Friedrich Merz (born November 11, 1955 in Brilon as Joachim Friedrich Martin Josef Merz ) is a German business lawyer and politician ( CDU ). From 1989 to 1994 Merz was a member of the European Parliament and from 1994 to 2009 the German Bundestag . There he was chairman of the CDU / CSU parliamentary group from 2000 to 2002 and thus leader of the opposition . He is currently Vice President of the CDU Economic Council .
In 2018, Merz ran unsuccessfully for chairmanship of the CDU. After Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer announced his resignation in February 2020, Merz announced that he would run again for the chairmanship of the CDU in December.
Origin, studies and profession
Friedrich Merz was, in 1955, the eldest of four children of the couple Merz, in a conservative embossed Briloner family of lawyers born. His father, Joachim Merz (* 1924), was a judge at the Arnsberg Regional Court and a member of the CDU until 2007. In the 1970s, he led two major Nazi trials at the Arnsberg Regional Court. His mother Paula Merz (* 1928 as Paula Sauvigny) comes from the long-established and influential Sauvigny family , which had belonged to the high society of Brilons since the end of the 19th century . Merz's grandfather Josef Paul Sauvigny was an administrative lawyer and mayor of Brilons from 1917 to 1937 .
School time (1966 to 1975)
Friedrich Merz was a student at the Briloner Gymnasium Petrinum from 1966 to 1971 , where his father Joachim Merz was teaching law at the time . At the Petrinum , Merz was considered an undisciplined student with learning difficulties . After he had repeated the 8th grade, Merz had to leave the Petrinum grammar school in 1971 because of serious disciplinary disorders . Other sources claim he was expelled from the school. Merz himself stated about his school problems in Brilon:
“I had problems with my parents relatively early on, I had shoulder-length hair, I raced through town on my motorcycle, my regular place with two friends was the chip shop on the market square around the corner from us, I started smoking, closed beer drink and my standing with girls in our class was not particularly good anyway, (...) because I exaggerated it a bit in their eyes with my penetrating disturbance. In Brilon, when I was five - if I remember correctly in English and maths - I was left sitting there, because of some fundamental differences of opinion on disciplinary issues I had been advised to change schools. "
According to Joachim Merz (father of Friedrich Merz), his son would have become a bricklayer . In 2000, Joachim Merz gave an interview to the television station Sat.1 , where he commented on Friedrich Merz's academic achievements at the Brilon grammar school:
“Back then I was teaching law at high school and then I always ran across the hall because teachers were always after me to tell me something about my son's failures. He (Friedrich Merz) slept with Summerhill's book under his pillow and didn't do any schoolwork. When he had to do schoolwork, he played the guitar. "
For the 1971/72 school year Merz moved to the Friedrich-Spee-Gymnasium in Rüthen . In Rüthen, Merz's school performance developed significantly more positively. Former teachers of the Friedrich-Spee-Gymnasium praised the talent of the young Friedrich Merz. When he was tested by Siegfried Lenz in the Abitur examination for the subject German on the short story The Art of Catching a Rooster , Merz is said to have shone so brilliantly that he made an enormous impression on the examining teachers. He passed the Abitur exams and obtained the general university entrance qualification in 1975 .
Bundeswehr, law degree and professional activity (1975 to 1989)
After 15 months of basic military service in the tank artillery , Merz left the Bundeswehr as a corporal in 1976 . As a scholarship holder of the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung , Merz studied law at the University of Bonn and at the University of Marburg from 1976 to 1982 . He completed his studies in 1982 with the first state examination in law. From 1982 to 1985 he completed his legal clerkship, including at the Saarbrücken Regional Court . After the second state examination in law, Merz worked as a probationary judge at the Saarbrücken district court from 1985 to 1986 . From 1986 to 1989 he was an in-house counsel at the Association of the Chemical Industry (VCI) in Bonn and Frankfurt am Main .
Friedrich Merz has been married to the current director of the Arnsberg District Court, Charlotte Merz (* 1961 as Charlotte Gass) since 1981 and has three adult children with her. He is Roman Catholic , has lived in Arnsberg since 1994 and has a holiday home in Gmund am Tegernsee ( Bavaria ) . As a hobby pilot, Merz has a private pilot license and can play the clarinet . He is also a radio amateur with the callsign DK7DQ. In 2000, Friedrich Merz commented on his youth in Brilon in the Berlin Tagesspiegel , where he described himself as a youth with behavioral problems . The statements attracted media attention because a childhood friend, according to Merz a former young socialist , strongly doubted his portrayal.
