|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Height :||34 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||12.68 km 2|
|Residents:||11,427 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||901 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||15738|
|Area code :||033762|
|License plate :||LDS, KW, LC, LN|
|Community key :||12 0 61 572|
|LOCODE :||DE ZTH|
|Address of the
|Mayor :||Sven Herzberger (independent)|
|Location of the municipality of Zeuthen in the Dahme-Spreewald district|
Zeuthen has two town centers, the old village of Miersdorf, southwest of today's center, and the same that was created after the construction of the Berlin – Görlitz railway line between the train station and the lake. The Miersdorfer Werder residential area is on the east side of the lake and can only be reached via the territory of Wildau and Königs Wusterhausen . There used to be a ferry between the two shores of the lake, but the ferry traffic has been stopped due to insufficient turnover.
Neighboring communities are Eichwalde in the north, Schulzendorf and Schönefeld in the west, Wildau in the south, Königs Wusterhausen in the southeast and Berlin-Schmöckwitz in the northeast. At the borders with Eichwalde, Schulzendorf and Wildau, the development merges seamlessly with those of the neighboring communities, and it is often difficult to assign the properties to communities without maps. Zeuthen thus forms the center of a settlement body consisting of these four communities.
The Zeuthen municipal area is largely built-up, the open spaces mainly consist of forest and water. There is almost no agricultural land.
13th to 16th centuries
The cul-de-sac village was first mentioned in 1375 as Czyten , Czuten in the land book of Charles IV . The land book describes the place as a “little village” with no information about Hufen , which only consisted of “some arable land”. There were already 14 fishermen's houses and a village mayor who had to pay bees interest. The village was owned by Apitz and von Buden before 1375 and probably came to Miersdorf in 1414 . In 1450, as before, no information was given about the hooves, but there were twelve heirs. Of these, eight were still desolate in 1480 . In that year the place came to the Diricke family and from there before 1496 to the Enderlein family in Miersdorf. However, they did not keep it for long, but passed it on to the citizen Brackow zu Berlin, who kept it until 1517. Then a judge appeared in Rauch zu Brandenburg, who owned Zeuthen until after 1547. Subsequently, the office of Köpenick took over the place before 1577. This year another Schulze appeared, for the first time also a Krüger and three other fishermen. They paid military interest and fish. There was a Zeidelheide, several meadows as well as the Radeacker and, for the first time, 2.5 Hufen land and an electoral dairy . In 1589 a farm with a size of 203 acres and three bison 2 bushels of rye, 1 bison and 4 bushels of barley, 1 bison and 12 bushels of oat seed appeared. Another 24 acres of meadow yielded 29 loads of hay. Up to 36 cattle stood in the yard; there was a garden half an acre. In the village now living six Kossäten and five one Hufner and the mayor and the Kruger. A Kossät farmed three acres, although it remains unclear whether it was not also a fisherman.
Before the Thirty Years War , there were five and a half kossas and a shepherd in the village in 1624. Zeuthen seemed to have been less affected by the acts of war than comparable villages. In any case, in 1652 there were already five Kossaites with three sons living in the village.
In 1700, evidence of a small knight's seat appeared for the first time, but it had since burned down. From then on, the arable land was cultivated by the Kossati. They also operated five fish weirs. In the vicinity of the village, a place called Sandacker, called "Rahdeland", was created. This was an area that was cleared by the Schmöckwitz huller together with the Kruger. In 1704 the Schulzen and the Kruger Land owned 2 bushels of rye, 2.5 bushels of barley seed and a meadow for four loads of hay. Three cottages also owned one to two bushels of rye and barley seeds and a bushel of oat seeds. The meadows brought about two to three loads of hay. Half a kossate had no field, but a meadow that brought in a load of hay. In 1711 there were no more hooves, so that there were only the five and a half kossaets, a shepherd and a boy. Half a Kossatenhof went off until 1745, while the remaining farms again managed one Hufe each. A school and family house had been built outside the village. This appeared again in 1756, for the first time with a schoolmaster who was also one of the five Büdner. There were also five ossets with one hoof each and two half osses, one of which only had half a hoof. In 1771 there were five and a half gables (= residential houses) in the village; there was a shepherd and four pairs of householders.
