Berlin transport company
|Berliner Verkehrsbetriebe (BVG)|
|owner||State of Berlin|
|legal form||Institute of public right|
|Board||Chairman's post vacant
Dirk Schulte (Personnel)
Rolf Erfurt (Operations)
Ramona Pop (Chair)
Lothar Stephan (Deputy)
|Transport network||Berlin-Brandenburg transport association|
(as of 2019)
|sales||1,201 million euros
(as of 2017)
9 day and |
8 night lines
|tram||22 day and
9 night lines
|bus||152 day and
62 night lines
|Other lines||6 ferries, including 3 seasonal ferries|
|number of vehicles|
|Passengers||1.045 billion (2016)|
|Stops||173 underground stations
803 day and 414 night-tram stops
6452 bus stops
|Catchment area||approx. 1000 km²|
|Residents in the
|Length of line network|
|Subway lines||146.3 km (daytime)|
|Tram lines||300.0 km (during the day)|
|Bus routes||approx. 1675 km (during the day)|
|Track length||825 km|
The Berlin Transport Authority (BVG) (formerly B ERLIN V erkehrs shares g ompany) is a public-sector enterprises for the public transport (LPT) in Berlin , which she there and in the adjacent region with underground trains , trams and buses perform . They also operate some ferries on Berlin's waters. Between 1984 and 1994, the BVG operating in West Berlin , the S-Bahn and between 1989 and 1991, the M-Bahn . Through its subsidiary URBANIS GmbH , it rents business premises in its traffic facilities and on public roads.
Before the formation of the greater Berlin unified community in 1920, there were various independent companies in the city that carried out local public transport. For example, there was the Allgemeine Berliner Omnibus-Actien-Gesellschaft (ABOAG), founded privately in 1868 , the also privately-owned company for electrical elevated and underground railways in Berlin (elevated railway company) and numerous tram companies. Most of the tram companies were merged after the First World War and were incorporated into the local authority Berliner Straßenbahn, founded on December 13, 1920 . Due to massive financial problems, this urban tram service was closed on September 8, 1923 and the private-law Berliner Straßenbahn-Betriebs-GmbH was founded, which was initially only able to start operations on September 10 with a significantly reduced line network and timetable.
However, there were neither coordinated timetables nor fares. This was felt to be an intolerable situation, especially because of the huge urban area of almost 900 km². Ernst Reuter , who took over the department for transport and utilities in the municipal authorities in 1926, campaigned for an end to this grievance. On March 9, 1927, the Berliner Straßenbahn-Betriebs-Gesellschaft , the Hochbahngesellschaft and the Allgemeine Berliner Omnibus AG signed the so-called Community of Interest Agreement, with which the 20-pfennig standard tariff between the three modes of transport came into force on March 15, 1927 . The tariff allowed a one-time change within a means of transport or to the tram or subway, and from January 1, 1928 also to the bus.
However, it turned out that this tariff was not sufficient to bring about a fair balance of interests between the three companies. Each continued to run for itself. The private bus and subway companies were, however, tax disadvantaged compared to the urban tram company. The elevated railway accounted for the highest investment volume. It paid high taxes on its capital, but it had relatively little turnover.
To resolve these problems under one roof, on 10 December 1928 B ERLIN V erkehrs shares g ompany (BVG) with 400 million marks capital founded.
As early as the beginning of 1928, Ernst Reuter outlined his thoughts on the expansion of Berlin traffic in the newspaper Vorwärts and mainly addressed planned vehicle purchases and financing issues.
On January 1, 1929, the company started operations. A few weeks after the BVG was founded, extensive plans to expand the rapid transit network were presented, but only a part of them could be implemented.
The strike at the Berliner Verkehrs-AG in November 1932 was one of the most spectacular labor disputes in the final phase of the Weimar Republic .
After the National Socialists came to power, the State Commissioner for Berlin, Julius Lippert , appointed the NSDAP politician and later Waffen-SS soldier Johannes Engel as chairman of the BVG's supervisory board. The board of directors and most executives have been terminated or disempowered. In 1934 Wilhelm Benninghoff was appointed operator. During the Second World War, the BVG deployed around 4,000 forced laborers, for whom the company built its own barracks.
