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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the community of Schönefeld
Map of Germany, position of the municipality Schönefeld highlighted

Coordinates: 52 ° 23 '  N , 13 ° 30'  E

Basic data
State : Brandenburg
County : Dahme-Spreewald
Height : 44 m above sea level NHN
Area : 81.62 km 2
Residents: 16,270 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 199 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 12529
Primaries : 030, 03379, 033762
License plate : LDS, KW, LC, LN
Community key : 12 0 61 433
Community structure: 6 districts
Address of the
municipal administration:
Hans-Grade-Allee 11
12529 Schönefeld
Website :
Mayor : Christian Hentschel
Location of the community of Schönefeld in the Dahme-Spreewald district
Alt Zauche-Wußwerk Bersteland Bestensee Byhleguhre-Byhlen Drahnsdorf Eichwalde Golßen Groß Köris Halbe Heideblick Heidesee Jamlitz Kasel-Golzig Königs Wusterhausen Krausnick-Groß Wasserburg Lieberose Lübben Luckau Märkisch Buchholz Märkische Heide Mittenwalde Münchehofe Neu Zauche Rietzneuendorf-Staakow Schlepzig Schönefeld Schönwald Schulzendorf Schwerin Schwielochsee Spreewaldheide Steinreich Straupitz (Spreewald) Teupitz Unterspreewald Wildau Zeuthen Brandenburgmap
About this picture
Location on the city limits of Berlin
Map with the location of the individual districts of the community of Schönefeld
Location of the districts within the community of Schönefeld

Schönefeld is a municipality in the Dahme-Spreewald district of Brandenburg in Germany . Berlin-Schönefeld Airport and the Berlin Brandenburg Airport , which is currently under construction, are located on its territory .


The community borders directly on the southeast of Berlin with its districts Lichtenrade , Gropiusstadt , Buckow , Rudow , the Kosmosviertel in Altglienicke and Bohnsdorf . In the northeast of the municipality, in the immediate vicinity of the Berlin city limits, are the Schönefeld lakes.

Neighboring communities

The municipality extends from the border with Berlin in the north to the city of Mittenwalde in the south, from the municipality of Blankenfelde-Mahlow in the west to the municipalities of Schulzendorf and Zeuthen in the east.

Community structure

Schönefeld is divided into six districts with seven inhabited districts and two residential areas :

The Kienberg settlement (part of Waltersdorf) had to make way for the new Berlin Brandenburg Airport .


14th and 15th centuries

Schönefeld village church

Schönefeld was mentioned for the first time in 1375 as Schonenvelde and Schonenvelt in the land book of Charles IV . The Angerdorf was 55 hooves that year , of which three tax-free hooves belonged to the pastor. The H. Schönefeld family owned four free and two leased hooves. A Matheus family that was run as a farmer in Schönefeld was exempt from bede and wagon service for four hooves . There was a Lehnschulzengut with four other free hooves and seven Koetter farms , a mill and a desolate fallen pitcher. At this time around 1375 the place belonged to the von Selchow family, who held the upper and lower courts, who were entitled to car services and jug interest, as well as a share in the Bede and the mill. They also held the church patronage. Other owners were the Schönefeld family and a citizen T. Glase from Cölln , who was entitled to lease and interest for four Hufen and two Hufen. The Hönow brothers from Cölln received rent and interest on eleven and a half Hufen. In 1450 the place consisted of 52 Hufen, two of which belonged to the pastor and one was still desolate. Interest had to be paid for the remaining 40 hooves. The jug now seemed to be occupied again. In 1454 a U. Zeuschel appeared in the documents, who was entitled to lift T. Glasow from a courtyard. The Mußlow family continued to appear in town around 1450.

The ownership shares became extremely complex in the following decades. A first share went to the Hoppenrade zu Zepernick family before 1466 and from there to the Cölln Collegiate Foundation until 1872 . It received the pensions in 1466, from 1514 the rights of the Mußlow family and from 1533 the elevations of the Hönows. From 1590 the rights and uplifts of the Trebow, Göde and Bardnick families were added, from 1608 also their courts. In 1693 the collegiate monastery received a total of seven eighths of the village as a share, which was confirmed again in 1704. From 1745, this also included the jurisdictions, leases, interest and the tithe of eleven farmers, three köttern and the jug.

