|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Height :||36 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||96.04 km 2|
|Residents:||37,639 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||392 inhabitants per km 2|
|Area code :||03375|
|License plate :||LDS, KW, LC, LN|
|Community key :||12 0 61 260|
|LOCODE :||DE KWH|
|City structure:||8 districts|
City administration address :
15711 Koenigs Wusterhausen
|Mayor :||Swen Ennullat (Free Voters KW)|
|Location of the city of Königs Wusterhausen in the Dahme-Spreewald district|
Königs Wusterhausen (until 1718 Wendisch Wusterhausen , Lower Sorbian Parsk ) is a large city belonging to the district and a middle center in the district of Dahme-Spreewald in Brandenburg in Germany . It belongs to the Berlin metropolitan area .
A regional colloquial abbreviation for Königs Wusterhausen is KW (KaWe), which is also reminiscent of the former transmission system (KW for short wave, see also the city's coat of arms).
The city center of Königs Wusterhausen is located southeast of the Berlin city limits at the confluence of the Notte Canal and the Dahme . It is approx. 36 km to the center of Berlin ( Potsdamer Platz ). The state capital Potsdam (≈ 57 km) west of Königs Wusterhausen and the district town Lübben (Spreewald) (≈ 53 km) south of the city are significantly further away . Located in the direct agglomeration of Berlin, Königs Wusterhausen is the center of development in the densely populated north of the district, where around 110,000 of the almost 162,000 inhabitants of the district live.
Königs Wusterhausen borders in the north on the Berlin district of Schmöckwitz , in the north-east on Gosen-Neu Zittau and Spreenhagen , in the east on Heidesee , in the south on Bestensee , in the south-west on Mittenwalde and in the west on Wildau and Zeuthen .
Königs Wusterhausen is the largest city in the Dahme-Spreewald district . In addition to the districts of Deutsch Wusterhausen and Neue Mühle, seven incorporations took place as a result of the municipal reform in 2003. Since then, in addition to Diepensee, the independent municipalities of Zeesen, Kablow, Niederlehme, Senzig, Wernsdorf and Zernsdorf, which belonged to the former Lower Dahmeland Office , became new districts of the city. They elect their own local councils and a local mayor.
|Districts with associated districts and residential areas|
With the municipal reform in 2003, the number of inhabitants almost doubled and the area sixfold. The Diepensee district is a specialty. This is a newly constructed settlement completed in 2003, to which the residents of the former community of the same name were resettled after the old Diepensee was given up in favor of the expansion of Berlin-Schönefeld Airport . The inhabitants of the city are distributed among the individual districts as follows:
Population: 37,900 (September 30, 2019)
Königs Wusterhausen lies in the lowlands between the ridges of the Teltow and the Beeskower Platte , the so-called Dahmeland . The cultural landscape border of the Teltow runs through the city from south to north. Accordingly, the area around the city was very much characterized by moors and moor meadows.
The layers of earth in and around Königs Wusterhausen come mainly from the Pleistocene and Holocene . The structure consists of two layers of clay (debris and debris-free clay), which are separated from each other by layers of sand and covered by a thick layer of gravel , sand and loamy sand. The local clay often included chalk and flint chunks as well as amber . The clay was considered to be of very good quality and the deposits were rich. The bricks obtained from this were quite light white in color, had a good sound and had neither rash nor saltpeter deposits after processing. There is also a freshwater basin from the Diluvial period at Körbiskrug. West of the city there is a plateau with Nordic limestone or, according to the Berghaus, Wiesenkalk from the Silurian era .
Despite the high population density for Brandenburg, large areas of the city are bodies of water and forests. The Zeesener See , the Krüpelsee , the Krossinsee and the Große Zug represent large bodies of water . There are also many smaller lakes, the Oder-Spree Canal in the district of Wernsdorf, the Dahme , which runs through almost all districts, and the Notte Canal . The Senziger Heide, the zoo in Neue Mühle and the Friedersdorfer Forst represent large wooded areas . The latter covers the entire urban area between the A10 motorway , the Oder-Spree Canal and the waters of Krossinsee and Großer Zug, with the exception of the populated bank area .
Origin of name
In connection with the first mention around 1320, the place was called "hus to wusterhusen". The name was Germanized from the Slavic "Vostroźn"; vostrog was called a place fortified with palisades . In Lower Sorbian, however, Königs Wusterhausen is called “Parsk”, which is an old Polish word for desert . Both Theodor Fontane and Heinrich Berghaus described the development of the name as follows:
The original name of the place was "Wustrow", which in Slavic dialects means something like " Werder " or "island" or, according to Fontane, "place surrounded by water". This is conclusive because the original castle was built on a Werder in the Notte as a moated castle to protect the transition over the Notte . When the Germans came to the country, the independent town Deutsch-Wustrow was created next to Wendisch-Wustrow, the name of which was later Germanised to "Wusterhausen". Wendisch Wusterhausen is initially also called in Latin "Wusterhuse Slavica" or the associated castle "Castrum Wusterhuse" and the German settlement "Wusterhuse Teutonica" in the country books. At the beginning of the 18th century, the expanded castle was then renamed Königs Wusterhausen, while the surrounding inn initially kept the name Wendisch-Wusterhausen. First the surrounding area was renamed Klein-Wusterhausen and only slowly adopted the name Königs Wusterhausen until the middle of the 19th century. Bratring also speaks of Klein-Wusterhausen in his book published in 1805.
