|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Upper Bavaria|
|Height :||535 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||21.61 km 2|
|Postal code :||82110|
|Area code :||089|
|License plate :||FFB|
|Community key :||09 1 79 123|
|LOCODE :||DE GEG|
|City structure:||7 parts of the community|
City administration address :
|Lord Mayor :||Andreas Haas ( CSU )|
|Location of the city of Germering in the Fürstenfeldbruck district|
Germering is a city on the northwestern foothills of the Munich gravel plain . The city is on a relatively flat level and slopes slightly to the north. Germering also borders Puchheim in the north via agricultural fields . To the east of the city there is a wide strip of fields that is crossed by the A99 motorway ring. The free areas on the outskirts of Munich are currently being built with a new residential area ( Freiham ). In the south and south-east there is a larger forest area, the Kreuzlinger Forst and the A 96 motorway . In the northwest are the artificial Germeringer See ( quarry pond ) and the small, wooded Parsberg . In the west, the district of Starnberg joins the community of Gilching .
Neugermering and Schusterhäusl are not officially named parts of the municipality.
As early as the late Neolithic and the early Bronze Age , barrows were dug in the area of today's Obere Bahnhofstrasse at the corner of Steinbergstrasse. A Bronze Age cremation grave and settlement remains can be traced from the urn field culture . A villa rustica with hypocaust (warm air heating) dates from Roman times . The grave of a German woman was discovered near Augsburger Strasse, which could be identified from the grave goods. In addition, several Roman brick kilns were found, one of which can be visited on the road towards Alling. A stool grave was uncovered on Krautgartenweg.
see also Burgstall Parsberg
First mention of individual parts of the community
- The first reliable documentary mention of Germering as Kermaringon took place between 859 and 864. It is assumed, however, that the oldest document with the place name Germana vel ad monte (about "(the property of the) sister on the mountain") dates back to 769 . The derivation of the place name from the tribe of the Germanic peoples or from a putative “Germar, the Germanic peoples”, on the other hand, is considered a folk etymology .
- The first reliable documentary mention of Unterpfaffenhofen comes from the year 1190. A document which is dated between 948 and 957 names a place called Phafinhouna , which could also mean another Pfaffenhofen.
- Nebel has been known in writing under the name Slat.vel.Nebelriet since 1173.
- Gut Streiflach was first mentioned in 1270.
- The Harthof wasteland, now part of the Harthaus community , is not known for the first time.
Early medieval row graves and pre-Romanesque church remains are under the old St. Martin Church. In 1422 Germering was destroyed during fighting in the area around the Battle of Alling . In 1448 the two communities were first mentioned as members of the Starnberg district court.
In the 1980s, an early medieval amulet was found during an excavation in today's Krippfeldstrasse. It later served as the inspiration for the modern city coat of arms.
In 1818 the communities Germering and Unterpfaffenhofen were formed with the community parts Kleßheim, Nebel, Streiflach and Wandlheim. In 1852 the two municipalities changed to the Royal District Office of Bruck as a tax district .
With the construction of the Pasing – Herrsching railway line in 1902, a fundamental structural change began. Harthaus and Neugermering emerged as new settlements. While a military tank farm was built in the Kreuzlinger Forst, the so-called WIFO settlement for the employees of the military facility was built in what is now the Unterpfaffenhofen part of the municipality . During the Second World War, a satellite camp of the Dachau concentration camp was located in Germering . After 1945, the population grew due to the admission of displaced persons and refugees. The result were the first social housing projects between 1952 and 1954. The rapid growth continued in the 1960s and 1970s - not least due to the designation of new building areas. From around 1978 the development stabilized and urban planning has since concentrated on infrastructural improvements. On May 1, 1978, the previously independent municipalities of Germering and Unterpfaffenhofen were united as part of the municipal reform . Until it was elevated to the status of a city on April 12, 1991, Germering was the largest municipality in Bavaria without city or market rights. After Munich , Ingolstadt , Rosenheim , Freising and Dachau , Germering became the sixth largest city in Upper Bavaria. On October 1, 2004 Germering was elevated to a major district town. The rapid development after the Second World War is reflected in Germering's inconsistent settlement structure. In addition to the village centers of the old Germering and Unterpfaffenhofen, there are the high-rise housing estates of the seventies (WWK housing estate) and the urban architecture of the new city center with the town hall.