Another share came to the von Diricke family before 1472, who passed it on to the citizen Krewitz from Berlin in 1472. He received half a village with higher and lower jurisdiction, church patronage as well as elevations of nine courtyards and one desolate courtyard with two desolate hooves. Before 1536 to 1580, this share went to the citizen Mittelstraß from Bernau near Berlin , who received half the village, half the higher and lower jurisdiction, church patronage, street justice and half the income from the Lehnschulzengut with four hooves. The citizen was still entitled to the income of three kötter, elevations of one four-hoofed, five two-hoofed, one half-hoofed and in 1536 one and a half hooves of the Kruger. This share went to the Guden family (Göde) until 1590, who passed it on to the collegiate monastery together with the shares of the Trebbow and Bardnick families.

A third share came before 1375 to the citizen Hönow from Cölln, who received rent and interest from eleven and a half Hufen. In 1472 he was entitled to income from three farms and 22 hooves and lifts. These uplifts came to the collegiate monastery in 1533. A fourth part belonged to the Mußlow family before 1450 until after 1514. They acquired further electoral rights and transferred them to the bailiff at Köpenick G. Flans. The von Flans family received an eighth of the higher and lower jurisdiction between 1539 and 1675, as well as lifting of four hooves in 1539; 1571 additionally by three köttern. In 1609, Rüdiger's widow received additional income from a farm with four free hooves and seven shares in fishing and fence jurisdiction. This share fell from 1675 to 1736 to the office of Köpenick , which received an eighth of the higher and lower jurisdiction, the church patronage, a free farm with four hooves, a farm with one hoof, the still desolate jug with three hooves and from 1729 also the lifts from Gut Großmachnow from four farms. In 1736 the rule of Königs Wusterhausen took over this share, which was leased in the 19th century. A last portion was in the hands of the elector before 1608 until after 1745 and was administered by the Mühlenhof office in 1745 through the services of the subjects of the collegiate monastery.

16th and 17th centuries

In 1541 the district still consisted of 52 Hufen and three Pfarrhufen. Before 1571, the Mittelstraß family bought a Vierhufner and turned it into a residential courtyard. Before the Thirty Years War in 1624 there were twelve hoofers, three kötter and a shepherd. There was still no in-house forge - a blacksmith came by if necessary. After the war there were six farmers with a stepson and five farmhands. There were also three Kötterhöfe with a farmhand. The pastor from Berlin-Bohnsdorf took over the function of Lehnschulzen . In 1690 three of the eleven farms were still desolate. The three cats were also still in the village, but the circumstances were obviously difficult. The statistics show that they have “a high and poor field, few meadows”.

18th century

In 1704 there was a free yard of the office of Köpenick which included three free hooves in the village and three and a half desert hooves on the Diepensee field mark. A hoof came from the pitcher place in Schönefeld, which has now apparently fallen into desolation again. In 1711 there was meanwhile its own forge, nine hoofers, three kötter and a shepherd. They paid eight groschen for 48 hooves. In 1745 a dairy farm with four free hooves was created by the rule of Königs Wusterhausen. There were still eleven farmers, three kötter and another jug. In 1771 Schönefeld consisted of 15 gables (= residential houses), a blacksmith and a shepherd. The levies were constant at eight groschen per hoof.

19th century

In 1801 there were eleven whole farmers, two Ganzkötter, six residents, a smithy and a jug. The Vorwerk was operated on a long lease; there were a total of 22 fireplaces (= households). Schönefeld and the districts that existed in the 21st century came to the Teltow district in the Prussian province of Brandenburg in 1817 . In 1840 the statistics reported only 22 houses in the village and Vorwerk. In 1858 there was the village with the Adlermühle establishment. There were 16 farm owners there who employed 39 male and female servants and 47 day laborers. There was a part-time farmer and two workers as well as two people "servants". There were 17 properties in the village. Twelve of them were between 30 and 300 acres (together 2,470 acres), four between five and 30 acres (together 55 acres), and another three acres. Numerous trades had settled in Schönefeld. There was a master shoemaker, two master tailors with six journeymen and an apprentice, a carpenter, a rough forge master with a journeyman and an apprentice, a manufacturer of products made from grain with two assistants, as well as two merchants and the Kruger. However, the statistics also mention three people called “poor”. In the manor there was the landowner with twelve servants and maids and 26 day laborers. They farmed 1306 acres. In 1860 there were four public, 30 residential and 60 farm buildings in the village, including a flour mill. 2528 acres of arable land were cultivated. There were four residential and ten farm buildings in the estate; 1,201 acres of Macker, 88 acres of forest, 11 acres of meadow and six acres of garden land were farmed.

