Bavarian Railway Company
|Bavarian Railway Company Ltd.|
|owner||Free State of Bavaria|
|Seat||Munich , Germany|
|Supervisory board||Helmut Schütz|
|Managing directors||Thomas Prechtl, Bärbel Fuchs|
The Bavarian Railroad Company, Inc. (BEG) is the transport authorities for the rail transport (regional rail) in Bavaria . The BEG plans, finances and controls local rail transport throughout Bavaria. The Munich- based company was founded in 1995 and is 100 percent owned by the Free State of Bavaria . The local rail transport in Bavaria is financed roughly half by taxpayers' money and half by fare revenues. In order to use the tax money as efficiently as possible, the BEG relied on competition between different railway companies from the start. Organizing this competition in the best possible way for the benefit of the passengers is one of the most important tasks of the BEG.
Responsibilities of the Bavarian Railway Company
The Bavarian Railway Company (BEG) plans, finances and controls local rail passenger transport (SPNV) in Bavaria on behalf of the Free State. This includes the entire regional traffic including the S-Bahn in Munich and Nuremberg . The BEG is assigned to the Bavarian State Ministry for Housing, Building and Transport .
Task area planning
The BEG determines the timetable, the transfer options and the minimum seating capacity on all regional transport routes in Bavaria. The declared aim of the BEG is to establish a full-day hourly service across the board and to optimally network the individual lines at so-called node stations. This concept of an integrated regular timetable has already been implemented to a large extent and is called Bayern-Takt . On individual routes, the implementation of the Bayern cycle fails due to bottlenecks in the rail infrastructure, for example single-track routes with too few meeting stations.
According to the Basic Law, the federal government is responsible for the railway infrastructure. However, the BEG defines the requirements of the regional rail transport for the infrastructure and tries to initiate the priority expansion projects with the infrastructure operators, especially with the federally owned companies DB Netz and DB Station & Service . This includes the expansion of the railways as well as the stations and stops in Bavaria. For passengers, the BEG offers the Bayern timetable , an online travel information system. It provides timetable information for all public transport in Bavaria and neighboring regions - regardless of which transport company operates it. This also includes maritime shipping and mountain railways.
Financing and Competition
The BEG is responsible for the financing of regional transport and the organization of the competition in the Bavarian regional rail transport. As a rule, the BEG awards the transport services within the framework of competitive procedures, which means that various railway companies can apply for the operation of a route within the framework of a tender. The BEG concludes a transport contract with the railway company that has submitted the most economical offer in terms of quality and price. In the transport contract, BEG defines not only timetables and capacities but also minimum quality requirements such as B. punctuality or cleanliness of the trains, which the railway undertaking must meet. For the provision of the transport service, the railway company receives a so-called customer fee from the BEG, in the amount that the company has previously calculated in the procurement procedure. This money comes from the regionalization funds that are allocated to the Free State by the federal government to finance the local rail transport. Bavarian regional transport is financed roughly half by taxpayers' money and half by fare. The orderer's fee in 2018 was 1,061 million euros.
The aim of the SPNV competition is to use state subsidies (regionalization funds) as efficiently as possible, that is, to convert them into a maximum of transport performance and quality in regional transport. Between 1996 and 2018, the BEG was able to expand the transport performance ( train kilometers ) by around 50 percent, although the financial resources available for local rail transport have actually shrunk in the same period. Because while the regionalization funds are practically stagnating, the infrastructure fees for the use of tracks and train stations have almost doubled. The reason for these efficiency gains is that the railway companies offer their services in competition at a significantly lower price than they did during the state monopoly before 1996.
The price reduction due to competition on the railroad has not only invested the BEG in expanding the range of services, but also in more quality. Since the BEG started its work in 1996, more than 1,100 new vehicles have been used. Today, the average age of trains in regional and S-Bahn traffic is significantly lower than in 1996. During the same period, passenger numbers grew by 74 percent.
Control task area
As part of the transport implementation contracts, the BEG specifies concrete minimum requirements for the quality of transport services, such as punctuality, the train attendants to be deployed, the cleanliness and functionality of the trains or the capacities to be provided. In order to check whether the minimum standards specified in the tenders are being met, the BEG works with various quality measurement systems, which it is gradually developing and expanding.