Early history and the Middle Ages
In the course of the mass migration , the Sprewanen reached the Berlin area in the area of the rivers Dahme, Spree and Notte. When the place or the castle Wostrów was founded can no longer be said today. However, the Polish historian Wilhelm Bogusławski speaks in volume 4 of his book "History of the Northwestern Slavic Peoples up to the Half of the 13th Century" in connection with the protection against the raids of the Margrave of Brandenburg on the area of Jaxa von Köpenick of two castles: Wostrów (Wusterhausen) in the border area Dęby ( Dahme ) and Chudowina ( Mittenwalde ) in the border area Sosny ( Zossen ), which were supposed to keep the attackers away from the neighboring Lausitz. It is therefore very likely that a Slavic castle at the current location of the palace protected a passage over the Notte as early as the 12th century.
In connection with the enfeoffment of the dukes Rudolf (I) and Wenzel von Sachsen (-Wittenberg) by the abbess Jutta von Quedlinburg , the place ("hus to wosterhusen") and the castle were first mentioned on September 19, 1320. Around 1377 the place and castle were acquired as fiefdoms of the von Schlieben family. The castle and the settlement of Wusterhausen had been part of the border area between the Mark Brandenburg and the Mark Lausitz from the time they were conquered by the Ascanians in the 12th to 13th centuries until the 15th century . It was not until the cession of the Teupitz rule in 1431 that the area belonged completely to the Mark Brandenburg. After the place as part of the state of Teltow was claimed from 1422 by the abbess of the Quedlinburg monastery as a feudal lordship , this fiefdom is also listed in the “kurmärk” in 1440. Lehnscopialbuche “confirmed. According to Heinrich Berghaus' "Landbuch der Mark Brandenburg und des Margrafthums Niederlausitz" the Schlieben were still or again feudal lords of the local villages in 1451. Karl Friedrich von Klöden explains this contradiction by saying that Elector Friedrich II refused the abbess's claims. The knight family of the Schenken von Landsberg and Seyda acquired the local villages including the castle in 1475. From then on, the domain was called Schenkenländchen.
Modern times to the soldier king
In 1500, the possession of Wendisch Wusterhausen could be verified for the first time through the taverns of Landsberg zu Teupitz. During the Thirty Years War , Wusterhausen was devastated by Swedish soldiers in 1643 . Due to its convenient location as a protected river crossing, the place became an easier target for military troops. Such cities and spots in the Teltow were generally more devastated than places off the main roads, protected by water and swamp. On October 14, 1669, Privy Councilor Friedrich von Jena acquired the castle and village of Wendisch Wusterhausen.
At the beginning of July 1682, the Great Elector acquired the town and palace for his son, Elector Friedrich (from 1688 Elector Friedrich III. And as King in Prussia from 1701 Friedrich I). On December 24, 1698, his son, Prince Elector Friedrich Wilhelm (who later became King Friedrich Wilhelm I , the soldier king ), received the castle and the associated goods from his father for his tenth birthday. In 1701 the electoral prince founded his company of the " long guys ". Between 1713 and 1718 Wusterhausen Castle was converted into a hunting lodge. In 1718, Wendisch Wusterhausen was renamed Des Königs Wusterhausen on the occasion of the inauguration of the royal hunting lodge . In 1726 the Wusterhausen Treaty was concluded here, which included an alliance between Prussia and Austria . In 1730 Friedrich Wilhelm I signed the death sentence for Lieutenant Katte in the hunting lodge . The rule of Königs Wusterhausen was leased as an estate in 1786. Friedrich von Raumer was head of the department of the Wusterhausen Domain Chamber from 1806 to 1809 and described Königs Wusterhausen as a "peculiar place that is neither a city nor a" due to the presence of typical metropolitan officials such as a superintendent , a senior clerk , a postal secretary and a judicial officer Spots, there is still a village ”. In 1819 Königs Wusterhausen consisted of a church and 56 houses that housed 302 residents. There was also a post office here, from which the postal route went from Berlin via Cottbus and Hoyerswerda to Dresden , and there was a postal route to Spremberg starting here . In 1832 Königs Wusterhausen received market rights. In 1840, King Friedrich Wilhelm IV ordered the renovation of the hunting lodge after Friedrich II had no longer made funds available for the site of his terrible childhood and youth from 1740 onwards.