Political activity (1972 to 2009)
Friedrich Merz joined the CDU as a high school student in 1972 and was intensively involved in the Junge Union in Brilon in his free time , of which he was chairman in 1980. In his political activities, Friedrich Merz was mainly active in parliament. In the European elections in 1989 , Merz was elected to the European Parliament , to which he was a member until 1994. From 1994 to 2009 Merz was a member of the German Bundestag and from 1996 to 1998 chairman of the CDU / CSU parliamentary group in the finance committee. After the Bundestag election in 1998 , Merz first became deputy chairman in October 1998 and, in February 2000, succeeded Wolfgang Schäuble as chairman of the CDU / CSU parliamentary group and thus leader of the opposition. The CDU party chairman Angela Merkel claimed the parliamentary group chairmanship after the federal election in 2002 , while Merz was elected deputy parliamentary group chairman. In December 2004 he resigned from this office.
Merz always moved into the Bundestag as a directly elected member of the Hochsauerlandkreis constituency , where he achieved his best first vote result with 57.7% in the 2005 Bundestag election . In February 2007, Merz declared that he would not run again in the 2009 federal elections due to internal party differences . With the constitution of the 17th Bundestag at the end of October 2009, Merz left parliament. His successor in the constituency was Patrick Sensburg , who has since won the constituency. In addition to his parliamentary mandate, Friedrich Merz worked as a lawyer in the Cologne law firm Cornelius Bartenbach Haesemann und Partner from 2002 to 2004.
Activities as business lawyer and management consultant (2009 to date)
Former supervisory board mandates
In 2005, Friedrich Merz became a partner in the law firm Mayer Brown. Since 2014 he has been Senior Counsel in Mayer Brown's Düsseldorf office. In addition to his activities as a lawyer, Merz was a member of the following supervisory boards, advisory boards and administrative boards:
- DBV-Winterthur Holding AG
- Commerzbank AG (until the end of 2009)
- IVG Immobilien AG (until May 20, 2010)
- AXA Group AG (until June 30, 2014)
- BASF Antwerpen NV (until June 30, 2014)
- Borussia Dortmund Geschäftsführungs-GmbH (until June 30, 2014)
- Deutsche Börse AG (until May 13, 2015)
In 2010 Merz was appointed to the board of directors of HSBC Trinkaus & Burkhardt , a subsidiary of HSBC Holdings plc (Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation) . In the same year, Merz was also commissioned by the Soffin bank rescue fund to lead the process of selling WestLB to a private investor . In June 2010 he was elected to the supervisory board of HSBC Trinkaus & Burkhardt. After negotiations began on a partial sale of WestLB with HSBC Trinkaus & Burkhardt, his activity ended in mid-May 2011. Some media suspected a conflict of interest because of his membership in the HSBC supervisory board, which Merz rejected. According to unconfirmed media reports, Merz is said to have received a daily fee of 5,000 euros. According to the Bundesverband Deutscher Unternehmensberater (BDU), such a daily rate is not completely unusual, but it is “at the upper limit”. Frontal21 criticized the fact that Merz received 5,000 euros per day on Saturdays and Sundays (a total of 1,980,000 euros for 396 days) for “unsuccessful work” from the taxpayer.
From 2016 to 2020 Merz was chairman of the supervisory board and lobbyist for BlackRock in Germany (BlackRock is the largest asset manager in the world). In this context, Merz's candidacy for party chairman of the CDU in 2018 was picked up in the German press, among other things because of a possible conflict of interest. In February 2020, Merz announced that he would end his supervisory board mandate at Blackrock on March 31, 2020 and that he would be more politically active.
Active supervisory board mandates
The Economic Council of the CDU elected Friedrich Merz as Vice President in June 2019, since this is not an official CDU association, the activity is compatible with his supervisory board mandates. The state government of North Rhine-Westphalia commissioned Merz in 2017 to coordinate the Brexit effects for NRW. In 2018, the meaning and effectiveness of his work in the state parliament was controversial.
