in 1998 , Merz first became deputy chairman in October 1998 and, in February 2000, succeeded Wolfgang Schäuble as chairman of the CDU / CSU parliamentary group and thus leader of the opposition. The CDU party chairman Angela Merkel claimed the parliamentary group chairmanship after the federal election in 2002 , while Merz was elected deputy parliamentary group chairman. In December 2004 he resigned from this office.

Merz always moved into the Bundestag as a directly elected member of the Hochsauerlandkreis constituency , where he achieved his best first vote result with 57.7% in the 2005 Bundestag election . In February 2007, Merz declared that he would not run again in the 2009 federal elections due to internal party differences . With the constitution of the 17th Bundestag at the end of October 2009, Merz left parliament. His successor in the constituency was Patrick Sensburg , who has since won the constituency. In addition to his parliamentary mandate, Friedrich Merz worked as a lawyer in the Cologne law firm Cornelius Bartenbach Haesemann und Partner from 2002 to 2004.

Activities as business lawyer and management consultant (2009 to date)

Former supervisory board mandates

In 2005, Friedrich Merz became a partner in the law firm Mayer Brown. Since 2014 he has been Senior Counsel in Mayer Brown's Düsseldorf office. In addition to his activities as a lawyer, Merz was a member of the following supervisory boards, advisory boards and administrative boards:

In 2010 Merz was appointed to the board of directors of HSBC Trinkaus & Burkhardt , a subsidiary of HSBC Holdings plc (Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation) . In the same year, Merz was also commissioned by the Soffin bank rescue fund to lead the process of selling WestLB to a private investor . In June 2010 he was elected to the supervisory board of HSBC Trinkaus & Burkhardt. After negotiations began on a partial sale of WestLB with HSBC Trinkaus & Burkhardt, his activity ended in mid-May 2011. Some media suspected a conflict of interest because of his membership in the HSBC supervisory board, which Merz rejected. According to unconfirmed media reports, Merz is said to have received a daily fee of 5,000 euros. According to the Bundesverband Deutscher Unternehmensberater (BDU), such a daily rate is not completely unusual, but it is “at the upper limit”. Frontal21 criticized the fact that Merz received 5,000 euros per day on Saturdays and Sundays (a total of 1,980,000 euros for 396 days) for “unsuccessful work” from the taxpayer.

From 2016 to 2020 Merz was chairman of the supervisory board and lobbyist for BlackRock in Germany (BlackRock is the largest asset manager in the world). In this context, Merz's candidacy for party chairman of the CDU in 2018 was picked up in the German press, among other things because of a possible conflict of interest. In February 2020, Merz announced that he would end his supervisory board mandate at Blackrock on March 31, 2020 and that he would be more politically active.

Active supervisory board mandates

Merz has been chairman of the supervisory board of WEPA Industrieholding SE since 2009 and chairman of the supervisory board of Flughafen Köln / Bonn GmbH since 2017 .

The Economic Council of the CDU elected Friedrich Merz as Vice President in June 2019, since this is not an official CDU association, the activity is compatible with his supervisory board mandates. The state government of North Rhine-Westphalia commissioned Merz in 2017 to coordinate the Brexit effects for NRW. In 2018, the meaning and effectiveness of his work in the state parliament was controversial.

Candidates for the CDU party chairmanship (2018 to today)

Unsuccessful candidacy (2018)

On October 30, 2018, Friedrich Merz announced that he would run for the office of party chairman alongside Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer and Jens Spahn at the CDU federal party conference in December 2018 . He was officially proposed as a candidate on November 6, 2018 by the board of the CDU district association in the Fulda district . The candidacy was linked to an alleged collusion between members of the so-called Andean Pact , who met in March 2018 on the sidelines of Cardinal Lehmann's funeral in Mainz to discuss Angela Merkel's successor. The lead was allegedly Wolfgang Schäuble , who was supposed to have sponsored Merz in conservative circles in the run-up to the CDU party congress and mediated important contacts; The common main motive was revenge and satisfaction, a return match against Merkel. Friedrich Merz has never officially confirmed or denied that he was included in the Andean Pact. In 2005, Merz told the news magazine Spiegel that he did not want to comment.

