Munich Transport and Tariff Association
|Münchner Verkehrs- und Tarifverbund (MVV) GmbH
|founding||April 5th 1971|
|Number of employees||approx. 90|
The Münchner Verkehrs- und Tarifverbund GmbH ( MVV ) coordinates the cooperation of the transport companies involved in the network (trams, buses, underground trains, S-Bahn and regional trains) in the urban area of the state capital Munich as well as in the districts of Bad Tölz-Wolfratshausen , Dachau , Ebersberg , Erding , Freising , Fürstenfeldbruck , Munich and Starnberg . The most important tasks of the MVV include traffic planning, tariff management and customer information. In 2014 the MVV had 679.53 million passengers. The fare income amounted to 774.55 million euros. In 2015 the MVV had 692.06 million passengers. The fare income amounted to 820.14 million euros. In 2016 the MVV had 710.92 million passengers. The fare income amounted to 872.05 million euros.
As early as the 1950s, calls for high-performance local public transport were loud in Munich in view of the ever increasing increase in private transport. When the construction of the Munich subway in 1965 and the Munich S-Bahn began in 1967, after the financing negotiations had been concluded, a uniform tariff system had to be created for all means of transport, and the 1972 Summer Olympics were due. Half a year before the subway started operating, disputed questions about financing and the distribution of income were resolved and the contract was signed.
- April 5, 1971: MVV GmbH was founded by Deutsche Bundesbahn ( Deutsche Bahn since 1994 ) and the state capital Munich (each with a 50% share). The Lord Mayor Hans-Jochen Vogel signed the contract for Munich and became Chairman of the Supervisory Board. The Free State of Bavaria and the surrounding districts are represented on the Supervisory Board.
- June 1, 1971: The MVV started its activities
- May 28, 1972: Start of transport in Munich. Integration of the S-Bahn (13 suburban train connections), U-Bahn (12 km network length), tram (125 km network length), omnibus (276 km network length) and "intercity bus routes" of the Deutsche Bundesbahn and the Deutsche Bundespost into a uniform network. The first network timetable comes into force.
- August 25, 1995: Foundation of the Bavarian Railway Company (BEG) by the Free State of Bavaria. The BEG now acted as the customer for the local transport services from Deutsche Bahn.
- April 30, 1996: Restructuring in the course of the railway reform . The Free State of Bavaria and local authorities became shareholders. The federal government, previously the legal entity of the Deutsche Bundesbahn, left the company; the state capital Munich was no longer represented as the sponsor of the Stadtwerke München, but as a customer for train services. The transport companies are formed in the MVV-AV e. V.
- The MVV has had a passenger advisory board since 1997 .
- November 29, 1998: Operation of the Bavarian Oberlandbahn to Holzkirchen in the MVV.
- June 27, 2001: Foundation of the Münchner Verkehrsgesellschaft (MVG) as a subsidiary of Stadtwerke München . It took over the operation of underground, city buses and trams in the MVV from Stadtwerke München Verkehrsbetriebe. At the same time, the Stadtwerke München Verkehrsbetriebe dissolved.
The network area of the MVV includes the state capital Munich and the districts of Munich , Dachau , Ebersberg , Erding , Freising , Fürstenfeldbruck , Starnberg and the northern part of the Bad Tölz-Wolfratshausen district with the communities of Bad Heilbrunn , Bad Tölz , Dietramszell , Egling , Eurasburg , Geretsried , Icking , Königsdorf , Münsing , Wackersberg and Wolfratshausen .
The tariff area also includes the train stations Geltendorf ( Landsberg am Lech district ), Holzkirchen , Otterfing , Kreuzstrasse (all Miesbach district ), Forsting , Edling and Wasserburg (Inn) (all Rosenheim district ) and bus stops in the municipalities of Mainburg ( Kelheim district ), Jetzendorf , Reichertshausen , Schweitenkirchen (all districts of Pfaffenhofen an der Ilm ), Ried ( district of Aichach-Friedberg ), Egling an der Paar (district of Landsberg am Lech) and Seeshaupt ( district of Weilheim-Schongau ).