20th and 21st centuries

In 1900 there were 43 houses in the village and five houses in the manor. The stock grew from 54 residential buildings in 1931. In 1928 the community of Schönefeld was merged with the manor; In 1932 it continued to consist of the Adlermühle, Chausseehaus and Schönefeld housing estate.

After the end of the Second World War , 79 hectares were expropriated and redistributed. 53 farmers received a total of 13 hectares. Another 15 farmers received 43 hectares, two farms together 23 hectares. In 1950 there was the community of Schönefeld with the residential areas Thiekesiedlung, Dunkelsiedlung and Hoffmann Ziedrich Siedlung. Schönefeld came to the Königs Wusterhausen district in the GDR district of Potsdam in 1952 . In the same year a type I LPG was founded , which was converted into a type III in 1955. This year it had 59 members and cultivated 345 hectares. In 1960 this continued to exist with 91 members and 533 hectares. There was also another LPG Type I with three members and 23 hectares, which joined the LPG Type III in 1968. 1973 existed in the place of the VEB woodworking Berlin as well as the LPG. Schönefeld has been located in the Dahme-Spreewald district of Brandenburg since 1993.

On October 26, 2003 the places Großziethen, Kiekebusch, Selchow, Waltersdorf and Waßmannsdorf were incorporated into Schönefeld. On February 29, 2004, the Diepensee community was dissolved. Part of the former community area was reclassified to Schönefeld.

Population development

Population development of Schönefeld from 1875 to 2017 according to the table below
year Residents
1875 494
1890 613
1910 595
1925 542
1933 603
1939 1 058
1946 1 132
1950 1 149
year Residents
1964 1 568
1971 1 238
1981 2 177
1985 2 139
1989 2 035
1990 1 973
1991 1 805
1992 1 819
1993 1 764
1994 1 753
year Residents
1995 1 810
1996 2 027
1997 2,485
1998 2 803
1999 2,931
2000 2,892
2001 2,936
2002 2,880
2003 11 843
2004 11 993
year Residents
2005 12 274
2006 12 354
2007 12 462
2008 12 831
2009 13 060
2010 13 256
2011 13 317
2012 13 453
2013 13 760
2014 13 895
year Residents
2015 14 190
2016 14 423
2017 14 625
2018 15 472
2019 16 270

Territory of the respective year, number of inhabitants: as of December 31 (from 1991), from 2011 based on the 2011 census


New town hall of Schönefeld

Community representation

The community council consists of 28 community representatives and the full-time mayor as a voting member.

Party / group of voters Seats
CDU 6th
Citizens' Initiative Schönefeld (BiS) 5
SPD 4th
AfD 4th
Alliance 90 / The Greens 3
Free Voters Schönefeld (FWS) 2
The left 2
All for one 1

(As of: local election on May 26, 2019)


  • 1998–2003: Joachim Wolff
  • 2003–2019: Udo Haase (All for One)
  • since 2019: Christian Hentschel (Citizens' Initiative Schönefeld)

Hentschel was elected in the mayoral election on September 22, 2019 with 64.5% of the valid votes for a term of eight years.

coat of arms

The municipal coat of arms was approved on April 28, 2005.

Blazon : "Staircases of red and silver twelve times and topped with a compass rose (a silver disc topped with an eight-pointed gold-black faceted star, topped with a black-gold split lily)."

The coat of arms was designed by the heraldist Frank Diemar .

District of Schönefeld

Blazon: "Of red and silver, square, covered by two gold-black faceted stars, each with four rays, one on top of the other, of which the lower, diagonally crossed stars are shortened."

Explanation: The district on the southern edge of Berlin became known after 1945 primarily as a junction for rail, road and especially air traffic. The shape of the double star, reminiscent of a compass rose, is intended to symbolize this function as a traffic connection in all directions. The red and white crossing refers to the national colors.