At the CDU federal party conference on December 7, 2018, Merz got 48.25% of the votes in the second ballot and lost the election to Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer.

Renewed candidacy (2020)

Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer announced on February 10, 2020 that she would resign from the CDU party chairmanship in the course of 2020. Merz then announced his renewed candidacy on February 25, 2020 before the federal press conference. In addition to Merz, Armin Laschet , in joint candidacy with Jens Spahn as vice chairman, and Norbert Röttgen apply .

Because of the COVID-19 pandemic, the election of the new CDU party chairman will not take place until December 4th and 5th, 2020 at a regular party conference in Stuttgart.

Activities in organizations

Friedrich Merz (2004)

On the occasion of Friedrich Merz's 50th birthday in 2005, the Merz couple established the Friedrich and Charlotte Merz Foundation , both of which are members of the board. The foundation supports non-profit educational projects that are based in the city of Arnsberg. The capital base was initially 10,000 euros, in 2016 an additional donation of 371,900 euros was made.

Merz is since 1977 member of the Catholic Fraternity KDStV Bavaria Bonn in CV and a member of the following organizations: Rotary Club Arnsberg, German Bar Association (DAV), German-American Lawyers Association (DAJV), Frankfurt Zukunftsrat, Trilateral Commission , German National Foundation and Atlantic Bridge . In 2005, Merz was a founding member of the support association of the lobby organization Initiative Neue Soziale Marktwirtschaft .

Friedrich Merz is one of the editors of the trade journal Der Betrieb .

Wealth millionaire and middle class debate

In November 2018 , when asked in an interview with the Bild newspaper , Merz said that he was a millionaire and belongs to the upper middle class :

"I would count myself among the upper middle class in Germany [...] certainly not with this small, very wealthy, very affluent upper class. I live in orderly personal and economic circumstances, which give me a high level of personal and political independence. "

- Friedrich Merz

These statements met with a broad public response. Journalists , economists and financial advisors in Germany place Merz, who claims to earn 1 million euros (gross) per year, in the upper class . According to the Deutsche Bundesbank, if you have (total) net worth of at least 722,000 euros, you belong to the top 5 percent of the German population, i.e. clearly to the upper class. Friedrich Merz's private assets include: a. Real estate in Arnsberg and Gmund am Tegernsee as well as two aircraft, a Diamond DA62 , which he flies himself, and a Socata TBM-910 , which he rents to WEPA Industrieholding SE through his company Volatus GmbH & Co. KG.

Political positions, controversies and criticism

Basic attitude

Friedrich Merz is assigned to the economically liberal wing of the CDU, with a clear conservative stance against red-green . He campaigned for deregulation in the economy and privatization . In the 2000s, Merz advocated cuts in social benefits and at that time advocated genetic engineering and nuclear power.

Tax policy

A tax concept developed under his leadership in 2003 caused a stir, with three tax brackets of 12, 24 and 36 percent, which provided for significantly lower income tax rates than the then current tax law. His statement that every citizen should be able to calculate their income tax on a beer mat was received a lot in the media . The concept borrowed from the churchyard model . In 2018, in addition to a fundamental simplification of income tax , Merz called for the early abolition of the solidarity surcharge .

Social policy

In 2000, Friedrich Merz brought the term “German Leitkultur ”, which his party colleague Jörg Schönbohm had used two years earlier with little public response, to the public discussion again. In this context, he criticized the traditional customs of Muslims in particular and demanded that they "accept our manners, customs and habits". In 2018, Merz said that when it comes to guiding culture, the core question is whether those who come to Germany are willing to "recognize our community of values, our rights of freedom, the order of our Basic Law and our conviction of an open, liberal, liberal society ”. This is the litmus test for a successful integration. However, if there were parallel societies instead of successful integration, it is not surprising that citizens lose confidence in the rule of law . The CDU must be the party that stands for a consistent approach to internal security, and once again become the party of the rule of law without any compromises. In November 2018, Merz called on Muslims to accept German law without restrictions: “There is no Sharia law here on German soil. We must have better government supervision over the Koran schools. It is not possible for our children to be taught in state schools and indoctrinated in Koran schools. ”For Muslims in Germany, not only religious freedom applies, but also all of the rest of Germany's secular law.