Industrialization and revival in the 19th century
In 1846 the domains and forests that had previously been entrusted as princely chambers were managed as a royal house domain. At that time, the Königs Wusterhausen domain consisted of a director, two chamber councilors, a forestry council and a building inspector. The administration included:
- 14 domain offices (7 from Teltow , 7 from Beeskow-Storkow )
- four chief forester's offices (two each from Teltow and Beeskow-Storkow)
- Justice and camera justice in the 14 administrative districts by two judicial officers (see also: History of the Königs Wusterhausen district court )
In 1848 the first citizens' council was established in Königs Wusterhausen after Friedrich Wilhelm IV had signed the “Statute for the town of Königs-Wusterhausen” on May 3, 1847. This 19-paragraph statute stipulated the number, the election, the length of the legislative period and the remuneration of the representatives. The statute stipulated that the local council consisted of the local councilor and three judges, the local council being elected by the Königs Wusterhausen rent office . The local council was made up of "Communal decrees" elected by the local residents. For every five large owners (> 600 thalers) and twelve small owners, one ordained person was sent.
In 1850 Königs Wusterhausen had 1000 inhabitants and postal routes to Berlin, Mittenwalde and via Wendisch Buchholz to Cottbus. From 1861 onwards, King Wilhelm I ensured a further revitalization of the hunting lodge and the town through hunts and the tobacco college .
In 1855 Königs Wusterhausen already had two schoolhouses, an inn, a shepherd's and a fisherman's farm. The residents mainly worked in the nearby brickworks or operated small businesses. Agriculture was mainly done on the side. The superintendent Koenigs Wusterhausen comprised 1,855 eight parochial systems with their 14 daughter churches:
- King Wusterhausen
For his hikes through the Mark Brandenburg , Theodor Fontane visited Königs Wusterhausen in 1862. In 1866 the 10-year straightening of the Notte Canal ended with the installation of a modern lock in Königs Wusterhausen . In 1867 the Berlin – Königs Wusterhausen – Cottbus – Görlitz railway line, which had begun in 1865, was completed. In 1872 the first Königs Wusterhausen newspaper was published with the name Intelligence Journal for Königs Wusterhausen and the surrounding area . In 1894 the Königs Wusterhausen - Mittenwalde - Töpchin small railway was opened and in 1898 the Königs Wusterhausen – Beeskow line was opened .
20th century and recent past
Since 1901 there has been a home for the blind in Königs Wusterhausen, donated by the Hamburg merchant Hermann Schmidt. A school for the blind with boarding school has existed on the site since 1952 , which at the time of the GDR was the only school where blind children could take the Abitur. In 1913, shortly before the First World War , the last imperial court hunt took place in the Dubrow .
After the end of the First World War, Königs Wusterhausen benefited from technical progress. In 1920 the first German radio station was put into operation on the " Funkerberg ". From this transmitter in Königs Wusterhausen broadcast the press radio , from 1922 the business radio and from 1923 the entertainment radio, i.e. what was later understood as radio.
Königs Wusterhausen was granted town charter in 1935, while the town had 6,000 inhabitants. In 1937 the Catholic Church of St. Elisabeth was built and consecrated and in 1938 the Berlin motorway ring was inaugurated. In 1944, a satellite camp of the Sachsenhausen concentration camp was set up at the freight station for Jews and Poles who had to do forced labor under inhumane conditions in armaments and war-related production . There is documentary evidence of the death of four women and one baby. The camp was liberated by the Red Army in April 1945 . The Soviet headquarters was established in the hunting lodge. Including the refugees, the city had 9,000 inhabitants.
One year after the end of the war, the first free elections took place in 1946. The Liberal Democrats narrowly emerged victorious and appointed Willi Hein as the first mayor after the Second World War .
In 1961, urban expansion began with new development areas between Cottbuser and Luckenwalder Strasse. This was helped by the 1951, opening of the electric driving operation of the train on the Berlin Stadtbahn to Falkensee and the appointment to the city of the same circle of the district Potsdam the following year.
On August 14, 1972, the Königs Wusterhausen air disaster occurred . An Il-62 crashed with 156 people on board, none of whom survived the accident. To date, this is the most momentous aircraft disaster on German territory. In November 1972 rushed to the central tower , the most distinctive building of the transmission system during the hurricane Quimburga one.
The further time up to the end of the GDR was shaped by the growth of the city. The incorporation of the village of Deutsch Wusterhausen in 1974 and the designation of further development areas on both sides of Luckenwalder Strasse in 1989 resulted in a population of around 19,000. In 1975 the Military Technical Institute (MTI) was established in the city , a research facility of the NVA with several hundred employees. Otherwise the city remained free of NVA offices except for the military district command .
Since the district reform in 1993, Königs Wusterhausen is no longer a district town. Nevertheless, the city shares the offices at the district level with the district town of Lübben . In Königs Wusterhausen are u. a. the responsible tax office, the currently only youth detention center in Brandenburg and the district court remained. From 1995 onwards, Königs Wusterhausen and Wildau formed an intermediate center with a division of functions. With the reorganization ordinance in 2009, the city, along with 33 other cities in Brandenburg, has the full function of a medium-sized center.