In the year 1801 there were five whole cottagers and seven Büdner living in Zeuthen. There was a jug and, for the first time, a windmill with the Rauchfangwerder colony. This colony was mentioned again in 1840; there were also 21 residential buildings. In 1858 there were 14 farm owners, the 18 servants and maidservants. There were also eight part-time farmers and eight workers. There were 14 properties in the village: six were between 30 and 300 acres (together 580 acres) and eight under 5 acres (together 10 acres). A master tailor and an apprentice work in the village as well as a master cooper, also with an apprentice. In 1860 there was one public, 14 residential and 26 farm buildings. The district was 600 acres: 275 acres were arable, 200 acres were forest, 88 acres were pastures, 27 acres were meadows and 10 acres were on farms.
20th and 21st centuries
At the turn of the century there were 111 houses in the village. The stock grew to 276 houses in 1931. In 1939 there were three agricultural and forestry holdings in the village that were between 20 and 100 hectares in size, two holdings between 10 and 20 hectares and two other holdings between 0.5 and 5 hectares.
After the Second World War , 49 hectares expropriated from the state forest were divided. In 1955 a type I LPG was founded , which in 1958 was merged with LPG Wildau to form LPG Wildau-Zeuthen Type III. They in turn merged in 1959 to form LPG Zeuthen-Miersdorf. In 1960 this LPG existed with 50 members and 370 hectares of agricultural land. In 1973 there was VEB Kombinat Leuchtenbau Leipzig, Zeuthen plant, PGH hairdressing, forklift repair, LPG Wildau-Zeuthen with the Zeuthen and Wildau operating parts and the Wüstemark district forester in Zeuthen.
Territory of the respective year, number of inhabitants: as of December 31 (from 1991), from 2011 based on the 2011 census
The community council consists of 22 community representatives and the full-time mayor.
|Party / list||Seats||Share of votes|
|Citizens for Zeuthen||4th||19.5%|
|Alliance 90 / The Greens||4th||17.2%|
(As of: local election on May 26, 2019)
- 1990–1994: Karl-Ludwig Böttcher (SPD)
- 1994–2010: Klaus-Dieter Kubick (independent)
- 2010–2018: Beate Burgschweiger (SPD)
- since 2018: Sven Herzberger (independent)
In the mayoral election on September 24, 2017, Herzberger was elected for a term of eight years with 62.9% of the valid votes.
Sights and culture
- Miersdorf village church from the 14th / 15th centuries Century with a large wooden cross and three Gothic wooden sculptures
- Martin Luther Church (built in 1913/14 based on a design by Georg Büttner )
- Fontane exhibition at DESY Zeuthen , Hankels Ablage , Platanenallee 6
- Zeuthener See with a small promenade
- Soviet cemetery of honor from 1949 on Dorfstrasse in the Miersdorf district for 449 Soviet soldiers and civilians, who probably also included prisoners of war and forced laborers from France who had to do forced labor in the heavy machinery construction of Wildau and in agriculture
- Memorial stone on the Democracy Square for members of the International Brigades of Spain Fighters , after whom this square was named in GDR times
- Chinese garden on Lake Zeuthen
- Siegertplatz on Lake Zeuthen
- Hertzog Villa
- Grave of the Assyriologist Bruno Meissner in the Zeuthener Friedhof, founder of the real dictionary of Assyriology. The Akkadian concise dictionary published later by Wolfram von Soden is based on his preliminary work.
- Nature reserve Höllengrund - Pulverberg
- Flutgrabenaue Waltersdorf nature reserve
- The Zeuthen Fisherman Festival takes place every year at Whitsun . Associations and traders from the region introduce themselves there. It was held for the first time in 1993, at the time at Siegerplatz on the shores of Lake Zeuthen. Since then it has been taking place at Miersdorfer See . In 1994 the Zeuthen men's choir was the organizer, and since 1995 it has been the Zeuthen trade association.
