Potsdam Central Station

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Potsdam Central Station
Station forecourt south of the tracks with bus and tram stops and a water tower
Station forecourt south of the tracks with bus and tram stops and a water tower
Location in the network Intermediate station
(long-distance train)
End station (S-Bahn)
Design Riding station
Platform tracks 4 (long-distance train)
2 (S-Bahn)
abbreviation BPD (long-distance train)
BPDH (S-Bahn)
IBNR 8012666
Price range 2
opening November 22, 1838
Profile on Bahnhof.de Potsdam_Hbf
City / municipality Potsdam
country Brandenburg
Country Germany
Coordinates 52 ° 23 '30 "  N , 13 ° 4' 0"  E Coordinates: 52 ° 23 '30 "  N , 13 ° 4' 0"  E
Railway lines
Railway stations in Brandenburg
i16 i16 i18

Potsdam Hauptbahnhof is the most important train station in the Brandenburg state capital, Potsdam . It is located on the Berlin – Magdeburg railway line and has existed since 1838. However, it has only had this name since 1999. Its forerunner was the Potsdam train station for decades , and Potsdam city from 1960 . The station is the end of the S-Bahn line S7 coming from Ahrensfelde via Berlin . He is also connected to the central bus station and the tram links central transfer point for Potsdam and the southwestern area surrounding Berlin (see also transport in Potsdam ).


The first train station on the site of today's central station around 1840
Franz Josef Sandmann , Potsdam around 1850 with railway bridge and long bridge, on the right edge of the picture just behind the trees the train station

The first railroad ran from Berlin to Potsdam on September 22, 1838 . This was the first railway in Prussia and is one of the oldest railway lines in Germany still in operation. Their terminus was on the site of today's main station. A harbor track led from the train station to the former steamboat dock west of the Long Bridge . With the commissioning of the Potsdam railway bridge over the Havel by the Potsdam-Magdeburg Railway Company on August 7, 1846, the previous terminus became an intermediate station (see map from 1848), but until 1997/1999 had only a few through tracks . A classical reception building was built. This and the station forecourt were now north of the tracks. In 1928 it was connected to the Berlin S-Bahn network. The complete conversion of suburban traffic to electrical operation took almost a year. The station was destroyed in the Second World War and a new station building was built in the post-war period.

The forecourt and reception structure of the Potsdam Stadt train station were north of the tracks, 1993
Potsdam Stadt station with
the 475 series S-Bahn train , 1993

From 1953 to 1958 there were S-Bahn "transit trains" to East Berlin without stopping in the western part of Berlin. In 1958, internal traffic in the GDR was relocated to the newly emerging Berlin outer ring . After the outer ring was put into operation , so-called “Sputnik” trains ran from the new Potsdam Süd train station (now Potsdam Pirschheide ) on the south-western outskirts via Schönefeld Airport to the eastern part of Berlin. Long-distance trains for domestic traffic and later also interzonal trains ( Aachen  - Görlitz ) and ( Munich  - Rostock ) were also routed via the outer ring. In 1960 the station was renamed "Potsdam City", in 1961 the Südbahnhof was renamed "Potsdam Hauptbahnhof". Electric S-Bahn traffic to Potsdam was interrupted in 1961 when the Berlin Wall was built and stopped a few months later. The Potsdam Stadt and Babelsberg stations could only be reached by local trains and the like. a. can be reached from what was then Potsdam Central Station . The transit trains to West Berlin drove through Potsdam City and had an operating stop in Potsdam Griebnitzsee for the monitoring personnel to leave or enter . Passengers were not allowed to get on there, but they were still allowed to get off until 1963.

Railway tracks of the main train station seen from the west

From January 1990 local trains ran again to Berlin-Wannsee , and unrestricted S-Bahn traffic was resumed in 1992. In 1997, the old Potsdam Stadt station with its reception building, the locomotive shed and the sidings began to be demolished and replaced with new buildings. The new planning was carried out by the office of Gerkan, Marg and Partner . Two elongated building complexes were created, which are connected by a brace, recognizable by a wave-shaped roof. The accesses to the platforms were integrated into the clasp. The S-Bahn platform was completely rebuilt, and a regional platform was upgraded by one track. A new station forecourt with bus and tram platforms and a bus parking lot was built at the south entrance. A new shopping center and cinema were opened under the name “Bahnhofspassagen Potsdam”, and office and business premises were also created. On September 1, 1999, the Potsdam Stadt station was renamed Potsdam Hauptbahnhof . It is listed in the operating point directory under BPD .

The construction of the station was hotly contested and discussed for a long time. The facade design with yellow clinker masonry met with rejection and the dimensions of the building gave the impression of office complexes that - as the critics said - go beyond the scale of the historic city of Potsdam . The UNESCO wondered Potsdam because of the conversion to the Red List of World Heritage setting. However, this could be prevented by subsequent changes in the construction and the waiver of construction phases that had not yet started.