Friedrich Merz advocated the abolition of conscription.

Family policy

When the Bundestag decided in 1997 across factions to treat marital rape like extra-marital rape instead of punishing it as coercion under Section 240 of the Criminal Code, Merz and 137 other MPs voted against it. Conservative politicians warned that marriage would deteriorate if women could bring their husbands to justice for rape. The draft law did not contain an "objection clause" called for by Union politicians, which would have given the victim the opportunity to stop criminal proceedings against the perpetrator who was married to him, so it is unclear how many MPs voted against it for this reason alone. Merz testified in 2020 that he would never have voted against the criminal liability of rape in marriage. During the vote, the question was whether a “contradiction clause” (CDU / CSU) or a “reconciliation clause” (SPD) would be included in the penal code. Merz justified his voting behavior with the fact that he feared that an impending criminal proceeding through false allegations of quarreling spouses would harm rather than benefit the protective interests of affected women. He admits, however, that these fears were, in retrospect, unfounded. Although he stands by his voting behavior at the time, he would decide differently from today's perspective.

Merz advocates the legal introduction of same-sex marriage , but criticized the "overnight" introduction , which he regarded as rash .

Labor market policy

Merz described the Hartz IV reforms as progress compared to the previous situation, but spoke in favor of significantly greater reductions in the standard rates. Merz praised a study by researchers at Chemnitz University of Technology , which calculated an amount of € 132 to € 278 for securing a livelihood in the narrowest sense. The SGB II standard rate for securing a livelihood ("Hartz IV") was € 351 at this time. At a closed meeting of the FDP, Merz regretted that the findings of the study met with rejection in the government. In his opinion, it is not necessary to talk about an “expansion of the welfare state ”, but rather about “limiting it”, which would also meet with understanding among workers. At the federal press conference on October 31, 2018, Merz made it clear that he had not been in favor of a reduction to exactly € 132 and rejected a corresponding claim by journalist Tilo Jung as false. The Internet newspaper Huffington Post considered this specific assertion to be misleading, but confirmed that Merz, based on further statements, “stands for significant savings in social policy today too”.

Pension and Social Policy

In 2000, Merz proposed, on the one hand, that pensions should be fully taxed in line with civil servant pensions and, on the other, that the retirement age should be increased to 70. Criticism of this proposal came from both the CSU , the SPD and the FDP . Ottmar Schreiner described this as a “socio-political rampage”. In 2004 Merz spoke out in favor of radical changes to the social system. In particular, he wanted to completely abolish protection against dismissal initially for older employees and later for everyone. In his opinion, this would have been necessary in order to maintain economic growth and employment. Merz believes the introduction of the minimum wage is right. However, one should “not overdo it” with regard to the amount, as otherwise unemployment among the poorly qualified could rise dramatically. He also calls for an improvement in the often “precarious income and living conditions” in which single parents lived, and questions whether increases in child benefits must be offset against Hartz IV.

Friedrich Merz criticizes the newly introduced basic pension of the black-red coalition in 2020. Merz warned that the pension system as such could falter. He considers the basic pension that has been decided to be wrong:

“It is at least a serious mistake in the system of our defined contribution pension insurance. We can only hope that this does not call the whole system into question. "

- Friedrich Merz

Energy policy

In August 2010 Merz was one of the 40 prominent signatories of the energy policy appeal . This was intended to promote the extension of the service life of German nuclear power plants and was a lobbying initiative of four large European electricity companies that operated nuclear power plants . In June 2011 he warned of an overly rapid energy transition and the associated rising electricity prices. In 2018, Merz described the exit from nuclear energy as the right step, but at the same time criticized the fact that it was hastily implemented.

European politics

According to Merz, Germany must do more for the European Union . If Europe fails, the Germans will be the ones who will be most affected. In 2018, Merz wrote together with Hans Eichel , Jürgen Habermas , Roland Koch , Bert Rürup and Brigitte Zypries the appeal “For a Europe based on solidarity - let's get serious about the will of our Basic Law, now!” a. a common European army, a strengthening of the EU Parliament as well as "solidarity and the fight against nationalism and egoism inwardly and unity, common sovereignty outwardly" called for. In addition, a European labor market policy up to and including a European unemployment insurance should be sought. According to Merz, however, with regard to unemployment insurance, this means that joint unemployment insurance at EU level must be the end and not the starting point.