Candidates for the CDU party chairmanship (2018 to today)
Unsuccessful candidacy (2018)
On October 30, 2018, Friedrich Merz announced that he would run for the office of party chairman alongside Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer and Jens Spahn at the CDU federal party conference in December 2018 . He was officially proposed as a candidate on November 6, 2018 by the board of the CDU district association in the Fulda district . The candidacy was linked to an alleged collusion between members of the so-called Andean Pact , who met in March 2018 on the sidelines of Cardinal Lehmann's funeral in Mainz to discuss Angela Merkel's successor. The lead was allegedly Wolfgang Schäuble , who was supposed to have sponsored Merz in conservative circles in the run-up to the CDU party congress and mediated important contacts; The common main motive was revenge and satisfaction, a return match against Merkel. Friedrich Merz has never officially confirmed or denied that he was included in the Andean Pact. In 2005, Merz told the news magazine Spiegel that he did not want to comment.
At the CDU federal party conference on December 7, 2018, Merz got 48.25% of the votes in the second ballot and lost the election to Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer.
Renewed candidacy (2020)
Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer announced on February 10, 2020 that she would resign from the CDU party chairmanship in the course of 2020. Merz then announced his renewed candidacy on February 25, 2020 before the federal press conference. In addition to Merz, Armin Laschet , in joint candidacy with Jens Spahn as vice chairman, and Norbert Röttgen apply .
Because of the COVID-19 pandemic, the election of the new CDU party chairman will not take place until December 4th and 5th, 2020 at a regular party conference in Stuttgart.
Activities in organizations
On the occasion of Friedrich Merz's 50th birthday in 2005, the Merz couple established the Friedrich and Charlotte Merz Foundation , both of which are members of the board. The foundation supports non-profit educational projects that are based in the city of Arnsberg. The capital base was initially 10,000 euros, in 2016 an additional donation of 371,900 euros was made.
Merz is since 1977 member of the Catholic Fraternity KDStV Bavaria Bonn in CV and a member of the following organizations: Rotary Club Arnsberg, German Bar Association (DAV), German-American Lawyers Association (DAJV), Frankfurt Zukunftsrat, Trilateral Commission , German National Foundation and Atlantic Bridge . In 2005, Merz was a founding member of the support association of the lobby organization Initiative Neue Soziale Marktwirtschaft .
Friedrich Merz is one of the editors of the trade journal Der Betrieb .
Wealth millionaire and middle class debate
"I would count myself among the upper middle class in Germany [...] certainly not with this small, very wealthy, very affluent upper class. I live in orderly personal and economic circumstances, which give me a high level of personal and political independence. "
These statements met with a broad public response. Journalists , economists and financial advisors in Germany place Merz, who claims to earn 1 million euros (gross) per year, in the upper class . According to the Deutsche Bundesbank, if you have (total) net worth of at least 722,000 euros, you belong to the top 5 percent of the German population, i.e. clearly to the upper class. Friedrich Merz's private assets include: a. Real estate in Arnsberg and Gmund am Tegernsee as well as two aircraft, a Diamond DA62 , which he flies himself, and a Socata TBM-910 , which he rents to WEPA Industrieholding SE through his company Volatus GmbH & Co. KG.
Political positions, controversies and criticism
Friedrich Merz is assigned to the economically liberal wing of the CDU, with a clear conservative stance against red-green . He campaigned for deregulation in the economy and privatization . In the 2000s, Merz advocated cuts in social benefits and at that time advocated genetic engineering and nuclear power.
A tax concept developed under his leadership in 2003 caused a stir, with three tax brackets of 12, 24 and 36 percent, which provided for significantly lower income tax rates than the then current tax law. His statement that every citizen should be able to calculate their income tax on a beer mat was received a lot in the media . The concept borrowed from the churchyard model . In 2018, in addition to a fundamental simplification of income tax , Merz called for the early abolition of the solidarity surcharge .
In 2000, Friedrich Merz brought the term “German Leitkultur ”, which his party colleague Jörg Schönbohm had used two years earlier with little public response, to the public discussion again. In this context, he criticized the traditional customs of Muslims in particular and demanded that they "accept our manners, customs and habits". In 2018, Merz said that when it comes to guiding culture, the core question is whether those who come to Germany are willing to "recognize our community of values, our rights of freedom, the order of our Basic Law and our conviction of an open, liberal, liberal society ”. This is the litmus test for a successful integration. However, if there were parallel societies instead of successful integration, it is not surprising that citizens lose confidence in the rule of law . The CDU must be the party that stands for a consistent approach to internal security, and once again become the party of the rule of law without any compromises. In November 2018, Merz called on Muslims to accept German law without restrictions: “There is no Sharia law here on German soil. We must have better government supervision over the Koran schools. It is not possible for our children to be taught in state schools and indoctrinated in Koran schools. ”For Muslims in Germany, not only religious freedom applies, but also all of the rest of Germany's secular law.