On May 1, 1978, the previously independent community of Unterpfaffenhofen was merged with Germering to form one community.
According to the 2011 census , on May 9, 2011, the proportion of Catholic citizens was 41.4%, Protestant 16.0%, and non-denominational and other religions 42.7%. The number of Protestants, and especially Catholics, has decreased since then. At the end of 2018, the proportion of Catholic citizens was 35.6%, Protestant 11.9%, non-denominational 50.22% and other religions 2.64%.
Between 1988 and 2020, the city grew from 35,238 to 41,387 by 6,149 inhabitants or 17.5%.
|2020||19th||5||9||3||1||2||1||n / A||40||52.04%|
|2014||21st||8th||5||3||1||2||0||n / A||40||46.03%|
|2008||17th||11||6th||3||1||2||0||n / A||40||53.5%|
* Free community of voters / independent community of citizens
Andreas Haas ( CSU ) has been the incumbent mayor of the large district town of Germering since 2008 . He was confirmed in office on March 15, 2020 with two competitors with 68.87% of the votes.
Former community leader of the Germering community
|Official||from||to||Term of office|
|Josef Kellerer||1818||1824||6 years|
|Adam Mayr||1824||1830||6 years|
|Kaspar Hohenleitner||1830||1833||3 years|
|Josef Kellerer||1833||1839||6 years|
|Phillip Strobl||1839||1842||3 years|
|Josef Kellerer||1842||1845||3 years|
|Urban Kirmair||1845||1851||6 years|
|Johann Strobl||1851||1854||3 years|
|Urban Kirmair||1854||1857||3 years|
|Kaspar Keller||1857||1860||3 years|
|Andreas Strobl||1860||1869||9 years|
Former mayor of the Germering community
|Official||from||to||Term of office|
|Stanislaus Kirmair||1869||1876||7 years|
|Josef Widmann||1876||1882||6 years|
|Andreas Strobl||1882||1892||ten years|
|Simon Fruth||1892||1906||14 years|
|Johann Drexler||1906||1933||27 years|
|Martin Keller||1933||1945||13 years|
|Luitpold Pollinger||1945||1946||1 year|
|Lukas Stefani||1946||1948||2 years|
|Quirin Wörl||1948||1952||4 years|
|Martin Keller||1952||1956||4 years|
|Quirin Wörl||1956||1960||4 years|
|Josef Kistler||1960||1974||14 years|
|Peter Braun||1974||1978||4 years|
|1991||2008||Dr. Peter Braun|
|2008||in office||Andreas Haas|
coat of arms
Blazon : “Over a green mountain of three split by red and silver; in front a growing silver church tower, behind a red lion. "
The coat of arms was created in 1981 by Karl Haas from the coat of arms of Germering and Unterpfaffenhofen.
The Germeringer part of the coat of arms consists of the old village church of St. Martin (white on a red background), which was chosen because its shape differs significantly from other Upper Bavarian country churches. The Unterpfaffenhofen part is a red lion on a white background. It was taken from the coat of arms of those of Hufnagel and Chlingensperg , who in the 17th and 18th centuries a. a. with the Wandlheim estate, they owned larger property. The three mountain, which symbolizes the Parsberg, was used as a connecting element.
As part of a competition in 2002, the city of Germering received a new city trademark. The logo was designed by the GD90 office from Buchenbach near Freiburg. It represents a stylized decorative disk made of color segments, which stands for colorful diversity.
The disc is derived from an amulet from the 7th century AD, which was found during excavations in Germering. In the aerial photo, the rose window can also be seen as a large plaster picture on the market square in front of the city library.