To this day there have been various incorporations:
In 1898 the former manor district Neue Mühle, first mentioned in 1375, was incorporated. Not until almost 75 years later, on January 1, 1974, came Deutsch Wusterhausen . Only after reunification did the incorporations of Kablow ( Kobłow in Lower Sorbian ), Niederlehme , Senzig , Wernsdorf , Zeesen and Zernsdorf (all on October 26, 2003) and part of the former community of Diepensee be incorporated. (on February 29, 2004) Diepensee had to give way to Berlin Brandenburg Airport and was rebuilt in the municipality.
From 1624 to 1945
(respective territorial status)
From 1946 to 1989
(respective territorial status as of December of the year)
Source: Statistical yearbooks of the GDR
(December 31, respective territorial status), from 2011 based on the 2011 census
¹ October 3rd
Religions and worldviews
Most of the residents are non-denominational .
In 1998 the evangelical parish of Königs Wusterhausen merged with the parish of Berlin-Neukölln in the Protestant regional church of Berlin-Brandenburg-Silesian Upper Lusatia . The parishes in Königs Wusterhausen, Deutsch Wusterhausen, Zeesen, Schenkendorf (City of Mittenwalde ), Senzig, Zernsdorf and Niederlehme now form Region 9 there.
The Catholic community belongs to the dean's office in Köpenick-Treptow in the Archdiocese of Berlin .
Both parishes have very active youth groups, the Protestant youth parish and the Catholic youth proFete.
There are also 6 other free churches in the city . These are the Christ Congregation and the House of the Father (both sprung from the Pentecostal movement ) and the free Baptist congregation in Königs Wusterhausen in the core city, a Mennonite congregation in the new building area, the New Apostolic congregation in Königs Wusterhausen and the Evangelical Free Church congregation in Zeesen (Baptists),
For some time now there has been a Jewish community with around 55 members (as of 2008) in the city. The community is a member of the State Association of Jewish Communities in Brandenburg . The community has its own library and, in addition to social counseling, also offers lessons from a rabbi. Also one should Koenigs Wusterhausen in the lake road in the village Zeesen Jewish cemetery existed, the last time in 1970 were found grave stone fragments from the however.
Since the local elections on May 26, 2019, the city council of Königs Wusterhausen has consisted of 36 members and the full-time mayor with the following distribution of seats:
|Party / list||Seats|
|Free Independent Voting Association Königs Wusterhausen (FWKW)||4th|
|We for KW (WfKW)||3|
|Alliance 90 / The Greens||3|
|Independent list of women||1|
|Individual applicant Dirk Marx||1|
|Independent citizen list||1|
- Gerhard Sudheimer ( NSDAP ) (May 1934 - September 1939)
- Willy Kamin (NSDAP) (September 1939 - April 1945)
- Ernst Dörre (April 1945 - December 1945)
- Walter Gückler (December 1945 - September 1946)
- Willi Hein ( LDPD ) (September 1946 - January 1950)
- ??? Burmeister (January 1950 - August 1950)
- Adolf Pätzold (August 1950 - May 1951)
- Kurt Gumlich (May 1951 - ???)
- ??? Fritze (??? - May 1956)
- Woman? Müller (May 1956–? 1957)
- Artur Winklmann ( SED ) (? 1957 - May 1990)
- Georg Lüdtke ( SPD ) (June 1990 - December 1991)
- Jochen Wagner (SPD) (February 1992 - February 2002)
- Stefan Ludwig ( PDS / Die Linke ) (March 2002 - October 2009)
- Lutz Franzke (SPD) (October 2009 - October 2017)
- Swen Ennullat (Free Voters KW) (since October 2017)
Ennullat was elected in the mayoral election on October 8, 2017 with 71.5% of the valid votes for a term of eight years.
Members of the Bundestag and Landtag directly elected in the constituency
- Jana Schimke (CDU)
- Ludwig Scheetz (SPD)
Coat of arms and official seal
The coat of arms was approved on July 3, 1992.
Blazon : “Standing in silver on the northern hemisphere with green water, golden mainland and black basic network, three red transmission towers; a high, strong steel lattice mast between two smaller laterally braced. "
Königs Wusterhausen maintains the following city partnerships:
- Příbram , Czech Republic (September 1974)
- Steglitz-Zehlendorf district , Berlin (October 1988)
- Schiffdorf , Lower Saxony (May 1991)
- Germantown , United States (September 1994)
The town twinning with the Central Bohemian town of Příbram mainly includes the exchange of information as well as culture and sport.
The partnership with the Berlin district of Steglitz-Zehlendorf is related to the relationship with the former district of Zehlendorf , which was merged in 2001 to form the new district of Steglitz-Zehlendorf. The contacts arose after a conversation between the Chairman of the State Council of the GDR Erich Honecker and the Governing Mayor of Berlin Eberhard Diepgen to establish communal contacts between West Berlin districts and cities in the GDR. Here, too, the content of the partnership is the exchange of information as well as culture and sport.
The town partnership with the Lower Saxon community of Schiffdorf ( coastal district of Cuxhaven ) exists with the former community and today's district of Niederlehme. The content of the partnership is getting to know and understand each other, administrative assistance as well as an exchange of experiences, ideas, culture and sport.
The town partnership with the US city of Germantown in the state of Tennessee consists of the exchange of information, culture and sport. Mutual visits by students from both cities take place at regular intervals.
