district of Berlin
|Residents||64,945 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density||11,474 inhabitants / km²|
In parlance, localities of Pankow can also be in the buildings of Heinersdorf (Pankow-Heinersdorf) and Niederschönhausen (Pankow-Schönhausen) to the north . Pankow is located on the Panke and is named after this tributary of the Spree .
From the 13th to the middle of the 20th century
Archaeological traces of late Slavic pre-settlement have not yet been found. According to this, Pankow was founded around 1230 by German settlers “from wild roots”, like all other localities on the southwestern Barnim . The Angerdorf arose on the Panke . From her the Slavic waters was adopted as a place name . It was first mentioned in a document in 1311. The land register of Emperor Charles IV from 1375 indicated 42 hooves for the village , 4 of which were parish hooves ( Wedemhof ). Only 6 Hufen managed full farmers . The residue was distributed among 3 Ritter farms : Kerstian Duseke with 12 hooves (6 of duty-free), Hans Duseken with 7 1 / 2 hooves and Berlin he citizens Wartenberg with 12 1 / 2 hooves as Lehen from its city council . Of the 22 farms , 13 belonged to the Wartenberg farm and the rest to those of the Dusekes. The two and the Berliner also shared the church patronage . A jug poured out in the village . The village church of Pankow was built as a late Gothic stone church in the 15th century. Due to an extensive brick extension in the years 1857–1859, the village church lost a significant part of its village character.
The village development phase from the Middle Ages to the 19th century was replaced by an urban boom in the early years of the 19th century. The original village character can still be seen in the course of the Breite Straße , which traces the original village green with the church in the center. The Kavalierschloss located at the beginning of today's Damerowstraße underlines this grown structure of the district. The hunting parties to Buchholz and beyond in the surrounding area started from here in the 19th century. This building was used as a kindergarten after the Second World War .
In the following centuries, Pankow was shaped by changing ownership, among other things, the Elector Friedrich III bought in 1691 . a mansion and had this converted into Schönhausen Palace . This gave Pankow increased importance as the residence of the Hohenzollern family . At the end of the 19th century, the city began to develop into a place for summer retreat, which in turn led to an expansion of the infrastructure . The current road system was laid out around 1900 using existing trade routes such as Wollankstrasse.
Since 1818 Pankow belonged to the Niederbarnim district . Although the population of the rural community was already 58,000 people in 1919, the place was still formally a "village" at that time as it had not been granted city rights. In 1920, Pankow was incorporated into the district of Pankow by the Greater Berlin Act . The town hall of Pankow has been the seat of the district mayor since then.
The end of World War II
At the end of the Second World War , the Red Army first advanced to Pankow via Heinersdorf. In the area of the Prenzlauer Promenade / Binzstrasse, bitter skirmishes took place with the last groups of the Volkssturm who had holed up in Neumannstrasse. On April 22, 1945, the troops set up their quarters on Binzstrasse. A burial place for the fallen Red Army soldiers was built at Trelleborger Straße . The reburial of the dead took place with the erection of the Soviet memorial in the Schönholzer Heide (in the Volkspark Schönholzer Heide ).
In Berlin-Buch there is another memorial in the Bucher Schlosspark . The Red Army soldiers originally buried there were also reburied in the memorial in the Schönholzer Heide.
District history since the middle of the 20th century
Between 1945 and 1949 Pankow was a district in the Soviet sector of Berlin and between 1949 and 1990 a district in what was then East Berlin's district of Pankow. This administrative area included the now independent districts of Niederschönhausen with Schönholz and Nordend, Rosenthal with Wilhelmsruh, Blankenfelde, Buchholz, Heinersdorf, Blankenburg, Karow and Buch.
In the 1980s, the Berlin magistrate had large areas of allotment gardens cleared and new residential areas built on the building land, for example on both sides of Arnold-Zweig-Straße.
After the fall of the Wall (old) Pankow was then between 1990 and 2001 a part of the Pankow district. After the district administration reform in 2001, Pankow remained a district in the now enlarged Pankow district.
Major construction project Pankower Tor
In the area of the former marshalling yard between the Pankow and Pankow-Heinersdorf stations , bounded to the north by the S-Bahn route and to the south by the Granitzstraße / Prenzlauer Promenade, the Pankower Tor district is planned. The investor is the entrepreneur Kurt Krieger , who grew up near the castle park . a. the furniture stores Furniture warriors, Hoffner and Sconto belong. The area, which was acquired by Krieger in 2009 and has been in the planning phase for several years, also includes the listed roundhouse at Heinersdorfer Brücke . The marshalling yard and freight yard was closed in 1996. The Berlin Senate and the Pankow district have long been against a shopping center planned here, but a compromise is now emerging. So that other shopping centers and other shops in the district are not endangered, the BVV reached a compromise with the investor: the new shopping center will be smaller and will not be built near Pankow train station, but in the direction of Prenzlauer Promenade. On April 25, 2018, the district assembly signed the letter of intent for the construction of 2,000 apartments (30% of which were social housing), a shopping center, a primary school on the former Pankow marshalling yard, a furniture store at the Prenzlauer Promenade , a park with 800 commuter parking spaces Parking garage for around 1000 bicycles near the Berlin-Pankow train station . When construction is still not in sight in 2020, Berlin's state curator Christoph Rauhut speculated : "In my opinion, Mr. Krieger only acquired the eastern area to prevent a competitor from settling."