On January 1, 1938, the company named was the Berlin Transport Authority (BVG), a self-propelled the city of Berlin. Due to the division of Berlin , on August 1, 1949, a separate BVG administration was formed in the eastern part of the city, which from January 1, 1969 operated under the name VEB Kombinat Berliner Verkehrsbetriebe (BVB).
In 1972, the BVG became famous beyond the Berlin borders with the song Mensch Meier ( LP No Power for Nobody ) by the band Ton Steine Scherben . It denounced the former fare increases and called for fare dodging on ( "Ne, ne, ne, rather burns the BVG").
As a result of German reunification , BVG (West) and BVB (East) merged on January 1, 1992 under the name Berliner Verkehrsbetriebe (BVG). In 1994 the BVG was converted into an institution under public law .
On December 12, 2004, the BVG introduced a so-called metro network . The metro lines, which include both MetroTram and MetroBus lines, connect high-demand areas on the shortest possible route. These lines operate 24 hours a day, usually on weekdays between 6 a.m. and 9 p.m. with a minimum frequency of 10 minutes.
In August 2008, the BVG moved its headquarters to the new BVG headquarters in the Trias building near the Jannowitzbrücke train station . The previous locations on Potsdamer Strasse and Rosa-Luxemburg-Strasse (today's Grenander-Haus) were largely given up and sold for 36 million euros. The move to the Triassic cost 10 million euros, the monthly rent in the Triassic period 246,000 euros, from 2014 256,500 euros and from 2019 just under 266,000 euros. In addition, there are ancillary costs of 95,000 euros. The buildings at the previous locations were sold by BVG in 2008, the bus and subway control centers were still there for rent until 2015, the new premises in the Trias Towers are only rented. Since August 2015, the subway operations control center has been located in a new building on the premises of the Friedrichsfelde workshop.
In 2015, BVG hired the singer Kazim Akboga for an advertising campaign, who performed his song Is me don't care as a ticket inspector in a subway . The video spread quickly and soon reached over twelve million views. After this success, BVG started numerous other advertising campaigns in the award-winning campaign “Because we love you” in order to improve the company's image. Here, with great success, using the " Berliner Schnauze ", topics related to public transport, the city of Berlin and society as a whole are humorously presented and linked to the BVG.
With another advertising campaign in December 2019, the BVG attracts attention, it is officially applying for the title of World Heritage Site .
Overview of the BVG directors and chairmen of the board
Since its foundation in 1929, the BVG has been run by up to five directors. The list gives an incomplete overview of the directors of the BVG (West) and the chairmen of the board from 1994.
After the unexpected death of Andreas von Arnim in the spring of 2005, Andreas Sturmowski became the new CEO of BVG in the autumn of the same year after a long search. His contract was not extended in 2010. On May 28, 2010, the BVG supervisory board elected Sigrid Evelyn Nikutta as CEO, who took up her position on October 1, 2010. After Nikutta moved to DB Cargo at the end of 2019, Eva Kreienkamp was appointed as the new BVG boss.
|Hans-Erhardt von Knobloch||1977||1986|
|Rüdiger in front of the forest||1994||2001|
|Andreas von Arnim||2002||2005|
|Sigrid Evelyn Nikutta||2010||2019|
|Eva Kreienkamp (designated)||2020|
The BVG specifies the size of the catchment area as "almost 1000 km²", in which "around 3.4 million people" live. For comparison: according to official information, the city of Berlin alone has 3,669,491 inhabitants over an area of 891.68 km².
The BVG is the operator of the largest underground network in German-speaking countries , measured in terms of route length and number of stations . During the day, nine subway lines are in operation every day, and on the weekend nights (Friday to Saturday and Saturday to Sunday) continuous operation is offered (except on the shortest line U4 ).
The BVG operates 22 tram lines, nine of which are MetroTram lines in 24-hour operation, which are used at least every 10 minutes during the day and at least every 30 minutes at night.