Economy and Infrastructure
In the east of the city is the A 99 motorway ring , which connects the A 96 with the A 8 and A 9 motorways, among others . The section between the A 96 Lindau – Munich and the A 8 Munich – Stuttgart has only been fully accessible since February 19, 2006. Germering can be reached via the motorway exits Gilching, Germering Süd (both A 96) and Freiham Mitte and Germering Nord (both A 99).
The A96 has been expanded to 6 lanes since mid-2017, which led to a permanent traffic jam. For reasons of noise protection, a one-sided gallery has also been built since 2018. There is also a new rest area southwest of Germering.
The B 2 led, coming from Munich, toward Fuerstenfeldbruck through the town. It was moved to the east of the city in the course of the motorway construction work ( bypass ) and got its own junction (Germering Nord).
Germering has been on the Pasing – Herrsching railway line since 1903 . Within the Germering area, there are two train stations: Germering-Unterpfaffenhofen station and Harthaus station, which opened in 1947 . Germering has been connected to the Munich S-Bahn network since 1972 . The S8 line runs from Herrsching to Munich Airport Terminal .
It is noteworthy that the Harthaus stop in the zoning of the MVV is on the zone boundary between the interior and the first exterior area, while the Germering-Unterpfaffenhofen station belongs to the first exterior area. This makes the S-Bahn journey from Harthaus to downtown Munich cheaper than the journey from Germering-Unterpfaffenhofen.
At the two S-Bahn stations there is a connection to the following MVV regional buses :
- Harthaus : 851, 857
- Germering-Unterpfaffenhofen : 260, 851, 852, 853, 856, 857, 858, X845
In addition, the night bus routes N80 and N81 serve in the Germering city area.
It has also long been considered to extend the existing underground lines U5 or U6, which still end in Pasing or Klinikum Großhadern, to Germering. But this will happen in the 2030s at the earliest, if at all. In 2019, the Germering SPD again proposed to build a cable car from Germering via Freiham to the Pasing train station, as this would significantly relieve the S-Bahn. It would also be cheaper than a subway, and the construction costs and time are very low. This is currently being checked.
Mainly medium-sized companies from the metal processing and chemical industries are based in Germering. There are also numerous smaller companies in the service sector. The largest local employer is CeWe Color . Other companies are DocuWare and ALLNET , whose new headquarters are still under construction and at 47 meters is one meter higher than Germering's tallest building to date, the yellow WWK high-rise. Numerous entrepreneurs are organized in the Germering trade association.
In the nationwide index of local comparative rents, Germering ranks seventh in 2018 with an index value of 137 and is thus well ahead of large cities such as Cologne (12th), Hamburg (13th) and Frankfurt am Main (18th place). The city of Germering publishes an official rent index ; Since 2015, there has also been a rental price brake of 10% above the local comparable rent .
There are four primary schools in Germering: the church school and the Kleinfeld school, the Wittelsbach school and the Kerschenstein school are both elementary and middle school. There are also the state secondary school Unterpfaffenhofen as well as the Max-Born-Gymnasium and the Carl-Spitzweg-Gymnasium . In addition, the Eugen-Papst-Schule exists as a special educational support center . The Germering State Technical College has existed since 2017.
Culture and sights
The cultural center is the city hall with its cultural facilities such as the city library, event and exhibition rooms and restaurants. The “red thread”, a red line with abstract symbols and information that leads through the town in a star shape, caused a national sensation. It is worth mentioning the musical subculture in the Cordobar, in which sports fans Stiller and Jamaram often played and / or rehearsed in their early days and which especially promotes young, unknown bands from the area. The Germeringer outdoor pool is known as a popular place to stay on hot summer days. It was also used as the location for the first video clip by Sportfreunde Stiller for their song “Surfing”.
