Barthel Hrouda

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Barthel-Fritz Hrouda (born June 28, 1929 in Berlin ; † July 19, 2009 in Germering ) was a German archaeologist from the Near East .

Barthel Hrouda was born in Berlin as the son of the administrative inspector Fritz H. Hrouda and his wife Frieda, née Seelow. He attended the grammar school for the gray monastery in Berlin. In 1955 he received his doctorate from the Free University of Berlin with a thesis on the subject of painted ceramics of the second millennium in northern Mesopotamia and northern Syria . In 1960 Rolf Hachmann brought him to the University of Saarbrücken as an assistant , where he completed his habilitation in 1963 and then worked as a private lecturer . In 1964 Hrouda became an associate professor in Munich and in 1967 a full professor in Berlin. From 1969 until his retirement in 1994, Hrouda held the chair for Near Eastern Archeology at the Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich . Most recently he lived in Germering . He had been married since 1957 and had three children.

Barthel Hrouda was very active as a field researcher and carried out excavations in Iraq ( Isin ) and Turkey ( Sirkeli Höyük ). In 1989/90 a new excavation campaign began in Assur under his direction . However, the Gulf War could not bring it to an end. Hrouda has since endeavored to protect the archaeological monuments in Iraq. In 2003 he was a participant in a UNESCO meeting and co-initiator of the call for scientific aid in Iraq . He has been a full member of the German Archaeological Institute since 1965 , since 1980 a full member of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences ( Commission for Cuneiform Research and Near Eastern Archeology ), since 1981 of the Royal Belgian Academy of Sciences, Literature and Fine Arts , since 1989/1990 (?) Honorary member of the Türk Tarih Kurumu (Ankara) and since 1991 a full member of the Academia Scientiarum et Artium Europaea .

Hrouda can be described as one of the doyen of his subject in Germany. Together with his colleague, the philologist Dietz-Otto Edzard , he made a decisive contribution to shaping modern science of the Ancient Near East in Germany in the second half of the 20th century. His Handbook of Archeology , Western Asia I , published in 1971, is an international standard work in research and teaching.


  • The painted pottery of the second millennium in northern Mesopotamia and northern Syria. Verlag Gebr. Mann, Berlin 1957 (Istanbul Research. Vol. 19)
  • Tell Halaf IV. The small finds from historical times , 1962.
  • The cultural history of the Assyrian flat screen . Habelt, Bonn 1965.
  • Handbook of archeology. Middle East I , 1971.
  • Publisher: Walter Andrae : Assyrian Resurrected , 1977.
  • Isin-Isan Bahriyat. The results of the excavations ... Volume I, 1977; Volume II 1981; Volume III 1986 and Volume IV 1992.
  • Editor: Methods of Archeology. An introduction to their scientific techniques . CH Beck, Munich 1988.
  • Editor: Robert Koldewey : The resurrecting Babylon . CH Beck, Munich 1990.
  • with Jean Bottéro et al. (Ed.): The old Orient. History and culture of the ancient Near East. Bertelsmann, Gütersloh 1991 (translations into Spanish and French)
  • with Stephan Kroll, Peter Z. Spanos (Ed.): From Uruk to Tuttul . A commemorative publication for Eva Strommenger. Studies and essays from colleagues and friends. Profil Verlag, Munich / Vienna 1992
  • Mesopotamia. The ancient cultures between the Tigris and Euphrates . CH Beck, Munich 1997 (Beck knowledge series)
  • with Eva Strommenger and Wolfram Nagel : Near Eastern Antiquity. Research content and perspectives since 1945. Böhlau Verlag, Cologne 2009


  • Kürschners Deutscher Schehrten-Kalender 2009. Bio-bibliographical directory of German-speaking scientists of the present , 22nd edition, Volume II: H – L, p. 1750, KG Saur, Munich 2009, ISBN 978-3-598-23629-7 .
  • Peter Calmeyer (Ed.): Contributions to ancient oriental archeology and antiquity. Festschrift for Barthel Hrouda on his 65th birthday . Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden 1994 ISBN 3-447-03503-X .
  • Who is who? The German who's who? . Founded by Walter Habel, Volume XLII, 2003/04, Federal Republic of Germany, p. 632, Schmidt-Römhild, Lübeck 2003, ISBN 3-7950-2036-0 .

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