Due to different transport policy doctrines in the former West and East Berlin , the tram was once completely shut down and dismantled in the western part of the city, while it is still an important means of transport in the eastern part of the city. In the meantime, the routes are gradually being expanded from the east to the former western districts.
The BVG has its own fleet of city buses of various types. In addition to the well-known double-decker buses, this also includes single - decker buses and articulated pusher buses . Small and midibuses (from subcontractors ) are sometimes used on peripheral BVG lines .
During the day, BVG offers 152 city bus routes , 17 of which are Metrobus routes that operate 24 hours a day (“M” lines) and 13 express bus routes (“X” lines). There are also 45 night bus routes ("N" lines).
By October 2019, a total of 30 electric buses from the manufacturers Solaris and Mercedes-Benz had been delivered to electrify the bus fleet . The standard models of the buses are twelve meter long monoplane with space for 70 passengers. The air-conditioned Mercedes bus has a range of 150 kilometers and is charged by cable. These mainly run on lines 142, 259, 300 and 347.
The BVG offers six ferry lines within Berlin via subcontractors , three of which are only available in the summer season . White Flotte GmbH ( Stralsund ) operates five lines and Stern und Kreisschiffahrt GmbH Berlin operates one line (F10) .
In the period from January 9, 1984 to December 31, 1993, the BVG was the operator of the S-Bahn lines in West Berlin . The S-Bahn lines in the eastern part of the city, however, continued to be operated by the Deutsche Reichsbahn . With the merger of the German Reichsbahn and the Bundesbahn , the federally owned Deutsche Bahn AG, founded at the same time, took over operations on January 1, 1994 .
Ridesharing / shared taxi service "BerlKönig"
Since September 2018, the BVG operates together with the Startup ViaVan , a joint venture of Via and Mercedes-Benz Vans , the Ridesharing Service ( call-taxi ) BerlKönig started. The service, which can only be booked via a mobile phone app, is not a taxi offer or a door-to-door service and the operators do not see themselves as competition to taxis, but as an extension of local public transport . You are using an experimentation clause in Section 2, Paragraph 7 of the Passenger Transport Act (PBefG), which allows the practical testing of new modes of transport or temporary means of transport , such as this atypical bus service with stops .
BerlKönig is deployed within the eastern S-Bahn ring and in the so-called composers' quarter in Weißensee , the area around Michelangelostraße and a strip that extends from northern Prenzlauer Berg and Gesundbrunnen to Bornholmer Straße . This also includes Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg and Mitte . Around 5000 boarding points have been defined in the area, a little over 600 at normal bus stops , the rest are so-called "virtual stops", mostly at intersections.
- A31 from Spandau main station (since 1997 Stresow ) to the garden city Staaken (length 6.7 km),
- A32 from Breitenbachplatz underground station to Marienfelde station (9.4 km) and
- A97 from Steglitz station to Mariendorf, Kaiserstraße (4.8 km) as a replacement for the last meter-gauge tram line.
- O40 from Ostbahnhof to Robert-Koch-Platz
- O14 between Loeperplatz in Lichtenberg and Lichtenberg train station . The extension to the intersection Grunerstraße corner Klosterstraße she received the line number O30.
- O30 With a further extension via Alexanderplatz , Greifswalder Straße , Dimitroffstraße (since 1990: Danziger Straße ), Leninallee (since 1992: Landsberger Allee ) and Forckenbeckplatz to Loeperplatz. On April 29, 1954, the line to the Ostring was closed.
- O37 Leninallee at the corner of Dimitroffstrasse to Lichtenberg station , which arose from the bus routes A41 and A37
The trolleybus network reached its greatest expansion with a route length of 45.5 kilometers.
From 1983 a 1.6 kilometer long maglev train was built in West Berlin near Potsdamer Platz , the so-called M-Bahn . Your route but was due to the reunification of West and East Berlin for the rebuilding of by the Berlin Wall separated subway - U2 needed, so the M-Bahn was dismantled in 1992 and ceased its development. A planned reconstruction between the Schönefeld Airport train station and the airport building was then broken up within a short time.