- The Fontanekreis Zeuthen organizes public lectures and exhibitions.
- The cantata choir Zeuthen e. V., based at the Martin Luther Church, organizes two to three oratorios per year.
- The Zeuthen fire brigade organizes an annual everyone's run and the Knutfest.
- The Christmas market in Zeuthen takes place annually in front of the town hall.
Economy and Infrastructure
Location of the DESY research center
Since 1992, Zeuthen has been one of the two locations of the DESY research center (Institute for High Energy Physics until 1991) in the Helmholtz Association alongside Hamburg-Bahrenfeld .
Zeuthen is on the state roads L 401 between the Berlin state border ( Treptow-Köpenick district ) and Königs Wusterhausen and L 402 Dahlewitz - Zeuthen. The closest motorway junctions are Königs Wusterhausen on the A 10 (southern Berliner Ring) and Waltersdorf on the A 117 .
Zeuthen is located at the Berlin-Görlitz railway , the railway station Zeuthen was inaugurated on November 1, 1897th It is served by the S-Bahn line S 8 (Zeuthen - Birkenwerder ) on the Kursbuch line (KBS) 200.8 and by the S-Bahn line S 46 ( Königs Wusterhausen - Westend ) on the Kursbuch line 200.46.
The SC Eintracht Miersdorf / Zeuthen plays in the football regional league South Brandenburg in the 2018/19 season.
Sons and daughters of the church
Personalities associated with Zeuthen
- Bruno Meissner (1868–1947), Assyriologist
- Paul Dessau (1894–1979), composer
- Paul Scholz (1902–1995), politician ( DBD )
- Kurt Seibt (1908–2002), politician ( SED )
- Friedrich Behrens (1909–1980), economist
- Rudolf Kaiser (1910–1980), ceramicist
- Wolfgang Rösser (1914–2007), politician ( NDPD )
- Karl-Eduard von Schnitzler (1918–2001), chief commentator for GDR television
- Ruth Berghaus (1927–1996), opera director
- Dieter Noll (1927–2008), writer
- Karl Lanius (1927–2010) physicist and head of the Institute for High Energy Physics
- Claus Grote (* 1927), nuclear physicist at the Institute for High Energy Physics in Zeuthen and Secretary General of the Academy of Sciences of the GDR
- Gerhart Neuner (1929–2008), President of the Academy of Pedagogical Sciences of the GDR
- Heribert Mally (1929–1995), head of the traffic police in the Ministry of the Interior of the GDR
- Klaus-Dieter Baumgarten (1931–2008), head of the GDR border troops , lived in Zeuthen
- Georg Katzer (1935–2019), composer, lived in Zeuthen
- Dean Reed (1938–1986), American singer
- Siegfried Uhlenbrock (1939–2013), pop singer and composer, lived in Zeuthen
- Lieselott Enders : Historical local lexicon for Brandenburg: Teltow (= Historical local lexicon for Brandenburg . Volume 4). Verlag Hermann Böhlaus successor, Weimar 1976.
- Population in the State of Brandenburg according to municipalities, offices and municipalities not subject to official registration on December 31, 2019 (XLSX file; 223 KB) (updated official population figures) ( help on this ).
- Service the state administration Brandenburg. Municipality of Zeuthen
- Historical municipality register of the state of Brandenburg 1875 to 2005. Dahme-Spreewald district . Pp. 34-37
- Population in the state of Brandenburg from 1991 to 2015 according to independent cities, districts and municipalities , Table 7
- Office for Statistics Berlin-Brandenburg (Ed.): Statistical report AI 7, A II 3, A III 3. Population development and population status in the state of Brandenburg (respective editions of the month of December)
- Result of the local election on May 26, 2019
- Announcement of the results for the election as full-time mayor on Sunday, September 27, 2009. In: Official Journal for the Municipality of Zeuthen, No. 9/2009, p. 4
- Brandenburg Local Election Act, Section 74
- Result of the mayoral election on September 24, 2017
- Fontane exhibition on www.zeuthen.de