The network area has a total of 2.9 million inhabitants and covers an area of 5530 square kilometers. In addition to the regional centers in Munich and Freising , the medium- sized centers Moosburg , Erding , Dachau , Fürstenfeldbruck , Ebersberg , Grafing and Starnberg also belong to the MVV area , arranged from north to south .
Means of transport
The Munich S-Bahn network has a length of 442 km and extends into the Munich area. On 8 S-Bahn lines (with the S1 line from Neufahrn and the S2 from Dachau branching in two branches in the west) 238 S-Bahn trains of the ET 423 series and 15 trains of the ET 420 series run . The number of S-Bahn stations is 150, eight of which are underground. The Munich S-Bahn transports around 780,000 passengers per working day.
The Munich underground network is operated by the Münchner Verkehrsgesellschaft (MVG), which purchases the transport services from its parent company Stadtwerke München . Over a distance of 103.1 km, 8 lines serve 100 underground stations . 562 cars (six cars form a long train) of the A , B and C series are used for this purpose. The trains are usually accelerated and stopped under computer control; According to the MVG, the punctuality is 98%.
The Munich tram network is operated by MVG, which purchases the transport services from Stadtwerke München. The network consists of 13 day and 4 night lines, which serve 166 stops over a distance of 79 km. 114 trains from the P , R2.2 , R3.3 , S and T series are used .
Line 25 is the only tram line that leaves Munich's urban area. It ends in Grünwald .
The Munich bus network is operated by MVG and its subcontractors (private bus companies). It consists of 69 day and 12 night lines, which serve a total of 968 stations and stops over a distance of 467 km. 309 MVG-owned buses (including 67 solo buses, 220 articulated buses and 22 bus trains with trailers) and 195 buses from private MVG partners are used for this purpose. There are 22 km of dedicated bus lanes in the bus network.
The regional bus network of the MVV-Verbundlandkreise is organized by MVV GmbH, has a length of 4289 km and is used by approx. 700 buses. In contrast to the uniform blue of the MVG vehicles, the regional buses have been painted mainly green, white and blue since 2002, with the white and blue standing for the colors of the Bavarian diamonds and the color green for the region. The white stripe on the buses usually has an MVV slogan.
The MVV tariff area also includes parts of several regional train routes (called " R " and course book route number) (all stops in the MVV tariff area):
- R 930/931 Munich main station - Munich-Moosach - Munich-Feldmoching - Freising - Marzling - Langenbach - Moosburg ( railway line Munich - Regensburg ): This line is operated by trains of the alex , two regional express lines Munich - Freising - Moosburg (- Landshut - Passau / - Regensburg - Nuremberg ), which do not stop in Marzling and Langenbach, as well as a regional train line Munich - Freising - Moosburg (- Landshut).
- R 980: Munich main station - Munich-Pasing - Mammendorf - Haspelmoor - Althegnenberg ( railway line Munich-Augsburg )
- R 960/961: Munich main station - Munich-Pasing - Starnberg - Tutzing ( railway line Munich-Garmisch-Partenkirchen )
- R 955/956/957: Munich Central Station - Donnersbergerbrücke - Harras - Siemenswerke - Solln - Deisenhofen - Otterfing - Holzkirchen ( Munich – Holzkirchen railway , served by the Bayerische Oberlandbahn )
- R 950/951: Munich Central Station - Munich Ostbahnhof - Grafing Bahnhof - Aßling ( Munich – Rosenheim line )
- R 948: Munich Ostbahnhof - Grafing Bahnhof - Grafing Stadt - Ebersberg - Steinhöring - Tulling - Forsting - Edling - Wasserburg (Inn) Bahnhof ( Grafing – Wasserburg line )
- R 940: Munich Central Station - Munich Ostbahnhof - Markt Schwaben ( Munich – Mühldorf railway line )
In December 2013, the S27 S-Bahn line was discontinued and the S20 has been running from Pasing to Höllriegelskreuth instead of to Deisenhofen since then. The route Hauptbahnhof - Harras - Solln - Deisenhofen is now served by Bayerische Oberlandbahn under the MERIDIAN brand . In addition, the 2013/2014 timetable includes nine pairs of regional trains through the Mangfall Valley, which otherwise only runs between Rosenheim and Holzkirchen, via Deisenhofen and Solln to Munich Hbf. However, due to the lack of vehicles, this was not implemented until July 2014.