Community partnerships

There has been a partnership with Bajangol in Mongolia , a district (Düüreg) of the capital Ulaanbaatar , since 1999 . Another partnership with the Polish village of Skórka in Krajenka is planned.


Schönefeld cemetery chapel

In the list of architectural monuments in Schönefeld and in the list of ground monuments in Schönefeld are the cultural monuments entered in the list of monuments of the state of Brandenburg.

The Flutgrabenaue Waltersdorf nature reserve connects to the east of the community of Schönefeld .

Economy and Infrastructure


The largest source of tax revenue for the municipality is the Airport Center, an industrial park in the Waltersdorf district. Another important source of income for the location is Berlin-Schönefeld Airport, which is expected to be replaced by Berlin Brandenburg Airport, which is currently under construction, from 2020 .

Schönefeld is the seat of the Höffner furniture store and the associated furniture discounter Sconto . The German Post AG operates here one of its 82 mail centers in Germany. The logistics group Dachser has also set up shop here.

The business location is one of 15 regional growth centers in the state of Brandenburg. This promotes selected future-oriented industries.



Schönefeld is on the B 96a federal road between the Berlin city limits ( Altglienicke district ) and Teltow .

The state road L 75 between the Berlin city limits ( Buckow district ) and Mahlow also runs through the municipality.

The federal highways A 113 and A 117 cross the area of ​​the municipality.

At the southern border of the municipality, the A 10 (southern Berliner Ring) runs with the Schönefelder Kreuz .


At the train station Flughafen Berlin-Schönefeld run:

A S-Bahn stop in Waßmannsdorf (between Schönefeld train station and the future airport train station) is not yet in operation . There is currently no concrete plan for the connection of the airport train station to the Mahlow S-Bahn station (around 5 km along the existing railway systems)

Bus transport

  • Buses of BVG (X7, 163, 164, 171) and RVS run to Berlin and the surrounding area.

Air traffic


  • Abel Burja (1752–1816), mathematician, born in Kiekebusch
  • Albert Kiekebusch (1870–1935), prehistoric, born in Waßmannsdorf
  • Rosemarie Clausen (1907–1990), theater photographer, born in Großziethen
  • Arno Zerbe (1941–2012), football player, born in Selchow
  • Horst Kullack (1948–1972), fatality on the Berlin Wall, born in Großziethen
  • Bernd Wargos (1953–2017), soccer player, born in Waltersdorf

Individual evidence

  1. Population in the State of Brandenburg according to municipalities, offices and municipalities not subject to official registration on December 31, 2019 (XLSX file; 223 KB) (updated official population figures) ( help on this ).
  2. ^ A b Service portal of the state administration of the state of Brandenburg - community Schönefeld
  3. ^ StBA: Changes in the municipalities in Germany, see 2003
  4. ^ StBA: Changes in the municipalities in Germany, see 2004
  5. ^ Historical municipality register of the state of Brandenburg 1875 to 2005. Landkreis Dahme-Spreewald , pp. 30–33
  6. Population in the state of Brandenburg from 1991 to 2015 according to independent cities, districts and municipalities , Table 7
  7. ^ Office for Statistics Berlin-Brandenburg (Ed.): Statistical report AI 7, A II 3, A III 3. Population development and population status in the state of Brandenburg (respective editions of the month of December)
  8. ^ Result of the local election on May 26, 2019
  9. Results of the local elections in 1998 (mayoral elections) for the Dahme-Spreewald district ( Memento from April 10, 2018 in the Internet Archive )
  10. Local elections October 26, 2003. Mayoral elections , p. 23
  11. Brandenburg Local Election Act, Section 74
  12. ^ Result of the mayoral election on September 22, 2019
  13. Coat of arms information on the service portal of the state administration of Brandenburg
  14. Description of the coat of arms on the town portrait on the community site


  • Bernd Kuhlmann: Schönefeld near Berlin. One office, one airport and eleven train stations. Verlag GVE, Berlin 1996, ISBN 3-89218-038-5 (The book describes the story which - in the shadow of aviation - was always shaped by strategic, political, propaganda and economic aspects.)
  • Lieselott Enders and Margot Beck: Historical local dictionary for Brandenburg part IV Teltow. 396 p., Hermann Böhlaus successor, Weimar 1976.

Web links

Commons : Schönefeld  - Collection of images, videos and audio files