District Court Berlin
The Berlin Regional Court is a court of ordinary jurisdiction for the State of Berlin on Littenstrasse in Berlin-Mitte . With over 900 employees, it is the largest regional court in Germany and one of the largest German courts after the Munich District Court.
Seat and District of the Court
The seat of the regional court is Berlin; the judicial district corresponds to the area of the city-state . 13,020 lawyers (as of December 31, 2017) are admitted to the Berlin regional court district .
When the Courts Constitution Act came into force in 1879, there were two Berlin regional courts: Regional Court I for the urban district, and Regional Court II for the surrounding area. In 1899 it was divided into regional court I (for the district of the district court center), regional court II (southern surrounding area) and regional court III (rest of the surrounding area). In 1920, the regional courts II and III became responsible for other parts of the city due to the amalgamation of different communities to form Greater Berlin (in terms of area roughly equivalent to today's city-state).
The District Court I was then located at Grunerstraße / Neue Friedrichstraße 16/17, today Littenstraße. The district court II had its seat in the building of today's district court Tempelhof-Kreuzberg at Möckernstrasse 128-130 / Hallesches Ufer 29-31 and was responsible for the district court districts Köpenick , Neukölln , Lichterfelde , Schöneberg and Tempelhof as well as southern parts of the district, especially Kreuzberg. Regional Court III was located at Tegeler Weg 17-21 in the building in which the Berlin Regional Court, which was responsible for the three western sectors of Berlin, was set up after the city was divided; the district court districts of Spandau , Charlottenburg , Lichtenberg , Pankow , Wedding belonged to the district of the district court Berlin III . All criminal chambers of the three regional courts were set up in the Moabit Criminal Court on Turmstrasse .
In July 1933, the acting Prussian Justice Minister Hanns Kerrl merged the three regional courts to form a single regional court in Berlin. He appointed Richard Hoffmann, a lawyer in Magdeburg until May 1933, as the first president of the Berlin Regional Court.
As a result of the division of Berlin, the registration responsibilities for West Berlin were transferred from Regional Court III to the district courts of Charlottenburg and Schöneberg, although the registers physically remained in Tegeler Weg. The district court building in Neue Friedrichstrasse , which was renamed Littenstrasse in the 1950s, housed the Berlin City Court and the district courts of Mitte, Prenzlauer Berg and Friedrichshain as well as the GDR's Supreme Court and the Public Prosecutor's Office .
The Berlin Regional Court is housed in a total of three buildings spread across the city.
Most of the court's (first instance) civil chambers are located in the building at Tegeler Weg 17-21 in the Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf district . This listed building of the regional court was built between 1901 and 1906 based on designs by Hermann Dernburg and Ernst Heinrich Petersen based on a Romanesque imperial palace .
Other civil chambers of the regional court Berlin are located in the Littenstraße (district center ) in commercial buildings for civil departments of the Berlin Regional Court I (also civil justice: appeal and Appeal, transport chambers, competition, chambers for commercial matters) and in the Tower Road 91 in Moabit the Trial Chambers of the Regional court in the building of the Moabit criminal court .
Superordinate and subordinate courts
The Berlin Regional Court are first, the Court of Appeal (Court of Appeal) and then the Federal Court superior. The following Berlin district courts are subordinate :
- District Court of Charlottenburg ,
- District court Köpenick
- Lichtenberg District Court
- District court middle
- District court Neukölln
- District court Pankow / Weißensee
- Schöneberg District Court
- District court Spandau
- District court Tempelhof-Kreuzberg
- Tiergarten District Court
- Wedding District Court
Bernd Pickel was President of the Berlin Regional Court from 2005 to 2015 . Gabriele Nieradzik was President from 2016 to 2018 .
- List of courts in the state of Berlin
- List of German courts
- List of cultural monuments in Berlin-Mitte / Old Berlin
- 360 ° panorama of the entrance hall
- Website of the Berlin Regional Court
- Entry in the Berlin State Monument List
- Overview of the case law of the Berlin Regional Court
- ↑ Berlin Bar Association, www.rak-berlin.de: 2017 Annual Report of the Berlin Bar Association XVIII: Membership Statistics , p. 33. (PDF) Retrieved August 9, 2018 .
- ↑ 14 local courts: Alt-Landsberg , Berlin (II), Bernau , Charlottenburg , Cöpenick , Königs-Wusterhausen , Liebenwalde , Mittenwalde , Nauen , Oranienburg , Rixdorf , Berlin-Spandau , Strausberg , Zossen ; see ordinance concerning the establishment of the local courts of July 26, 1878 ( PrGS p. 275/276) and ordinance concerning the formation of the district court districts of July 5, 1879 ( PrGS p. 393/410 ff.); also here (status: 1894)
- ↑ 9 district courts: Berlin-Schöneberg , Berlin-Tempelhof , Cöpenick , Groß-Lichterfelde , Königs-Wusterhausen , Mittenwalde , Rixdorf , Trebbin , Zossen
- ↑ 13 local courts: Alt-Landsberg , Berlin-Wedding , Bernau , Charlottenburg , Kalkberge-Rüdersdorf , Lichtenberg , Liebenwalde , Nauen , Neu-Weißensee , Oranienburg , Pankow , Spandau , Strausberg ; see law on the organization of courts for Berlin and the surrounding area of September 16, 1899 ( PrGS p. 391)
- ↑ Courts . In: Berliner Adreßbuch , 1933, part 3, p. 26 (detailed information on who is responsible).
- ↑ Law on the restructuring of the judiciary in Berlin of April 26, 1933 ( PrGS p. 125)
- ^ Lothar Gruchmann: Justice in the Third Reich 1933-1940. Adaptation and submission in the Gürtner era . Munich 1990; P. 229
- ↑ limited preview in the Google book search
- ↑ Ernst Reuss : Millionaires don't ride bicycles. Everyday justice in post-war Berlin. Berlin 2012.
- ^ Royal District Court III Berlin in Charlottenburg . In: Zeitschrift für Bauwesen , Volume 66 (1916), Sp. 1–10, 169–180, Table 1–6. Digitized in the holdings of the Central and State Library Berlin .
- ↑ Press release, August 31, 2005. ( Memento of August 8, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Senate Department for Justice
- ↑ Press release of the Berlin courts of July 26, 2016
Coordinates: 52 ° 31 ′ 37.5 ″ N , 13 ° 17 ′ 51.4 ″ E