Educational policy

According to Merz, education and care should no longer be seen as a matter of course offered by the state. These would have to be co-financed by parents and alumni. At a panel discussion in Düsseldorf he said: “ Just like schools and universities, kindergartens need their own capital base. Parents and former employees have to pay in accordingly if they want to ensure and maintain the quality. "

Asylum and Migration Policy

In a speech on October 15, 2000 in Berlin-Neukölln , Merz complained about the effects of German migration policy: "We have problems with foreigners. (...) Problems that are now deeply worrying and moving people: with crime, with very high foreign unemployment , with unsolved social conflict materials also with the rest of the resident population. "

In the discussion about the admission of asylum seekers in Hungary by Germany in 2015, Merz said that it was "a great humanitarian gesture by the Federal Republic of Germany" to "invite these refugees to Germany". However, this should have remained a “one-time exception”. Merz compared the policy of Chancellor Merkel in the refugee crisis in Europe from 2015 with events such as the Brexit decision by the British and the election of Donald Trump as President of the USA. The decision to open the border for refugees, which was “taken overnight, alone”, was “not a particularly well-considered European policy”. It is not that the state has to admit that it temporarily loses control over who enters the territory of the Federal Republic of Germany, according to Merz. Border controls are also a measure to prevent unregulated immigration. In his opinion, open borders should not be an invitation to allow unregulated immigration to the Federal Republic of Germany.

At the end of November 2018, Merz called for a debate on asylum law. “Germany is the only country in the world that has an individual right to asylum in its constitution.” If a European immigration and refugee policy is seriously wanted, one must “have a major public debate about whether to add a legal reservation to the Basic Law writes. “Later Merz concretized these statements and wanted them to be understood as a question of how the basic right to asylum and a European solution could work together.

Judgment on the alternative for Germany

In July 2018, Merz told the Dresden “Morgenpost am Sonntag”: “I would have elected a vice-president of the AfD in the German Bundestag long ago”. “This party was elected with 12.6 percent. It has not been banned or declared unconstitutional. There are millions of voters behind her who should not be brought into the role of victim. ”However, he considered it right that the CDU should not cooperate with the AfD. There must be a very clear and razor-sharp demarcation from political extremism. In November 2018, Merz repeated that the CDU had to clearly differentiate itself from the AfD, as it was openly National Socialist and had anti-Semitic undertones.

Position on additional income and the political system

In 2006 there were discussions about conflicts of interest among members of the Bundestag who carried out other activities in addition to their mandate. As a result, an agreement was reached that MPs should disclose their income from secondary employment in order to give the public an opportunity to evaluate. Merz and eight other members of the German Bundestag brought an action against the disclosure of their additional income at the Federal Constitutional Court . During the hearing on October 12, 2006, Merz pointed out that, according to Article 38 of the Basic Law , MPs are “not bound by instructions and only subject to their conscience”. If the President of the Bundestag can now impose sanctions on them if they violate the disclosure obligation for additional income, that is a constitutional violation. He criticized that the regulation will drive many MPs into professional politics that are far from life. On July 4, 2007, the Federal Constitutional Court dismissed the lawsuit with a four-to-four vote on the grounds that the political mandate had to be “at the center of activity” and criticized the risk of bias through payments from companies.

The Swiss system of referendums considered Merz as hostile to innovation and slow. Merz also takes the view that talk shows and referendums as a substitute for parliamentary debates would damage democracy.

In 2018, Merz spoke out in favor of limiting the Chancellor's term of office to two terms. His main argument is that changing democracy is good for you. In addition, this task costs “an enormous amount of strength and energy”.

religion

In his youth, Merz was involved in the Catholic young community and was a member of a Catholic student association during his student days. At a conference he emphasized that the letter "C" in the CDU party name stands for the Christian image of man, referring to the subject of abortion and the related ban on advertising enshrined in criminal law. From the perspective of his Christian image of man, advertising for abortion is therefore excluded. During his time as a member of the Bundestag, Merz voted for stricter regulations on abortion and in 2001 spoke out against pre-implantation diagnostics .