The friendly connection with the city of Hückeswagen in the Oberbergischer Kreis goes back to contacts between the two Protestant parishes that existed before the fall of the Wall. In 1988 the trombone choir of the Protestant parish of Hückeswagen visited the city for the first time. After reunification, these contacts were extended to the administrations and fire departments of both cities. In 1999, the people of Königs Wusterhausen donated a piece of the Berlin Wall to the Hückeswageners, which was placed there in a central location.
Sights and culture
In the list of architectural monuments in Königs Wusterhausen and in the list of ground monuments in Königs Wusterhausen , the monuments entered in the list of monuments of the state of Brandenburg are recorded.
- Königs Wusterhausen Palace , a hunting lodge with a park , known as the favorite stay of King Friedrich Wilhelm I of Prussia (see Tobacco College )
- Former Royal Forestry Office from 1869 on the site of the old manor opposite the castle
- Kreuzkirche , started in 1697, enlarged in 1757/58, reconstruction by Johann Albert Eytelwein in 1821 , new glazing in 1949 with three choir windows and four ornamental round panes by Charles Crodel
- Catholic Church of St. Elisabeth , patron saint is Saint Elizabeth of Hungary , groundbreaking ceremony early in 1937, after only six months of construction, the church on August 1, 1937, by Bishop Konrad Graf von Preysing consecrated
- Catholic parsonage, built 1899–1902, the Catholic Christians in the area were able to hold their services here in the St. Elisabeth Chapel until 1937, the house then also served as a school building, today the community room
- Neue Mühle lock (first documented in 1739), height difference 1.50 m
- Water tower (construction started in 1910, closed in 1965), now a café with beer garden and exhibition areas
- 210 meter transmission mast (built in 1925)
- Königs Wusterhausen train station (built in 1893)
- The ensemble of buildings of the Koenigs Wusterhausen District Court including the courthouse and detention center from 1914
- School for the blind, half-timbered building, which was opened in 1901 as the first institution of its kind for the blind in Germany. The construction was made possible by the donation of 500,000 Reichsmarks by the Hamburg merchant Hermann Wilhelm Schmidt and his wife. Kaiser Wilhelm II donated about ten acres of land from the Hofkammer area.
- Diepensee manor complex, the Diepensee location and with it the manor complex was demolished in the course of the airport expansion in the early 2000s and previously examined and documented by the building historians Yngve Jan Holland and Andreas Potthoff.
- Memorial complex from 1974 in Pushkinstrasse next to the castle for the victims of fascism
- In the cemetery on Berliner Strasse , 15 Polish forced laborers from a camp on the Krebssee who had to carry out track construction and foundation work are commemorated
- Memorial from 1952/53 in the Niederlehme district on Thälmann-Breitscheid-Platz for victims of fascism and in memory of three members of the communist resistance who were murdered in the Brandenburg prison in 1944
- Memorial stone at the former Ernst Thalmann -Gedenkstätte at Sporthaus Ziegenhals where in 1933 after the transfer of power to Hitler , the Central Committee of the Communist Party met for the last time
- Niederlehmer water tower , built in 1902 based on the model of Istanbul's Galata tower made of sand-lime brick .
A public green area was built in the new development area. There is also another heavily frequented public park in the form of the palace gardens. The recreation area and today's nature reserve Tiergarten Neue Mühle is a historical hunting area that bordered directly on the castle park in 1800.
- The transmitter and radio technology museum in Königs Wusterhausen is located on the Funkerberg . The central tower of the Königs Wusterhausen transmitter was also located there . Very little of
the once extensive structures on the Funkerberg has survived today, as many antenna supports were dismantled for technical reasons after the central tower collapsed on November 15, 1972.
Today only a 210 meter high mast and two small free-standing towers remain. Today, like the other buildings and facilities on the Funkerberg, it is a technical monument. Until 1999 this mast served as a carrier for a transmitting antenna for long wave, which served as a reserve antenna for the long wave transmitters in Zehlendorf and Donebach .
In 1994, a 67-meter-high cell phone tower was built in precast concrete on the Funkerberg. Today it is the only active transmitter location on the Funkerberg.
The first radio tests took place in 1908. On December 22nd, 1920 the Funkerberg broadcast music and speech for the first time with the help of radio technology on wave 2400 ( long wave ). The show went down in history as the Reichspost Christmas concert . This makes Königs Wusterhausen the cradle of German broadcasting. The artists were employees of the Deutsche Reichspost. The initiative came from Hans Bredow , the "father of German broadcasting".
Until 1926, the Sunday concerts were broadcast regularly every Sunday . The studio for these broadcasts was initially a converted sanitary room in the first broadcasting house on Funkerberg.
