Bavarian Oberland Railway

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Bavarian Oberlandbahn GmbH
Logo of the Bavarian Oberlandbahn
Basic information
Company headquarters Wooden churches
Web presence
Reference year 2018
owner Transdev GmbH 100%
Managing directors Fabian Amini, Arnulf Schuchmann
Transport network MVV (Munich - Holzkirchen)
Employee 460
sales EUR 35.8 million (2011)dep1
subsidiary MoveOn Telematik Service GmbH (50%)
Transdev Mitteldeutschland GmbH
railroad 6th
number of vehicles
Locomotives 1 locomotive V 125
1 locomotive V 126
Railcar 31 Alstom Coradia LINT
35 Stadler Flirt
Mileage Oberland network: 2.1 million km per year
Chiemgau-Inntal network: 5.1 million km per year
Length of line network
Railway lines 120 km
Operating facilities
Depots 1
Other operating facilities 7 customer centers (Munich Hbf, Bad Tölz, Holzkirchen, Lenggries, Miesbach, Rosenheim, Übersee)

The Bavarian Oberland Bahn GmbH ( BOB) , European vehicle owners code BOBY is a private railway company (PSC) of the French railway company Transdev headquartered in Holzkirchen and operating plant in Lenggries . Transdev acted as Connex Verkehr in Germany in 2006 and as Veolia Verkehr until March 16, 2015 .

Bayerische Oberlandbahn GmbH operates several lines of local rail passenger transport in Upper Bavaria and Saxony under the BRB and Mitteldeutsche Regiobahn sales brand . The Bayerische Oberlandbahn is a member of the tariff association of federal and non-federal railways in Germany (TBNE), of the European Metropolitan Region Munich e. V. , at the passenger association PRO BAHN , at the DVWG , in the employers' association of the district of Miesbach and in the WirtschaftsForum Oberland.

The Bayerische Oberlandbahn operates on behalf of the Bayerische Eisenbahngesellschaft (BEG) , which plans, finances and controls regional and S-Bahn traffic in Bavaria, as well as on behalf of the State of Brandenburg and three public transport authorities in Saxony.

Subnets and Distribution Brands

BRB Oberland (RB55, 56 and 57)

The routes served by the BOB south of Holzkirchen

Under the BRB brand and under the Oberland network name, it serves the following railway lines :

These lines represent the original network of the Bavarian Oberlandbahn and operated under the BOB brand until July 1, 2020. They connect the state capital Munich with the terminus of Bayrischzell , Lenggries and Tegernsee in the Bavarian Alps . Since these routes south of Holzkirchen are not electrified, diesel railcars operate throughout the network . The three railway lines to Bayrischzell, Lenggries and Tegernsee run every hour (at rush hour also every half hour), initially on the route of the former Bavarian Maximiliansbahn together from Munich main station in a southerly direction to Holzkirchen. There one of the lines branches off to the east and leads via Miesbach and Schliersee to Bayrischzell. The other two lines separate south of Holzkirchen in Schaftlach . One line leads in a south-westerly direction via Bad Tölz to Lenggries, the other to the south-east to Tegernsee. The Tegernsee line uses the Tegernseebahn route , which belongs to the municipality of Gmund am Tegernsee and the city of Tegernsee, all other routes are owned by DB Netz.

Most of the trains from Munich to Holzkirchen consist of three coupled units. The train is winged for the first time in Holzkirchen, and a second time in Schaftlach. On the return trip to Munich, the railcars in Schaftlach and Holzkirchen are reconnected. This guarantees train journeys without changing trains. The tariff of the Munich Transport and Tariff Association applies on the BOB trains between Munich and Holzkirchen .

BRB Chiemgau-Inntal (RE5, RB54 and 58)

Since December 15, 2013, Bayerische Oberlandbahn GmbH has been operating electrical regional transport in the Chiemgau-Inntal network between Munich, Salzburg and Kufstein , serving the following routes :.

