|coat of arms
|44 m above sea level NHN
|81.62 km 2
|16,270 (Dec. 31, 2019)
|Population density :
|199 inhabitants per km 2
|Postal code :
|030, 03379, 033762
|License plate :
|LDS, KW, LC, LN
|Community key :
|12 0 61 433
|Address of the
|Location of the community of Schönefeld in the Dahme-Spreewald district
Schönefeld is a municipality in the Dahme-Spreewald district of Brandenburg in Germany . Berlin-Schönefeld Airport and the Berlin Brandenburg Airport , which is currently under construction, are located on its territory .
The community borders directly on the southeast of Berlin with its districts Lichtenrade , Gropiusstadt , Buckow , Rudow , the Kosmosviertel in Altglienicke and Bohnsdorf . In the northeast of the municipality, in the immediate vicinity of the Berlin city limits, are the Schönefeld lakes.
The municipality extends from the border with Berlin in the north to the city of Mittenwalde in the south, from the municipality of Blankenfelde-Mahlow in the west to the municipalities of Schulzendorf and Zeuthen in the east.
- Schönefeld with Thiekesiedlung residential area
- Großziethen with the inhabited part of the municipality Kleinziethen
- Kiekebusch with the inhabited part of the municipality Karlshof
- Waltersdorf with the inhabited parts of the municipality Rotberg , settlement Hubertus , settlement Waltersdorf, Tollkrug and Vorwerk .
14th and 15th centuries
Schönefeld was mentioned for the first time in 1375 as Schonenvelde and Schonenvelt in the land book of Charles IV . The Angerdorf was 55 hooves that year , of which three tax-free hooves belonged to the pastor. The H. Schönefeld family owned four free and two leased hooves. A Matheus family that was run as a farmer in Schönefeld was exempt from bede and wagon service for four hooves . There was a Lehnschulzengut with four other free hooves and seven Koetter farms , a mill and a desolate fallen pitcher. At this time around 1375 the place belonged to the von Selchow family, who held the upper and lower courts, who were entitled to car services and jug interest, as well as a share in the Bede and the mill. They also held the church patronage. Other owners were the Schönefeld family and a citizen T. Glase from Cölln , who was entitled to lease and interest for four Hufen and two Hufen. The Hönow brothers from Cölln received rent and interest on eleven and a half Hufen. In 1450 the place consisted of 52 Hufen, two of which belonged to the pastor and one was still desolate. Interest had to be paid for the remaining 40 hooves. The jug now seemed to be occupied again. In 1454 a U. Zeuschel appeared in the documents, who was entitled to lift T. Glasow from a courtyard. The Mußlow family continued to appear in town around 1450.
The ownership shares became extremely complex in the following decades. A first share went to the Hoppenrade zu Zepernick family before 1466 and from there to the Cölln Collegiate Foundation until 1872 . It received the pensions in 1466, from 1514 the rights of the Mußlow family and from 1533 the elevations of the Hönows. From 1590 the rights and uplifts of the Trebow, Göde and Bardnick families were added, from 1608 also their courts. In 1693 the collegiate monastery received a total of seven eighths of the village as a share, which was confirmed again in 1704. From 1745, this also included the jurisdictions, leases, interest and the tithe of eleven farmers, three köttern and the jug.
Another share came to the von Diricke family before 1472, who passed it on to the citizen Krewitz from Berlin in 1472. He received half a village with higher and lower jurisdiction, church patronage as well as elevations of nine courtyards and one desolate courtyard with two desolate hooves. Before 1536 to 1580, this share went to the citizen Mittelstraß from Bernau near Berlin , who received half the village, half the higher and lower jurisdiction, church patronage, street justice and half the income from the Lehnschulzengut with four hooves. The citizen was still entitled to the income of three kötter, elevations of one four-hoofed, five two-hoofed, one half-hoofed and in 1536 one and a half hooves of the Kruger. This share went to the Guden family (Göde) until 1590, who passed it on to the collegiate monastery together with the shares of the Trebbow and Bardnick families.