After the population had not increased significantly since its foundation, it rose from the middle of the 19th century to about a hundredfold until around 1910. After the end of the Second World War and the clearing of rubble in the district, there was a steady increase in the population, which has only been declining again since 1990.
Economy and Infrastructure
In Berlin-Pankow, the headquarters of the Eastern regional division of DB Netz is located on Granitzstrasse in the east of the district . In addition to the administration of the regional area, this operations center includes workstations of a network coordinator , several area dispatchers and several train dispatchers who are responsible for the dispatching of trains (exclusively trains of the Berlin S-Bahn ) in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Berlin and most of Brandenburg are. For this purpose, numerous dispatchers work in this control center, who work exclusively with electronic interlockings (ESTW).
In the district are the S-Bahn stations Pankow and Pankow-Heinersdorf, which are served by the S2 , S8 and S85 lines. The Wollankstrasse train station (lines S1 , S25 , S26 ) is also in the area of the Pankow district on the border with Wedding .
There are also two underground stations , both on the U2 underground line. Until 1993, today's underground station Vinetastraße , which opened on July 1, 1930, was still called Pankow (Vinetastraße) . It was originally opened as Vinetastraße . At that time an extension was planned via today's Berlin-Pankow train station to Pankow-Kirche. However, the global economic crisis prevented further construction. The station is underground, so the trains coming from the Schönhauser Allee high station have to go down a ramp.
Today's Pankow underground station is the terminus of the U2 line. It opened on September 16, 2000. As early as 1988, the route north of the Vinetastraße train station was extended to connect a planned workshop on Granitzstraße. However, this was not realized due to the fall of the Berlin Wall . In 1994 the track system was expanded to a turning track system and in 1997 further construction began up to the transfer station with the S-Bahn. Behind the station there is a sweeping track system, which can be included in the route even if the expansion to Pankow Church is still planned.
Local public transport
In 1920 Pankow was incorporated into Greater Berlin . The newly created district was administered by district mayors until 2001:
|1921-1924||Wilhelm Kubig||USPD / SPD|
|1924-1944||Hans Meissner||DVP / NSDAP|
|April 1945 - December 1946||Bruno antics||KPD / SED|
|December 1946 - December 1948||Erich Ryneck||SPD|
|1988 - December 1989||Heinz Poppy||SED|
|December 1989 - February 1990||Uwe Hauser||SED|
|February 1990 - May 1990||Nils Busch-Petersen||independent|
Important architectural monuments in Pankow
- Town hall Pankow
- Old parish church “To the Four Evangelists” from the 15th century, expanded by Friedrich August Stüler in the years 1858/1859
- Baroque cavalier's house on Breite Strasse from 1770
- Old bakery in Wollankstrasse as the last evidence of the village development
- The old and new malt house on Mühlenstraße from 1874, converted for residential purposes
- Hope Church, which was built in 1912/1913 with echoes of Art Nouveau
- District court in Kissingenstrasse, built 1902–1906 in the Franconian Baroque style, today an office building of the Pankow / Weißensee District Court
- Kissingenviertel with its residential complexes from the 1920s and 1930s. The residential area Prenzlauer Promenade, Binzstraße, Retzbacher Weg and Kissingenstraße, created in the 1920s, is one of the architectural features from this time, as the apartment blocks were provided with so-called "zeppelin roofs" and are unique in this way.
- former Jewish orphanage
- Former Jewish home for apprentices , today: Caragiale library
- several school buildings from the beginning of the 20th century, including the former Realgymnasium (for boys) today: Rosa-Luxemburg-Gymnasium
- the Pankow post office in Berliner Strasse, today: Platanus Comprehensive School
- Villa Garbáty at Berliner Straße 126/127
Former Jewish orphanage , now a library and school
Typical Wilhelminian style house at Florastraße 26
Pankow in art, in the media and in sports
- The town of Pankow, in the north of Berlin, with its surrounding areas was already a popular destination at the end of the 19th century. Pankow appears in various songs, so “Come Karlineken come […] we want to go to Pankow […] Pankow, kille, kille, Pankow […]” or in “ Bolle recently traveled to Whitsun , to Pankow was his goal [...] On the Schönholzer Heide there was a fight [...] "
- In 1983 Udo Lindenberg published his song Sonderzug nach Pankow after the GDR authorities rejected his request to be able to give a concert in the GDR.
