Alexander Dobrindt (born June 7, 1970 in Peißenberg ) is a German politician ( CSU ). Since September 2017 he has been chairman of the CSU regional group in the German Bundestag . From December 17, 2013 to October 24, 2017, he was Federal Minister for Transport and Digital Infrastructure in the Merkel III cabinet and CSU General Secretary from February 9, 2009 to December 15, 2013 .
Life and work
Dobrindt laid in 1989 at the High School Weilheim the High School from. He then completed a degree in sociology at the Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich , which he completed in 1995 as a sociologist. From 1996 to 2001 he was commercial director and from 2001 to 2005 managing director and silent partner of the medium-sized mechanical engineering company Holzner & Sanamij (today Holzner Druckbehälter GmbH ) in Peißenberg .
Alexander Dobrindt belongs to the Roman Catholic Church , has been married since 2006 and has one son.
Dobrindt joined the Junge Union in 1986 and the CSU in 1990. From 1990 to 1997 he was chairman of the JU district association Weilheim-Schongau and from 1993 to 1997 also deputy JU district chairman. Since 1996 he has been a member of the Peißenberg municipal council and since 2001 local chairman of the CSU Peißenberg. He was also a member of the district council of the Weilheim-Schongau district . Since 2009 he has been chairman of the Weilheim-Schongau district association of the CSU.
In the federal election of 2002 Dobrindt won the direct mandate in the federal constituency of Weilheim with 59.4 percent of the first votes . He also won the direct mandate in the 2005 Bundestag election with 59.4 percent of the first votes. In the 2009 Bundestag elections , Dobrindt received 52 percent of the first votes in his constituency and moved into the Bundestag again; he was also re-elected in the federal elections in 2013 (57.2% of the first votes) and 2017 (47.9% of the first votes).
From January to November 2005, he was deputy chairman of the Committee on Economics and Labor in the Bundestag. From December 2005 to November 2008 he was chairman of the working group on economy, technology, energy, education and research, tourism of the CSU regional group , from November 2008 to February 2009 he was chairman of the working group on education, research and technology assessment of the CDU / CSU parliamentary group. In 2005 he became an assessor on the board of the parliamentary group for medium-sized companies (PKM) of the CDU / CSU parliamentary group.
CSU General Secretary
When the previous CSU General Secretary Karl-Theodor zu Guttenberg took over the office of Federal Minister for Economics and Technology in February 2009 , Dobrindt was proposed for the office of General Secretary by CSU Chairman Horst Seehofer . From February 9, 2009 Dobrindt exercised this office, which he resigned on December 15, 2013 because of his upcoming appointment as Federal Minister. As General Secretary, Dobrindt brought the CSU on a modernization course and was considered the “most modern General Secretary in the country”. The introduction of a quota for women in the CSU also fell during his term of office. With his election campaign, Dobrindt managed to win back the absolute majority for the CSU in the Bavarian state elections in 2013 . Dobrindt's federal election campaign was also a success for the CSU, which achieved 49.3 percent in the 2013 federal election in Bavaria, 6.7 percent more than in the 2009 federal election.
Federal Minister of Transport
He gave up his ministerial office with the constitution of the new Bundestag on October 24, 2017 in order to concentrate on his tasks as chairman of the CSU state group and as chief negotiator of the CSU (alongside Horst Seehofer ) in the coalition negotiations. According to his own statements, it was always his intention to give up his office at this point in time. Federal Minister of Agriculture Christian Schmidt temporarily took over the role of Minister of Transport .
Political positions and criticism
Expansion of the roads
Dobrindt was widely criticized in public and in the Bavarian state parliament for favoring his constituency of the Garmisch-Partenkirchen region in the Federal Transport Infrastructure Plan 2030 . In Dobrindt's home region, more than half a billion euros are earmarked for bypasses, while other regions in Germany and Bavaria have more urgent needs.