Friedrich Merz advocated the abolition of conscription.
When the Bundestag decided in 1997 across factions to treat marital rape like extra-marital rape instead of punishing it as coercion under Section 240 of the Criminal Code, Merz and 137 other MPs voted against it. Conservative politicians warned that marriage would deteriorate if women could bring their husbands to justice for rape. The draft law did not contain an "objection clause" called for by Union politicians, which would have given the victim the opportunity to stop criminal proceedings against the perpetrator who was married to him, so it is unclear how many MPs voted against it for this reason alone. Merz testified in 2020 that he would never have voted against the criminal liability of rape in marriage. During the vote, the question was whether a “contradiction clause” (CDU / CSU) or a “reconciliation clause” (SPD) would be included in the penal code. Merz justified his voting behavior with the fact that he feared that an impending criminal proceeding through false allegations of quarreling spouses would harm rather than benefit the protective interests of affected women. He admits, however, that these fears were, in retrospect, unfounded. Although he stands by his voting behavior at the time, he would decide differently from today's perspective.
Labor market policy
Merz described the Hartz IV reforms as progress compared to the previous situation, but spoke in favor of significantly greater reductions in the standard rates. Merz praised a study by researchers at Chemnitz University of Technology , which calculated an amount of € 132 to € 278 for securing a livelihood in the narrowest sense. The SGB II standard rate for securing a livelihood ("Hartz IV") was € 351 at this time. At a closed meeting of the FDP, Merz regretted that the findings of the study met with rejection in the government. In his opinion, it is not necessary to talk about an “expansion of the welfare state ”, but rather about “limiting it”, which would also meet with understanding among workers. At the federal press conference on October 31, 2018, Merz made it clear that he had not been in favor of a reduction to exactly € 132 and rejected a corresponding claim by journalist Tilo Jung as false. The Internet newspaper Huffington Post considered this specific assertion to be misleading, but confirmed that Merz, based on further statements, “stands for significant savings in social policy today too”.
Pension and Social Policy
In 2000, Merz proposed, on the one hand, that pensions should be fully taxed in line with civil servant pensions and, on the other, that the retirement age should be increased to 70. Criticism of this proposal came from both the CSU , the SPD and the FDP . Ottmar Schreiner described this as a “socio-political rampage”. In 2004 Merz spoke out in favor of radical changes to the social system. In particular, he wanted to completely abolish protection against dismissal initially for older employees and later for everyone. In his opinion, this would have been necessary in order to maintain economic growth and employment. Merz believes the introduction of the minimum wage is right. However, one should “not overdo it” with regard to the amount, as otherwise unemployment among the poorly qualified could rise dramatically. He also calls for an improvement in the often “precarious income and living conditions” in which single parents lived, and questions whether increases in child benefits must be offset against Hartz IV.
Friedrich Merz criticizes the newly introduced basic pension of the black-red coalition in 2020. Merz warned that the pension system as such could falter. He considers the basic pension that has been decided to be wrong:
“It is at least a serious mistake in the system of our defined contribution pension insurance. We can only hope that this does not call the whole system into question. "
In August 2010 Merz was one of the 40 prominent signatories of the energy policy appeal . This was intended to promote the extension of the service life of German nuclear power plants and was a lobbying initiative of four large European electricity companies that operated nuclear power plants . In June 2011 he warned of an overly rapid energy transition and the associated rising electricity prices. In 2018, Merz described the exit from nuclear energy as the right step, but at the same time criticized the fact that it was hastily implemented.
According to Merz, Germany must do more for the European Union . If Europe fails, the Germans will be the ones who will be most affected. In 2018, Merz wrote together with Hans Eichel , Jürgen Habermas , Roland Koch , Bert Rürup and Brigitte Zypries the appeal “For a Europe based on solidarity - let's get serious about the will of our Basic Law, now!” a. a common European army, a strengthening of the EU Parliament as well as "solidarity and the fight against nationalism and egoism inwardly and unity, common sovereignty outwardly" called for. In addition, a European labor market policy up to and including a European unemployment insurance should be sought. According to Merz, however, with regard to unemployment insurance, this means that joint unemployment insurance at EU level must be the end and not the starting point.