- The football club VfB Einheit zu Pankow , founded in 1893 as VfB Pankow , is considered the "founder" of club names such as "VfB", "VfL" or "VfR".
- List of streets and squares in Berlin-Pankow
- List of cultural monuments in Berlin-Pankow
- List of stumbling blocks in Berlin-Pankow
- Art in public space in Berlin-Pankow
- Bürgerpark Berlin-Pankow
- Wollankstrasse escape tunnel
- Ferdinand Beyer: From yellowed leaves - story of Pankow. Gutenberg printing works, 1922.
- Johannes Schultze (Hrsg.): The land book of the Mark Brandenburg of 1375 (= Brandenburg land books . Volume 2; publications of the historical commission for the province of Brandenburg and the imperial capital Berlin . Volume VIII, 2). Commission publisher von Gsellius, Berlin 1940, Barnym. Districtus Berlin. Pankow, p. 109 ( digitized version in Potsdam University Library ).
- Rudolph Dörrier: Pankow. Panko-Press, 2000. (Reprint of the Small Chronicle of a Berlin District. 1949)
- Dirk Finkemeier, Elke Rölling and project group: From petit palais to guest house - the history of Schönhausen Palace and Park in Pankow / Niederschönhausen. Kulturamt Pankow, Berlin 1998, .
- Ralph Hoppe: Bolle recently traveled ... - Pankow through the ages. be.bra verlag, Berlin 1998, ISBN 3-930863-45-6 .
- Ralph Hoppe: Pankow. Between idyll and metropolis. be.bra verlag, Berlin 2013, ISBN 978-3-8148-0198-8 .
- Heinz Knobloch: Berlin windows. Mitteldeutscher Verlag, Halle / Leipzig 1981, ISBN 3-354-00140-2 , pp. 26–73. ("With us in Pankow")
- Institute for Monument Preservation (Ed.): The architectural and art monuments of the GDR. Capital Berlin-II . Henschelverlag, Berlin 1984, p. 20-49 .
- Joachim Faust: Pankow, from the village to the major district
- Harald Martenstein : Prominent in Pankow . In: Der Tagesspiegel . December 9, 2007.
- Cosima Schmitt: Just to East Berlin . In: Die Zeit No. 40 . September 30, 2010.
- Duden pronunciation dictionary . 6th edition. Bibliographisches Institut & FA Brockhaus AG, Mannheim 2006.
- de.pons.com , see also -ow
- Johannes Schultze (ed.): The land book of the Mark Brandenburg from 1375 . Commission publisher von Gsellius, Berlin 1940, Barnym. Districtus Berlin. Pankow, S. 109 .
- On the history of Pankow. In: Berlin.de (official city portal)
- Stefan Strauss: A new district for Pankow . The entrepreneur Kurt Krieger wants to create a park, build apartments and sell furniture. In: Berliner Zeitung . May 13, 2011.
- Website with all current information on the Pankower Tor project; Retrieved May 19, 2011.
- rbb Online: Investor Krieger is allowed to build a shopping center in Pankow . ( Memento of the original from March 2, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- CHRISTIAN HÖNICKE: The controversial “Pankower Tor” is coming - with 2000 apartments . For years there was a back and forth. Now investor Krieger is in agreement with the State of Berlin and the district on the Pankower Tor construction project. In: Tagesspiegel . April 25, 2018 ( tagesspiegel.de ).
- Reinhart Bünger: The heated argument about the Pankower Tor: Monument protection or school building - what counts more? In: Tagesspiegel . January 25, 2020 ( tagesspiegel.de ).
- Rudolf Dörrier: Small Pankow Chronicle. Reprint from 1949.
- BD Rathaus Pankow, Breite Straße 24a – 26, 1901–1903 by Wilhelm Johow; Extension 1927–1929 by A. Poetschke and Rudolf Klante
- BD Alte Bäckerei Wollankstrasse 130, residential building with side wing, around 1860; Outbuilding for the Hartmann bakery, around 1875
- BD District Court Pankow with front garden enclosure and court prison, Kissingenstrasse 5/6, 1902–1906 by Paul Thoemer and Rudolf Mönnich
- Monument ensemble Kissingenviertel
- BD former Jewish orphanage, Berliner Straße 120/121 (Pankow), 1912/1913 by Alexander Beer
- BD Caragiale Library, Mühlenstrasse 24, former Jewish apprentice home, 1896
- BD Realgymnasium Pankow with Rector's residence and gym, Kissingenstrasse 12, 1906/1907 by Wilhelm Johow
- BD Postamt, Berliner Strasse 12, 1924 by Carl Schmidt
- BD Villa Garbáty with gardens and fencing, around 1890
- Page about German football club names