- Local history museum in the building of the former Royal Forestry Office
Economy and Infrastructure
Historically, the area around Königs Wusterhausen was characterized by agriculture. The court hunts of Friedrich Wilhelm I had various craftsmen settle in the area, who were employed at the court. According to von Zelditz, around 1826 the inhabitants were mainly engaged in cloth and linen weaving. With the start of industrialization and the rapid growth of Berlin in the 19th century, brickworks were built in the area, which supplied the capital with urgently needed building materials. In addition to the mill on the Notte, Meyers Konversationslexikon from 1892 names wallpaper and cleaning feather manufacturers as well as two mechanical engineering companies as resident commercial enterprises. The construction of the Görlitz railway and the establishment of the Schwartzkopffwerke in neighboring Wildau in 1897 provided a further impetus for growth . Brockhaus' Konversationslexikon in 1896 names mills and a brewery as well as factories in the field of wooden strips, machines and horn goods. During the GDR era, the industrial fattening combine was developed and consistently expanded around Königs Wusterhausen as a model operation for the chicken fattening systems throughout the GDR. A sleeper works of the Deutsche Reichsbahn was operated in the district of Zernsdorf . Despite the settlement of industrial companies, the tourism sector was and is an important branch in the economic mix of the city and region.
Although the heavy machinery construction and sleeper works were closed or had to consistently reduce staff and capacity after the fall of the Wall, the economy of the city of Königs Wusterhausen was able to develop relatively positively. The employment situation has recovered significantly in recent years, so that the unemployment rate is below the average for the eastern German federal states. The development of the municipal debt is shown below and also shows the economic downturn in the municipalities in the suburb of Berlin:
|City municipal debt|
|year||Debt level||Per capita debt|
|2004||€ 46.64 million||€ 1,432|
|2005||€ 44.18 million||€ 1,339|
|2006||€ 41.32 million||€ 1,250|
|2007||€ 39.56 million||€ 1,190|
|2008||€ 37.32 million||€ 1,118|
|2009||€ 32.14 million||959 €|
|2010||€ 30.95 million||910 €|
|2011||€ 25.98 million||€ 762|
|2012||€ 24.66 million||728 €|
|2013||€ 21.87 million||€ 640|
|2014||16.89 million €||490 €|
|2017||€ 13.08 million||€ 357|
The municipal debt per inhabitant as of December 31, 2017 is well below the national average of € 729.
The economic stability today is largely due to commuters to Berlin. But also the favorable location to Berlin enables the settlement of commercial enterprises for the distribution of goods in the area. Together with the communities Wildau and Schoenefeld is king Wusterhausen the regional growth core "Beautiful Kreuz" . Its development is mainly determined by the new Berlin-Brandenburg-International Airport and the airport-related industries. In addition, Königs Wusterhausen has Wildau, the inland port with the highest turnover in all of the new federal states.
One measure of the regional growth core is the development of the "Funkerberg Technology Park" on the former radio operator site. For this purpose, the development of the 1st construction phase began in 2018.
Furthermore, Königs Wusterhausen is part of the "Lausitz Energy Region", which aims to create and use new development opportunities through new technologies, the knowledge and information society, new transport links and easier mobility within the European Union. Königs Wusterhausen should primarily benefit from the following projects:
- Commitment to the expansion of the Berlin - Cottbus - Forst (Lausitz) line to 160 km / h (expansion in the Königs Wusterhausen - Lübbenau area since May 2010)
- Strengthening the port of Königs Wusterhausen as a biomass competence area including further expansion into the Königs Wusterhausen / Wildau biomass processing center (opening of the second construction phase in May 2010)
- Further development of water, bike and destination tourism
As part of an integrated urban development concept commissioned by the city, strengthening as a dynamic business location was highlighted as one of three focal points. In addition to taking advantage of the proximity to the airport, this also includes strengthening the technical and traffic conditions for economic activities as well as expanding the port area with an extension of the quay and the creation of a turning basin. In addition to the expansion of commercial areas in the port area, further commercial areas in the city area were designated and developed for companies without a maritime connection:
- Zeesen “Schütte-Lanz” industrial park with 25 hectares of gross construction area
- Königspark industrial park with 60 hectares of gross construction area
- Königs Wusterhausen port with 45 hectares of gross construction area
- Niederlehme commercial area with 45 hectares of gross building area
- Zernsdorf industrial park with 15 hectares of gross building area
The industrial park in Zeesen is the first of its kind in Brandenburg to be completely marketed.
King Wusterhausen lies on the national highway 179 between the motorway junction king Wusterhausen and Maerkisch Buchholz , the country road L 30 between Erkner and Mittenwalde and the L 40 between Dahlewitz and Storkow .
- RE 2 Wismar - Berlin - Cottbus
- RB 22 Königs Wusterhausen - Potsdam
- RB 24 Eberswalde - Berlin - Senftenberg
- RB 36 Königs Wusterhausen - Frankfurt (Oder)
Königs Wusterhausen has had a train station on the Berlin – Görlitz railway line since 1866 , the reception building of which is now a listed building. In 1894 another line to Töpchin and in 1898 the railway line to Beeskow was added. In 1951 the city was connected to the electrically operated network of the Berlin S-Bahn .