For example, the punctuality of trains is measured at around 120 measuring points throughout Bavaria. Other quality-relevant criteria such as the cleanliness of the trains, the passenger information in the case of regular and malfunctioning, the functionality of the trains, the service orientation of the train staff and the customer orientation in the event of complaints are checked by independent test persons and passenger surveys as part of the BEG quality measurement system. The results of the BEG quality measurement system form the basis for the service quality ranking published regularly by the BEG, which makes the performance of the railway companies in the individual Bavarian networks comparable.
If the transport companies do not meet the quality standards specified by the BEG, the BEG levies penalties , which in turn are largely invested in quality-improving projects in Bavarian local rail passenger transport. In addition, the BEG is in contact with the railway transport and railway infrastructure companies and, in the event of quality defects, demands an immediate cause analysis and the implementation of countermeasures.
Tender in local rail passenger transport
The following list includes all award procedures that have already been completed and carried out in competition, in which the BEG was the lead agency. The BEG carried out the first competition procedure in 1998. The aim of the BEG is to have awarded all routes in Bavarian local rail passenger transport at least once in a competition by 2023.
|Traffic implementation contract||Lines||Contract partner *||Million train km (Bavarian share) **||begin||The End||Announcement Supplement EU Official Journal|
|Bavarian Oberland 1998+||
||Bavarian Oberland Railway||1.5||11/1998||12/2013||1996 / S 85-048341|
|IR25 replacement south (2003+)||
||Thurbo / Regentalbahn||1.1||12/2003||12/2007||without|
|Kissinger Star (2005+)||
||Hessian state railway||0.3||12/2005||12/2015||2004 / S 152-131910|
|ABS / NBS||DB Regio||1.6||12/2006||12/2013||without|
|IR 25 replacement north (2008+)||
||The Länderbahn||1.8||12/2007||12/2017||2005 / S 64-061934|
|IR 25 replacement south (2008+)||
||The Länderbahn||1.5||12/2007||12/2017||2005 / S 201-198396|
|D-Network Augsburg I (2008+)||
||DB Regio||1.2||12/2007||12/2018||2005 / S 204-202003|
|D-Network Nuremberg (2009+)||
||DB Regio||3.2||12/2008||12/2018||2005 / S 43-041558|
|D-network Augsburg II||
||Bavarian Regiobahn||3.0||12/2008||12/2019||2005 / S 205-203002|
||DB Regio||4.9||12/2008||12/2019||2005 / S 210-207042|
|Freilassing - Berchtesgaden||Regentalbahn / Salzburg AG||0.5||12/2009||12/2021||2006 / S 59-061680|
|Würzburg electrical network||
||DB Regio||5.8||12/2009||12/2021||2006 / S 106-113707|
|Munich - Passau||
||DB Regio||2.6||12/2009||12/2021||2006 / S 158-170646|
|Regensburg area with Danube Valley Railway||
||agilis railway company||3.5-5.6||12/2010||12/2022||2007 / S 66-080692|
|D-Network Upper Franconia||
||agilis -Verkehrsgesellschaft||4.0||6/2011||12/2023||2008 / S 27-036482|
||DB Regio||3.8||12/2011||12/2023||2008 / S 69-093507|
|Ulm - Weissenhorn||DB RAB||0.3||12/2013||12/2016||2010 / S 237-390424|
|Regional trains in Eastern Bavaria||
||The Länderbahn||1.3-4.5||12/2013||12/2023||2010 / S 234-357878|
|RSO-III East||DB Regio||1.6||12/2013||12/2023||2012 / S 90-148448|
|Bavarian Oberland (2014+)||
||Bavarian Oberland Railway||2.0||12/2013||12/2024||2012 / S 11-017489|
||Bavarian Oberland Railway||4.8||12/2013||12/2025||2010 / S 70-105328|
||DB Regio||3.8||12/2013||12/2025||2009 / S 178-256399|
|Kissinger Star (2015+)||
||Erfurt Railway||1.3||12/2014||12/2026||2012 / S 69-114500|
|Hof - state border (- Asch)||
||The Länderbahn||0.2||12/2015||12/2023||2014 / S 108-190222|