The company was initially operated under the brand name Meridian. On July 1, 2020, this was standardized in BRB and the lines were given the network designation Chiemgau-Inntal.

Central German regional railway

Since June 12, 2016, Bayerische Oberlandbahn has been operating three lines in Saxony with branches to Bavaria and Brandenburg under the Mitteldeutsche Regiobahn brand :

The lines form the so-called electrical network central axes . Alstom Coradia Continental electric multiple units are used .

Chiemgau - Berchtesgaden

On December 17, 2018, the BEG awarded the contract for the operation of the Freilassing - Bad Reichenhall - Berchtesgaden lines (start of operation in December 2021) and Traunstein - Ruhpolding (start of operation in December 2022) for 14 and 15 years respectively in the Chiemgau - Berchtesgaden award procedure Bavarian Oberland Railway.


Former logo of the Bayerische Oberlandbahn
Former integral of the BOB in front of Wendelstein

Bayerische Oberlandbahn GmbH was founded on March 31, 1998. It started operating on November 29, 1998. It was approved as an EVU on March 10, 1998. The railway line was put out to tender in order to create more competition in rail transport in Bavaria . The BOB was the first private railway in Bavaria to receive a transport order. The Bayerische Oberlandbahn GmbH, which operated under the brand name BOB at the time, has largely eliminated initial technical problems with the " Integral " trains, which were still very unreliable at the time. Since the beginning of July 2004 “ Talent ” multiple units have been in use at the BOB as amplifiers for the Integrals during rush hour. In 2020, the aging traction vehicles of the Talent and Integral types will be successively replaced by brand-new Alstom Coradia LINT54 diesel vehicles. For the 2020/21 timetable change, the Bayerische Oberlandbahn GmbH will receive six more vehicles for the Oberland, which will make it possible to increase the frequency and additional connections in order to cope with the increasing passenger volume.

The number of daily passengers rose from 4,500 in the first year of operation to 13,000 in 2004 and was thus 200 percent above forecasts.

In 2015 around 5 million people drove with Bayerische Oberlandbahn GmbH. In 2014, Bayerische Oberlandbahn GmbH with its two brands BOB and Meridian provided a total of 6.53 million train kilometers, with the Meridian network accounting for 4.49 million kilometers and the BOB network for 2.04 million kilometers. 

From March 1, 2002, Deutsche Bahn held a 50 percent stake in the company for reasons of competition law. In early 2004 she gave these shares as part of an option to the then still Connex calling Veolia Verkehr back.

In 2012, the Bavarian Railway Company put out tenders for the continued operation of the lines in the Oberland for the period from December 2013 to December 2024. The DB Regio , who had applied initially in addition to the BOB to the contract, withdrew its offer in May 2012 back because they did not want to take on the rolling stock. In September 2012, the BOB was awarded the contract, which should expand its range of services according to the new contract, both during rush hour traffic and during the main excursion times.

Since mid-December 2013, the network in the Bavarian Oberland has achieved around 12% more train-kilometers thanks to the traffic management contract. 

Between 2012 and autumn 2015, the management of the company changed several times: from Heino Seeger to Axel Sondermann to Kai Müller-Eberstein, who moved to the Regensburger Verkehrsverbund after 18 months at BOB . Müller-Eberstein was replaced by a double head. Since September 1, 2015, Bernd Rosenbusch has been Chairman of the Management Board and responsible for the commercial side of Meridian, BOB and the Bayerische Regiobahn (BRB) and since June 1, 2015 Fabian Amini has been Managing Director for Operations and Technology. Since December 2018 Veit Bodenschatz has been the second managing director. On July 6, 2020, Arnolf Suchmann took over the position of technical managing director at Bayerische Oberlandbahn and Bayerische Regiobahn, after the position of second managing director had been vacant since autumn 2019. Fabian Amini continues to hold the chairmanship of the management and is responsible for the commercial divisions.