Further train stations and stops have been incorporated into the urban area through incorporations . Thus Königs Wusterhausen has the following stations:
- Königs Wusterhausen (train station)
- Zeesen (breakpoint) (RB 24)
- Kablow (breakpoint) (RB 36)
- Niederlehme (breakpoint) (RB 36)
- Zernsdorf (train station) (RB 36)
Königs Wusterhausen is located directly southeast of the international airport Berlin-Schönefeld .
Friedersdorf Airport (EDCF) is located about 15 kilometers to the east . The air sports club Interflug Berlin e. V. mainly operates gliding here.
The port of Königs Wusterhausen is the largest in Brandenburg and is also of national importance. This is where, among other things, a large part of the supply of Berlin power plants with lignite and the handling of biomass are handled. It has connections to the Dahme , the Notte Canal and the Spree . This enables access to internationally important waterways. In 2012 the northern harbor was expanded, and numerous archaeological finds were uncovered.
Königs Wusterhausen is the university location as the seat of the University of Applied Sciences for Finance , a university of the public service of the state of Brandenburg. It is used to train the tax officials of the senior service of the states of Berlin, Brandenburg and Saxony-Anhalt as well as the Federal Central Tax Office. Associated with the technical college are the state finance school, the advanced training center of the Brandenburg financial administration, the state academy for public administration of the state of Brandenburg and the justice academy of the state of Brandenburg . Together they form the training and further education center (AFZ) Königs Wusterhausen.
There are also the following other schools in Königs Wusterhausen:
- Friedrich-Schiller-Gymnasium ,
- Friedrich Wilhelm High School
- State Comprehensive School Königs Wusterhausen,
- Comprehensive School Königs Wusterhausen of the Fürstenwalder Education and Training Center (FAWZ) gGmbH (private school)
- Brandenburg School for the Blind and Visually Impaired (with the possibility of obtaining the Abitur)
- Erich Kästner Primary School,
- Wilhelm Busch Primary School,
- Primary school Fontane in the district Ziegenhals (district Wernsdorf),
- Primary school at Krimnicksee in the district of Senzig,
- Primary School Zeesen,
- Elementary school Zernsdorf
- Free Montessori elementary school Königs Wusterhausen of the FAWZ gGmbH (private school) district Niederlehme
- School with the special educational focus on "seeing",
- School with a special educational focus on "learning",
- General special school in Königs Wusterhausen
Further education schools
- Dahme-Spreewald Upper School Center (one of three locations in the Dahme-Spreewald district),
- District music school Dahme-Spreewald (one of three educational institutions in the district of Dahme-Spreewald),
- Adult Education Center Dahme-Spreewald (one of two locations in the Dahme-Spreewald district)
- Second education school in Dahme-Spreewald
There are four state bases of the State Sports Association of Brandenburg in Königs Wusterhausen :
The most important clubs from Königs Wusterhausen are (all information for the 2014/15 season):
- Volleyball : The most successful sports club in town is the volleyball team Netzhoppers Königs Wusterhausen -Bestensee, which plays in the first division (men).
- Football : FSV Eintracht 1910 Königs Wusterhausen is represented in the Brandenburg state class. In GDR times, they played under the name SG Dynamo Königs Wusterhausen from 1974 to 1984 in thePotsdam district league . The club is known for its youth work. Several talents made the leap into the youth department of the BFC Dynamo and the BSG Stahl Brandenburg during the GDR era. Some also played in GDR youth selection teams. In the recent past several players made it into the Brandenburg selection. The venue is the sports field in the Zeesen district (Karl-Liebknecht-Straße 156), where the clubhouse is also located.
- Basketball : WSG 1981 Königs Wusterhausen (Red Dragons) plays in the 1st Regionalliga Nord (men).
Hockey : HC Königs Wusterhausen is active both on the field and in the hall.
- Field hockey : The men's team plays in the 2nd Berlin Association League, the women's team takes part in the 1st Association League Berlin.
- Indoor hockey : The men's team plays in the Regionalliga Ost, the women's team in the 1st Association League Berlin.
- Bowling : The 1st men's team of the MPSV 95 Königs Wusterhausen is active in the Brandenburg State League.
- Goalball : The team of the SSV Blindenschule e. V. Königs Wusterhausen is multiple German champion (1998–2001 and 2008–2010). The club provides some players to the national team.
- Cycling : The RSV '93 Königs Wusterhausen / Wildau emerged from the cycling section of BSG Motor Wildau. Co-founder was the peace driver Paul Dinter . Every year in spring, the association organizes the bike tour “Before the gates of Berlin” (in 2014 for the 24th time).