The Zeit + Raum city museum , which currently houses special exhibitions, is located at Domonter Straße 2 (former fire station behind the town hall) . There are also several showcases that present ancient finds directly at their place of discovery:
- St. Martin's cemetery: grave site of a Mongolian Hungarian woman
- Exit towards Alling: Roman brick kiln
- Sudetenstrasse (western end): Information on the historical water supply
- Sculpture connection of the artist Szabo Hunor from the Hungarian twin town in front of the town hall, on the 20th anniversary of the twinning with since 2008 Balatonfüred recalls
- Germar Fountain
- James Fountain
- Eugen Papst (1855–1923), teacher and musician, father of the composer Eugen Papst , honorary citizen since 1917
- Anton Morigl, entrepreneur, honorary citizen since 1929
- Prelate Franz Sales Müller, pastor, honorary citizen since 1985
- Robert Huber (* 1937), resident in Germering, Nobel laureate for chemistry (1988), honorary citizen since 1988
- Hans Mannhardt, entrepreneur and founder of the social services, honorary citizen since 1991
- Rudolf Bay (1930–2010), former mayor, honorary citizen since 2000
- Claudia Hengst (* 1969), well-known disabled athlete (swimmer) and multiple gold medalist at the Paralympics , world and European champion, honorary citizen since 2001
- Hermann Parzinger (* 1959), German archaeologist and President of the Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation , grew up in Germering, honorary citizen since 2008
- Peter Braun (* 1941), Former Mayor, honorary citizen since 2011
sons and daughters of the town
- Carl Spitzweg (1808–1885), painter and draftsman of the late Romantic period
- Sepp Dürr (* 1953), politician (Alliance 90 / The Greens)
- Peter Dürr (* 1960), windsurfer, ski racer
- Thomas Huber (* 1963), actor (including Lindenstrasse, Der große Bellheim)
- Peter S. Brugger (* 1972), singer and guitarist, member of Sportfreunde Stiller
- Katharina Dürr (* 1989), ski racer
- Lena Dürr (* 1991), ski racer
Personalities who have worked in the city
- The actor Bruno Hübner (1899–1983) lived in Germering (Harthaus) until his death.
- The painter Georg Kiste (1908–1997) lived in Germering.
- The writer Walter Kolbenhoff (1908–1993) lived in Germering, and the city's culture award was named after him.
- The actor Siegfried Lowitz (1914–1999), who u. a. participated in the crime series Der Alte , lived in Germering.
- The translator and author Herbert Bräuning (1921–2014) lived with his wife Ursula Bräuning in Germering.
- The actor and radio play speaker Wolfgang Wahl (1925–2006) lived in Germering.
- The singer, actor and entertainer John Christopher Howland (1928-2013) lived in Germering (Harthaus).
- The writer and journalist Irmgard Köhler-Langewiesche (born March 15, 1930 in Berlin), holder of the Citizens Medal since 2007, holder of the Federal Medal of Merit since July 2014, lives in Germering.
- The singer Gus Backus (1937-2019) lived in Germering. In the meantime he had moved back to Germering and lived there until his death.
- The painter Heinz Braun (1938–1986) lived in Germering.
- The actor and speaker Joachim Höppner (1946–2006) lived in Germering and in 2001 received the Walter-Kolbenhoff Prize from the city of Germering.
- The handball player Erhard Wunderlich (1956–2012), u. a. Silver medalist at the 1984 Olympic Games, lived in Germering.
- The general manager, director and author Günther Fleckenstein (1924-2020) lived in Germering from 1986 to 2016.
Promoter and beneficiary of National Socialism
- Angela Hammitzsch , born July 28, 1883 in Braunau am Inn ; † October 20, 1949 in Hanover , born Hitler, was Adolf Hitler's half-sister six years older . She was the second wife of the ministerial official Martin Hammitzsch . The latter was a well-known architect and head of the construction department in the Saxon Ministry of the Interior during the Nazi regime. After the end of the war she lived in Germering for four years (1945–1949).