|Kahlgrundbahn (2016+)||DB Regio||0.3||12/2015||12/2027||2013 / S 099-169637|
||DB Regio||2.2||12/2015||12/2027||2012 / S 114-188941|
|Ringzug West / NBS||DB Regio||5.7||12/2016||12/2028||2012 / S 127-210775|
|D-Netz Augsburg I transition||
||DB Regio||1.4||12/2017||12/2018||2013 / S 245-426779|
|IR25 transition||The Länderbahn||4.4||12/2017||12/2022||2013 / S 153-266729|
|D-Netz Allgäu Lot 1||
||DB Regio||3.0||12/2017||12/2029||2013 / S 169-293335|
|D-Netz Allgäu Lot 2||
||DB Regio||1.3-4.1||12/2017||12/2029||2013 / S 169-293335|
|S-Bahn Nuremberg Lot 1||
||DB Regio||4.3-4.8||12/2018||12/2030||2014 / S 001-000619|
|S-Bahn Nuremberg Lot 2||
||DB Regio||2.6-3.0||12/2018||12/2030||2014 / S 001-000619|
|D-Network Augsburg I (2019+)||
||Bavarian Regiobahn||2.3-2.7||12/2018||12/2030||2014 / S 221-391010|
|D-Network Nuremberg (2019+)||
||DB Regio||3.2||6/2019||12/2031||2015 / S 118-214729|
|Augsburger Netze transition - Lot D-Netz||
||Bavarian Regiobahn||3.0||12/2019||12/2021||2015 / S 142-261682|
||DB Regio||1.5||12/2020||12/2032||2016 / S 070-122507|
||Go ahead||1.9||12/2021||12/2033||2017 / S 027-047719|
||Bavarian Oberland Railway||0.5-0.7||12/2021||12/2036||2017 / S 243-506806|
|Augsburger Netze - Lot 1||
||Go ahead||7.0||12/2022||12/2034||2017 / S 244-509620|
|Augsburger Netze - Lot 2||
||Bavarian Regiobahn||3.4||12/2022||12/2031||2017 / S 244-509620|
||DB Regio||5.1||12/2023||12/2035||2019 / S 149-367526|
* Indication of today's company name, in the case of expired contracts the company name at that time
** at the beginning of the contract or taking into account the operating levels (standard year)
The development of local rail transport in Bavaria since regionalization
With the regionalization in 1996, responsibility for regional and S-Bahn traffic was transferred from the federal government to the states. While many other countries delegated responsibility for local rail passenger transport (SPNV) to regional special-purpose associations and transport associations , the Bavarian state government took a different approach: It placed the local rail transport throughout Bavaria in the hands of a specially created institution: On January 1, 1996, the Bavarian Railway company started its work as a responsible party for the regional rail transport in Bavaria.
The BEG owns neither vehicles nor rail lines, but commissions railway companies to carry out transport services throughout the Free State. As a rule, the BEG awards the transport services within the framework of competitive procedures, which means that various railway companies can apply for the operation of a route within the framework of a tender. The BEG concluded the first transport implementation contract on the basis of a competition procedure in 1998 with the Bavarian Oberlandbahn.
In addition to Deutsche Bahn and its subsidiaries, ten other railway companies are currently (as of December 2019) operating on behalf of BEG:
- Agilis railway company
- Agilis transport company
- Bavarian Oberlandbahn GmbH
- Bavarian Regiobahn GmbH
- Bavarian Zugspitzbahn Bergbahn AG
- DLB The Länderbahn GmbH
- Erfurter Bahn GmbH
- Go ahead
- Hessische Landesbahn GmbH
- SWEG Südwestdeutsche Landesverkehrs-AG
After the Allgäu-Schwaben-Takt, an integral cycle timetable, was successfully tested in southwest Bavaria in 1993 , the Bavarian Railway Company introduced the state-wide Bavaria-Takt in 1996 . Since then, most of the railway lines have been used every hour. The most important feature of the Bayern clock is the fixed cycle times at which a train runs. At important transfer stations, the arrival and departure times of the connecting trains are also coordinated in order to shorten waiting times.
