Railway companies

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Railway company ( EVU ) is a legal term from European railway law that is specified by national laws, namely in

According to this, railways are public institutions or railway companies organized under private law that provide railway transport services (railway companies) or operate a railway infrastructure ( railway infrastructure companies (EIU) according to the German AEG, infrastructure operators according to the Swiss EBG).

RUs operate on the railways of railway infrastructure companies, unless they also have their own function. European law provides that this network access can also extend to infrastructures in other countries. However, a safety certificate is required in the country concerned.

In Germany there are now 447 public and 145 non-public EVU (as of February 1, 2016). In addition to the DB AG's own RUs, more and more so-called “third parties” ( non-federally owned railways ) have been on the rail network of DB Netz and other RIUs in recent years . Mainly in local transport and freight transport, the third parties are gaining more and more market shares compared to Deutsche Bahn . According to information from Deutsche Bahn, around 135 passenger rail companies use the DB Netz rail network. A total of 395 railway companies operate on the DB network (as of May 2013).

In Switzerland there are currently 39 companies that have a network access permit and three companies that claim transit rights with a foreign permit. Another 44 RUs do not need a network access permit today, as they only operate on their own infrastructure.

Admission criteria as an EVU

The operating permit (a distinction is made between passenger and goods traffic) is issued in Germany by the responsible state authority and is valid for 15 years. In Switzerland, the Federal Office of Transport issues the network access permit , which is valid for 10 years.

The EIU is to be driven on its infrastructure have additional conditions of access to their respective rail network, which in the current valid terms and conditions can be found.

See also

Web links

Commons : Rail transport companies  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Deutsche Bahn AG (Ed.): Deutsche Bahn and the Federal Network Agency come to an agreement on the further development of the station price system . Press release from September 3, 2012.
  2. Peter Thomas: Fast and on time . In: Frankfurter Allgemeine Sonntagszeitung . May 14, 2013, p. V13 ( faz.net ).