Bruno Meissner

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Bruno Meissner
Profile on the grave complex at the Zeuthen cemetery

Bruno Meissner (also Bruno Meißner ; born April 25, 1868 in Graudenz , † March 13, 1947 in Zeuthen ) was a German Assyriologist and Near Eastern archaeologist .

Bruno Meissner taught from 1904 to 1921 as a professor at the University of Breslau . In 1921 he was appointed to the full professorship for Assyriology and Semitic Studies in Berlin . Meissner was primarily a philologist, but also devoted himself to other areas, such as history, law and Near Eastern archeology . His main work is Babylonia and Assyria , published in two volumes in 1920 and 1925 , which gave an insight into ancient oriental cultural history based on cuneiform sources. From the field of archeology was the writing Studies on the Bît Hilâni in the north palace of Assurbanaplis at Nineveh , which he withDietrich Opitz wrote his most important work. He also initiated the Reallexikon der Assyriologie and was one of the early editors of the project. Wolfram von Soden's Accadian Concise Dictionary is largely based on Meissner's estate. In addition to the ancient Orient , Meissner was particularly interested in botany .

Since 1930 he was a full member of the Prussian Academy of Sciences and a member of the NSDAP .


  • From ancient Babylonian law . Hinrichs, Leipzig 1905 ( The Old Orient , 7th year, issue 1)
  • Concise Assyrian grammar . Hinrichs, Leipzig 1907 ( auxiliary books on the customer of the ancient Orient , vol. 3)
  • Assyrian hunts. Described on the basis of old reports and representations . Hinrichs, Leipzig 1911 (The Old Orient, 13th year, issue 2)
  • The cuneiform . Göschen, Berlin-Leipzig 1913 (Göschen Collection 708)
  • Basic features of ancient Babylonian sculpture . Hinrichs, Leipzig 1914 (The Old Orient, 15th year, issue 1/2)
  • Basics of the Babylonian-Assyrian sculpture . Hinrichs, Leipzig 1914 (The Old Orient, 15th year, issue 3/4)
  • Assyriological research 1 . Brill, Leiden 1916 (Ancient Near Eastern Texts and Studies, Vol. 1, 1)
  • The fairy tale of the wise Achiqar . Hinrichs, Leipzig 1917 (The Old Orient, 16th year, issue 2)
  • The culture of Babylonia and Assyria . Quelle & Meyer, Leipzig 1925 (Science and Education, Vol. 207)
  • The Babylonian-Assyrian literature . Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft Athenaion, Potsdam 1928 ( Handbuch der Literaturwissenschaft , [3] / Handbuch der Kunst- und Literaturgeschichte des Orientes)
  • Contributions to ancient oriental archeology . Harrassowitz, Leipzig 1934 (communications from the Ancient Near Eastern Society, vol. 8, no.1 / 2)
  • Studies on the Bît Hilâni in the north palace of Assurbanaplis at Nineveh . (With Dietrich Opitz), de Gruyter, Berlin 1940 (Treatises of the Prussian Academy of Sciences. Philological-historical class 1939, 18)
  • Studies in Assyrian Lexicography . (4 volumes), Zeller, Osnabrück 1925–1940
  • Babylonia and Assyria . Winter, Heidelberg 1920 and 1925
  • Contributions to the Assyrian dictionary . (2 volumes), The University of Chicago Press, Chicago 1931 and 1932


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