A third share came before 1375 to the citizen Hönow from Cölln, who received rent and interest from eleven and a half Hufen. In 1472 he was entitled to income from three farms and 22 hooves and lifts. These uplifts came to the collegiate monastery in 1533. A fourth part belonged to the Mußlow family before 1450 until after 1514. They acquired further electoral rights and transferred them to the bailiff at Köpenick G. Flans. The von Flans family received an eighth of the higher and lower jurisdiction between 1539 and 1675, as well as lifting of four hooves in 1539; 1571 additionally by three köttern. In 1609, Rüdiger's widow received additional income from a farm with four free hooves and seven shares in fishing and fence jurisdiction. This share fell from 1675 to 1736 to the office of Köpenick , which received an eighth of the higher and lower jurisdiction, the church patronage, a free farm with four hooves, a farm with one hoof, the still desolate jug with three hooves and from 1729 also the lifts from Gut Großmachnow from four farms. In 1736 the rule of Königs Wusterhausen took over this share, which was leased in the 19th century. A last portion was in the hands of the elector before 1608 until after 1745 and was administered by the Mühlenhof office in 1745 through the services of the subjects of the collegiate monastery.
16th and 17th centuries
In 1541 the district still consisted of 52 Hufen and three Pfarrhufen. Before 1571, the Mittelstraß family bought a Vierhufner and turned it into a residential courtyard. Before the Thirty Years War in 1624 there were twelve hoofers, three kötter and a shepherd. There was still no in-house forge - a blacksmith came by if necessary. After the war there were six farmers with a stepson and five farmhands. There were also three Kötterhöfe with a farmhand. The pastor from Berlin-Bohnsdorf took over the function of Lehnschulzen . In 1690 three of the eleven farms were still desolate. The three cats were also still in the village, but the circumstances were obviously difficult. The statistics show that they have “a high and poor field, few meadows”.
In 1704 there was a free yard of the office of Köpenick which included three free hooves in the village and three and a half desert hooves on the Diepensee field mark. A hoof came from the pitcher place in Schönefeld, which has now apparently fallen into desolation again. In 1711 there was meanwhile its own forge, nine hoofers, three kötter and a shepherd. They paid eight groschen for 48 hooves. In 1745 a dairy farm with four free hooves was created by the rule of Königs Wusterhausen. There were still eleven farmers, three kötter and another jug. In 1771 Schönefeld consisted of 15 gables (= residential houses), a blacksmith and a shepherd. The levies were constant at eight groschen per hoof.
In 1801 there were eleven whole farmers, two Ganzkötter, six residents, a smithy and a jug. The Vorwerk was operated on a long lease; there were a total of 22 fireplaces (= households). Schönefeld and the districts that existed in the 21st century came to the Teltow district in the Prussian province of Brandenburg in 1817 . In 1840 the statistics reported only 22 houses in the village and Vorwerk. In 1858 there was the village with the Adlermühle establishment. There were 16 farm owners there who employed 39 male and female servants and 47 day laborers. There was a part-time farmer and two workers as well as two people "servants". There were 17 properties in the village. Twelve of them were between 30 and 300 acres (together 2,470 acres), four between five and 30 acres (together 55 acres), and another three acres. Numerous trades had settled in Schönefeld. There was a master shoemaker, two master tailors with six journeymen and an apprentice, a carpenter, a rough forge master with a journeyman and an apprentice, a manufacturer of products made from grain with two assistants, as well as two merchants and the Kruger. However, the statistics also mention three people called “poor”. In the manor there was the landowner with twelve servants and maids and 26 day laborers. They farmed 1306 acres. In 1860 there were four public, 30 residential and 60 farm buildings in the village, including a flour mill. 2528 acres of arable land were cultivated. There were four residential and ten farm buildings in the estate; 1,201 acres of Macker, 88 acres of forest, 11 acres of meadow and six acres of garden land were farmed.