The Munich S-Bahn network is thus supplemented by the regional rail lines in the MVV with additional fast connections. These have not been listed on the official MVV express train map since 1998. An attempt is being made to prevent the use of regional trains as an express connection to the main train station by displaying “Do not board” on the platform in Pasing. In contrast to other German transport associations (e.g. Berlin or Rhine-Ruhr ), where the regional train lines are shown in full, they were only indicated rudimentarily in the MVV plans.
The lines towards Mühldorf and Rosenheim provide an additional inner-city connection. These drive over the Munich Südring (Ostbahnhof - Hauptbahnhof). However, the journey time is longer than with the corresponding S-Bahn and U-Bahn lines, and the Südbahnhof , which is located on the route , has not been served since 1985.
From December 2015 the Forsting, Edling and Wasserburg (Inn) Bf train stations will also be part of the network. The Rosenheim district has to raise the resulting shortfall in income for the Südostbayernbahn in the amount of 120,000 euros per year .
The railway stations Hörlkofen , Walpertskirchen , Thann-Matzbach and Villages of the Munich-Mühldorf railway are not integrated into the MVV tariff, although they are in the district of Erding. However, the regional bus routes in these locations are integrated into the network. The same applies to the Bad Tölz and Seeshaupt train stations .
The Munich Airport to by - construction work under the umbrella term - essentially three Erding circular be connected to the regional rail network. The "Neufahrner curve" , which has been driven since December 2018, establishes the connection towards Freising and Landshut. The actual ring closure will extend the railway line to the airport, which ends in Erding today, and the "Walpertskirchener Spange" will enable the direct journey to Dorfen and Mühldorf. A regional train station is to be built in Erding.
The regional train lines have been back in the network map since December 10, 2017.
Other means of transport
In addition to the MVV means of transport, locally organized bus routes that cannot be used with the MVV tariff operate in some districts. Some of these are very well connected to the S-Bahn and complement the MVV tariff offer. These lines are not included in the electronic information media.
The following timetable books and booklets appear annually:
- MVV overall timetable
- MVV express train schedule (S-Bahn, regional train, underground, MVG night lines)
- MVV district timetable Dachau
- MVV district timetable Ebersberg
- MVV district timetable Erding
- MVV district timetable Freising
- MVV district timetable Fürstenfeldbruck
- MVV district timetable Munich (southwest)
- MVV district timetable Munich (northeast)
- MVV district timetable Munich (Würmtal)
- MVV district timetable Starnberg
- MVV mini timetables for all MVV regional bus routes in the Munich district
- MVV mini timetables for all MVV regional bus routes in the Fürstenfeldbruck district
- MVV mini timetables for all MVV regional bus routes in the Starnberg district
- various MVV community timetables
Transport companies that drive in the tariff area of the Münchner Verkehrsverbund are:
|brand||Company / shareholders||Example line in the 2018 timetable|
|Alex||The Länderbahn||R930, R970|
|Upper Bavaria bus||Subcontractor bus division of MVG / SWM|
|Steiner bus trips||707|
