Community of Schönefeld
|Height :||42 m|
|Area :||20.94 km²|
|Residents :||1860 (2015)|
|Population density :||89 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||October 26, 2003|
|Postal code :||12529|
|Primaries :||033762, 030|
Waltersdorf town hall
The place is located southeast of Berlin in the Dahme-Spreewald district . To the west of the center of Waltersdorf is Kienberg , which also belongs to the district and former municipality, to the north is Berlin, to the south is Königs Wusterhausen and to the east is the municipality of Schulzendorf . Waltersdorf also includes the inhabited districts of Rotberg , settlement Hubertus, settlement Waltersdorf, Tollkrug and Vorwerk . Rotberg is at the same time its own district (6,941,241 m²), next to the district Waltersdorf (13,996,838 m²), because Rotberg was originally a separate municipality, which was incorporated into Waltersdorf on September 27th.
12th to 16th centuries
Around 1200 the place was founded by farmers from the Lower Rhine and the church was built in the 13th century. Waltersdorf was first mentioned in a document in 1352 as in villa Woterstorp . The Kreuzangerdorf appeared as Wolterstorff , Walterstorff and Walterstorf teutunica in 1375 in the land book of Charles IV . At that time it was 78 hooves in size, of which the pastor was entitled to two duty-free parish hooves. The Schulze continued to live in the village , 13 cottagers ; there was a jug and already a mill. Before 1375 the village belonged to the von der Liepe family. She held half of the higher and lower jurisdiction and half of the church patronage . Your stood income from 40 hooves "with full rights" to, plus a share of Bede , the Kossätenzins, the pitcher interest and the mill rate. The second part of the jurisdiction came from before 1374 until after 1521 to that of Groeben . They also received the income from seven hooves, a share of the jug interest and a farm with four hooves. The heather with half the heather hooves, two farms, a yard with two hooves and a free sheep farm with three hooves belonged to the other property. The lease and interest on four other Hufen went to the Bertkow zu Altglienicke family around 1375; then to the Mußlow family (Musolf). The Nikolaikirche in Berlin was also involved in the village and received lease and interest income of four Hufen around 1375.
In 1450 Waltersdorf consisted of 73 Hufen, two for the pastor and one for the church. Four of the Krewitz family's hooves were desolate and apparently no longer cultivated, because only one year later six hooves were already desolate. In the same year the von Liepe family increased their property by four free hooves, while the von Groeben family received lifts from the mill in 1472 . However, these were pledged in 1519, 1520 and 1521 as pension payments to the von Reiche and then probably fell to the von Liepe or the von Thümen. In 1472 there was a free sheep farm with three hooves in Waltersdorf. The share of the heather and the heather hooves belonged to the farm of the Hönow family from Berlin. Four more hooves were owned by the von Britzke family before 1473 . In 1480 the von Liepe had 14 hooves; 1535 a courtyard. Waltersdorf was a total of 73 hooves (two for the pastor and one for the church), 14 other hooves lay desolate, the other 42 paid interest. There was still a mill, but the jug was no longer mentioned. The Groeben share came to the citizen Hönow after 1521. In 1553 the von Liepe's share came to the von Thümen family . She received the upper and lower jurisdiction, the patronage, the residential courtyards, the outworks, the sheep farms and two windmills. In 1571 the von Thümen with two windmills was reported about the residential courtyards, farms and sheep farms. Mußlow's share came to the elector in the 16th century, who passed it on to the Flans zu Altglienicke and Großmachnow family from 1539 to 1620. He probably came into the rule of King Wusterhausen with the Großmachnow estate .