The regionalization funds, which the federal government makes available to the federal states to finance the regional rail transport , have fallen in real terms since the rail reform, as the infrastructure fees have risen significantly faster than the regionalization funds. Similar to a toll, these infrastructure charges are incurred for every kilometer of rail on which a train is traveling. The same applies to every station that is approached. These fees are charged by the infrastructure operators, above all DB Netz and DB Station & Service , in order to maintain and expand the infrastructure. Almost 70 percent of the funds available to the BEG are now being used for infrastructure fees.
Nevertheless, the BEG has been able to continuously increase the range of regional and S-Bahn services since the rail reform. This development was made possible by the competition between the railway companies, which led to significant efficiency gains. Between 1996 and 2018, the transport performance in Bavarian regional and S-Bahn traffic rose by 50 percent, from 88 to 128 million train kilometers.
In 1997, BEG and DB introduced the nationwide Bayern ticket . Over the years, numerous regional bus companies have been included in the scope. Furthermore, the validity of the Bayern ticket has also been extended to the transport associations in the area around the major cities of Munich, Nuremberg, Augsburg, Würzburg, Aschaffenburg and most recently Regensburg. The Bayern ticket has been sold around 73.5 million times since it was launched. This makes it the most successful national ticket in Germany.
For the future, the BEG is aiming to interlink other modes of transport such as buses, bicycles or cars with local rail transport in order to improve mobility in Bavaria and increase travel comfort. The BEG is particularly focussing on improved passenger information.
Further expansions are also planned. The last gaps are to be closed every hour in the coming years. In the Munich area, a significant expansion of the offer is planned with the commissioning of the 2nd S-Bahn main line planned for 2026 . In the future, the number of S-Bahn journeys is to increase from around 950 today to around 1,250 per day.
The organization of the BEG
The BEG is divided into six departments: "Competition, Transport Contracts, Procurement Law", "Planning", "Quality Management, Marketing, Press", "Infrastructure, Passenger Information, Quality at Stations", "Income, Tariffs, Sales" and "Central Tasks" . The BEG's management consists of Thomas Prechtl (spokesman) and Bärbel Fuchs.
Railway state Bavaria
In the spring of 2010, the BEG launched the umbrella brand “Bahnland Bayern”. With the advertising slogan “Bahnland Bayern - Zeit für dich”, the BEG's campaign with advertising and poster motifs, radio spots and excursion tips is aimed directly at train drivers in Bavaria and aims to make people want to travel by train in Bavaria.
The impetus for the introduction of the Bahnland Bayern brand was the growing number of railway companies in Bavaria. The more companies in different colors were on Bavaria's rails, the more difficult it became for passengers to recognize a centrally controlled system behind it - with uniform quality standards, timetable information and tickets such as the Bayern Ticket. The Bahnland Bayern brand has formed this common roof over all Bavarian regional and S-Bahn traffic since 2010. For example, every train that travels on behalf of BEG bears the Bahnland-Bayern logo with the claim “Time for you”.
- Website of the Bavarian Railway Company
- Website "Bahnland Bayern"
- The current BEG service quality ranking
- BEG - future competition projects (PDF; 1.5 MB)
- The magazine for the 20th anniversary of BEG (PDF; 7.5 MB)
- ↑ Profile: We are moving Bavaria, the state of railways. Bavarian Railway Company
- ↑ Regionalization Act / Regionalization Funds. Association of German Transport Companies
- ↑ a b Profile: We move the railway state of Bavaria. Bavarian Railway Company
- ↑ Meridian stable in terms of quality - Südostbayernbahn loses. Quality ranking of the Bavarian Railway Company. In: rosenheim24.de. 19th August 2018 .
- ↑ ALEX: BEG condemns Länderbahn to a fine of millions. In: Idowa Online. October 25, 2018 .
- ^ Announcement ten years BEG . In: Eisenbahn-Revue International . Issue 5/2006, ISSN 1421-2811 , p. 216.
- ↑ Andreas Höger: The BOB started its course 20 years ago. With the establishment of the Bayerische Oberlandbahn, the DB monopoly was history. Münchner Merkur, March 30, 2018 .
- ^ Bahnland Bavaria in numbers. Bavarian Railway Company, July 14, 2020 .
- ↑ The starting concept for the operation of the 2nd main line. Bavarian State Ministry for Housing, Building and Transport
- ↑ Bahnland Bavaria. Bavarian Railway Company