Since December 2014, trains have been dispatched on the S-Bahn platform by the driver using the driver's cab monitor (ZAT-FM).

A bike station with 557 spaces for bikes has been in operation since the beginning of 2016. This also offers a repair service as well as free lockers and battery charging compartments.

In June 2018, construction work began to expand the track system of the S-Bahn. On the one hand, a second track was built east of the S-Bahn platform up to the bridge of the Nutheschnellweg so that train crossings could be moved to this area. The sweeping track that was no longer needed was rebuilt west of the platform. The extended track system went into operation on March 25, 2019, together with the ZBS train control system installed here .

The station concourse in November 2011


When the timetable changed in May 2006, the last pair of ICE trains that stopped at the station was withdrawn. The reason for this is that all ICE and almost all IC between Berlin and the western federal states are carried on the high-speed route Hanover-Berlin and the trip from Potsdam to the western federal states via Berlin is faster than a trip on the route over Magdeburg would be. In the 2016 timetable, an ICE train stops in Potsdam from Sunday to Monday to Munich.


line course Tact
ICE 10 ( Ostseebad Binz -) Berlin - Potsdam - Magdeburg - Hanover - Hamm - Dortmund - Cologne a pair of trains
ICE 11 Berlin - Potsdam - Magdeburg - Kassel-Wilhelmshöhe - Würzburg - Munich one train a week
IC 56 Norddeich Mole - Oldenburg - Bremen - Hanover - Magdeburg - Potsdam - Berlin - Lübben - Cottbus a pair of trains daily
RE HBX Harz-Berlin-Express
Berlin -Potsdam- Magdeburg - Halberstadt(train division)-Quedlinburg-Thale/ Wernigerode - Ilsenburg -Vienenburg-Goslar
three pairs of trains on the weekend
RE 1 (Magdeburg -) Brandenburg - Werder - Potsdam - Berlin - Erkner - Fürstenwalde - Frankfurt (Oder) (- Eisenhüttenstadt - Cottbus) every half hour, to Magdeburg and Cottbus every hour
RB 20 Potsdam main station - Golm - Hennigsdorf - Birkenwerder - Oranienburg every hour, only runs Monday to Friday
RB 21 and RB 22 ( Berlin Friedrichstrasse - Berlin-Wannsee - Potsdam Griebnitzsee -) Potsdam Hauptbahnhof - Golm (- Wustermark ( RB 21 )) / (- Saarmund - Berlin-Schönefeld Airport - Königs Wusterhausen ( RB 22 )) (wing train operation) every half hour, to Königs-Wusterhausen and Wustermark only every hour, to Berlin-Friedrichstrasse only during peak hours
RB 23 Potsdam Central Station - Potsdam Pirschheide - Caputh-Geltow - Beelitz-Heilstätten hourly
Berlin S7.svg Potsdam Central Station  - Babelsberg  - Griebnitzsee  - Wannsee  - Nikolassee  - Grunewald  - Westkreuz  - Charlottenburg  - Savignyplatz  - Zoological Garden  - Tiergarten  - Bellevue  - Central Station  - Friedrichstrasse  - Hackescher Markt  - Alexanderplatz  - Jannowitzbrücke  - Ostbahnhof  - Warschauer Strasse  - Ostkreuz  - Nöldnerplatz  - Lichtenberg  - Friedrichsfelde Ost  - Springpfuhl  - Poelchaustraße  - Marzahn  - Raoul-Wallenberg-Straße  - Mehrower Allee  - Ahrensfelde every 10 minutes


  • Paul Sigel, Silke Dähmlow, Frank Seehausen, Lucas Elmenhorst: Architectural Guide Potsdam . Dietrich Reimer Verlag, Berlin 2006, ISBN 3-496-01325-7 .
  • German Railway Customers Association: Potsdams Hauptbahnhöfe Verlag GVE, Berlin 2001, ISBN 3-89218-070-9 .

Web links

Commons : Potsdam Hauptbahnhof  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Geobasis Brandenburg, sample historical maps: Potsdam 1786/1848/1966
  2. News in brief - S-Bahn . In: Berliner Verkehrsblätter . February 2015, p. 30 .
  3. Weatherproof and safe - the Potsdam multi-storey car park for bicycles . In: point 3 . No. 4 , 2016, p. 20 ( online [accessed February 26, 2016]).
  4. News in brief - S-Bahn . In: Berliner Verkehrsblätter . No. 8 , 2018, p. 161 .
  5. News in brief - S-Bahn . In: Berliner Verkehrsblätter . No. 5 , 2019, p. 96 .