Since the timetable change on December 15, 2013, the Bayerische Oberlandbahn has also operated the Munich - Holzkirchen - Rosenheim and Munich - Rosenheim - Salzburg / Kufstein lines under the Meridian brand . The Meridian's transport contract runs until December 13, 2025.

On June 8, 2015, the Bayerische Oberlandbahn received the order from the Verkehrsverbund Mittelachsen (VMS) to operate the so-called E-Netz Mittelachsen between June 2016 and December 2030. The Mitteldeutsche Regiobahn brand of the sister company Transdev Regio Ost , based in Leipzig, is used for this . The Bayerische Oberlandbahn acts as the operational RU in this contract. The Alstom Coradia Continental vehicles used and the workshop in Chemnitz are owned by VMS, the staff is provided by Transdev Mitteldeutschland GmbH.

On February 9, 2016, two Meridian trains operated by Bayerische Oberlandbahn GmbH, carrying around 150 passengers, collided head- on on the Mangfall Valley Railway between Bad Aibling and Kolbermoor . In the railway accident , the worst in Bavaria since 1975, 12 people were killed. 85 were injured, 24 of them seriously.

Vehicle fleet

A former integral of the BOB (today BRB Oberland) and a Flirt 3 of the Meridian (today BRB Chiemgau-Inntal) in Holzkirchen station

As of August 2020, the fleet of the Bayerische Oberlandbahn and its brands consists of 31 Alstom Coradia LINT and 35 Stadler FLIRT 3 sets. Before that, vehicles of the Integral (609.2 series) and Talent (643 series) types were in use until June 2020 . The vehicles of the 609 series have been used by Regiobahn in North Rhine-Westphalia since then . The vehicles of the 643 series have been running for the Niederbarnimer Railway in Berlin and Brandenburg since then


A Stadler Flirt of the BRB Chiemgau-Inntal in Munich's Ostbahnhof

In the BRB Chiemgau-Inntal (formerly Meridian) network, the Bayerische Oberlandbahn operates a total of 35 Stadler FLIRT 3s , which have been in service since 2013 and which regularly operate in multiple units. The multiple units in the Bad Aibling railway accident were total loss. Stadler Pankow built two replacement trains for this , which are also compatible with the rest of the company's fleet. That was difficult because the Flirt 3 currently being manufactured already differ considerably from the BOB vehicles.


On September 20, 2018, Transdev Germany signed an additional contract with the Bavarian Railway Company to replace the previous vehicles on the BRB Oberland (formerly BOB) network - 17 Integral and 9 Bombardier Talent - with new LINT multiple units. The first vehicles were used in June 2020, since July 26, 2020 only LINTs have been in use.

Technical specifications

6 pieces
number 31 7th 28
Vehicle numbers VT 4XX 351-357 301-328
overall length 54.27 m 58.6 m 106.9 m
width 2.75 m 2.88 m 2.88 m
Top speed: 140 km / h 160 km / h 160 km / h
power 2 or 3 × 390 kW 2000 kW 2000 kW
Seats 157 to 180 about 181 approx. 333
Standing room 204

Auxiliary locomotives

The vehicle fleet includes the two V 126 locomotives from the manufacturer MaK Kiel (built in 1964) and the V 125, used as a reserve locomotive and for snow plow operations, from the manufacturer Krupp (built in 1962). The V 125, whose deadline expired in early summer 2017, has since been withdrawn from Holzkirchen. Therefore the end of 2017 for the first time came a V 100 of locomotion in the Oberland used.


For the maintenance of the diesel multiple units, BOB operates a depot in Lenggries. With the inclusion of the Meridian, two depots were temporarily added in Regensburg and Freilassing . Since August 2016, the Meridian trains have been maintained in Augsburg and work on demand such as maintenance, cleaning, adding supplies and repairs has been carried out. The Meridian workshop is located in the immediate vicinity of the depot of the sister company Bayerische Regiobahn GmbH .