Before the Thirty Years' War there were 18 Hufner , five Kossäts and already its own blacksmith, a lease shepherd, a blacksmith as well as 66 Hufen and six rulership. From them three yards with nine hooves went off, which were ransomed. In 1652, the Viceschulze survived the war with one son, seven farmers with six sons and a farmhand and six kossa with two sons and a farmhand. In 1676, von Thümsche's share was in the resalable possession of von Berne (von Beeren), who only held it until 1697. Like the Britzkesche share, it fell to the elector and was passed on to Count Kolbe von Wartenberg in 1700
The count received the knight's seat with a brewery, barns, stables, gardens as well as 35 knight's hooves and eleven farmer's hooves. The property also included two windmills and a dairy that was built on Waltersdorfer Heide - what would later become the Vorwerk residential area . The elector continued to hand over the shepherd's justice, "all subjects", a vineyard, the brewery jug, the smithy and the upper and lower courts along with church patronage. There was a large pleasure garden and orchard as well as a pond. In the meantime there was a separate jug with a free beer bar, a vineyard in front of the village and fishing on the Spree. In 1711 the count's share of those von Wartenberg came to the office of Köpenick and, via the Crown Prince, from 1736 to 1872 into the rule of King Wusterhausen. At the time of the transfer to the office, Waltersdorf was 57 hooves tall. The ten farriers, five farmers, the blacksmith, the shepherd, the three pairs of householders, the shepherd, and the large and small farmhand each paid eight groschen per hoof in taxes. In 1743 there were ten farmers and five kossas living in the village. There was a windmill and a jug. Outside the village there was still the dairy, which was now called Heidemeierei. In 1771 there were 16 houses (gables) in Waltersdorf. There was a blacksmith, the shepherd, meanwhile four pairs of householders, a shepherd, the foreman, the middle farmhand and the small farmhand as well as a private windmill.
In 1801, Waltersdorf consisted of the village and an official Vorwerk. There were ten whole farmers, two half farmers, four whole cottagers and four residents . There was a forge, a pitcher, and a windmill. The residents operated 32 fireplaces (= households). From the year 1840 only one village with dairy farms Vorheide and Vorwerk and 30 houses were reported. In 1858 Waltersdorf consisted of the village with the establishment Kienberg and the Vorwerk Heidemeierei. There were 13 farm owners and one tenant who employed 31 male and female servants. In addition there were 36 day laborers, five part-time farmers and 32 workers and two servants. There were 21 properties in the village: two were larger than 600 acres (a total of 2,470 acres) and one was 434 acres. Fifteen more were between 30 and 300 acres (together 1530 acres), two more were between 5 and 30 acres (together 12 acres) and one was four acres. In the meantime, numerous trades had settled in the village . There was a baker master , a butcher , a shoemaker , two master tailor with a journeyman , a wheelwright master with an apprentice, a mason Flick workers, a blacksmith masters and two companions, a barber, two merchants, a pitcher and two reindeer ( "pensioners") and two arms.
During the founding period in the 19th century, the place was enlarged. In 1849 the jurisdiction changed from the Justice Office in Königs Wusterhausen to the Judicial Commission in Königs Wusterhausen and from there in 1879 to 1952 to the District Court of Königs Wusterhausen. In 1860 there were three public, 27 residential and 16 farm buildings in the village, including the flour mill. Woltersdorf consisted of the village (including Kienberg) with 2591 acres. 2072 acres were arable, 334 acres were meadows, 114 acres were pastures and nine acres were forest. Another eleven acres were built on with homesteads. The royal domain (including the farmstead) was 1,892 acres, including 1,600 acres of arable land, 200 acres of meadow, 66 acres of pasture, 14 acres of garden land, and 12 acres of homesteads. The house fideikommis police office and outbuilding as well as six residential and six farm buildings (including a distillery) were located there.
20th and 21st centuries
At the turn of the century the village was 695 hectares in size in 1900, the domain 453 hectares. There were 47 houses in the village and five in the domain. In 1928 the Waltersdorf estate was merged with the community. Around 265 hectares of the manor district of Königs Wusterhausen Forest were incorporated. In 1932 the community existed with the residential areas Kienberg and Vorwerk Waltersdorf; 1941 with the residential areas expansion of Bohnsdorfer Weg and settlement of Heinkel premises.
