CDU / CSU parliamentary group in the German Bundestag
The CDU / CSU group in the German Federal (short CDU / CSU fraction or Union fraction ) is the common fraction often called Union parties called sister parties CDU and CSU in the German Parliament . The parliamentary group is chaired by Ralph Brinkhaus . The first deputy chairman is Alexander Dobrindt , who is also chairman of the CSU regional group . Eleven other deputy chairpersons are responsible for special work areas. Michael Grosse-Brömer is the first parliamentary manager of the parliamentary group .
In the current 19th electoral period , the CDU / CSU parliamentary group with 246 members is the largest parliamentary group in the German Bundestag. 200 members belong to the CDU and 46 to the Bavarian CSU.
The parliamentary group consisting of the CDU and CSU is a specialty in the parliamentary system of the Federal Republic of Germany. In it, the members of two independent parties come together to form a common parliamentary group. The merger is primarily possible because the two parties do not compete against each other in any federal state. Since 1949, the CSU has only been eligible for election in Bavaria and the CDU in all other federal states. After 16 out of a total of 19 federal elections since 1949, the CDU and CSU formed the strongest parliamentary group in the German Bundestag.
The Group leader leading the fraction and represents them both internally and externally. He convenes parliamentary groups and board meetings, proposes agendas and heads the parliamentary group in the plenary session of the German Bundestag.
The executive parliamentary committee consists of the parliamentary group chairman, his deputies, the parliamentary managers , the judicial officers and the spokesman for the CDU regional groups. The parliamentary group's executive committee also includes the chairmen of the 23 working groups, the six sociological groups (group of women, working group on local politics, workers group, parliamentary group for medium-sized companies, group of expellees, resettlers and German minorities, young group) and 15 assessors. Both bodies usually meet on Mondays.
The members of the CSU are united in their own national group, which is integrated as an independent organizational unit into the overall parliamentary group . Members of the parliamentary group from the 15 other federal states are also organized as regional groups. In addition, the parliamentary group chairman can appoint representatives for individual subject areas. There are currently five officers: for climate protection, for the maritime industry, for churches and religious communities, for people with disabilities and for integration .
The parliamentary group of CDU and CSU must be renewed at the beginning of each legislative period. To this end, an “Agreement on the continuation of the CDU and CSU parliamentary group” is concluded in the first meeting of the parliamentary group after a federal election and signed by the party chairmen. The document states that “each group consists of the members of an independent party”. The CDU and CSU are represented in the parliamentary group's executive committee as well as in the working groups and the committees and delegations to be filled by the parliamentary group “according to their strengths”.
The assembly of all members of the CDU / CSU parliamentary group is called parliamentary group assembly. It meets at least once every week of the session - usually on Tuesday - and decides on the politics of the parliamentary group in the German Bundestag.
The parliamentary group's 23 working groups reflect the committees set up by the German Bundestag and thus essentially reflect the division of ministries in the federal government. Members of the working groups are therefore all MPs who are also full members or deputy members of the relevant committees. The chairmen of the working groups are elected by the parliamentary group, whereby the CDU part of the parliamentary group and the CSU regional group have their own right to appoint the positions to be filled by them
According to the agreement on the continuation of the parliamentary group between the CDU and CSU for the 19th electoral term of the German Bundestag from September 26, 2017, all offices in the parliamentary group are elected for a period of one year at the beginning of the parliamentary term, "then for the rest of the electoral term ". Exceptions are the first deputy of the parliamentary group chairman and his parliamentary manager elected by the CSU regional group. Both are elected for the entire electoral term. According to the working order of the CDU / CSU parliamentary group of April 17, 2018, all internal parliamentary elections must be announced three days in advance and carried out in secret. Whoever received more than half of the votes cast is elected. After three ballots without an absolute majority, the runoff vote decides between the two applicants with the highest number of votes.
As early as August 1946, the CDU and CSU founded a joint working group consisting of a nine-person board and a plenum with 21 delegates. Both in the Economic Council formed in 1947 and in the Parliamentary Council in 1948/49 there were joint parliamentary groups from the CDU and CSU.
After the first federal election in August 1949, the CDU / CSU parliamentary group was constituted on September 1, 1949 in the house of the Bonn Citizens' Association . The chairman of the CDU in the British zone, Konrad Adenauer , was elected chairman of the parliamentary group. After his election as Federal Chancellor on September 15, 1949, Heinrich von Brentano took over the office of parliamentary group chairman.