On the occasion of the increasing persecution of Christians in the world, Merz called for consequences and named, among other things, countries "in which political Islam dominates state and society", as well as India and China . He said: "If our freedom is worth something to us, then we must defend it, no matter where and how it is threatened."

Fonts (selection)

  • with Michael Glos : Social Market Economy in the 21st Century. Economic, financial and social policy responses to the new challenges. Olzog, Munich 2001, ISBN 3-7892-8083-6 .
  • Courage for the future. How Germany comes back to the top. Goldmann, Munich 2002, ISBN 3-442-15218-6 .
  • Only those who change will survive. From the end of the illusion of prosperity - setting the course for our future. Herder, Freiburg im Breisgau 2004, ISBN 3-451-05671-2 .
  • Health as a growth engine - the future of our healthcare system. Hanser, Munich 2008, ISBN 978-3-446-41456-3 .
  • Dare more capitalism - ways to a just society. Piper, Munich 2008, ISBN 978-3-492-05157-6 .
  • What is fair Food for thought 2010, pages 115 - 126, A reading book from philosophy, culture and science, edited by Lilo Göttermann, Piper, Munich 2010, ISBN 978-3-492-25419-9 .
  • with Wolfgang Clement : What to do now: Germany 2.0. Herder, Freiburg 2010, ISBN 978-3-451-30252-7 .

Awards

In 2018 Friedrich Merz rejected the Ludwig Erhard Prize awarded to him by the Ludwig Erhard Foundation . He justified this with the, in his opinion, right-wing populist journalistic activities of the foundation's chairman, Roland Tichy .