- Hans Joachim Kohnert (born June 28, 1905 in Bromberg , West Prussia , † June 26, 1972 in Harthaus (district of Germering)), high-ranking Nazi functionary and farmers' representative; after 1945 he became a functionary for expellees and a lobbyist for German meat factories.
- Wilhelm Wagner (SS member) (born November 28, 1904 in Augsburg ; † May 29, 1946 in Landsberg am Lech ) was a German SS-Hauptscharführer and as a command leader in the Mauthausen and Dachau concentration camps (both in the main camp and in several subcamps ) used. From October 1943 to April 1944, Wagner headed a work detachment in the Germering subcamp in Dachau. From January 1944 this work detail was permanently transferred to Germering.
- Betty Oberhofer: Germering. From the village to the large housing estate. Germering 1975.
- Cornelia Oelwein: Germering. A young Bavarian city. Deutscher Sparkassenverlag, Stuttgart 1993, ISBN 3-09-303802-2 .
- Gisela Schinzel-Penth and Heinz Schinzel: sagas and legends about Fürstenfeldbruck and Germering from the area of the Fürstenfeldbruck district . Ambro Lacus, Buch- und Bildverl., Andechs 1996, ISBN 3-921445-26-4 .
- Germering municipality in the local database of the Bavarian State Library Online . Bavarian State Library, accessed on September 10, 2019.
- Süddeutsche de GmbH, Munich Germany: Germeringer history. Retrieved August 22, 2019 .
- Ordinance on the declaration of the city of Germering as a major district town of August 19, 2004 ( GVBl p. 355)
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 577 .
- Census 2011 city of Germering Religion (%)
- Grosse KreisStadt Germering , accessed on April 14, 2020
- Ordnungsamt Germering: Population statistics 2018. City administration Germering, accessed on May 20, 2020 .
- Election of the city council - local elections 2020 in the large district town of Germering - overall result. Retrieved May 19, 2020 .
- Result of the 2014 local elections , accessed on March 19, 2014
- Head of Office and Mayor - City of Germering. Retrieved May 20, 2020 .
- Entry on Germering's coat of arms in the database of the House of Bavarian History
- City of Germering: Good living, living and working: City of Germering . Ed .: Mediaprint Infoverlag. Mediaprint Verlag, Mering 2017, p. 16 .
- 6-lane expansion of the A 96 between Oberpfaffenhofen and Germering-Süd München-Nord and AS Aschheim / Ismaning. Retrieved May 20, 2020 .
- Robert Bopp: 100 years of the Pasing - Herrsching railway line. From the Royal Bavarian Local Railway to the S-Bahn line 5 . Germering 2003, ISBN 3-00-011372-X , p. 67 .
- Cable car at Frankfurter Ring: Reiter wants a decision in December. December 12, 2018, accessed May 20, 2020 .
- Abendzeitung Germany: Cable car to Pasing will be checked by autumn. Retrieved May 20, 2020 .
- U-Bahn to Germering a next-generation project. October 28, 2019, accessed May 20, 2020 .
- See the association's homepage at http://www.wirtschaftsverband-germering.de/
- Copyright Haufe-Lexware GmbH & Co KG - all rights reserved: Rent index index : the area around Munich and Stuttgart most expensive. Retrieved May 20, 2020 .
- City of Germering: Rent index ( Memento from June 18, 2016 in the Internet Archive )
- Merkur: Ten municipalities are pulling rent controls
- City of Germering: Schools ( Memento from September 23, 2017 in the Internet Archive )
- City of Germering as honorary citizen Eugen Papst ( memento from September 23, 2017 in the Internet Archive ), accessed on September 22, 2017
- "Press release on the election of Prof. Dr. Hermann Parzinger as honorary citizen of the city of Germering ”, December 20, 2008
- Mercury on the appointment of an honorary citizen Braun
- Florian Haamann: Germering - Who was Hitler's half-sister. Retrieved May 20, 2020 .
- Haamann, Florian J. (2015): Hitler's half-sister in Germering: The mysterious unknown , Süddeutsche Zeitung, November 6, 2015