According to Merz, education and care should no longer be seen as a matter of course offered by the state. These would have to be co-financed by parents and alumni. At a panel discussion in Düsseldorf he said: “ Just like schools and universities, kindergartens need their own capital base. Parents and former employees have to pay in accordingly if they want to ensure and maintain the quality. "
Asylum and Migration Policy
In a speech on October 15, 2000 in Berlin-Neukölln , Merz complained about the effects of German migration policy: "We have problems with foreigners. (...) Problems that are now deeply worrying and moving people: with crime, with very high foreign unemployment , with unsolved social conflict materials also with the rest of the resident population. "
In the discussion about the admission of asylum seekers in Hungary by Germany in 2015, Merz said that it was "a great humanitarian gesture by the Federal Republic of Germany" to "invite these refugees to Germany". However, this should have remained a “one-time exception”. Merz compared the policy of Chancellor Merkel in the refugee crisis in Europe from 2015 with events such as the Brexit decision by the British and the election of Donald Trump as President of the USA. The decision to open the border for refugees, which was “taken overnight, alone”, was “not a particularly well-considered European policy”. It is not that the state has to admit that it temporarily loses control over who enters the territory of the Federal Republic of Germany, according to Merz. Border controls are also a measure to prevent unregulated immigration. In his opinion, open borders should not be an invitation to allow unregulated immigration to the Federal Republic of Germany.
At the end of November 2018, Merz called for a debate on asylum law. “Germany is the only country in the world that has an individual right to asylum in its constitution.” If a European immigration and refugee policy is seriously wanted, one must “have a major public debate about whether to add a legal reservation to the Basic Law writes. “Later Merz concretized these statements and wanted them to be understood as a question of how the basic right to asylum and a European solution could work together.
Judgment on the alternative for Germany
In July 2018, Merz told the Dresden “Morgenpost am Sonntag”: “I would have elected a vice-president of the AfD in the German Bundestag long ago”. “This party was elected with 12.6 percent. It has not been banned or declared unconstitutional. There are millions of voters behind her who should not be brought into the role of victim. ”However, he considered it right that the CDU should not cooperate with the AfD. There must be a very clear and razor-sharp demarcation from political extremism. In November 2018, Merz repeated that the CDU had to clearly differentiate itself from the AfD, as it was openly National Socialist and had anti-Semitic undertones.
Position on additional income and the political system
In 2006 there were discussions about conflicts of interest among members of the Bundestag who carried out other activities in addition to their mandate. As a result, an agreement was reached that MPs should disclose their income from secondary employment in order to give the public an opportunity to evaluate. Merz and eight other members of the German Bundestag brought an action against the disclosure of their additional income at the Federal Constitutional Court . During the hearing on October 12, 2006, Merz pointed out that, according to Article 38 of the Basic Law , MPs are “not bound by instructions and only subject to their conscience”. If the President of the Bundestag can now impose sanctions on them if they violate the disclosure obligation for additional income, that is a constitutional violation. He criticized that the regulation will drive many MPs into professional politics that are far from life. On July 4, 2007, the Federal Constitutional Court dismissed the lawsuit with a four-to-four vote on the grounds that the political mandate had to be “at the center of activity” and criticized the risk of bias through payments from companies.
The Swiss system of referendums considered Merz as hostile to innovation and slow. Merz also takes the view that talk shows and referendums as a substitute for parliamentary debates would damage democracy.
In 2018, Merz spoke out in favor of limiting the Chancellor's term of office to two terms. His main argument is that changing democracy is good for you. In addition, this task costs “an enormous amount of strength and energy”.
In his youth, Merz was involved in the Catholic young community and was a member of a Catholic student association during his student days. At a conference he emphasized that the letter "C" in the CDU party name stands for the Christian image of man, referring to the subject of abortion and the related ban on advertising enshrined in criminal law. From the perspective of his Christian image of man, advertising for abortion is therefore excluded. During his time as a member of the Bundestag, Merz voted for stricter regulations on abortion and in 2001 spoke out against pre-implantation diagnostics .