After the Second World War , 511 hectares were expropriated and 462 hectares were divided. 66 farmers received up to one hectare (together 29 hectares), eight farmers between one and five hectares (together 27 hectares) and 34 farmers between five and ten hectares (together 225 hectares). An undocumented number of farmers received over 15 hectares (together 151 hectares). Another 30 hectares were distributed among seven old farmers. In 1953 a type I LPG was founded with initially five members and 40 hectares of agricultural land . It was converted into a Type III LPG in 1957 and grew to 157 members and 716 hectares by 1960. In 1971 the merger with LPG Schulzendorf to form LPG Waltersdorf-Schulzendorf, which still existed in 1973. In 1970 Waltersdorf existed as a community with the districts Kienberg and Vorwerk.
After the reunification, the industrial park was built. On September 27, 1998 Rotberg was incorporated. In 2003 Waltersdorf was incorporated as a district of Schönefeld. The Waltersdorf autobahn triangle and the A 113 to Berlin-Neukölln were built by 2008, and since then the federal highway 179 no longer runs through the town, but only begins at the Königs Wusterhausen junction. Since 1996, the nearby Berlin-Schönefeld Airport has been expanded to become Berlin Brandenburg Airport , which is scheduled to open in 2020.
|Population development in Waltersdorf from 1734 to 1971|
|Residents||187||217||192||200 with Heidemeierei||252 with Heidemeierei||Village 280 without Kienberg, Gut 84 without Heidemeierei||664||736 and 280 (AEG settlement)||1156||1250||1117||1070|
coat of arms
With the choice of a heraldic stylized church representation, the municipality draws on a central motif of the municipality's history, in which the church was not only the religious, but also the cultural and architectural center of the municipality. The five cornflower blossoms symbolize the five parts of the Waltersdorf community. There are Hubertus, Kienberg, Siedlung, Vorwerk and Waltersdorf-Dorf. The cornflower is known as a blue flowering cereal weed. The cornflower blossoms in the coat of arms indicate the frequent occurrence of the blue daisy family in the parish corridor. Indirectly, the motif also refers to agriculture as the main historical source of income for the people of Waltersdorf.
The community colors are gold (/ yellow) –black.
The coat of arms was designed by the local heraldist Frank Diemar.
Culture and sights, sports
- The Waltersdorf village church is a late Romanesque hall church from the middle of the 13th century. Inside there is, among other things, an altar retable consisting of a central shrine of a carved altar , which was created around 1620. It shows the Trinity in the altarpiece and is complemented by two wings, which were created around 1640. On the left wing are Simon Peter , Paulus of Tarsus and James the Elder , on the right Barbara of Nicomedia , Apollonia of Alexandria and Catherine of Alexandria .
- The Flutgrabenaue Waltersdorf nature reserve connects to the southeast of Waltersdorf .
- The RSV Waltersdorf 09 plays in the season 2017/2018 in the Brandenburg-League .
Waltersdorf is located directly on the 113 and 117 federal motorways . The Waltersdorf motorway triangle is located in the local area. The A117 has the exit of the same name in Woltersdorf, which is partly directly connected to the AD Waltersdorf. The junction of the A113 to the future Berlin-Brandenburg Airport is also still in Waltersdorf, but leads directly to Schönefeld via Schönefelder Allee.
Several bus lines run through Waltersdorf, which among other things enable a quick connection to Schönefeld Airport and the future Berlin-Brandenburg Airport . Berlin is directly connected to Waltersdorf via line 263 .
- Lieselott Enders : Historical local lexicon for Brandenburg: Teltow (= Historical local lexicon for Brandenburg . Volume 4). Verlag Hermann Böhlaus successor, Weimar 1976.
- Waltersdorf district on the website of the community of Schönefeld