|Baumann bus operation||Subcontractor bus division of MVG / SWM|
|Bavarian Oberland Railway||Transdev||R955-R957|
|Bayernbus||Boos-Bus, Hadersdorfer-Reisen and Scharf||515|
|Berger's travels||Subcontractor bus division of MVG / SWM|
|Bus company Josef Ettenhuber||210|
|Watzinger bus service||222, subcontractor bus division of MVG / SWM|
|Bus traffic in southern Bavaria (formerly "Kraftverkehr Bayern")||Autobus Oberbayern and Baumann-Busbetrieb (since 2004)||701, subcontractor bus division of MVG / SWM|
|DB Regio Bavaria||DB Regio||R930, R970|
|DB Regio Bus Bayern ( DB Busverkehr Bayern )||DB Regio Bus , Bavaria region||904|
|The traveling coach||Subcontractor bus division of MVG / SWM|
|Edelweiß-Reisen Blumentritt||Subcontractor bus division of MVG / SWM|
|Freising Car Park and Transport Company (PVG)||Own operation of the city: Freisinger Stadtwerke||620–641 except 635|
|Fugger Express||DB Regio : DB Regio Bavaria||R980|
|Gottfried Rainer taxi||5010|
|Grienstidl||Transdev||732, 832, 853, 854, 855, subcontractor bus division of MVG / SWM|
|Hadersdorfer trips||618, subcontractor bus division of MVG / SWM (since 1990)|
|Kistler bus tourism||5621|
|Martin Geldhauser bus company||950|
|meridian||Bavarian Oberland Railway ( Transdev )||R958|
|Munich Transport Company (MVG)||Own operation of the city: Stadtwerke München (SWM)||Subway , tram , city buses|
|Munich lines||Autobus Oberbayern and Stadtwerke München||Subcontractor bus division of MVG / SWM|
|Nuremberg-Munich-Express / regional train Munich – Ingolstadt||DB Regio : DB Regio Bavaria||R900|
|Omnibus company Novak||Subcontractor bus division of MVG / SWM|
|Omnibus company Siegfried Schilcher||791|
|Reisberger bus transport||443, 447|
|Regional traffic Upper Bavaria ( DB Oberbayernbus )||DB Regio Bus , Bavaria region||635|
|S-Bahn Munich||DB Regio : DB Regio Bavaria||S1-S8, S20|
|Sharp||City traffic Erding|
|Stadtwerke Dachau : Transport company||Own operation of the city: Stadtwerke Dachau||716-720, 722, 726, 744|
|Südostbayernbahn||DB Regio : DB Regio Bavaria||R940, R948|
|Pawelczyk taxi company||5670|
|VBR - transport company and service company||Autobus Oberbayern (since 2014)||215|
|Waibel bus||Deubus group||830, 858, 901-903|
|Werdenfelsbahn||DB Regio : DB Regio Bavaria||R960, R961|
|Wintermayr / St.-Andreas-Reisen||785|
|Zeiler||Call taxi in the Fürstenfeldbruck district|
The shareholders of Münchner Verkehrs- und Tarifverbund GmbH (MVV) are currently the Free State of Bavaria , the state capital Munich and the districts of Bad Tölz-Wolfratshausen , Dachau , Ebersberg , Erding , Freising , Fürstenfeldbruck , Munich and Starnberg .
Single , multi-trip and day tickets can be purchased at the bar rate . In addition, in cooperation with certain organizers, there are combination tickets that are both an entry ticket and an MVV ticket. Reduced fares apply to children and young people. The network area is divided into one indoor and three outdoor zones in the bar tariff. From December 15, 2019, there will be a new network plan that combines the two existing network plans (see: Tariff reform 2019 ).
Since the timetable change at the end of 2015, MVG has no longer accepted GeldKarten . The cash card can only be used at the DB machines in the S-Bahn area.
Since December 15, 2013, single tickets (including stripe tickets and short-haul tickets) and day tickets as HandyTicket and day tickets can be purchased online in advance as PrintTicket.