Relationship to German environmental aid
To clear up the emissions scandal , the environmental and consumer protection association Deutsche Umwelthilfe (DUH) maintains contacts with the US government, Californian authorities, various European governments and the EU Commission. Only in Germany does the DUH see no interest in providing information. Dobrindt, as the incumbent of the Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure , has refused to talk to anyone since October 2015 and has forbidden his employees to talk to the DUH, even though they have offered tips from whistleblowers.
Relationship with the Greens
Dobrindt repeatedly appeared as a sharp critic of the Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen party . These are "not a party, but the political arm of rioters, stone throwers and arsonists."
As part of the “Against Party” campaign, in which the CSU firmly positioned itself against the Greens, it produced a promotional video in which the Greens were portrayed as a pure protest party. The idea for the commercial was Dobrindt, who explained as the motivation for the campaign that the Greens “are still essentially the old anti-bourgeois chaotic and stone throwing party from 30 years ago”. Dobrindt and the CSU received criticism in particular for the video, which some considered clumsy and ridiculous, and this campaign was also controversial within the party.
In an interview, Dobrindt stated that the Greens were trying to “ crush democracy ” and showed them “ the middle finger ”. Dobrindt described the designated first green Prime Minister Kretschmann as a "wrong choice", whereupon he was also warned within the party to "respect the electorate", so Willi Stächele (CDU), to maintain "a decent deal with the designated Prime Minister". He called on Baden-Württemberg companies that would be alienated by the green-red " planned economy " after the state elections in 2011 to move to Bavaria.
At the beginning of 2018, Dobrindt called for a “ conservative revolution ” for Germany in a guest post for Die Welt . He was then criticized for using a term of the New Right that goes back to anti-democratic currents in the Weimar Republic . Despite the criticism, Dobrindt stuck to the term. Resistance to his stance comes mainly from “left mainstream elites”.
In May 2013, following a lawsuit by the Greens , the Berlin Regional Court issued an injunction in which Dobrindt was forbidden from calling the homosexual Volker Beck “Chairman of the Pedophile Group” in the Greens. The background to this was the debate about how to deal with pedophilia among the Greens. Dobrindt announced opposition. In October 2013, Dobrindt was sentenced to cease and desist. If the statement is repeated, he faces a fine of up to 250,000 euros or up to six months in prison.
In May 2013, Dobrindt told Bayernkurier about the Greens' tax plans for the 2013 federal election that a “single earner family with two children and a gross income of 3000 euros” would be burdened by an additional 3500 euros per year. The Greens countered Dobrindt's statement with their own calculation, according to which this family would experience a relief of 728 euros. After Dobrindt refused to issue a cease and desist declaration, the Greens announced legal action against him. The taxpayers 'association came to the result in its own calculation that, contrary to Dobrindt's statements, the Greens' tax plans led to a short-term relief of 230 euros for such a family and only in the further course to a burden of 356 euros. The Berlin district court dismissed the action of the Greens and ruled that Dobrindt's statements were covered by the right to freedom of expression.
On August 5, 2017, an owner of a VW Golf GTD filed a state liability suit against the Federal Republic of Germany, represented by the Federal Ministry of Transport, represented by Federal Minister Dobrindt, at the Freiburg Regional Court . According to the plaintiff, there was a lack of monitoring of the automotive industry by the KBA in the type approval process and early sanctions. The complainant feels strengthened in his view by the European Commission's infringement proceedings against the Federal Republic of Germany. The filing of the lawsuit followed three days after the National Forum Diesel on August 2, 2017.
Monitoring the Left Party and prohibition procedures
When it became known at the beginning of January 2012 that more than 60 members of the left-wing parliamentary group were under observation by the Office for the Protection of the Constitution, Dobrindt demanded that state funds for the Left Party be cut and that proceedings be initiated against them. He had made similar demands before. In addition, all members of the Left Party in the Bundestag and in the federal states should be monitored by the Office for the Protection of the Constitution. This caused outrage and Dobrindt was criticized from all parties, including the CSU. Interior ministers Hans-Peter Friedrich , Gerda Hasselfeldt and Patrick Döring from the government coalition spoke up and distanced themselves from Dobrindt's statements. Left-wing boss Klaus Ernst and some newspaper commentators also strongly criticized Dobrindt .
