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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the municipality of Eichwalde
Map of Germany, position of the municipality of Eichwalde highlighted

Coordinates: 52 ° 22 '  N , 13 ° 37'  E

Basic data
State : Brandenburg
County : Dahme-Spreewald
Height : 35 m above sea level NHN
Area : 2.79 km 2
Residents: 6420 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 2301 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 15732
Area code : 030
License plate : LDS, KW, LC, LN
Community key : 12 0 61 112
Address of the
municipal administration:
Grünauer Strasse 49
15732 Eichwalde
Website : www.eichwalde.de
Mayor : Jörg Jenoch
Location of the municipality of Eichwalde in the Dahme-Spreewald district
Alt Zauche-Wußwerk Bersteland Bestensee Byhleguhre-Byhlen Drahnsdorf Eichwalde Golßen Groß Köris Halbe Heideblick Heidesee Jamlitz Kasel-Golzig Königs Wusterhausen Krausnick-Groß Wasserburg Lieberose Lübben Luckau Märkisch Buchholz Märkische Heide Mittenwalde Münchehofe Neu Zauche Rietzneuendorf-Staakow Schlepzig Schönefeld Schönwald Schulzendorf Schwerin Schwielochsee Spreewaldheide Steinreich Straupitz (Spreewald) Teupitz Unterspreewald Wildau Zeuthen Brandenburgmap
About this picture
Location on the city limits of Berlin

Eichwalde is a municipality in the district of Dahme-Spreewald in Brandenburg in Germany .


Eichwalde is located directly on the south-eastern city limits of Berlin . The Berlin district bordering to the north and east is Schmöckwitz . The southern neighboring municipality is Zeuthen , the western Schulzendorf .

The urban development merges seamlessly with those of the three neighboring communities on all sides. Eichwalde thus has no broad growth opportunities. The Schmöckwitz settlement north of Waldstrasse (which forms the state border here) can only be reached from the rest of Berlin via Eichwald area. In the east of the municipality, Eichwalde has a narrow access to the Zeuthener See . There is a bathing beach ("bathing meadow") and several boat docks.

With only 2.8 km², Eichwalde is the smallest municipality in Brandenburg and the second highest population density behind the similarly structured Glienicke / Nordbahn on the northern outskirts of Berlin. In 2012, Eichwalde ranked 24th in terms of population density among the more than 12,000 municipalities in Germany . According to a study by the Märkische Allgemeine Zeitung in 2010, Eichwalde is also the municipality with the highest per capita income in the Dahme-Spreewald district .

Community structure

Eichwalde has no districts, inhabited parts of the municipality or places to live .


The place was in 1673 for the first time as Rahdelandt mentioned, and at the time was a freehold , ie a tax-free country estate of the city majors A. burbot. In 1700 there was a place called Sandacker, called Radeland, in front of Zeuthen , which had been cleared and cultivated by the Heideläufer and Krüger zu Schmöckwitz. However, they had to pay the costs for the sowing to the Köpenick office . In 1743 the spelling Radeland appeared for the first time , at that time in connection with a Vorwerk and a mutton barn. Ten years later it came from the office of Köpenick to the rule of Königs Wusterhausen - like many other surrounding communities by buying up the king. As a result, it appeared as a royal Vorwerk in 1773, when two Palatinate colonists were settled in 1781 . In 1801 the place was run with a dairy not far from Schmöckwitz . A Büdner and four residents with three fireplaces (= households) lived there. Eichwalde had belonged to the Teltow district in the Prussian province of Brandenburg since 1817 .

In 1840 only one Vorwerk with four houses was known. In 1858 a manor appeared with a landowner, a tenant as well as four male and female servants and seven day laborers. The estate was 1,076 acres. There were also two other properties that together only made up four acres. For the first time, however, a ship owner appeared with an assistant. In 1860 the place had grown to four residential and five farm buildings. Gradually the areas were parceled out and a villa colony was created. Nevertheless, Radeland, as the place was still called, was characterized by agriculture. The residents managed 635 acres of forest, 375 acres of arable land, 52 acres of meadow, 17 acres of pasture and one acre of garden land. The homesteads took up an area of ​​five acres.