The following systems, among others, are used in the three corporate divisions underground, bus and tram of the BVG:
- Computer-aided operations control system (RBL), for the underground: control, information and security system (LISI)
- IVU.Suite ( IVU ) for vehicle and personnel scheduling for buses, subways and trams
- Dynamic Directory Assistance and Information System (DAISY) ( dynamic passenger information )
- Digital radio systems Tetrapol (bus) and TETRA (subway)
- Analog radio system (tram)
The BVG offers a guarantee for its services:
- Soiled clothing will be cleaned at BVG's expense if the BVG is responsible for the cause.
- Travel costs are reimbursed (in the form of a ticket or between 11 p.m. and 5 a.m. taxi costs up to 25 euros) if the journey time is longer than 20 minutes compared to the current timetable and the cause is the responsibility of the BVG.
Should disputes arise that cannot be resolved, customers can contact the Nahverkehr Ost arbitration board prior to a legal dispute .
Since September 2010, the BVG has been offering a taxi replacement service in cooperation with Taxi Berlin . This is particularly intended to absorb short-term failures until, for example, replacement bus lines are set up.
The trip is free in the large taxis called by the BVG with the note "Replacement service on behalf of the BVG". However, passengers cannot order a taxi themselves.
Lost property office
In the BVG's means of transport, a myriad of different things are lost and many of them are found again every day. The BVG makes a lost property database publicly available. The lost and found office is now located at Rudolfstrasse 1–8, 10245 Berlin-Friedrichshain , where it is conveniently located on S + U-Warschauer Strasse .
In addition to the fare and other income, the BVG covers its expenses through public grants, the amount of which has fallen significantly from 2005 to 2006. In 2007, the cost recovery rate without taking the subsidies into account was 67%. In 2013 it could be increased to 99%. In 2014, BVG achieved a positive business result (black zero) for the first time in the company's history, with a commercial result of EUR 7.4 million, which was not based on special effects.
|2003||€ 631 million||€ 416 million||€ –221 million|
|2004||€ 638 million||€ 413 million||€ –101 million|
|2005||€ 644 million||€ 412 million||€ 235 million|
|2006||€ 636 million||€ 307 million||€ –23 million|
|2007||€ 624 million||€ 308 million||€ –59 million|
|2008||€ 601 million||€ 272 million||€ –246 million|
|2009||€ 662 million||€ 283 million||€ –66 million|
|2010||€ 666 million||€ 281 million||€ –78 million|
|2011||€ 678 million||€ 289 million||€ –71 million|
|2012||€ 700 million||€ 264 million||€ –58 million|
|2013||€ 741 million||€ 268 million||- € 17 million|
|2014||€ 800 million||€ 283 million||€ 7 million|
|2015||€ 821 million||€ 286 million||€ 18.3 million|
|2016||€ 1,186 million||€ 305 million||€ 11.7 million|
|2017||€ 1201 million||€ 303 million||€ 12.9 million|
The data comes from the BVG annual reports for the years 2005–2017 and relates to the group.
|VerkehrsConsult Dresden-Berlin GmbH (VCDB), Dresden||25.1%|
|VDV eTicket Service GmbH & Co. KG , Cologne||2.54%|
|IFB Institute for Railway Technology GmbH, Berlin||7.7%|
|Partner for Berlin Holding Gesellschaft für Hauptstadt-Marketing mbH, Berlin||4.1%|
|BVG Beteiligungsholding Verwaltungsgesellschaft mbH, Berlin||100%|
|BVB Bus-Verkehr-Berlin KG Omnibus-Betriebs- und Verwaltungsgesellschaft mbH & Co., Berlin||25.1%|
|BVG Beteiligungsholding GmbH & Co. KG, Berlin
|• URBANIS GmbH, Berlin||100%|
|• BT Berlin Transport GmbH (BT), Berlin||100%|
|• IOB Internationale Omnibusbahnhof-Betriebsgesellschaft mbH, Berlin||100%|
|• BVG Projekt GmbH, Berlin||100%|
After the merger of BVG (West) and BVB (East), the Berlin public transport company had MetaDesign develop a corporate design . This defines the appearance including colors and fonts and sizes for vehicles, stops, information and guidance systems as well as for letters . This corporate design is used and is further developed if necessary (for example for the colors of new lines).