In the summer of 2011, Dobrindt presented a position paper critical of Europe, in which he warned against an automatism "that would lead to a progressive shift in power towards Brussels". After the publication of a position paper critical of Europe, MEP Elmar Brok (CDU) accused him of saying that Dobrindt's “ignorance” was “only surpassed by his populism ”. The CSU politician Manfred Weber also expressed himself in the same context . He sees “a serious conflict in the CSU” if Dobrindt chases after “right-wing populists” and fears that the CSU “will no longer be taken seriously in European politics”.
In August 2012, Dobrindt intensified his criticism of the government in Athens, saying that he “saw Greece in 2013 outside the euro zone”. He described the President of the European Central Bank, Mario Draghi , as a “counterfeiter of Europe” with regard to his planned program to buy government bonds. His remarks were criticized across all parties.
In October 2012, Dobrindt received from Europa Union Deutschland e. V. the negative award "Europa-Thistel" for the "biggest European political faux pas" as well as "for numerous anti-European comments in the context of the financial crisis, which contributed more to the division of Europe than to the reconciliation and overcoming of the difficulties."
CSU media affair
As a result of the media affair about the influence of the CSU on media reporting, which sparked after the calls from the then CSU spokesman Hans Michael Strepp , Dobrindt also came under fire. Dobrindt had initially rejected Strepp's attempt to influence the ZDF program, but the ZDF contradicted it in its presentation. In parts of the media, Dobrindt (as Strepps' direct superior) was suspected of being the mastermind behind the calls; Dobrindt denied this after Strepp's resignation. He did not know about the call and would have prohibited such a call if necessary. Opposition politicians called it implausible that Strepp acted of his own accord and took the affair as an opportunity to demand Dobrindt's resignation from the ZDF television council . There the affair should be cleared up. Dobrindt was guilty of the cover-up, was therefore biased and could therefore not contribute to the clarification in the television council.
Dobrindt opposes legal equality for same-sex partnerships . When he demanded in March 2013: "The Union as a people's party has the task of giving the silent majority a vote against a shrill minority", he was also criticized from the governing parties, for example by CSU chairman Horst Seehofer and FDP general secretary Patrick Döring , the deputy CDU chairman Thomas Strobl and the CDU member Jens Spahn .
Dobrindt is committed to introducing a car toll in Germany . This was propagated by the CSU in the 2013 federal election campaign as a toll for foreigners . Before the federal election in 2013 , Angela Merkel promised, as was stipulated in the coalition agreement, that there would only be a toll if German drivers were not additionally burdened by it.
Initially, Dobrindt wanted to include the entire road network in the car toll. However, CDU state politicians protested violently because they feared for the economy in the border regions. In October 2014 Dobrindt presented a concept for the car toll, according to which only the use of German motorways should be chargeable for drivers from abroad. Experts questioned the conformity of the toll concept with European law.
Concerns have been expressed in the coalition that there could be an unfavorable relationship between the cost of the car toll and its income.
The former EU transport commissioner Siim Kallas was convinced in an interview with Stern that Dobrindt's toll concept was incompatible with EU law. Dobrindt did not take into account the concerns expressed repeatedly by Kallas. The former EU commissioner suspected that the reason for the German government's submission of a draft law that was not compatible with EU law was the intention to hold Brussels responsible for a possible failure. However, Kallas did not want Dobrindt to fundamentally fail with the toll. In the course of defending the much-criticized concept, which, with the intervention of the EU Commission, is now partially linked to the environmental compatibility of the vehicles, Dobrindt repeatedly appeared in the news with comments about his foreign EU critics, such as the Netherlands and Austria. He publicly referred to the Austrian concerns about unequal treatment of EU citizens as " Ösi -Maut-Maulerei". The argument of an existing motorway toll in Austria is contradicted by the fact that they all have to pay for the same price, regardless of Austrian citizenship. Dobrindt's concept, however, would reimburse German vehicle owners for the German toll via the vehicle tax, reduced for high-consumption cars due to the EU Commission requirement, but not for foreign EU citizens. According to this, only non-German vehicles would pay the toll, which contradicts the principle of equality of the EU. The foreign concerns do not cite the toll as their justification, as Dobrindt repeatedly cites, but an unequal treatment of German and non-German EU nationals.