On the occasion of the increasing persecution of Christians in the world, Merz called for consequences and named, among other things, countries "in which political Islam dominates state and society", as well as India and China . He said: "If our freedom is worth something to us, then we must defend it, no matter where and how it is threatened."
- with Michael Glos : Social Market Economy in the 21st Century. Economic, financial and social policy responses to the new challenges. Olzog, Munich 2001, ISBN 3-7892-8083-6 .
- Courage for the future. How Germany comes back to the top. Goldmann, Munich 2002, ISBN 3-442-15218-6 .
- Only those who change will survive. From the end of the illusion of prosperity - setting the course for our future. Herder, Freiburg im Breisgau 2004, ISBN 3-451-05671-2 .
- Health as a growth engine - the future of our healthcare system. Hanser, Munich 2008, ISBN 978-3-446-41456-3 .
- Dare more capitalism - ways to a just society. Piper, Munich 2008, ISBN 978-3-492-05157-6 .
- What is fair Food for thought 2010, pages 115 - 126, A reading book from philosophy, culture and science, edited by Lilo Göttermann, Piper, Munich 2010, ISBN 978-3-492-25419-9 .
- with Wolfgang Clement : What to do now: Germany 2.0. Herder, Freiburg 2010, ISBN 978-3-451-30252-7 .
- 2004: “Reformer of the Year” of the New Social Market Economy Initiative (INSM) and the Frankfurter Allgemeine Sonntagszeitung
- 2006: Dolf Sternberger Prize
- 2006: Order against the seriousness of the animals of the Aachen Carnival Association
- 2009: THW honor plaque
- 2016: Lucius D. Clay Medal
In 2018 Friedrich Merz rejected the Ludwig Erhard Prize awarded to him by the Ludwig Erhard Foundation . He justified this with the, in his opinion, right-wing populist journalistic activities of the foundation's chairman, Roland Tichy .
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- CDU top candidate could become finance minister. (No longer available online.) Westdeutscher Rundfunk, August 1, 2002, archived from the original on September 22, 2006 ; Retrieved September 8, 2012 .
- Merz thinks less money is more. (No longer available online.) Netzeitung.de, September 12, 2008, archived from the original on April 14, 2010 ; Retrieved January 26, 2012 .
- AKK, Merz, Spahn: Positions, Topics, Goals , last seen on November 16, 2018.
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- "I would be a loyal party leader," last seen on November 16, 2018.
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- stern.de - Hamburg: Controversial study. Hartz IV - are 132 euros enough? ( stern.de [accessed on November 2, 2018]).
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- 132 Euro Hartz IV is enough? Old speech by Friedrich Merz causes a stir . In: Huffington Post . October 31, 2018 ( huffingtonpost.de [accessed October 31, 2018]). 132 euros Hartz IV is enough? Old speech by Friedrich Merz causes a stir ( Memento from October 31, 2018 in the Internet Archive )
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- Merz is an advocate of “marriage for all” and calls for Germany to be more committed to Europe , last seen on November 16, 2018.
- https://www.handelsblatt.com/politik/deutschland/kandidat-fuer-cdu-vorsitz-merz-erneuert-kritik-an-grundrente-und-sucht-alternative-zur-frauenquote/26017416.html?ticket=ST -6954856-OAVCprVGDdP6BzK1UVwR-ap1
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- For a Europe based on solidarity - Let's get serious about the will of our Basic Law, now! last seen on November 16, 2018.
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- Friedrich Merz calls for a departure from Merkel's policy , last seen on November 16, 2018.
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- Race for CDU chairmanship Merz on the right to asylum Spiegel Online Video November 22, 2018
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- When Friedrich Merz was in Schaffhausen. Retrieved November 23, 2018 .
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- Friedrich Merz in an interview: "I would be a loyal party chairman." , Last seen on November 16, 2018.
- So Catholic are Kramp-Karrenbauer, Merz and Spahn. Catholic.de, December 7, 2018, accessed on March 1, 2020 .
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- Philip Plickert: Trouble for the Ludwig Erhard Foundation. In: faz.net. July 16, 2018, accessed October 31, 2018 .
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Merz, Joachim-Friedrich Martin Josef (full name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German politician (CDU), Member of the Bundestag, MEP|
|DATE OF BIRTH||November 11, 1955|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Brilon|