Season ticket tariff
For regular users of the MVV there is a season ticket called "IsarCard". It has been in effect since December 2013 with a flexible period of validity, i. This means that the card is valid for 7 days (weekly card) or one month (monthly card) from the date selected by the customer - e.g. B. a weekly ticket that was bought on Wednesday is valid until the following Wednesday, 12 noon. A monthly pass that was bought on the 13th of the month is valid until the 13th of the following month, 12:00 noon. The IsarCard, IsarCard60 and IsarCard9Uhr monthly passes can be purchased at a lower price with an annual subscription for twelve calendar months. Monthly season tickets for schoolchildren, trainees and students (training tariff) as well as company tickets as IsarCardJob with a minimum purchase of 100 tickets per year with a twelve-month period of validity per company are also available. There are also special offers for senior citizens (IsarCard 60) and for everyone (IsarCard 9am), which are only valid on weekdays after the morning rush hour (Mon-Fri from 9:00 am). In the season ticket tariff, the four zones of the bar tariff are divided into a total of 16 rings. Before the tariff reform in 1999, the MVV area was divided into 148 honeycomb zones in the so-called “general time card tariff”. With the new tariff reform 2019, the rings will be converted to a zone system with 7 zones (see tariff reform 2019 ).
For all "Munich Pass" holders who, for example, receive unemployment benefit II (Hartz IV), basic security pension or similar benefits to support their living, the MVV will be offering a significantly subsidized social ticket ("token") at all MVV sales points from April 1, 2009 and MVV ticket machines, the IsarCard S , which is valid for one calendar month. The IsarCard S (valid Munich pass with a valid token) costs 27.10 euros for the MVV interior and 45.80 euros for the entire MVV route network. On working days from Monday to Friday, these only apply from 9 a.m. Any number of children and grandchildren from 6 to 14 years old can travel free of charge, otherwise the number of children from 6 to 14 years of age who can travel free of charge is limited to three. According to a forecast, the Munich social department has to pay around 5.5 million euros annually to the MVV for this discounted monthly ticket. In addition, the “Munich Pass” holders have the option of purchasing up to 15 discounted day tickets per month in their social citizenship center, which are only valid in conjunction with the “Munich Pass” and have no time restrictions. With the introduction of the IsarCard S on April 1, 2009, a three-year dispute and battle over a Munich MVV social ticket is over.
Since 1992 there have been negotiations about a semester ticket in Munich. After the introduction of a base model became more and more probable, the MVV declared the negotiations to have failed in July 2008. Since the proportion of MVV drivers among the students in Munich was already very high and the Free State of Bavaria did not expect sufficient funding, a semester ticket would have been relatively expensive to implement compared to other cities. Thus, Munich remained the only major German university city without its own semester ticket for students. After protests and an open letter, which was written jointly by the student union, as well as the presidents and student representatives of the three major universities in Munich, negotiations could initially be resumed at the end of January 2009. From November 23rd to December 4th, 2009, the students of the LMU , the TU and the University of Munich were able to vote online on the semester ticket. Although 82.5% of the students at the TU and 65.5% at the HM voted for the semester ticket, there was no majority at the LMU with 47.9% for the model offered.
From November 21 to December 2, 2012, the students voted again on the introduction of a semester ticket. In this second ballot, the vote with 86.3% (LMU 81.5%, TU 90.7%, HM 87.9%) was clearly in favor of the semester ticket. The model was introduced in the 2013/14 winter semester.
A second ballot took place from November 2nd to 9th, 2016, in which the long-term continuation of the semester ticket was voted on. 80,944 students from LMU, TUM and HM took part in the vote, which corresponds to a total turnout of 68.6%. 96.7% of the students were in favor of the long-term continuation. On this basis, a contract was signed that enables the semester ticket to run until spring 2022.
Tariff reform 2019
The new tariff reform came into force on December 15, 2019. This changed the distribution of the route network considerably. The previously valid rings (1–16) and the old zones (white, green, yellow, red) were no longer applicable. Instead there are seven new zones (Zone M and Zones 1 to 6). Zone M includes the entire city of Munich as well as some neighboring municipalities, so there are no longer any tariff limits within the state capital. Zones 1 to 6 are created in a ring around Zone M and only include communities outside the urban area.
