Railway infrastructure company

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A railway infrastructure company ( EIU ) is a legal term from the German General Railway Act (AEG) of December 27, 1993.

According to Section 2, railways are public institutions or companies organized under private law that provide rail transport services ( railway transport companies ) or operate a railway infrastructure (railway infrastructure companies).

The railway infrastructure comprises the operating facilities of the railways including the traction current transmission lines . The operator of the railways is any railway infrastructure company whose object is the operation, construction and maintenance of the railways.

Legal breakdown

The Federal Network Agency has been responsible for monitoring access to the railway infrastructure for all RIUs since the beginning of 2006 .

Federal railway infrastructure company

The Basic Law provides that the federal government assumes responsibility for the federally owned railway infrastructure companies (federal railways). It guarantees "that the good of the general public, in particular the transport needs, is taken into account in the expansion and maintenance of the rail network of the federal railways as well as in their transport offers on this rail network, insofar as these do not affect local rail passenger transport " ( Art. 87e Basic Law ). The Federal Railway Authority (EBA) is responsible for supervision under railway law.

Direct federally owned EIUs are the companies DB Netz AG , DB Station & Service AG and DB Energie GmbH . The indirect federal EIU include DB RegioNetz Infrastruktur GmbH , EWN Entsorgungswerk für Nuklearanlagen GmbH and Usedomer Bäderbahn GmbH .

Non-federally owned railway infrastructure companies

The number of non- federally owned public railway infrastructure companies (also: non-federally owned railways , NE railways, private railways) is around 170. They are either publicly owned ( municipalities , regional authorities ) or privately owned. The legal supervision of the NE-Bahn rests with the federal states ( Land Plenipotentiary for Railway Supervision , LfB), insofar as they have not transferred this to the Federal Railway Authority.


The financing of the state-owned railways by the federal government, through the financing arrangements and financial plans and the Federal Track Expansion plan after the Federal Track Expansion Act is hedged. In contrast, the NE railways are at a disadvantage, as they have to finance most of their rail routes themselves. They receive public funding for their railways primarily in accordance with the Municipal Transport Financing Act (GVFG) or through voluntary, project-related investment grants from the federal states or the European Community .

After the Long-Distance Rail Freight Transport Network Funding Act came into force on August 13, 2013, the federal government will provide the NE railways with EUR 25 million in investment funding from 2013. Since the Association of German Transport Companies determined an annual requirement of EUR 150 million, it calls on the federal states to contribute to the infrastructure financing.

Route lengths

In 2015, the DB Netz route network was 33,193 kilometers, in 2012 it was 33,319 kilometers. Since the beginning of the rail reform in 1994, in addition to the closure of lines by mid-2011, DB has also sold or leased a total of 2,343 kilometers to other RIUs. This will moderate the downward trend in recent years. The total length of the lines operated by the NE railways was 4,140 kilometers; there are also 1,800 kilometers of public tracks in the sea and inland ports.

The largest German railway infrastructure operators (with over 100 km of routes in operation) are:

  1. DB Netz 33 193 km
  2. DB RegioNetz Infrastructure 1,200 km
  3. German regional railway 387 km (a total of 765 km, of which 378 km are shut down or not in operation)
  4. RegioInfra Gesellschaft 341 km (386 km in total, 45 km of which are closed)
  5. Albtal-Verkehrs-Gesellschaft 286.9 km (92.3 km of which are own routes, 171.6 km leased from DB Netz AG; an additional 23.0 km of tram routes)
  6. Railways and transport companies Elbe-Weser 261 km
  7. East Hanover Railways 248 km
  8. Rhine-Sieg Railway 215 km
  9. SWEG railways 210 km
  10. Harz narrow-gauge railways 140.4 km - meter gauge
  11. LWS Lappwaldbahn Service GmbH 135 km
  12. AKN railway 120 km
  13. Thuringian Railway 116 km
  14. Westphalian State Railway 114 km
  15. BayernBahn GmbH 108 km
  16. Rurtalbahn GmbH 102 km

See also


  • Speck, Georg: Who should pay in the future? Preservation of NE railway lines. Federal and state rail infrastructure responsibility. , in: Güterbahnen ( Memento of October 8, 2007 in the Internet Archive ), Issue 4/2008, pp. 7-14, Alba Fachverlag Düsseldorf, ISSN  1610-5273

Individual evidence

  1. See Federal Government, Federal Finance Plan 2005 to 2009, Chap. Federal Railways, in: Bundesratdrucksache 141/06. March 17, 2006, accessed December 21, 2008 .
  2. a b See the Federal Railway Authority, list of the public railway infrastructure companies in Germany that are subject to approval, as of June 25, 2008, column "Gen_Behörde" (no longer available online, see web links for the current list)
  3. a b Approach to the financing of the railways of NE railways. Contribution to the discussion about the adequate funding of non-federal railways by the public sector. In: Güterbahnen, 2008, H. 3. P. 24–28 , accessed on June 5, 2010 .
  4. Law on NE-Bahn funding comes into force tomorrow. In: Privatbahn-Magazin Online. June 12, 2013, pp. 24–28 , accessed December 1, 2013 .
  5. Figures, data, facts: Annual Report of DB Netz AG 2015. (No longer available online.) DB Netz AG, December 7, 2016, archived from the original on April 3, 2017 ; accessed on March 4, 2017 .
  6. Figures, data, facts: DB Netz AG Annual Report 2012. (No longer available online.) DB Netz AG, December 31, 2012, archived from the original on March 19, 2014 ; Retrieved December 4, 2013 .
  7. Situation of non-federally owned railway infrastructure companies in Germany. (PDF; 141 kB) (No longer available online.) In: Drucksache 17/8286. German Bundestag, December 30, 2011, archived from the original on January 3, 2013 ; Retrieved August 21, 2012 .
  8. Railway infrastructure DRE group (general overview). (PDF) (No longer available online.) German Regional Railway, January 12, 2016, archived from the original on January 11, 2015 ; Retrieved July 25, 2016 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.regionaleisenbahn.de
  9. Infrastructure. Albtal-Verkehrs-Gesellschaft, accessed on October 12, 2018 .
  10. About us. SWEG Eisenbahnwege GmbH, accessed on October 12, 2018 .
  11. Route network: How to experience the Harz Mountains! Harzer Schmalspurbahnen GmbH, accessed on October 12, 2018 .
  12. EIU. BayernBahn Betriebsgesellschaft mbH, accessed on October 12, 2018 .
  13. Rail network. Rurtalbahn GmbH, accessed on October 12, 2018 .

Web links