When Heinrich von Brentano became foreign minister in 1955, Heinrich Krone succeeded him as parliamentary group leader. Krone was considered one of Adenauer's closest political confidants. The 1957 Bundestag election also fell during his term of office , in which the CDU and CSU achieved an absolute majority for the first and so far only time with 50.2 percent of the votes and provided 277 of 519 members of the Bundestag. After the 1961 federal election , in which the Union lost its absolute majority again, but again became by far the strongest parliamentary group, Krone switched to the office of Federal Minister for Special Tasks. Heinrich von Brentano was again chairman of the CDU / CSU parliamentary group. After von Brentano became seriously ill in the autumn of 1963, the former Federal Minister for All-German Affairs Rainer Barzel took over the duties of parliamentary group chairman and was elected to this office himself after Brentano's death in December 1964.
Although the Union parties had again become the strongest parliamentary group in the Bundestag with 46.1 percent of the votes in the 1969 Bundestag election, they did not appoint the Chancellor for the first time in the history of the Federal Republic because of the formation of a coalition of SPD and FDP . Because of the disputes over Ostpolitik , the CDU / CSU parliamentary group grew from 250 to 258 members during the legislative period as a result of the coalition parties being converted. In April 1972, a constructive vote of no confidence by Rainer Barzel against Federal Chancellor Willy Brandt narrowly failed , whereby, as it turned out later, bribes from the Ministry for State Security of the GDR played an important role. In the early federal elections in 1972, the CDU and CSU, with 44.9 percent, performed weaker than the SPD with 45.8 percent. In May 1973 Barzel resigned from the position of group chairman. Three candidates stood for the successor, whereby on May 17, 1973 Karl Carstens prevailed with 131 votes clearly against the later Federal President Richard von Weizsäcker (58 votes) and the former Foreign Minister Gerhard Schröder (26 votes).
After the federal election in 1976 , in which the CDU and CSU could not achieve a change of government despite a 48.6 percent share of the vote, Carstens was elected President of the German Bundestag. The parliamentary group was chaired by the previous candidate for Chancellor and Prime Minister of Rhineland-Palatinate, Helmut Kohl . On November 19, 1976 , the CSU regional group decided at a meeting in Wildbad Kreuth to dissolve the parliamentary group with the CDU. The decision was withdrawn a few weeks later.
Helmut Kohl also retained the position of parliamentary group chairman after the CDU and CSU lost the 1980 federal election with the candidate for Chancellor Franz Josef Strauss . After Kohl had been elected Chancellor by the new coalition of CDU / CSU and FDP in October 1982 , Alfred Dregger , the long-time chairman of the Hessian CDU , took over the chairmanship. In the early federal elections on March 6, 1983 , the CDU / CSU only narrowly missed the absolute majority of the seats with 48.8 percent of the vote and provided 255 out of 520 members of the Bundestag.
After reunification on October 3, 1990, there was a CDU / CSU / DSU parliamentary group to which eight members of the DSU belonged until the newly elected Bundestag on December 2, 1990 . In November 1991, the previous Federal Minister of the Interior, Wolfgang Schäuble, was elected as Dregger's successor as the new chairman of the CDU / CSU parliamentary group. Schäuble kept this office even after the CDU and CSU had clearly lost the 1998 Bundestag election and had to switch to the opposition for the second time since 1949. In the course of the party donation affair, he resigned from his offices as parliamentary group and party chairman in February 2000. His previous deputy Friedrich Merz was elected as his successor as parliamentary group leader . After the federal election in 2002 , in which the CDU / CSU were narrowly defeated by the SPD, the party leader of the CDU, Angela Merkel , took over this office.
When Merkel was elected the first female Chancellor in the history of the Federal Republic of Germany in November 2005, her close confidante, the former CDU General Secretary Volker Kauder , switched to the office of parliamentary group leader. At twelve years and ten months, Kauder held the chairmanship longer than any of his predecessors. During his term of office, he won the Bundestag election on September 22, 2013, when the CDU / CSU, with 41.5 percent of the vote and 311 MPs, again narrowly missed the absolute majority of the seats in the Bundestag. In the 2017 federal election , the Union won 246 seats and again became by far the strongest parliamentary group. However, the result was widely perceived as disappointing by 32.9 percent of the votes.