Web links

Commons : Friedrich Merz  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ FAZ podcast for Germany: Friedrich Merz: CSU would take high risk with candidates for chancellor , In: Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung . May 12, 2020, accessed May 12, 2020.
  2. WORLD: Parties: Friedrich Merz 'father leaves the CDU in resentment . In: THE WORLD . February 12, 2007 ( welt.de [accessed February 11, 2020]).
  3. Handbuch der Justiz 1968, NrhW column 34; Handbuch der Justiz 1984, p. 174; Friedrich Merz's father leaves the CDU in grudges. In: Welt Online , February 12, 2007.
  4. Who's Who in Germany 1992 . WHO'S WHO the international red series Verlag, Zurich 1992, pp. 1509-1510; Claus Jacobi: In the wheel of history: German conditions , Herbig, 2002, p. 166; Alfred Bruns: Brilon 1816-1918. Diethelm Krüger, Brilon 1988, ISBN 3-923013-08-6 , p. 145. Kirsten Bialdiga and Michael Bröcker: Portrait of the CDU politician: The ideas of Merz ( article in the Rheinische Post dated November 5, 2019 ).
  5. Friedrich Merz in the Munzinger archive ( beginning of article freely accessible); Patrik Schwarz: The strange pride of Friedrich Merz. In: Die Tageszeitung , January 19, 2004.
  6. Helmut Schümann, Christoph Amend: "There was also another Friedrich Merz". In: Der Tagesspiegel , October 31, 2018.
  7. http://ueberhauptgarnix.blogspot.com/2018/10/friedrich-merz.html
  8. https://www.sat1nrw.de/aktuell/so-ticke-friedrich-merz-frueher-189244/
  9. https://rp-online.de/politik/deutschland/friedrich-merz-portraet-des-cdu-politikers_bid-34235939#18
  10. https://rp-online.de/politik/deutschland/friedrich-merz-ein-portraet-der-provokateur_aid-34589155
  11. 40 years of community service: Did you actually serve, Mr. Merz? In: Spiegel Online , April 5, 2001.
  12. This is Friedrich Merz , RP online
  13. Friedrich Merz . In: CDU / CSU parliamentary group .
  14. https://www.merkur.de/lokales/region-tegernsee/gmund-ort65533/friedrich-merz-cdu-villa-am-tegernsee-ist-seine-zweite-heimat-10792828.html
  15. ^ Presentation at the Arnsberg District Court.
  16. ^ Friedrich Merz at the Bundestag, accessed on October 30, 2018.
  17. Achim Gieseke: With great love for the job .
  18. Sale in the Valley of the Rich .
  19. Hans Peter Schütz: The brave tax warrior. In: Stern. Retrieved October 4, 2019 .
  20. Amateur radio: shortwave instead of internet. Focus Online, August 30, 2009; accessed January 26, 2012 .
  21. “There was also another Friedrich Merz once”. Der Tagesspiegel, October 31, 2018, accessed on November 9, 2019 .
  22. Ex-CDU star Friedrich Merz and the career kink. In: manager-magazin.de. May 20, 2014, accessed May 14, 2020 .
  23. ^ Friedrich Merz at Mayer Brown
  24. Dietmar Palan: The eternal talent . In: Manager magazine. No. 5, May 2014, p. 26.
  25. Merz hires at the private bank HSBC Trinkaus. Der Spiegel, January 12, 2010, accessed November 11, 2018 .
  26. Ulf Menke: Merz takes on a key role at WestLB. In: DerWesten , June 17, 2010.
  27. Merz takes on a leadership role at HSBC Trinkaus. Focus Online, January 12, 2010, accessed January 26, 2012 .
  28. Merz has one job too many. (No longer available online.) Financial Times Deutschland, May 22, 2011, archived from the original on May 25, 2011 ; Retrieved January 26, 2012 .
  29. Ex-politician is looking for WestLB buyers: Merz allegedly collects 5,000 euros a day. In: Rheinische Post , April 12, 2011.
  30. Frontal 21 of November 27, 2018 . In: ZDF.de .
  31. schwatzgelb.de of November 26, 2014: In Focus - 2014 Shareholders' Meeting ( memento of October 24, 2018 in the Internet Archive ), accessed on November 27, 2014
  32. Annual General Meeting in front of a “full house” - Much praise for Borussia's successful path. Borussia Dortmund, November 30, 2010, accessed on January 26, 2012 .
  33. Friedrich Merz. German Bundestag, accessed January 26, 2012 .
  34. Friedrich Merz: Personal statement on the chairmanship of BlackRock's supervisory board. In: Friedrich Merz. February 5, 2012, accessed February 5, 2012 .
  35. Christoph Rottwilm: Friedrich Merz becomes a lobbyist for the world's largest investment company. In: manager magazin. Retrieved October 30, 2018 .
  36. As a Blackrock representative: Merz is said to have met federal ministers four times as a lobbyist. In: Spiegel Online. January 23, 2019, accessed October 4, 2019 .
  37. ^ Robert Landgraf: Blackrock: Friedrich Merz gives up his supervisory board job. In: handelsblatt.com . February 5, 2020, accessed May 14, 2020 .
  38. Melanie Amann, Markus Feldenkirchen, Ralf Neukirch: Minister in spe. What did party leader Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer promise her rival Friedrich Merz? In: Der Spiegel . April 13, 2019, p. 25 .
  39. ^ Jochen Hilgers: Cologne / Bonn Airport: Friedrich Merz is the new head of the supervisory board . December 11, 2017 ( wdr.de [accessed December 11, 2017]).
  40. WEPA becomes a stock corporation. Westfalenpost, February 3, 2009, accessed on September 18, 2012 .
  41. organs. Wepa, February 3, 2009, accessed September 18, 2012 .
  42. Hamker and Merz lead CDU economic council. Retrieved June 4, 2019 .
  43. Commissioner for the Consequences of Brexit and Transatlantic Relations | The state portal Wir in NRW. November 7, 2017, accessed January 30, 2020 .
  44. FOCUS Online: Fulda: CDU district association proposes Friedrich Merz for the federal chairmanship of the CDU .
  45. ^ Hajo Schumacher: Union: "Andean Pact" takes on Friedrich Merz. In: Spiegel Online . November 3, 2005, accessed May 14, 2020 .
  46. Thomas Sigmund: CDU party chairmanship: Friedrich March could settle an old bill with Angela Merkel. In: handelsblatt.com . October 29, 2018, accessed May 14, 2020 .
  47. Melanie Amann, Markus Feldenkirchen, Ralf Neukirch: The return leg. How the Merkel opponents organized the comeback of Friedrich Merz . In: Der Spiegel No. 45 of November 3, 2018, pp. 14ff.
  48. "I play for victory and not for space". In: Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung . February 25, 2020, accessed February 25, 2020 .
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