The planned electronic registration of license plates for toll control led to criticism from data protection officials, while Jörg Ziercke , President of the BKA , called for the toll data to be released for use in the fight against crime. Dobrindt rejected the request and affirmed that the data would not be passed on under any circumstances.
In autumn 2014, the ADAC created an updated forecast of the revenue from the planned toll. It is based on a study by the traffic scientist Ralf Ratzenberger. Accordingly, the toll would bring in income of 262 million euros, compared to expenses of 300 million euros annually. Dobrindt himself expects around 700 million euros in revenue. In November 2014, the newspaper Die Zeit examined both forecasts and came to the conclusion that the ADAC study was "the more reliable calculation". The independent traffic scientist Alexander Eisenkopf also rates the ADAC figures used as "plausible". According to Zeit , in contrast to the ADAC forecast, it is “completely unclear” what the Ministry of Transport's bill is based on.
On June 18, 2019, the ECJ ruled that the toll is not compatible with EU law because it violates the principle of equal treatment.
Dobrindt advocates accelerating broadband expansion in Germany. As minister, he wanted to achieve the goal of a nationwide speed of at least 50 megabits per second in 2018.
Black book of the car lobby
Dobrindt is listed as one of 33 people in the Black Book Autolobby , a black book published by Greenpeace in April 2016 on the interdependencies between politics and the automotive industry on a German and European level. Above all, his behavior in the context of the investigation of the VW emissions scandal is criticized. He is accused of acting for the automotive industry. He is also accused of appeasing and delaying the processing of the exhaust gas manipulations. Dobrindt had not published the measurement results collected by the Federal Motor Transport Authority and, when asked about the Environmental Information Act, only partially released the measurement results to Greenpeace. His behavior led the political opposition to demand a parliamentary committee of inquiry to deal with the emissions scandal and the links between the federal government and the automotive industry. On July 5, 2016, the 5th Committee of Inquiry was set up to investigate the manipulation of the exhaust gas treatment of diesel vehicles.
VW class action
During the VW emissions scandal , Dobrindt personally intervened to block a model declaratory action for consumers. In a paper for the legal committee of the Bundestag , which was largely agreed between the justice, finance, environment and transport ministries, he deleted the passage on the German variant of the class action in December 2015 without replacement. He made a class action against VW in Germany impossible.
Unword of the year 2018
Dobrindt is the originator of the unword of the year 2018 : "Anti-Deportation Industry". According to the jury, "the expression implies that those who legally support rejected asylum seekers and examine deportations by judicial process also intend to protect refugees who have become criminals and thus earn money on a large scale." in the first place “produced” persons entitled to asylum. The non-word shows " how the political discourse has shifted linguistically and in substance to the right and thus the rules of sayability in our democracy have changed in a questionable way ".
- Deputy member of the advisory board of the Federal Network Agency for Electricity, Gas, Telecommunications, Post and Railways, based in Bonn
- Former member of the ZDF television council in Mainz as a representative of the CSU
- Website by Alexander Dobrindt
- Biography at the German Bundestag
- CV at the CDU / CSU parliamentary group
- Alexander Dobrindt on parliamentwatch.de
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- gas scandal, state liability - action for damages filed against the Federal Republic of Germany . August 5, 2017. Retrieved August 8, 2017.
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|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German politician (CSU), Member of the Bundestag|
|DATE OF BIRTH||June 7, 1970|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Peissenberg|