20th and 21st centuries
In 1900 there were 43 houses in the village and five houses in the manor. The stock grew from 54 residential buildings in 1931. In 1928 the community of Schönefeld was merged with the manor; In 1932 it continued to consist of the Adlermühle, Chausseehaus and Schönefeld housing estate.
After the end of the Second World War , 79 hectares were expropriated and redistributed. 53 farmers received a total of 13 hectares. Another 15 farmers received 43 hectares, two farms together 23 hectares. In 1950 there was the community of Schönefeld with the residential areas Thiekesiedlung, Dunkelsiedlung and Hoffmann Ziedrich Siedlung. Schönefeld came to the Königs Wusterhausen district in the GDR district of Potsdam in 1952 . In the same year a type I LPG was founded , which was converted into a type III in 1955. This year it had 59 members and cultivated 345 hectares. In 1960 this continued to exist with 91 members and 533 hectares. There was also another LPG Type I with three members and 23 hectares, which joined the LPG Type III in 1968. 1973 existed in the place of the VEB woodworking Berlin as well as the LPG. Schönefeld has been located in the Dahme-Spreewald district of Brandenburg since 1993.
On October 26, 2003 the places Großziethen, Kiekebusch, Selchow, Waltersdorf and Waßmannsdorf were incorporated into Schönefeld. On February 29, 2004, the Diepensee community was dissolved. Part of the former community area was reclassified to Schönefeld.
Territory of the respective year, number of inhabitants: as of December 31 (from 1991), from 2011 based on the 2011 census
The community council consists of 28 community representatives and the full-time mayor as a voting member.
|Party / group of voters
|Citizens' Initiative Schönefeld (BiS)
|Alliance 90 / The Greens
|Free Voters Schönefeld (FWS)
|All for one
(As of: local election on May 26, 2019)
- 1998–2003: Joachim Wolff
- 2003–2019: Udo Haase (All for One)
- since 2019: Christian Hentschel (Citizens' Initiative Schönefeld)
Hentschel was elected in the mayoral election on September 22, 2019 with 64.5% of the valid votes for a term of eight years.
coat of arms
The municipal coat of arms was approved on April 28, 2005.
Blazon : "Staircases of red and silver twelve times and topped with a compass rose (a silver disc topped with an eight-pointed gold-black faceted star, topped with a black-gold split lily)."
The coat of arms was designed by the heraldist Frank Diemar .
District of Schönefeld
Blazon: "Of red and silver, square, covered by two gold-black faceted stars, each with four rays, one on top of the other, of which the lower, diagonally crossed stars are shortened."
Explanation: The district on the southern edge of Berlin became known after 1945 primarily as a junction for rail, road and especially air traffic. The shape of the double star, reminiscent of a compass rose, is intended to symbolize this function as a traffic connection in all directions. The red and white crossing refers to the national colors.
- The Schönefeld village church is a late Romanesque hall church from the first half of the 13th century, which was significantly rebuilt between 1904 and 1905.
- The village church of Kiekebusch was probably built in the 14th century and was expanded to the south in 1693 and 1694 with the addition of a patron's lodge . Inside there is an altar from the second half of the 17th century.
- The Selchow village church is a Romanesque stone church from the first half of the 13th century. Some of the windows were enlarged around 1700; the structure was restored in 1972 and 1973. Inside there is a two-story pulpit altar and a fifth from 1710 as well as a crucifix that was created at the end of the 15th century.
- The Waltersdorf village church is a late Romanesque hall church from the middle of the 13th century. Inside there is, among other things, an altar retable consisting of a central shrine of a carved altar , which was created around 1620. It shows the Trinity in the altarpiece and is complemented by two wings, which were created around 1640. On the left wing are Simon Peter , Paulus of Tarsus and James the Elder , on the right Barbara of Nicomedia , Apollonia of Alexandria and Catherine of Alexandria .