The main colors are defined as follows:
|purpose||Color name||RAL||CMYK||RGB (Hex)|
|Basic color BVG logo||Traffic yellow||RAL 1023||0.5,100.0||240, 215, 34 (# F0D722)|
|Basic color subway||Traffic blue||RAL 5017||100,50,0,10||17, 93, 145 (# 115D91)|
|Basic color tram||Traffic red||RAL 3020||0,100,100.0||190, 20, 20 (# BE1414)|
|Basic color bus||Traffic purple||RAL 4006||40,100,0,0||149, 39, 110 (# 95276E)|
|Basic color ferry||Light blue||RAL 5012||80,20,0,0||82, 141, 186 (# 528DBA)|
|Identification color U1||Yellow-green||RAL 6018||70,0,100,10||125, 173, 76 (# 7DAD4C)|
|Identification color U2||Blood orange||RAL 2002||0.85,100.0||218, 66, 30 (# DA421E)|
|Identification color U3||Turquoise green||RAL 6016||100,30,80,0||0, 122, 91 (# 007A5B)|
|Identification color U4||Traffic yellow||RAL 1023||0.5,100.0||240, 215, 34 (# F0D722)|
|Identification color U5 / U55||Fawn||RAL 8007||55,80,90,10||126, 83, 48 (# 7E5330)|
|Identification color U6||Blue purple||RAL 4005||18.104.22.168||140, 109, 171 (# 8C6DAB)|
|Identification color U7||Light blue||RAL 5012||80,20,0,0||82, 141, 186 (# 528DBA)|
|Identification color U8||Gentian blue||RAL 5010||22.214.171.124||34, 79, 134 (# 224F86)|
|Identification color U9||Pastel orange||RAL 2003||0.55,100.0||243, 121, 29 (# F3791D)|
|Vehicles roof||Traffic white||RAL 9016||5,0,0,0||252, 255, 255 (#FCFFFF)|
|Vehicles main surfaces||Traffic yellow||RAL 1023||0.5,100.0||240, 215, 34 (# F0D722)|
|Vehicles floor area||Slate-grey||RAL 7015||15,0,0,80||89, 91, 98 (# 595B62)|
The corporate font of the BVG is FF Transit . This is a font specially developed for the needs of a transport company. The usual pictograms and logos are stored as characters in special character sets. This font, developed for BVG, is now used by other transport companies in Germany. It is based on the font family Frutiger the typographer Adrian Frutiger and was designed by MetaDesign revised at the beginning of the 1990s for use in the context of passenger information. The house font is no longer used consistently. The Typojournal magazine shows numerous “written offenses ”, including those for ticket validators , uniforms and station signs.
The BVG is obliged to apply the German Corporate Governance Code and the State Equal Opportunities Act. In 2012 she was awarded the seal of excellence of the Corporate Health Award in the transport / trade / logistics category for her corporate health management .
Customer magazine PLUS
The BVG publishes the customer magazine PLUS monthly in printed form and as a PDF in electronic form. The booklet, which is available on buses, trams and underground stations, among others, contains information on local transport and Berlin attractions. The first edition of the customer magazine PLUS (abbreviation for: P ositiv L eistungsstark u nd S Icher) was published on July 1, 1996. At first it was viewed as a tool for customer retention. With the establishment of the BVG Club with special offers for subscribers, BVG-PLUS became more of a public relations tool .
- Ernst Reuter: Rationalization of the Berlin traffic service . In: Verkehrstechnik , Volume 9, Issue 26 (June 29, 1928), pp. 437–439.
- Ernst Reuter: The foundation of the Berliner Verkehrs-A.-G. In: Verkehrstechnik , Volume 9, Issue 50 (December 14, 1928), pp. 917–919.