The lines are regularly served every hour (during rush hour in commuter and leisure traffic also every half hour), but had a symmetry time since December 12, 2004 , which was 5–6 minutes later than usual on the majority of Central European routes, so that the transfer times from other routes were around 10 to 12 minutes longer than in the opposite direction. With the timetable change on December 15, 2013, this was remedied by bringing the departure times forward.


The BOB operates its own ticket machines. You can also buy tickets for the BOB route network at the DB ticket machines - but at prices that can be more than 30% higher than those of the BOB. Since the timetable change on December 15, 2013, tickets no longer have to be stamped before departure, as they are issued with a dated date. In addition, tickets are sold at BOB ticket machines that are valid on both the BOB and Meridian trains and on the public transport in the MVV interior.

The company won various awards in its first few years - for example, in 2003 the Stiftung Warentest named the BOB one of the best German railway companies. Other awards include: For example, the Mobifair social certificate, which confirms that the company adheres to wage and social standards, TouPLUS 2010, the environmental award and the Bavarian public transport honorary award. However, the Bayerische Oberlandbahn was in the negative range in the quality ranking of the Bavarian Railway Company (BEG) for several years from 2009, in 2013 it was 13th out of 15 railway operators. After its poor performance in the 2013 quality ranking, the Bavarian Railway Company described the BOB as the "current problem child in Bavarian regional traffic." Customer communication. The punctuality problems were due to the fact that since December 2013 talent units have been running on the lines of the BOB that are not optimized for fast coupling, as is required for the wing sections. The multiple units were brought to Bavaria by other railway companies in the Transdev Group, without being adapted to the conditions there. Because of the massive problems, contractual penalties were incurred for the first time. In the meantime, the BOB has increased its quality and has been in the positive range in the quality ranking since 2016, as did 24 of the 28 operators of Bavarian regional railways in the 2016 reporting year.

Since July 19, 2017, the “Meridian BOB BRB - Infos & Tickets” app for timetable information and ticket purchases has been available in the Google Playstore and the App Store.


The trains are not only heavily used during the week during the rush hour for commuter and school traffic, but also the excursion traffic to the Upper Bavarian and Tyrolean hiking areas (bus connections in Lenggries and Tegernsee towards Karwendel , Achensee and Rofan ) and ski areas ( Wendelstein , Sudelfeld , Brauneck , Spitzing ) on the weekend is of great importance. Especially in winter, when a large number of day-trippers return at the same hour at sunset, but also on beautiful summer days, the capacity limit is often exceeded. The single-track route network has too few alternatives. Some of them were not eliminated until the end of the 20th century. That is why the transport performance can hardly be increased, so that the peak capacity is far below the level of the 1960s, when up to six special trains drove to Bayrischzell in the morning and back to Munich in the evening on winter weekends.

See also


  • Bayerische Oberlandbahn GmbH (Ed.): Ten years of the Bayerische Oberlandbahn. Modern local rail transport in the foothills of the Alps . Holzkirchen September 2008 (52 pages).