Protestant church

With effect from March 20, 1893, the estate for settlers was divided by conversion and renaming to Eichwalde. Eichwalde was churched in Schmöckwitz until 1899, but in that year it became an independent parish and mother church with the daughter churches in Neu-Zittau, Schmöckwitz and Wernsdorf. The population rose sharply and in 1900 there were already 179 houses. This also gave rise to the desire for a separate village church , which was built between 1906 and 1908 by the builder Rudolf Vahl according to plans by the German architect Carl Zaar . In 1931 there were already 398 houses. This was also reflected in the economic structure, because in 1939 only two farms were still active, cultivating an area of ​​0.5 to 5 hectares.

After the Second World War , Eichwalde came to the Königs Wusterhausen district in the GDR district of Potsdam in 1952 . In 1955 a VEB Holzbau was founded with 133 employees. In 1973 a VEB Hoch- und Betonbau and a PGH for the hairdressing and orthopedic shoemaking trade were added. The community has been in the Dahme-Spreewald district in Brandenburg since 1993.

Population development

year Residents
1910 1565
1925 3069
1933 4815
1939 6318
1946 5847
1950 6493
1964 6352
1971 6377
1981 5962
1985 5705
1989 5218
year Residents
1990 5141
1991 5030
1992 4942
1993 4860
1994 4864
1995 4887
1996 4972
1997 5277
1998 5551
1999 5720
2000 5737
year Residents
2001 5749
2002 5823
2003 5837
2004 5976
2005 6002
2006 6078
2007 6073
2008 6114
2009 6113
2010 6205
year Residents
2011 6252
2012 6305
2013 6359
2014 6421
2015 6426
2016 6490
2017 6449
2018 6468
2019 6420

Territory of the respective year, number of inhabitants: as of December 31 (from 1991), from 2011 based on the 2011 census


Community representation

Local elections 2019
Turnout: 70.0%

The local council of Eichwalde consists of 18 community representatives and the full-time mayor. The local election on May 26, 2019 resulted in the following distribution of seats:

Party / group of voters Seats
Eichwalde voter initiative 3
AfD 3

However, the AfD had only put up one candidate, so that the party only has one seat in the municipal council.

In 2007, the municipality's first student parliament was elected by students from the Humboldt Gymnasium and the Humboldt Elementary School under the name of the Eichwalde Children's and Youth Parliament (KJP for short). This project, which was one of the first of its kind in the region, is intended to enable young people and children to participate in local events, including budget advice.


town hall
  • 1893–1896: Paul Schmidt (1841–1907)
  • 1934–1945: Erich Rix (NSDAP)
  • 1945–1946: Franz Errulat (1880–1955) (KPD)
  • 1946–1950: Kurt Wegner (1898–1964) (SED)
  • 1951–1952: Gerhard Vogt (1922–2003) (SED)
  • 1952–1953, 1965: Helene Scholz (SED)
  • May 1989– December 1989: Andreas Müller (SED)
  • 2001–2009: Ekkehard Schulz (PDS)
  • 2009–2017: Bernd Speer (Eichwalde voter initiative)
  • since 2017: Jörg Jenoch (Eichwalde voter initiative)

Jenoch was elected on September 24, 2017 with 54.9% of the valid votes for a term of eight years.

coat of arms

The coat of arms was approved on May 5, 1995.

Blazon : "In gold on green ground a green oak with golden fruits."

The Eichwald coat of arms shows the 300-year-old Friedenseiche in Friedenstrasse.


The flag is, when hung on a crossbar, striped lengthways in green and gold (yellow) and bears the coat of arms of the municipality across the center.

Partner municipality

Eichwalde has a Polish partner municipality: Ośno Lubuskie (Drossen) in Neumark, formerly in Brandenburg . The place is 85 kilometers from Eichwalde, northeast of the border town of Frankfurt (Oder) .

Sights and culture

Catholic Church
Humboldt Gymnasium

The list of monuments in Eichwalde includes the monuments entered in the list of monuments of the State of Brandenburg.



The old fire station is the community's cultural center. In the house there are exhibitions, concerts, readings and other artistic and cultural events organized by the cultural advisory board of the municipality of Eichwalde, the Kind & Kegel association, the Alte Feuerwache friends' group and the Heimatverein.