- The BVG and its operations in 1934 . 1934, ed. from the Berliner Verkehrs-Aktiengesellschaft (BVG). Restored and digitized reprint 2019 by GVE-Verlag, Berlin, ISBN 978-3-89218-934-3 . Reprinted in 1980 by the JO Slezak publishing house, Vienna, ISBN 3-900134-67-7 .
- BVGer in the front row. BVG workers shape history 1945–1952 . 1973, ed. from the company party organization of the SED - Commission for Researching Company History - in the VEB Kombinat Berliner Verkehrsbetriebe.
- 50 years of BVG: a look back at a piece of Berlin's transport history . Berliner Verkehrs-Betriebe (BVG), Berlin 1979.
- Claus Garbe: State of health and health risks of bus drivers in Berlin (West) , SozEp reports 2/1981, Dietrich Reimer Verlag, Berlin 1981, ISBN 3-49602069-5 .
- Sigurd Hilkenbach, Wolfgang Kramer: Typically Berlin - A BVG portrait . 1987, revised commemorative publication “50 Years of BVG”, ed. by the Berliner Verkehrs-Betriebe, owned by Berlin (BVG).
- Red becomes brown. the BVG after 1933. Exhibition in the Alexanderplatz underground station. May 16 - December 31, 2013 .
- Heinz Reif: Mobility for everyone - 75 years BVG, 1929–2004. Festschrift for the 75th anniversary . Ed .: Berliner Verkehrsbetriebe [BVG]. Berlin 2007 ( old.bvg.de ( memento from October 15, 2014 in the Internet Archive )).
- Christian Dirks, Jörg Pache, Thorsten Beck: Red becomes brown. The BVG 1929–1945 . Mitteldeutscher Verlag, Halle (Saale) 2015, ISBN 978-3-95462-542-0 .
- Official website of the BVG
- Official website of BerlKönig, the service of BVG and ViaVan , to share trips in the city area.
- Line network / city map of the BVG
- Search for lost and found items online
- Figures 2017. (PDF) Berliner Verkehrsbetriebe (BVG), April 5, 2017, accessed on April 14, 2017 .
- Structure & facts on Unternehmens.bvg.de
- report & annual financial statements 2017 , p. 58.
- BVG short portrait . BVG website, accessed on February 21, 2014.
- Charlottenburg Local Court, HRA 31,152th
- Statutes for the Berliner Verkehrsbetriebe (BVG) ( Memento from November 7, 2014 in the Internet Archive )
- September 7, 1923: Traffic throttling instead of tram renovation and the tram in the city parliament . In: Vossische Zeitung , September 7, 1923, morning edition, supplement p. 1, accessed on December 10, 2019.
- March 15, 1927: First day of uniform tariff. - Smooth traffic management. - The flood of discarded elevated railway tickets. In: Vorwärts , March 15, 1927, evening edition No. 125, p. 6, accessed on December 18, 2019.
- Heiko Schützler: December 10, 1928: The BVG is founded . In: Berlin monthly magazine ( Luisenstädtischer Bildungsverein ) . Issue 6, 2000, ISSN 0944-5560 , p. 118-123 ( luise-berlin.de ).
- January 1, 1928: Ernst Reuter: Berliner Verkehrsaussichten für 1928. In: Vorwärts , January 1, 1928, morning edition No. 1, p. 13, accessed on December 19, 2019.
- January 29, 1929: There is progress in rapid transit construction! - A building program for the next five years. In: Vorwärts , January 29, 1929, morning edition No. 47, p. 6, accessed on December 18, 2019.
- BVGguilt in the Nazi era. In: Der Tagesspiegel. November 11, 2015, accessed October 19, 2019 .
- Berliner Verkehrsbetriebe take a role in the Nazi era. In: Berliner Zeitung. Retrieved October 19, 2019 .
- BVG headquarters moves for ten million euros . In: Der Tagesspiegel , August 6, 2008
- We're moving to Mitte ( Memento from March 22, 2009 in the Internet Archive ); BVG press release on the move
- BVG "I don't care" (feat. Kazim Akboga). On: YouTube , December 11, 2015.