Web links

Commons : Bayerische Oberlandbahn  - Album with pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b c d e About us. Numbers, data, facts. As of October 2018. Accessed October 30, 2019 .
  2. Arnulf Schuchmann complements the BRB management team. Retrieved July 7, 2020 .
  3. a b Karl Arne Richter: European Railways '12 / '13 . DVV Media Group , Hamburg 2012, ISBN 978-3-7771-0437-9 , p. 77-78 .
  4. ↑ Entries in the commercial register of Transdev Mitteldeutschland GmbH., June 3, 2016, accessed on November 12, 2019 (see entry from June 3, 2016: Control and profit transfer agreement with Bayerische Oberlandbahn GmbH, Holzkirchen).
  5. Vehicle Keeper Marking Register - VKM. (PDF) European Railway Agency , October 2, 2019, p. 14 , accessed on October 30, 2019 .
  6. ^ International Railway Review . In: ISSN 1421-2811 . Volume 5, 2006, pp. 213 .
  7. Bayerische Oberlandbahn GmbH. Transdev GmbH, accessed on November 12, 2019 .
  8. ^ Members list. WirtschaftsForum Oberland e. V., accessed on February 16, 2017 .
  9. ^ Electric network in Central Saxony: contracts signed by the chairmen of the Saxon special-purpose associations. New local rail transport quality will connect Saxony with Bavaria and Brandenburg from June 12, 2016. Central Saxony Transport Association , July 30, 2015, accessed June 20, 2016 .
  10. Bayerische Oberlandbahn GmbH was awarded the contract in the “Chiemgau - Berchtesgaden” award procedure. Retrieved July 2, 2020 .
  11. Latest news - Bayerische Oberlandbahn. In: Retrieved July 28, 2016 .
  12. Success with BOB and Bayernticket . In: Süddeutsche Zeitung , No. 57, 2006, ISSN  0174-4917 , p. 37.
  13. BOB . ( [accessed on January 16, 2018]).
  14. a b c d Bayerische Oberlandbahn GmbH: Annual report as of December 31, 2014 .
  15. Report BOB again without DB AG . In: Eisenbahn-Revue International , Issue 2/2004, ISSN  1421-2811 , p. 57.
  16. ^ Tegernsee voice: "Better offer for train passengers in the Oberland" ( Memento from April 5, 2016 in the Internet Archive ), September 26, 2012
  17. ^ Tegernsee voice: BOB boss disembarks ( memento from January 6, 2015 in the Internet Archive ), December 30, 2014
  18. New management for Bayerische Oberlandbahn GmbH and Bayerische Regiobahn GmbH. In: Retrieved July 28, 2016 .
  19. About us. Numbers, data, facts. Retrieved March 13, 2019 .
  21. Bayerische Oberlandbahn: The Meridian
  22. Allocation of transport services in local rail transport: Transdev is to be awarded the contract for the central Saxony electrical network
  23. ^ Conditions of carriage of the Bavarian Oberlandbahn for the central Saxony electrical network
  24. Ten dead and around 80 injured in a train accident in Bavaria ( Memento from February 9, 2016 in the Internet Archive )
  25. ^ Bad Aibling train accident - Joint press release by the public prosecutor and the police. In: PP Oberbayern Süd, February 16, 2016, accessed on February 16, 2016 .
  26. pd / schr: Two new Flirt vehicles replace BOB trains with an accident . In: Eisenbahn-Revue International 2017, p. 112
  27., July 9, 2019: [DE] BOB: +6 Coradia Lint for 'Bayerisches Oberland'
  28. Example from February 2015: From Munich to Hausham at the BOB machine 12.10 euros, at the DB machine 14.20 euros.
    Example from November 2012: From Holzkirchen to Fischhausen-Neuhaus at the BOB machine 5.60 euros, at the DB machine 7.50 euros.
  29. Stiftung Warentest: Regionalbahn Test of Stiftung Warentest In: test 7/2003
  30. List of awards on the BOB website
  31. ↑ Make way for your future - BOB Bayerische Oberlandbahn. In: Retrieved July 28, 2016 .
  32. BEG: Quality Ranking , accessed on August 30, 2013
  33. a b Bavarian Railway Company: BOB in the Oberland: BEG demands stable operation and reliable passenger information , April 2, 2014
  34. ^ Tegernsee voice: Bayerische Oberlandbahn continues to be criticized ( memento from April 5, 2014 in the Internet Archive ), April 3, 2014
  35. BEG quality ranking. Retrieved February 16, 2017 .
  36. Meridian - Maintenance work in the Meridian background system. Retrieved August 22, 2017 .
  37. For example Merkur-Online: Chaotic scenes in the Oberland-Bahn , October 26, 2004
  38. or, almost twelve years later, Tegernsee voice: This is a single catastrophe ( memento of July 31, 2016 in the Internet Archive ), July 31, 2016
  39. Source: permanent exhibition in Bayrischzell station.