After the tariff reform, there was a strong rush at the customer centers. On the afternoon of December 30, 2019, 500 people each waited for advice at the main train station and Marienplatz, a record number according to the MVG spokesman.
The most important innovations and changes
- Zones crossed several times are only counted once.
- As before, there are stops that are in two zones, but considerably more stops are affected; Depending on the direction of travel, the corresponding zone for the ticket must then be selected.
- The ticket types (day tickets, weekly and monthly tickets, stripe tickets, etc.) are still available with the exception of the 3-day indoor tickets, but with the adjustment to the new zone division.
- The new U21 stripe card is available for young people under the age of 21; you have to validate the same number of stripes as the adults, but the U21 stripe card is only half as expensive at 7.70 €.
- The age limit for senior citizens has been raised to 65 years, the MVV follows the demographic change.
- Season tickets can also be purchased for just one zone (this often corresponds to the 2 rings that were previously required).
- The maximum travel times for single tickets have been reduced: 2 hours for zone M or two zones outside this zone; 3 hours from 3 zones or for the area of application M1-M6; 1 hour for short trips; Changes and breaks are possible within the maximum travel time; As before, return and round trips are not possible.
- Stripe ticket:
- When driving in zone M, two strips and one for each additional zone must be validated.
- When driving outside of zone M, two strips must be validated for one or two zones and a further strip for each additional zone.
365 euro ticket
The shareholders' meeting of the MVV decided on December 6, 2019 to introduce the € 365 ticket for schoolchildren and trainees. The ticket is to be offered from August 2020. The Free State of Bavaria will pay two thirds of the lower fees, the rest will be shared by the nine other shareholders (the administrative districts and the city of Munich). According to current information, this would mean additional costs of around 1.2 million euros per partner per year.
Validity of tickets
Keep their validity:
- Bicycle day pass
- Weekly and monthly tickets issued before December 15 are valid until they expire
The following cards can be used up until March 31, 2020:
- Single ticket child
- Short-haul single ticket
- Stripe ticket
Lose their validity:
- Single ticket
- Single day ticket
- Group day ticket
- Children's day pass
- Stripe ticket for the use of the U21 offer (halving the stripes is simply no longer possible in uneven zones to be stamped)
However, these cards can be exchanged or refunded free of charge until March 31, 2020. Thereafter, there is a fee of 2 euros for this (per reimbursement process).
Customer card training tariff
It is no longer valid with effect from December 31, 2019. It must be exchanged for a new customer card with a new control number. The new customer card is valid from December 15, 2019.
Green youth card
In future it will be called "Training PlusCard". It can be used to expand the training tariff for specific zones.
The age for senior citizens' tickets will be increased to 65 years. The previous blocking period regulation no longer applies. However, there is a transitional regulation for customers under 65 who already use an IsarCard 60 as a subscription: It can still be used, but only with the blocking period regulation (no journeys are permitted Mon-Fri between 6 and 9 a.m.). The blocking period also applies if a transferable IsarCard 60 is used by a person over 65 years of age. The tariffs will be converted to the new ones.
IsarCard S / social ticket
The social ticket is now available as the IsarCard S. The prices are adjusted to the zone logic. For the purchase, entitled persons need a newly issued Munich pass or, in the districts, the relevant district pass. It can be used in the entire tariff area.
MVV semester ticket
The tariff reform is initially being subsidized by the state capital of Munich, the Free State of Bavaria and the eight administrative districts with around 70 million euros per year. It is hoped that this will encourage citizens to switch to public transport.
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- In the places with this footnote, there are both RVO bus lines that are integrated in the MVV tariff (three-digit number, starting point an S-Bahn station) and non-integrated lines or route sections (starting with four-digit numbers with 95 .. and 96 .. and city buses Bad Tölz).
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