General Railway Act

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Basic data
Title: General Railway Act
Abbreviation: AEG
Type: Federal law
Scope: Federal Republic of Germany
Legal matter: Special administrative law , railway law
References : 930-9
Original version from: March 29, 1951
( BGBl. I p. 225 ,
ber.p. 438 )
Entry into force on: April 15, 1951
Last revision from: December 27, 1993
( BGBl. I p. 2378, 2396 ,
ber. 1994 I p. 2439 )
Entry into force of the
new version on:
January 1, 1994
Last change by: Art. 1 G of June 29, 2020
( Federal Law Gazette I p. 1531 )
Effective date of the
last change:
January 1, 2018
(Art. 3 G of June 29, 2020)
GESTA : J023
Weblink: Text of the law
Please note the note on the applicable legal version.

The General Railway Act ( AEG ) regulates the safe operation of the railway in Germany and aims to provide an attractive range of transport by rail. Its original version was issued on March 29, 1951. It was revised on December 27, 1993 as Article 5 of the Railway Reorganization Act.

It applies to railroads , but not for other railway operators such as magnetic levitation trains , trams and similar to their construction or operation of railways, cable cars and other tracks of a particular type. This means that subways and light rail vehicles do not fall within the scope of the AEG.

According to this law, the federal and state governments must work to ensure that the competitive conditions of the modes of transport are aligned with the aim of providing the best possible transport service, and that fair competition between the modes of transport enables an economically sensible division of tasks.

§ 2 contains definitions about

  • Railways that are public institutions or companies organized under private law that provide rail transport services (railway transport companies) or operate a railway infrastructure (railway infrastructure companies).
  • Rail transport services , which are the transport of people or goods on a railway infrastructure. Railway undertakings must be able to provide train transport.
  • the railway infrastructure , which includes the operating facilities of the railways including the traction current transmission lines.
  • an international grouping that is the link between at least two railway undertakings based in different Member States of the European Communities whose business is to provide cross-border rail transport services between the Member States.
  • the rail transport , which is generally accessible transportation of passengers on trains that are mainly intended to meet the transport demand in urban, suburban or regional services. In case of doubt, this is the case if, in the majority of the cases of transport of a train, the total travel distance does not exceed 50 kilometers or the total travel time does not exceed one hour.
  • Railroads and companies of the Federation , the companies are located mainly in the hands of the Federation or of a majority of members of the federal government company.
  • Regional transport networks are rail routes on which no long-distance passenger rail trains run.
  • A regional train runs exclusively on a network of regional traffic and therefore does not provide any transport services in long-distance passenger rail transport.
  • Works railways are railway infrastructures that are operated exclusively for their own freight traffic. This also includes railway facilities for which other companies also operate their own freight transport (e.g. factory main railways) or other uses are permitted to a small extent (e.g. factory passenger transport).

The General Railway Act regulates a large number of details of public rail transport.

Section 6 specifies that public railway companies require a company license. Factory railways are excluded from this.

Opening up the rail network to third parties is a prerequisite for ensuring competition and marketing of the rail network. It corresponds to the European transport policy and implements the E (W) G Directive 91/440 into national law.

For the monitoring of access to railway infrastructure since 1 January 2006, is the Federal Network Agency for Electricity, Gas, Telecommunications, Post and Railway responsible. The Railway Regulation Act contains detailed regulations .

Section 26 empowers the Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure to issue ordinances for the construction and operation of public railways. Numerous specifications were introduced with the EBO , TEIV, EBV and ESO . The responsible ministries of the federal states issue operating regulations for non-public railways (mostly connecting railways).

See also


Web links