A few weeks before the regular election of the parliamentary group chairman one year after the federal election, the deputy chairman Ralph Brinkhaus surprisingly announced his candidacy. In the election on September 25, 2018, Brinkhaus prevailed against Kauder with 125 to 112 votes (52.7 to 47.3 percent) and has since led the CDU / CSU parliamentary group.
|Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania||Eckhardt Rehberg||6th|
|Lower Saxony-Bremen||Mathias Middelberg||22nd|
|North Rhine-Westphalia||Günter Krings||42|
|Surname||position||Field of activity||Political party|
|Alexander Dobrindt||First deputy chairman,
chairman of the CSU regional group
|Andreas Jung||Deputy Chairman||Budget , finance , local politics||CDU|
|Gitta Connemann||vice-chairman||Food, agriculture , churches, art, culture and media||CDU|
|Hermann Gröhe||Deputy Chairman||Labor and Social Affairs , Employees, Economic Cooperation and Development||CDU|
|Thorsten Frei||Deputy Chairman||Law and consumer protection, inside, sport and voluntary work, displaced persons, repatriates and German minorities||CDU|
|Ulrich Lange||Deputy Chairman||Transport and digital infrastructure and construction||CSU|
|Katja Leikert||Deputy Chairman||European Policy, Europe Coordination, Parliamentary Cooperation in Europe, Brussels Liaison Office, EPP Group and Human Rights||CDU|
|Carsten Linnemann||Deputy Chairman||Economy and energy, medium-sized businesses and tourism||CDU|
|Georg Nüßlein||Deputy Chairman||Health , Environment , Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety||CSU|
|Nadine Schön||vice-chairman||Family , seniors, women and youth, digital agenda||CDU|
|Arnold Vaatz||Deputy Chairman||Education and Research, Building East and Petitions||CDU|
|Johann Wadephul||Deputy Chairman||Foreign affairs, defense, Interparliamentary Conference for the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) and the Common Security and Defense Policy (CSDP), Council of Europe||CDU|
|Michael Grosse-Brömer||First parliamentary manager||-||CDU|
|Stefan Müller||Deputy of the First Parliamentary Managing Director,
Parliamentary Managing Director of the CSU regional group
|Heike Brehmer||Parliamentary executive director||-||CDU|
|Manfred Grund||Parliamentary executive director||-||CDU|
|Patrick Schnieder||Parliamentary executive director||-||CDU|
|Ansgar Heveling||Legal advisor||-||CDU|
|Michael Frieser||Legal advisor||-||CSU|
|Eckhardt Rehberg||Spokesman for the CDU regional groups||-||CDU|
Chairpersons of the working groups or speakers or representatives
|Marie-Luise Dött||Environment , nature conservation and nuclear safety|
|Eberhard Gienger||Sport and volunteering|
|Albert Stegemann||Food, agriculture|
|Tankred Schipansky||Digital agenda|
|Alois Rainer||Transport and digital infrastructure|
|Joachim Pfeiffer||Economy and energy|
|Volkmar Klein||economical co-operation and Development|
|Albert Rupprecht||Education and research|
|Peter White||Work and social|
|Michael Brand||Human rights and humanitarian aid|
|Florian Hahn||European politics|
|Elisabeth Motschmann||Culture and media|
|Marcus Weinberg||Family , seniors, women and youth|
|Elisabeth Winkelmeier-Becker||Law and consumer protection|
|Kai Wegner||Construction, housing, urban development and municipalities|
The last general election took place on January 29, 2018. In March 2018, Matthias Middelberg became the new domestic policy spokesman to succeed Stephan Mayer , who moved to the post of Parliamentary State Secretary at the Federal Minister of the Interior. On April 24, 2018, Kai Wegner and Tankred Schipanski were re-elected.
Chair of the six sociological groups
|Mark Hauptmann||Young group|
|Eckhard Pols||Group of expellees, resettlers and German minorities|
|Christian Haase||Working group on local politics|
|Yvonne Magwas||Group of women|
|Christian Freiherr von Stetten||Middle class parliamentary group|
|Uwe Schummer||Employee group|
The election of the committee members for the parliamentary group took place on April 24, 2018.
All previous group leaders were members of the CDU.
Heinrich von Brentano
1949 to 1955 and
1961 to 1964
1955 to 1961
1964 to 1973
1973 to 1976
1976 to 1982
1982 to 1991
1991 to 2000
2000 to 2002
2002 to 2005
2005 to 2018
- Hans-Peter Schwarz (ed.): The parliamentary group as a power factor. CDU / CSU in the German Bundestag - 1949 until today. Pantheon Verlag, Munich 2009, ISBN 978-3-570-55107-3 .
- Beate Tenfelde: Gröhe and Linnemann Union parliamentary group vice. NOZ , March 20, 2018, accessed September 19, 2018.
- Election of board members of the CDU / CSU parliamentary group. Press release of the parliamentary group of April 24, 2018, accessed on June 15, 2018.
- thereof 1 from Bremen.
- Election of the working group chairmen. cducsu.de, accessed on January 29, 2018 .