A community leader is the leader of a community .
In parts of Switzerland , the chairman or member of the executive branch of a municipality is officially referred to as the municipality head (colloquially also local head, common man or municipality man).
Until 1945, the term was the usual name for the mayor of a smaller municipality in the German Empire , and is still used in everyday language occasionally. In Bavaria , the position of the mayor was already strengthened with the municipal code of 1869 and the title of mayor was introduced.
In Austria , the term local director is used for the head of a part of the municipality. He represents the place towards the responsible municipality. Historically, the community leaders were the leaders of the tax communities (forerunners of the cadastral communities ) in the early 19th century until the creation of the local communities (political communities) in 1848/49 , when the mayor's office was introduced for rural communities . Today's mayor are mostly heads of former parishes, which were incorporated into a political parish as a cadastral parish and have retained part of their independence.
In the Principality of Liechtenstein , the mayor is the highest representative of the respective municipality. The title corresponds to that of a German mayor. By law, he is a member and chairman of the municipal council and is determined in a special electoral procedure based on the principles of majority voting. He is represented by a vice chairman. The title mayor is only used in the main town of Vaduz .
- Mayor (19th / 20th century). In: Historical Lexicon of Bavaria. Retrieved August 17, 2015 .