- The village church Waßmannsdorf is a stone church that was probably built in the middle of the 13th century. In 1926 the west tower was added. Inside there is a wooden pulpit altar from the beginning of the 18th century.
- Memorial for 200 perished prisoners of war and forced laborers in the cemetery of the Großziethen district between Karl-Marx-Straße and Dorfstraße. During the Second World War, they had to live in three large barracks in a forced labor camp.
The Flutgrabenaue Waltersdorf nature reserve connects to the east of the community of Schönefeld .
Economy and Infrastructure
The largest source of tax revenue for the municipality is the Airport Center, an industrial park in the Waltersdorf district. Another important source of income for the location is Berlin-Schönefeld Airport, which is expected to be replaced by Berlin Brandenburg Airport, which is currently under construction, from 2020 .
Schönefeld is the seat of the Höffner furniture store and the associated furniture discounter Sconto . The German Post AG operates here one of its 82 mail centers in Germany. The logistics group Dachser has also set up shop here.
The business location is one of 15 regional growth centers in the state of Brandenburg. This promotes selected future-oriented industries.
At the train station Flughafen Berlin-Schönefeld run:
- S-Bahn line S 45 to Südkreuz
- S-Bahn line S 9 to Spandau
- Regional Express RE 7 ( Dessau- Berlin-Wünsdorf-Waldstadt)
- Regional train RB 14 (Nauen – Berlin – Airport Berlin-Schönefeld)
- Regional train RB 22 ( Potsdam - Königs Wusterhausen )
A S-Bahn stop in Waßmannsdorf (between Schönefeld train station and the future airport train station) is not yet in operation . There is currently no concrete plan for the connection of the airport train station to the Mahlow S-Bahn station (around 5 km along the existing railway systems)
- Abel Burja (1752–1816), mathematician, born in Kiekebusch
- Albert Kiekebusch (1870–1935), prehistoric, born in Waßmannsdorf
- Rosemarie Clausen (1907–1990), theater photographer, born in Großziethen
- Arno Zerbe (1941–2012), football player, born in Selchow
- Horst Kullack (1948–1972), fatality on the Berlin Wall, born in Großziethen
- Bernd Wargos (1953–2017), soccer player, born in Waltersdorf
- Population in the State of Brandenburg according to municipalities, offices and municipalities not subject to official registration on December 31, 2019 (XLSX file; 223 KB) (updated official population figures) ( help on this ).
- Service portal of the state administration of the state of Brandenburg - community Schönefeld
- StBA: Changes in the municipalities in Germany, see 2003
- StBA: Changes in the municipalities in Germany, see 2004
- Historical municipality register of the state of Brandenburg 1875 to 2005. Landkreis Dahme-Spreewald , pp. 30–33
- Population in the state of Brandenburg from 1991 to 2015 according to independent cities, districts and municipalities , Table 7
- Office for Statistics Berlin-Brandenburg (Ed.): Statistical report AI 7, A II 3, A III 3. Population development and population status in the state of Brandenburg (respective editions of the month of December)
- Result of the local election on May 26, 2019
- Results of the local elections in 1998 (mayoral elections) for the Dahme-Spreewald district ( Memento from April 10, 2018 in the Internet Archive )
- Local elections October 26, 2003. Mayoral elections , p. 23
- Brandenburg Local Election Act, Section 74
- Result of the mayoral election on September 22, 2019
- Coat of arms information on the service portal of the state administration of Brandenburg
- Description of the coat of arms on the town portrait on the community site
- Bernd Kuhlmann: Schönefeld near Berlin. One office, one airport and eleven train stations. Verlag GVE, Berlin 1996, ISBN 3-89218-038-5 (The book describes the story which - in the shadow of aviation - was always shaped by strategic, political, propaganda and economic aspects.)
- Lieselott Enders and Margot Beck: Historical local dictionary for Brandenburg part IV Teltow. 396 p., Hermann Böhlaus successor, Weimar 1976.