The archive of German beer labels shows a historical and systematic overview of the labeling of beer bottles. The more than 23,000 exhibits can be viewed by appointment.

Natural monuments

Eichwalder Friedenseiche

The Friedenseiche in the Friedenstrasse can be found in the city arms.


Local media

The Eichwalder Nachrichten is an independent online magazine for Eichwalde and communities in the neighborhood.


Eichwalde station

Eichwalde is located on the L 401 state road between the Berlin state border ( Treptow-Köpenick district ) and Königs Wusterhausen . The closest motorway junctions are Königs Wusterhausen on the A 10 (southern Berliner Ring) and Waltersdorf on the A 117 .

The Eichwalde station is of the commuter rail lines S 8 (Zeuthen- Birkenwerder ) and S 46 ( King Wusterhausen - West operated).

Several bus lines connect Eichwalde with the neighboring towns.

The Berlin-Schoenefeld airport is around 7 km as the crow flies. It can be reached with the 738 bus.


Sons and daughters of the church

Personalities associated with Eichwalde


  • Wolfgang Müller: Eichwalde under the swastika. On the history of the place from 1933 to 1945 . Heimatheft III (Heimatverein Eichwalde). 2004.
  • Wolfgang Müller: Post-war years in Eichwalde. On the history of the place from 1945 to 1953. Self-published 2007.
  • Wolfgang Müller: Eichwalde in the Weimar Republic. On the history of the place from 1918 to 1933. Part 1: 1918–1925 . Self-published 2012.
  • Wolfgang Flügge (local writer ): Series of publications on the history of the Eichwalde community . Published by: Eichwalde Municipality, Issues 1–9, 2008–2014.
  • Lieselott Enders : Historical local lexicon for Brandenburg: Teltow (= Historical local lexicon for Brandenburg . Volume 4). Verlag Hermann Böhlaus successor, Weimar 1976.

Web links

Commons : Eichwalde  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Population in the State of Brandenburg according to municipalities, offices and municipalities not subject to official registration on December 31, 2019 (XLSX file; 223 KB) (updated official population figures) ( help on this ).
  2. ^ Service portal of the state administration Brandenburg. Eichwalde municipality
  3. eichwalde.de ( Memento from December 11, 2016 in the Internet Archive )
  4. ^ Historical municipality register of the state of Brandenburg 1875 to 2005. Dahme-Spreewald district . (PDF) pp. 14-17
  5. Population in the state of Brandenburg from 1991 to 2015 according to independent cities, districts and municipalities , Table 7
  6. ^ Office for Statistics Berlin-Brandenburg (Ed.): Statistical report AI 7, A II 3, A III 3. Population development and population status in the state of Brandenburg (respective editions of the month of December)
  7. ^ Result of the local election on May 26, 2019
  8. ↑ The SPD and the Greens are head-to-head races. Retrieved July 7, 2020 .
  9. Municipality of Eichwalde: statutes of the child and youth parliament of the municipality of Eichwalde (KJP statutes) ( Memento from December 3, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) (accessed on May 1, 2011)
  10. Wolfgang Flügge: Bernd Speer - the 34th mayor of Eichwalde - but who was the first ?, Eichwalder Bote 2/2010, pp. 8–9
  11. Wolfgang Müller: Eichwalde under the Hakenkreuz, Eichwalde 2007, p. 175
  12. Wolfgang Müller: Post-War Years in Eichwalde, Eichwalde 2004, pp. 27–28
  13. Wolfgang Flügge: 20 Years Fall of the Wall - The Year 1989 and the Years After, Eichwalder Bote 2/2009, p. 9
  14. Local elections October 26, 2003. Mayoral elections , p. 23
  15. Balance sheet-15 years LIKE in the community representation on wie-eichwalde.de
  16. Brandenburg Local Election Act, Section 74
  17. ^ Result of the mayoral election on September 24, 2017
  18. Coat of arms information on the service portal of the state administration of Brandenburg
  19. Is this the largest collection of beer labels in the world? In: Märkische Allgemeine , July 20, 2017.