sons and daughters of the town
- Fritz Tschirch (1901–1975), linguist
- Ludwig Beutin (1903–1958), educator and economic historian
- Heinz Grießmann (1909–1988), surgeon and urologist in Neumünster
- Jörg Schmidt-Reitwein (* 1939), cameraman
- Brigitte Martin (* 1939), writer
- Michael Klöcker (* 1943), historian of religion
- Rainer Sander (* 1943), jazz musician and doctor
- Jörg H. Trauboth (* 1943), author, crisis manager and former general staff officer
- Harold Hammer-Schenk (* 1944), art historian and university professor
- Heinrich Mederow (* 1945), rower, bronze medalist at the 1972 Olympic Games
- Raimund Tomczak (* 1947), politician ( FDP )
- Christoph Niemann (* 1953), double bass player
- Lutz Franzke (* 1953), mayor from 2009 to 2017
- Petra Kasch (* 1964), writer
- Oliver Wachlin (1966–2017), writer and screenwriter
- Marek Kalbus (* 1969), opera and concert singer
- Reiko Füting (* 1970), composer
- Sabine Jünger (* 1973), politician ( Die Linke )
- Halina Wawzyniak (* 1973), politician ( Die Linke )
- Sandra Keller (* 1973), actress
- Mike Jesse (born 1973), football player
- Jakob Kranz (* 1974), radio presenter and editor
- Andreas Krause (* 1974), forest scientist and university professor
- Judith Arndt (* 1976), racing cyclist
- Felix Poplawsky (* 1979), cameraman
- Wenke Christoph (* 1981), politician ( The Left )
- Linda Teuteberg (* 1981), politician ( FDP )
- Paul-Georg Dittrich (* 1983), theater director
- Tim Uhlenbrock (* 1985), singer and actor
- Volkmar Leif Gilbert (* 1991), actor
- Theo Timmermann (* 1996), volleyball player
Personalities associated with the city
- Jacob Paul von Gundling (1673–1731), historian, victim of the humiliations by Friedrich Wilhelm I during the meetings of the Tobacco College .
- Friedrich von Raumer (1781–1873), historian and politician, head of a department of the domain chamber in Wusterhausen (1806–1808)
- Gustav Knak (1806–1878), theologian and religion teacher at the Schola Collecta (1829–1833)
- Gotthilf Ludwig Möckel (1838–1915), architect of the institution for the blind (1908–1909)
- Werner von Veltheim (1843–1919), captain of the Königs Wusterhausen palace
- Curt von François (1852–1931), founder of the Namibian capital Windhoek , died here
- Walter Kern (1860–1918), architect for the conversion of a school in the city (early 20th century)
- Bernhard Grund (1872–1950), entrepreneur and politician ( DDP ), died here
- Carl Kühn (1873–1942), architect of the Catholic Church of St. Elisabeth
- Hermann Giess (1875–1963), commander of a radio department (1914–1915)
- Hermann Honnef (1878–1961), co-builder of the central tower of the broadcasting company (1925)
- Egbert von Lepel (1881–1941), radio technician, worked between 1913 and 1917 on setting up the army radio central office on the Funkerberg
- Bruno Buch (1883–1938), architect of the major radio station in the Zeesen district (1927)
- Gustav Bohadti (1883–1969), specialist book author, worked as a typesetter and printer for the local newspaper manufacturer until 1912
- Erwin Hahs (1887–1970), painter and stage designer, professor at the Burg Giebichenstein Halle art college , lived in the Zernsdorf district from 1956 until his death
- Joachim von der Goltz (1892–1972), writer, worked as a trainee lawyer in the city
- Paul Dessau (1894–1979), composer, died here
- Hans Pfeiffer (1895–1968), politician ( KPD ), lived in the Zeesen district from 1945 until his death
- Adolf Raskin (1900–1940), director of the shortwave radio station in the Zeesen district
- Iris Hahs-Hoffstetter (1908–1986), painter and graphic artist, lived in the Zernsdorf district from 1956 until her death
- Heinz Hohoff (1910–1943), politician ( NSDAP ), graduated from high school here
- Eberhard Rebling (1911–2008), musicologist, died here
- Günter Hofé (1914–1988), publishing director and writer, died here
- Paul Dinter (1922–2001), racing cyclist, lived in the city and neighboring towns since 1924
- Horst Jänicke (1923–2006), head of the state administration school in the city (1950s)
- Dieter Noll (1927–2008), writer, lived in the district of Wernsdorf
- Siegfried Stöckigt (1929–2012), German pianist, last lived in the city
- Bodo Mros (* 1930), doctor, lives in the Zernsdorf district
- Günther Maleuda (1931–2012), politician ( Die Linke ), deputy chairman of the district agriculture council (1957–1967)
- Paul Söding (* 1933), has lived here since 1992, from 1992 to 1998 head of the DESY Institute in Zeuthen
- Holm Vogel (* 1939), organist, graduated from high school for the blind in 1958
- Konrad Zimmermann (* 1940), archaeologist , grew up here and graduated from high school in 1959
- Ottomar Rodolphe Vlad Dracula Prince Kretzulesco (1940-2007), adopted descendant of the aristocratic family Dracula , castle owners in Schenkendorf , died in the city
- Helmut Scholz (* 1954), politician ( Die Linke ), graduated from high school here in 1972
- Clemens Alexander Wimmer (* 1959), garden planner, reconstructed the palace gardens in 2000
- Regina Vollbrecht (* 1976), blind athlete, world record holder in the blind marathon, trained in the city until 1996
- Joana Zimmer (* 1982), singer, Abitur at the school for the blind and visually impaired
- Danae Dörken (* 1991), pianist, lives in Königs Wusterhausen
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