- Martell Beck: "First of all, I learned humility" - Interview. In: GrowthUp. May 28, 2020, accessed June 4, 2020 .
- Julius Betschka: "Are you completely stupid?": BVG wants to become a world cultural heritage. Because it sees itself as a cultural asset and sees the Unesco conditions fulfilled, the BVG wants to apply as a World Heritage Site. Is everything just a gimmick again? In: Der Tagesspiegel . December 9, 2019, accessed March 28, 2020 .
- Kate Ferguson: World Heritage BVG? But yes! The Berliner Verkehrsbetriebe have started a campaign to be recognized as a world cultural heritage. Kate Ferguson thinks the BVG deserves a place in the same league as Machu Picchu and Taj Mahal . In: Deutsche Welle . December 23, 2019, accessed March 28, 2020 .
- Gustav Theile: Berliner Verkehrsbetriebe want to become a world cultural heritage. “Are you stupid?” In: Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung . December 9, 2019, accessed March 28, 2020 .
- Jan Ahrenberg: Next stop: World Heritage. Head of Marketing Dr. Martell Beck explains why the BVG wants to become a World Heritage Site. In: BVG-Magazin PLUS . January 8, 2020, accessed on March 29, 2020 (Interview with Martell Beck, BVG-Magazin PLUS, January 2020 issue).
- Sigurd Hilkenbach, Wolfgang Kramer: Typical Berlin - A BVG portrait . Revised commemorative publication “50 Years of BVG”. Ed .: Berliner Verkehrs-Betriebe [BVG]. Berlin 1987.
- New BVG boss comes to Berlin from Mainz. In: rbb24.de. April 29, 2020, accessed April 29, 2020 .
- to BVG-Ost.
- Known as "the man with the fly"
- The BVG presents its new electric buses , July 1st, 2015
- Video: Electric bus line in Berlin starts the test phase , July 8, 2015
- Christian Retzlaff (article author): PLUS - Das Magazin der Berliner Verkehrsbetriebe, No. 2 / February 2018. (PDF) New e-buses for Berlin. www.bvg.de, January 30, 2019, accessed on February 11, 2019 (here p. 4 (issue numbering)).
- A Brandenburg village gets a “Berlkönig” bus. In: Der Tagesspiegel . August 2, 2019, accessed August 3, 2019 .
- The BVG hovers over things. (PDF) New series: For the 90th anniversary of the BVG, Axel Mauruszat presents finds from the archive. www.bvg.de, March 22, 2019, accessed on March 29, 2019 (page 36 [PDF page 19]).
- Services and Warranty ( Memento from November 6, 2014 in the Internet Archive )
- BVG Annual Report 2007 ( Memento from November 6, 2014 in the Internet Archive )
- BVG Annual Report 2013 ( Memento from November 6, 2014 in the Internet Archive )
- BVG Annual Report 2014 (PDF), June 10, 2015.
- Participations (as of December 31, 2013) ( Memento from November 7, 2014 in the Internet Archive )
- Berliner Verkehrsbetriebe (BVG): Basic elements (CD manual). December 2016.
- Helmut Ness: A typographical walk through Berlin . (PDF; 4.1 MB) In: Typojournal , Issue 2, June 2010, pp. 30–31.
- Lars Krüger: The Berlin public transport company through the ages . ( Memento from May 14, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) In: Typojournal. Issue 3, December 2011.
- Berlin Company Law ( Memento from November 6, 2014 in the Internet Archive )
- Health promotion at the BVG ( Memento from November 6, 2014 in the Internet Archive )
- 2018. The PLUS customer magazine to download. bvg.de, 2018, accessed on May 10, 2018 .
- The BVG-Plus customer magazine ... headline-berlin.de, 2018, accessed on May 10, 2018 .
- E-mail from the "Redaktion, VK (VK)" of the BVG from May 15, 2018, 10:12 am and supplement by e-mail from May 17, 2018, 8:30 am